Burt Bacharach [ bɝt-ˈbæ.kə.ˌɹæk ] (born May 12, 1928 in Kansas City , Missouri ) is an American pianist and composer . Since 1957 he has been one of America's most successful composers, around 130 of his works have hit the singles charts in his homeland. Most of his songs were created in long-term collaboration with the lyricist Hal David and then with Carole Bayer Sager . Particularly successful were the songs written with David in the 1960s and 1970s for Dionne Warwick . Bacharach received almost all major awards in the entertainment industry for his achievements, including several Grammys , Oscars and Golden Globes .
Bacharach was born in Kansas City in 1928 to a journalist and music teacher and grew up in New York. He studied music at McGill University and the Mannes Conservatory, among others. a. with the composer Darius Milhaud . In 1947 he wrote a first song for the band leader Sammy Kaye .
From 1957 to 1961 he toured as a pianist , arranger and later also band leader with Marlene Dietrich . He also wrote his first hits for various artists, such as Perry Como ( Magic Moments , 1958). This started his long-term collaboration with copywriter Hal David (1921–2012). The two met in 1957 at Paramount Records and in the same year had a first hit with The Story of My Life for Marty Robbins .
1961 began his actual career as a composer; he also discovered the singer Dionne Warwick , with whom he and Hal David had a longstanding partnership. Until the 1970s, Bacharach became very well known and popular as a composer and producer of softly arranged pop music , which at the time was decried as easy listening by many critics . Especially with the lyricist Hal David, but also with colleagues like Bob Hilliard and Neil Diamond ( Heartlight ), he wrote a large number of globally successful hits, such as Walk on By , Make It Easy on Yourself (for Warwick), I Never Fall in Love Again (for Jill O'Hara in the musical Promises, Promises , 1968) or This Guy's in Love with You . Bacharach composed a total of 60 US "Top Forty" hits.
He received an Oscar for his soundtrack ( Raindrops Keep Fallin 'on My Head ) for the film Two Bandits . His career experienced a break shortly afterwards in the early 1970s when the film Lost Horizon , for which he wrote the music with Hal David and Dionne Warwick, flopped at the box office and he fell out with his partners.
At the end of 1979 he met the singer and songwriter Carole Bayer Sager , with whom he published the first songs the following year. Bayer Sager's last studio album, Sometimes Late At Night, was created in 1981 in collaboration with Bacharach, who again acted as arranger and producer. Also in 1981, Christopher Cross reached number one on the US singles charts with Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do) . This title, written with Bayer, Cross and Peter Allen, heralded the final comeback of Bacharach. More number one hits followed with That's What Friends Are For for the trio Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight and Elton John and On My Own for Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald in 1986.
In 1993 Bacharach, David and Warwick worked together again for the album Friends Can Be Lovers , and finally again in 1999 for the biography of Jacqueline Susann , Isn't She Great? , for which they contributed the song On My Way . Bacharach's last great success was the album Painted from Memory , which was created in collaboration with Elvis Costello in 1999, as well as the song Walkin 'Tall with the lyrics by Tim Rice in the same year .
Bacharach had a few cameo appearances in Hollywood films, for example in all three Austin Powers films or in the series The Nanny and Nip / Tuck .
The most famous interpreters of his music include Dionne Warwick , Marlene Dietrich , Connie Francis , Aretha Franklin , Luther Vandross , Jack Jones , Tom Jones , The Carpenters , Sérgio Mendes , Elvis Costello , Neil Diamond , Frank Sinatra and Dusty Springfield . In 2007/08 Trijntje Oosterhuis (Traincha) recorded two albums with new interpretations, partly together with Bacharach. His music is praised for its catchy melodies and its own sound, which is created through the targeted use of piano , oboe and strings, by many colleagues such as Brian Wilson , Frank Zappa , John Zorn and Noel Gallagher . Bacharach himself says that his music is heavily influenced by Maurice Ravel's work Daphnis und Chloe ; therefore stir his feeling for lush instrumentation and the use of unusual instruments in pop, such as glockenspiel and triangle , as in You'll Never Got to Heaven, vibraphone in Make It Easy on Yourself. His work for Dionne Warwick is based on gospel and rhythm and blues ; Titles like I'll Never Fall in Love Again and Paper Mache exude the airy, light atmosphere of Bossa Nova .
“Bacharach's songs go beyond expectations of what a pop song should be. Complex harmonies and chord changes with unexpected twists and turns and modulations, unusual tempo and rhythm shifts, in a multitude of bars ... but with him the whole thing sounds so natural that you can't get it out of your head and stop listening to it Pipes. (...) This is more than just pop songs; there is in-depth research into the musical material, which should be studied and preserved with the same care and patience as many other great works of art. "
Burt Bacharach was married four times, with Paula Stewart (1953-58), the actress Angie Dickinson (1965-81), the songwriter Carole Bayer Sager (1982-91), with whom he wrote some songs, and since 1993 with Jane Hansen who is 32 years younger than Bacharach. He has four children. His son Oliver plays the keyboard in Bacharach's current band. In addition, he has also been breeding horses of his own ( thoroughbreds ) since the early 1970s . Nikki, the only common child of Burt Bacharach and Angie Dickinson, took in 2007 at the age of 40 years, the life . She suffered from Asperger's Syndrome .
In addition to the Oscar mentioned, in 2001 he received the unofficial Nobel Prize for Music , the Polar Music Prize , together with Karlheinz Stockhausen and Robert Moog . At the end of 2005, after a break of several years, he released another solo album (with Chris Botti , Elvis Costello and Rufus Wainwright also participating), "At This Time", an angry reckoning with the American government policy of recent years - again packaged in his typical sound and awarded a Grammy . On February 10, 2008, Burt Bacharach was honored with the Lifetime Achievement Award , which honors his life's work as a musician and songwriter in a special way.
In 2015, Rolling Stone listed Bacharach, together with Hal David, on rank 32 of the 100 best songwriters of all time .
Origin of name
The name Bacharach has its origin in the small German town of the same name (also known as Bacharach am Rhein) in the Middle Rhine Valley in the Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It refers to the German-Jewish roots of the Burt Bacharach family.
Studio and live albums
- 1965: Hitmaker! Burt Bacharach Plays His Hits (Kapp)
- 1967: Reach Out (A&M)
- 1969: Make It Easy on Yourself (A&M)
- 1971: Burt Bacharach (A&M)
- 1973: Living Together (A&M)
- 1974: In Concert (A&M)
- 1977: Futures (A&M)
- 1979: Woman (A&M)
- 1998: One Amazing Night (with various artists) (n2k)
- 1998: Painted from Memory (with Elvis Costello ) (Mercury)
- 2003: Isley Meets Bacharach: Here I Am (with Ronald Isley ) (DreamWorks)
- 2005: At This Time (Columbia)
- 2008: Live at the Sydney Opera House (Verve)
- 2017: Original Demos (with Tonio K.) (Contante & Sonante)
- 1965: chase the fox! (After the Fox)
- 1965: what's new, pussy? (What's New Pussycat?)
- 1967: Casino Royale
- 1969: Two bandits (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid)
- 1972: The Lost Horizon
- 1979: Together?
- 1981: Arthur - Not a Child of Sadness (Arthur)
- 1982: Nightshift - The Morgue is freaking out (Night Shift)
- 1988: Arthur 2 - On the Rocks (Arthur 2: On the Rocks)
- 2000: isn't it great? (Isn't She Great)
- 2017: A Boy Called Po
Other film music (selection)
- 1957: The Regiment Sack (The Sad Sack)
- 1958: The Blob (The Blob)
- 1964: Send Me No Flowers (Send Me No Flowers)
- 1966: Paris is full of love (Made in Paris)
- 1966: The seducer sends his regards (Alfie)
- 1969: A Frog in Manhattan (The April Fools)
- 1973: The Lost Horizon
- 1991: A Heartfelt Affair (Love Hurts)
- 1968: Promises, Promises / German: The apartment
- The Story of My Life ( Marty Robbins 1957)
- Magic Moments ( Perry Como 1958)
- Wendy ( Four Coins 1958)
- Tower of Strength ( Frankie Vaughan 1961)
- Baby It's You ( The Shirelles 1961, The Beatles 1963)
- (The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance ( Gene Pitney 1962)
- Make It Easy on Yourself ( Jerry Butler 1962, Walker Brothers 1965)
- Don't Make Me Over ( Dionne Warwick 1962, Sybil 1989)
- Message to Martha / Michael ( Jerry Butler 1963, Marlene Dietrich [as Little Faithful Nightingale ] 1964, Lou Johnson [as Kentucky Bluebird ] 1964, Dionne Warwick 1966)
- Blue on Blue ( Bobby Vinton 1963)
- (They Long to Be) Close to You ( Richard Chamberlain 1963, Carpenters 1970)
- Twenty Four Hours from Tulsa ( Gene Pitney 1963)
- Wives and Lovers ( Jack Jones 1963, Frank Sinatra )
- Anyone Who Had a Heart ( Dionne Warwick 1963, Cilla Black 1964, Tim Curry 1978)
- A House Is Not a Home ( Brook Benton 1964)
- (There's) Always Something There to Remind Me ( Lou Johnson 1964, Sandie Shaw 1964)
- I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself ( Dusty Springfield 1964, The White Stripes 2003)
- Walk On By ( Dionne Warwick 1964, Stranglers 1978, Seal 2006)
- What the World Needs Now Is Love ( Jackie DeShannon 1965)
- Trains and Boats and Planes (Burt Bacharach 1965, Dionne Warwick 1966)
- What's New Pussycat? ( Tom Jones 1965)
- My Little Red Book ( Manfred Mann 1965)
- Made in Paris ( Trini Lopez 1966)
- Alfie ( Cilla Black 1966, Dionne Warwick 1967, Barbra Streisand 1969)
- Do You Know the Way to San José ( Dionne Warwick 1966, Connie Francis 1968)
- Casino Royale Theme ( Herb Alpert & The Tijuana Brass 1966)
- I Say a Little Prayer ( Dionne Warwick 1967, Aretha Franklin 1968, Bomb the Bass 1988, Diana King 1997)
- The Look of Love ( Dusty Springfield 1967, Sérgio Mendes & Brasil 66 1968)
- This Guy's in Love with You ( Herb Alpert 1968)
- Promises, Promises ( Dionne Warwick 1968)
- Pacific Coast Highway (Burt Bacharach 1969)
- Raindrops Keep Fallin 'on My Head ( BJ Thomas 1969)
- I'll Never Fall in Love Again ( Dionne Warwick 1969, Bobbie Gentry 1969)
- One Less Bell to Answer ( The 5th Dimension 1970)
- Living Together, Growing Together ( The 5th Dimension 1972)
- Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do) ( Christopher Cross 1981)
- That's What Friends Are For (first interpretation by Rod Stewart 1982; best-known version by Dionne Warwick & Friends ( Elton John , Gladys Knight and Stevie Wonder 1985))
- On My Own ( Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonald 1986)
- God Give Me Strength ( Elvis Costello 1998)
- Ken Bloom: The American Songbook - The Singers, the Songwriters, and the Songs - 100 Years of American Popular Music - The Stories of the Creators and Performers . New York City, Black Dog & Leventhal, 2005
- Holger Liebs: Make it easy for yourself, even if it's difficult. Too complex for easy listening: Burt Bacharach, who created the melancholy soundtrack of our lives, is turning eighty. Süddeutsche Zeitung No. 109 of May 12, 2008
- Literature by and about Burt Bacharach in the catalog of the German National Library
- Burt Bacharach in theInternet Movie Database(English)
- Burt Bacharach at Discogs (English)
- Biography (English)
- ↑ Detailed list of his hits , musicvf.com, accessed on August 17, 2013
- ↑ The Voice, the Eel and the Ship in a Bottle: Interview with Dionne Warwick , Neue Musikzeitung, November 25, 2009, accessed on August 17, 2013
- ↑ According to H. Liebs, this certain "burtness" is due to his mercury-like melting cascades, whose intricate depth structures act like contrast enhancers, the example of Milhaud's polytonal and polyrhythmic compositions.
- ^ Rolling Stone, Interview, 2019
- ↑ cf. Bloom, p. 184.
- ↑ Many of them multiple times, as they keep appearing in new cover versions . For example, there are now (2005) over 300 versions of (They Long to Be) Close to You on sound carrier.
- ↑ cit. after Holger Liebs
- ↑ https://www.discogs.com/Carole-Bayer-Sager-Sometimes-Late-At-Night/release/1320447
- ^ Serene Dominic: Burt Bacharach, Song by Song. Music Sales Group, 2003, ISBN 978-0-8256-7280-4 , from p. 256
- ^ Dorothy Lyman: The Cantor Show. April 29, 1996. Retrieved April 25, 2016 .
- ↑ Holger Liebs in SZ No. 109 from May 12, 2008
- ↑ Ken Bloom: The American Songbook - The Singers, the Songwriters, and the Songs - 100 Years of American Popular Music - The Stories of the Creators and Performers . New York City, Black Dog & Leventhal, 2005
- ↑ Werner Theurich: Burt Bacharach in Berlin: The man who can do almost everything. In: Spiegel Online . July 15, 2018, accessed October 7, 2018 .
- ↑ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/burt-bacharach-on-his-four-marriages-i-didnt-mean-to-hurt-anyone-10383685.html
- ↑ The 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time. Rolling Stone , August 2015, accessed August 7, 2017 .
- ↑ Burt Bacharach: The Voice of Hollywood , stern.de, interview from August 12, 2008, accessed on August 17, 2013
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American pianist and composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 12, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kansas City|