Oscar / Best Original Screenplay

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An original screenplay is a form of screenplay in which the script is not based on any previously published publication . The original script is often based on films by filmmakers . Since 1941 is an annual Oscar in the category Best Original Screenplay (Academy Award for Writing - Original Screenplay) awarded. Meanwhile, there was also the categories of Best Original Story ( Best Original Story ) and Best Screenplay .

In contrast to the original script, the literary film adaptation stands . There is also an Oscar category for the script based on a literary model, which has existed since 1928 (Academy Award for Writing - Adapted Screenplay).

The films are listed according to the year in which they were awarded.


Specialty Screenwriters
Most rewarded Woody Allen (3 wins)
Most nominated Woody Allen (16 nominations)
Most often nominated without a win Federico Fellini (6 nominations)


year Award winners for the movie Nominations
1941 Preston Sturges The great McGinty

Ben Hecht for Angels Over Broadway
Norman Burnstine , Heinz Herald and John Huston for Paul Ehrlich - A Life for Research
Charles Bennett and Joan Harrison for The Foreign Correspondent
Charles Chaplin for The Great Dictator


Herman J. Mankiewicz
Orson Welles

Citizen Kane

Norman Krasna for Mary and the millionaire
Harry Chandlee , Abem Finkel , John Huston and Howard Koch for Sergeant York
Karl Tunberg and Darrell Ware for Tall, Dark and Handsome
Paul Jarrico for Tom, Dick and Harry


Ring Lardner Jr.
Michael Kanin

The woman they are talking about

Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger for One of Our Aircraft Is Missing
Frank Butler and Don Hartman for The Road to Morocco
W. R. Burnett and Frank Butler for Wake Island
George Oppenheimer for The War Against Mrs. Hadley

1944 Norman Krasna The pilot and the princess

Dudley Nichols for Air Force
Noël Coward for In Which We Serve
Lillian Hellman for The North Star
Allan Scott for Brave Women

1945 Lamar Trotti Wilson

Preston Sturges for salvation to the victorious hero
Preston Sturges for Sensation in Morgan's Creek
Richard Connell and Gladys Lehman for Mein Schatz is a sailor
Jerome Cady for Mission in the Pacific

1946 Richard Schweizer Marie-Louise

Philip Yordan for Dillinger Hunt
Myles Connolly for Music for Millions
Milton Holmes for Crooks and Gangsters
Harry Kurnitz for What Next, Corporal Hargrove?


Muriel Box
Sydney Box

The last veil

Raymond Chandler for The Blue Dahlia
Jacques Prévert for Children of Olympus
Ben Hecht for Infamous
Norman Panama and Melvin Frank for The Way to Utopia

1948 Sidney Sheldon Love is not that simple

Abraham Polonsky for Hunt for Millions
Ruth Gordon and Garson Kanin for A Double Life
Charlie Chaplin for Monsieur Verdoux
Sergio Amidei , Adolfo Franci , Cesare Giulio Viola and Cesare Zavattini for shoe shiners

1949 Prize not awarded in this category
1950 Robert Pirosh Cauldron battle

Sidney Buchman for Jolson Sings Again
Alfred Hayes , Federico Fellini , Sergio Amidei , Marcello Pagliero and Roberto Rossellini for Paisà
T. EB Clarke for Blockade in London
Helen Levitt , Janice Loeb and Sidney Meyers for Eine von den Stillen (The Quiet One)


year Award winners for the movie Nominations

Charles Brackett
D.M. Marshman, Jr.
Billy Wilder

Twilight Boulevard

Ruth Gordon and Garson Kanin for Matrimonial Warfare
Virginia Kellogg and Bernard C. Schoenfeld for Carl Foreman Women's Prison for The Men Joseph L. Mankiewicz and Lesser Samuels for The Hatred Is Blind

1952 Alan Jay Lerner An American in Paris

Billy Wilder , Lesser Samuels and Walter Newman for Reporters of Satan
Philip Dunne for David and Bathsheba
Robert Pirosh for Go for Broke!
Clarence Greene and Russell Rouse for Town in Turmoil

1953 TEB Clarke The luck came overnight

Sydney Boehm for The City of a Thousand Dangers
Ruth Gordon and Garson Kanin for Pat and Mike
Terence Rattigan for The Unknown Enemy
John Steinbeck for Viva Zapata!


Charles Brackett
Richard L. Breen
Walter Reisch

The sinking of the Titanic

Betty Comden and Adolph Green for the curtain up!
Richard Murphy for The Desert Rats
Sam Rolfe and Harold Jack Bloom for Naked Violence
Millard Kaufman for Jump up, march, march!

1955 Budd Schulberg The fist on the neck

Joseph L. Mankiewicz for The Barefoot Countess
William Rose for The Fiery Isabella
Valentine Davies and Oscar Brodney for The Glenn Miller Story
Norman Panama and Melvin Frank for The Laughing Bomb


William Ludwig
Sonya Levien

Broken melody

Milton Sperling and Emmet Lavery for Damned Silent
Betty Comden and Adolph Green for Mostly cheerful
Melville Shavelson and Jack Rose (author) for Comedy Children
Jacques Tati and Henri Marquet for The Holidays of Monsieur Hulot

1957 Albert Lamorisse The red balloon

Robert Lewin for A Tattered Life
Andrew L. Stone for Murder in the Clouds
William Rose for Ladykillers
Federico Fellini and Tullio Pinelli for La Strada - Das Lied der Straße

1958 George Wells Why did I say yes?

Leonard Gershe for A Sweet Fool
Ralph Wheelwright , R. Wright Campbell , Ivan Goff and Ben Roberts for The Man With 1000 Faces
Barney Slater , Joel Kane and Dudley Nichols for Star of the Law
Federico Fellini , Ennio Flaiano and Tullio Pinelli for The Idlers


Nedrick Young
Harold Jacob Smith

Escape in chains

Paddy Chayefsky for The Goddess
Melville Shavelson and Jack Rose (author) for Houseboat
William Bowers and James Edward Grant for The Devil's Going On Colorado
Fay Kanin and Michael Kanin for Reporters of Love


Russell Rouse
Clarence Greene
Stanley Shapiro
Maurice Richlin

Bed whispers

Ernest Lehman for The Invisible Third
Paul King , Joseph Stone , Stanley Shapiro and Maurice Richlin for Company Petticoat
François Truffaut and Marcel Moussy kissed for you and they beat him to
Ingmar Bergman for Wild Strawberries


year Award winners for the movie Nominations

Billy Wilder
I. AL Diamond

The apartment

Richard Gregson , Michael Craig and Bryan Forbes for Angry Silence,
Norman Panama and Melvin Frank for Such an Affair
Marguerite Duras for Hiroshima, mon amour
Jules Dassin for Sundays ... never!

1962 William Inge Fever in the blood

Valentin Jeschow and Grigori Tschuchrai for The Ballade of the Soldier
Federico Fellini , Tullio Pinelli , Ennio Flaiano and Brunello Rondi for The Sweet Life
Sergio Amidei , Diego Fabbri and Indro Montanelli for The False General
Stanley Shapiro and Paul Henning for One Pajama for Two


Ennio De Concini
Alfredo Giannetti
Pietro Germi

Divorce in Italian

Alain Robbe-Grillet for Last Year in Marienbad
Charles Kaufman and Wolfgang Reinhardt for Freud
Ingmar Bergman for Like in a Mirror
Stanley Shapiro and Nate Monaster for A Touch of Mink

1964 James R. Webb That was the wild west

Federico Fellini , Ennio Flaiano , Tullio Pinelli and Brunello Rondi for
Elia Kazan for The Indomitable
Arnold Schulman for In Love with a Stranger
Pasquale Festa Campanile , Massimo Franciosa , Nanni Loy , Vasco Pratolini and Carlo Bernari for The Four Days of Naples


HH Barnett
Peter Stone
Frank Tarloff

The big wolf is calling

Agenore Incrocci , Furio Scarpelli and Mario Monicelli for Die Peitsche im Neck
Alun Owen for Yeah Yeah Yeah
Jean-Paul Rappeneau , Ariane Mnouchkine , Daniel Boulanger and Philippe de Broca for Adventure in Rio
Orville H. Hampton and Raphael Hayes for Ruf not too loud

1966 Frederic Raphael Darling

Agenore Incrocci , Furio Scarpelli , Mario Monicelli , Tonino Guerra , Giorgio Salvioni and Suso Cecchi D'Amico for Casanova '70
Jacques Demy for The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
Jack Davies and Ken Annakin for The daring men in their flying boxes
Franklin Coen and Frank Davis for The train


Claude Lelouch
Pierre Uytterhoeven

A man and a woman

Michelangelo Antonioni , Tonino Guerra and Edward Bond for Blow Up
Billy Wilder and IAL Diamond for Der Glückspilz
Robert Ardrey for Khartoum - The Uprising on the Nile
Clint Johnston and Don Peters for The Fatal One

1968 William Rose Guess who comes to eat

David Newman and Robert Benton for Bonnie and Clyde
Robert Kaufman and Norman Lear for divorce in American
Jorge Semprún for War is over
Frederic Raphael for two on the same path

1969 Mel Brooks Spring for Hitler

Stanley Kubrick and Arthur C. Clarke for 2001: A Space Odyssey
Franco Solinas and Gillo Pontecorvo for Battle of Algiers
John Cassavetes for Faces
Ira Wallach and Peter Ustinov for Das Millionending

1970 William Goldman Two bandits

Paul Mazursky and Larry Tucker for Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice
Nicola Badalucco , Enrico Medioli and Luchino Visconti for Die Verdammten
Peter Fonda , Dennis Hopper and Terry Southern for Easy Rider
Walon Green , Roy N. Sickner and Sam Peckinpah for The Wild Bunch - They didn't know any law


year Award winners for the movie Nominations

Francis Ford Coppola
Edmund H. North

Patton - rebel in uniform

Bob Rafelson and Carole Eastman for Five Easy Pieces - A man seeks himself
Norman Wexler for Joe - Revenge for America
Erich Segal for Love Story
Éric Rohmer for My Night at Maud

1972 Paddy Chayefsky hospital

Elio Petri and Ugo Pirro for investigating a suspect citizen
Andy Lewis and David P. Lewis for Klute
Herman Smoker for Summer '42
Penelope Gilliatt for Sunday, Bloody Sunday

1973 Jeremy Larner Bill McKay - The candidate

Luis Buñuel and Jean-Claude Carrière for The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
Terence McCloy , Chris Clark and Suzanne De Passe for Lady Sings the Blues
Louis Malle for Herzflimmern
Carl Foreman for The Young Lion

1974 David S. Ward The highlight

George Lucas , Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck for American Graffiti
Steve Shagan for Save the Tiger
Melvin Frank and Jack Rose (author) for Mann, are you great!
Ingmar Bergman for screams and whispers

1975 Robert Towne Chinatown

Robert Getchell for Alice no longer lives here
Francis Ford Coppola for The Dialogue
Paul Mazursky and Josh Greenfeld for Harry and Tonto
François Truffaut , Jean-Louis Richard and Suzanne Schiffman for The American Night

1976 Frank Pierson Dog days

Federico Fellini and Tonino Guerra for Amarcord
Ted Allan for Beloved Lies
Robert Towne and Warren Beatty for Shampoo
Claude Lelouch and Pierre Uytterhoeven for A Lifetime

1977 Paddy Chayefsky Network

Jean-Charles Tacchella and Danièle Thompson for cousin, cousin
Walter Bernstein for the straw man
Lina Wertmüller for seven beauties
Sylvester Stallone for Rocky


Woody Allen
Marshall Brickman

The city neurotic

Neil Simon for The Subtenant
Robert Benton for The Cat Knows the Killer
George Lucas for Star Wars
Arthur Laurents for At the Turning Point


Nancy Dowd
Waldo Salt
Robert C. Jones

Coming Home - you are coming home

Michael Cimino , Deric Washburn , Louis Garfinkle and Quinn K. Redeker for Those Going Through Hell
Ingmar Bergman for Autumn Sonata
Woody Allen for Inner Life
Paul Mazursky for An Unmarried Woman

1980 Steve Tesich Four crazy types - we all can do it, no one can do us

Valerie Curtin and Barry Levinson for ... and Justice for Everyone
Robert Alan Aurthur and Bob Fosse for Behind the Spotlight
Mike Gray , TS Cook and James Bridges for The China Syndrome
Woody Allen and Marshall Brickman for Manhattan


year Award winners for the movie Nominations
1981 Bo Goldman Melvin and Howard

WD Richter and Arthur A. Ross for Brubaker
Christopher Gore for Fame - The Road to Fame
Jean Gruault for My Uncle from America
Nancy Meyers , Charles Shyer and Harvey Miller for Sagittarius Benjamin

1982 Colin Welland The hour of the victor

Kurt Luedtke for the sensational reporter
Steve Gordon for Arthur - No Child of Sadness
John Guare for Atlantic City, USA
Warren Beatty and Trevor Griffiths for Reds

1983 John Briley Gandhi

Barry Levinson for American Diner
Melissa Mathison for ET - The Extra Terrestrial
Douglas Day Stewart for An Officer and Gentleman
Larry Gelbart , Murray Schisgal and Don McGuire for Tootsie

1984 Horton Foote Love comeback

Lawrence Kasdan and Barbara Benedek for Der große Frust
Ingmar Bergman for Fanny and Alexander
Nora Ephron and Alice Arlen for Silkwood
Lawrence Lasker and Walter F. Parkes for WarGames - war games

1985 Robert Benton A place in the heart

Daniel Petrie, Jr. and Danilo Bach for Beverly Hills Cop
Woody Allen for Broadway Danny Rose
Gregory Nava and Anna Thomas for El Norte
Lowell Ganz , Babaloo Mandel , Bruce Jay Friedman and Brian Grazer for Splash


William Kelley
Pamela Wallace
Earl W. Wallace

The only witness

Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale for Back to the Future
Terry Gilliam , Tom Stoppard and Charles McKeown for Brazil
Luis Puenzo and Aída Bortnik for The Official Story
Woody Allen for The Purple Rose of Cairo

1987 Woody Allen Hannah and her sisters

Paul Hogan , Ken Shadie and John Cornell for Crocodile Dundee - A Crocodile to Kiss
Hanif Kureishi for My Wonderful Laundromat
Oliver Stone for Platoon
Oliver Stone and Rick Boyle for Salvador

1988 John Patrick Shanley Moonstruck

Louis Malle for goodbye, kids
James L. Brooks for News Fever - Broadcast News
John Boorman for Hope and Glory
Woody Allen for Radio Days


Ronald Bass
Barry Morrow

Rain Man

Gary Ross and Anne Spielberg for Big
Ron Shelton for Annie's husbands
John Cleese and Charles Crichton for A Fish Called Wanda
Naomi Foner for Escape into the Unknown

1990 Tom Schulman The Dead Poets Club

Woody Allen for Crime and Other Trifles
Spike Lee for Do the Right Thing
Steven Soderbergh for Sex, Lies and Video
Nora Ephron for Harry and Sally


year Award winners for the movie Nominations
1991 Bruce Joel Rubin Ghost message from Sam

Woody Allen for Alice
Barry Levinson for Avalon
Peter Weir for Green Card - Sham marriage with obstacles
Whit Stillman for Metropolitan - Damn, bourgeois, in love

1992 Callie Khouri Thelma & Louise

John Singleton for Boyz n the Hood - Boys in the
James Toback neighborhood for Bugsy
Richard LaGravenese for King of the Fishermen
Meg Kasdan for Grand Canyon - In the Heart of the City

1993 Neil Jordan The Crying Game

Woody Allen for Husbands and Wives
George Miller and Nick Enright for Lorenzo's Oil
John Sayles for Passion Fish
David Webb Peoples for Merciless

1994 Jane Campion The piano

Gary Ross for Dave
Jeff Maguire for In the Line of Fire
Ron Nyswaner for Philadelphia
Nora Ephron , David S. Ward and Jeff Arch for Sleepless in Seattle


Quentin Tarantino
Roger Avary

pulp Fiction

Woody Allen and Douglas McGrath for Bullets Over Broadway
Richard Curtis for Four Weddings and a Death
Fran Walsh and Peter Jackson for Heavenly Creatures
Krzysztof Piesiewicz and Krzysztof Kieślowski for Three Colors: Red

1996 Christopher McQuarrie The usual suspects

Randall Wallace for Braveheart
Woody Allen for Beloved Aphrodite
Stephen J. Rivele , Christopher Wilkinson and Oliver Stone for Nixon
Joel Cohen , Peter Docter , John Lasseter , Joe Ranft , Alec Sokolow , Andrew Stanton and Joss Whedon for Toy Story


Ethan Coen
Joel Coen


Cameron Crowe for Jerry Maguire - Game of Life
John Sayles for Lone Star
Mike Leigh for Lies and Secrets
Jan Sardi and Scott Hicks for Shine - The Path into Light


Ben Affleck
Matt Damon

Good Will Hunting

Mark Andrus and James L. Brooks for It Couldn't Be Better
Paul Thomas Anderson for Boogie Nights
Woody Allen for Harry besides
Simon Beaufoy for All or Not at All


Marc Norman
Tom Stoppard

Shakespeare in Love

Warren Beatty and Jeremy Pikser for Bulworth
Robert Rodat for Saving Private Ryan
Andrew Niccol for The Truman Show
Vincenzo Cerami and Roberto Benigni for Life is Beautiful

2000 Alan Ball American Beauty

Charlie Kaufman for Being John Malkovich
Paul Thomas Anderson for Magnolia
M. Night Shyamalan for The Sixth Sense
Mike Leigh for Topsy-Turvy - Upside Down


year Award winners for the movie Nominations
2001 Cameron Crowe Almost Famous

Lee Hall for Billy Elliot - I Will Dance
Susannah Grant for Erin Brockovich
David Franzoni , John Logan and William Nicholson for Gladiator
Kenneth Lonergan for You Can Count on Me

2002 Julian Fellowes Gosford Park

Guillaume Laurant and Jean-Pierre Jeunet for The fabulous world of Amélie
Christopher Nolan and Jonathan Nolan for Memento
Milo Addica and Will Rokos for Monster's Ball
Wes Anderson and Owen Wilson for The Royal Tenenbaums

2003 Pedro Almodovar Talk to her

Todd Haynes for So Far From Heaven
Jay Cocks , Steven Zaillian and Kenneth Lonergan for Gangs of New York
Nia Vardalos for My Big Fat Greek Wedding
Carlos Cuarón and Alfonso Cuarón for Y Tu Mamá También - Lust for Life

2004 Sofia Coppola Lost in Translation

Denys Arcand for The Barbarian Invasions
Steven Knight for Dirty Little Tricks
Andrew Stanton , Bob Peterson and David Reynolds for Finding Nemo
Jim Sheridan , Naomi Sheridan and Kirsten Sheridan for In America


Charlie Kaufman
Michel Gondry
Pierre Bismuth

Forget Me Not!

John Logan for Aviator
Keir Pearson and Terry George for Hotel Rwanda
Brad Bird for The Incredibles
Mike Leigh for Vera Drake


Paul Haggis
Robert Moresco

LA crash

George Clooney and Grant Heslov for Good Night, and Good Luck.
Woody Allen for Match Point
Noah Baumbach for The Squid and
Stephen Gaghan for Syriana

2007 Michael Arndt Little Miss Sunshine

Guillermo Arriaga for Babel
Iris Yamashita and Paul Haggis for Letters from Iwo Jima
Guillermo del Toro for Pan's Labyrinth
Peter Morgan for Die Queen

2008 Diablo Cody Juno

Nancy Oliver for Lars and the women
Tony Gilroy for Michael Clayton
Brad Bird , Jan Pinkava and Jim Capobianco for Ratatouille
Tamara Jenkins for Die Geschwister Savage

2009 Dustin Lance Black Milk

Courtney Hunt for Frozen River
Mike Leigh for Happy-Go-Lucky
Martin McDonagh for Bruges… and die?
Andrew Stanton , Pete Docter and Jim Reardon for WALL · E - The Last one cleans up the earth

2010 Mark Boal Deadly Command - The Hurt Locker

Alessandro Camon and Oren Moverman for The Messenger - The Last Message
Joel Coen and Ethan Coen for A Serious Man
Bob Peterson , Pete Docter and Tom McCarthy for Above
Quentin Tarantino for Inglourious Basterds


year Award winners for the movie Nominations
2011 David Seidler The King's Speech

Mike Leigh for Another Year
Scott Silver , Paul Tamasy and Eric Johnson for The Fighter
Christopher Nolan for Inception
Lisa Cholodenko and Stuart Blumberg for The Kids Are All Right

2012 Woody Allen Midnight in Paris

JC Chandor for The Great Crash - Margin Call
Asghar Farhadi for Nader and Simin - A Separation
Michel Hazanavicius for The Artist
Annie Mumolo and Kristen Wiig for Bridal Alert

2013 Quentin Tarantino Django Unchained

Michael Haneke for Love
John Gatins for Flight
Wes Anderson and Roman Coppola for Moonrise Kingdom
Mark Boal for Zero Dark Thirty

2014 Spike Jonze Her Eric Warren Singer and David O. Russell for American Hustle
Woody Allen for Blue Jasmine
Craig Borten and Melisa Wallack for Dallas Buyers Club
Bob Nelson for Nebraska
2015 Alejandro González Iñárritu
Nicolás Giacobone
Alexander Dinelaris, Jr.
Armando Bó junior
Birdman or (The Unexpected Power of Cluelessness) Richard Linklater for Boyhood
E. Max Frye and Dan Futterman for Foxcatcher
Wes Anderson and Hugo Guinness for Grand Budapest Hotel
Dan Gilroy for Nightcrawler - Every night has its price
2016 Josh Singer
Tom McCarthy
Spotlight Matt Charman , Ethan and Joel Coen for Bridge of Spies - The Negotiator
Pete Docter , Meg LeFauve , Josh Cooley and Ronnie del Carmen for Everything Heads
Alex Garland for Ex Machina
Jonathan Herman , Andrea Berloff , S. Leigh Savidge and Alan Wenkus for Straight Outta Compton
2017 Kenneth Lonergan Manchester by the Sea Taylor Sheridan for Hell or High Water
Damien Chazelle for La La Land
Giorgos Lanthimos and Efthymis Filippou for The Lobster
Mike Mills for women of the century
2018 Jordan Peele Get out Emily V. Gordon and Kumail Nanjiani for The Big Sick
Greta Gerwig for Lady Bird
Guillermo del Toro and Vanessa Taylor for Shape of Water
Martin McDonagh for Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
2019 Nick Vallelonga
Brian Currie
Peter Farrelly
Green Book - A special friendship Deborah Davis and Tony McNamara for The Favorite - Intrigue and Insanity
Paul Schrader for First Reformed
Alfonso Cuarón for Roma
Adam McKay for Vice - The Second Man
2020 Bong Joon-ho
Han Jin-won
Parasite Rian Johnson for Knives Out
Noah Baumbach for Marriage Story
Sam Mendes and Krysty Wilson-Cairns for 1917
Quentin Tarantino for Once Upon a Time in Hollywood