The band leader is the one band founding, leading, organizing them, directing or musical determining member of a band. The band is often named after him.
The band can be classified sociologically as a social group that determines its group leader. Whoever fulfills the group norms in particular becomes a group leader. His tasks include, in particular, setting group goals, representing the group to the outside world, commitment to group goals in strict compliance with group rules, distribution of tasks according to the capabilities of the individual in such a way that cohesion within the group is strengthened. This also applies to the band leader. The founders of an orchestra , a big band , a beat or rock band are therefore called band leaders . You decide on the line- up of the band, arrange and select their music, determine the music style, play one of the leading instruments, take on the role of music producer or give the band its name. The leader is often the entrepreneurial personality who gives the band appearances. The band leader is not always the front man , rehearsal director or songwriter of the music group. Bandleader employers are mostly her band and connect with organizers or television / radio stations for appearances contracts for work from.
Famous band leaders
The names of the band leaders are so well known in public that only rarely do the names of individual band members achieve similar fame. Most of the bandleaders are directly and personally connected to the orchestra they lead or founded. B. Glenn Miller , Duke Ellington , Benny Goodman as representatives of swing in the USA, Ken Colyer , Jack Hylton or Chris Barber (Great Britain) or Bert Kaempfert , James Last , Kurt Edelhagen or Max Greger (Germany) or Dani Felber (Switzerland) .
The role of the band leader emerged in jazz bands and therefore mostly only occurs in larger bands with a membership of five or more people. Typical pop groups with up to five members usually do not have a band leader. Smaller bands often have a front man who has a prominent position in the band. He doesn't necessarily play an instrument, but stands in the front line in front of the stage and mostly confines himself to singing. The term Kapellmeister is out of date . In contrast to the conductor of an orchestra of art music , a band leader is often himself an instrumentalist or singer in his ensemble . In big bands he usually plays or sings in front of the orchestra .
- Peter Büche: Groups and roles within a group . ( Memento of March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 126 kB) no year, p. 8
- leader . In: Musiklexikon
- Broder Carstensen, Ulrich Busse: Anglicisms Dictionary A – E, Volume 1. 2001, p. 86
- Twist to 65 . In: Der Spiegel . No. 15 , 1972, p. 162 ( online ).
- JR McManus: A Music Enthusiast Guide to Songs You Should Have on Your I-Pod . 2009, p. 31; with 20 important front men