Pedro Almodovar

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Pedro Almodóvar (2017)

Pedro Almodóvar Caballero (born September 25, 1949 in Calzada de Calatrava, Ciudad Real ) is a Spanish film director , producer and screenwriter .

Almodóvar is considered to be the most internationally known Spanish director of contemporary cinema. His tragic comedy Everything About My Mother won an Oscar and a Golden Globe for best foreign language film in 2000.


Pedro Almodóvar was born in a small Spanish town in the province of Ciudad Real, part of the La Mancha region . When he was eight years old, his family moved to Extremadura . There he attended elementary school with the Salesians and secondary school with the Franciscans . The bad experiences with his religious upbringing made him lose faith in God. At that time, he became interested in film art to interest and regular cinema in the provincial capital Cáceres to visit.

At the age of 16, he moved to Madrid with no family and no money , where he got by with odd jobs. He was a short film maker, comic book writer, editor of photo novels, actor and musician before he accepted a position as an employee at Telefónica in 1969 . The simple work there allowed him to write stories and make his first serious cinematic attempts. During these years he wrote a serial column for the Spanish magazine La Luna about the experiences of Patty Diphusa, his literary alter ego.

Almodóvar began his film career as an underground artist of the Movida madrileña , which after the end of the Franco dictatorship wanted to experience everything shrill, exalted and hedonistic . With his first feature film Pepi, Luci, Bom and the rest of the gang (Pepi, Luci, Bom y otras chicas del montón) he became an important figure in the Madrid Movida and known beyond the borders of Spain.

Together with his brother Agustín Almodóvar he founded the film company El Deseo in 1985 , with which all Almodóvar films have been produced since The Law of Desire to this day. In addition to his own films, he also produces the works of other filmmakers with El Deseo , such as B. Lucrecia Martel , Álex de la Iglesia and Isabel Coixet . In April 2016 it became known that the Almódovar brothers were named in the Panama Papers in connection with possible tax and money laundering offenses .

In Germany, Almodóvar made his breakthrough with his Madrid city comedy Women on the Edge of a Nervous Breakdown. Except for the first film, Pepi, Luci, Bom , all films have now been dubbed into German. Overall, the German-language dubbed versions are characterized by a high degree of fidelity to the original, both in terms of the sound of the voices and in the dialogue books, which may also be related to the fact that the director has the last word in the casting and text.

From the beginning, Almodóvar's openly lived homosexuality was a thematic focus in his films. This soon made him a symbol of the lesbian and gay movement internationally . Arnaldo Gancedo, President of the Spanish Association of Gays, Lesbians and Transsexuals, criticized Almodóvar's longstanding reluctance to talk to the press about his private life and sexual orientation. The director "never supported us or any other gay movement," Gancedo said in 2005.

In an open letter to Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2014, Almodóvar and other members of the European Film Academy pleaded for the release of the imprisoned Ukrainian filmmaker Oleh Sentsov .

In 2017 he was selected as the jury president of the 70th Cannes International Film Festival .


Commenting on his upbringing in the monastery, Pedro Almodóvar remarked:

“At that time I was completely against religious education. I knew from the start that the priests had nothing to say to me. In 'The Cat on a Hot Tin Roof,' a Richard Brooks film that epitomized sin for the Church and based on the work of Tennessee Williams, I recognized myself completely and I said to myself: To this world of sin and I also belong to the degeneracy. "

- Carlos Polimeni : Pedro Almodóvar and the kitsch español

About him:

“Pedro Almodovar doesn't just make movies. Almodovar is the movies. He revels in everything forbidden and forgiving that can transform life into art. "

Pedro Almodóvar doesn't just make films. Almodóvar is the cinema. He indulges in everything forbidden and forgiving that can turn life into art. "

- Peter Travers : Rolling Stone


Almodóvar counts the Nobel Prize laureate Alice Munro among the authors of short stories he admires most. Munro's collection of Heaven and Hell (originally: Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage , 2001) is the background inspiration for his film Broken Hugs (2011). The protagonist of his film The Skin I Live In (2011) reads Tricks in Munro's book of stories (in the original: Runaway , 2004). The film Julieta (2016) is loosely based on the three short stories Decision (Chance) , Soon (Soon) and Silence (Silence) from Tricks.


Direction and script




Books by Pedro Almodóvar

  • Conversations with Frédréric Strauss. Paris 1994. German edition: Films on the verge of a nervous breakdown. Conversations with Frédéric Strauss. Frankfurt am Main 1998, ISBN 3-88661-192-2 .
  • Fuego en las entrañas. La Cúpula, Madrid 1981.
  • Patty Diphusa and other texts. Edition 406, Hamburg 1997, ISBN 3-9803433-7-5 . Spanish edition: Patty Diphusa y otros textos. Barcelona 1991.
  • Todo sobre mi madre. Guión original. Munich 2005.
  • Un guión de Almodovar. La mala educación. Madrid 2004.

Books about Pedro Almodóvar

  • Frédéric Strauss, Sam Richard: Almodóvar on Almodóvar. Faber & Faber, London 2006, ISBN 0-571-23192-6 .
  • Carlos Polimeni: Pedro Almodóvar and the kitsch español. Parthas, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-86601-625-5 .
  • Silvia Colmenero Salgado: Todo sobre mi madre de Pedro Almodóvar. Estudio crítico. Barcelona 2001.
  • Bernhard Chappuzeau: Transgression and Trauma with Pedro Almodóvar and Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Tübingen 2005.
  • Tamara Danicic: Speech, diversity! Foreign speech and interlacing of dialogues with Pedro Almodóvar. Tübingen 2003.
  • “Pedro Almodóvar. Frauenfieber. “In: du. Die Zeitschrift der Kultur, Issue 09/2002 No. 729. Zurich 2002.
  • Paul Duncan / Bárbara Peiró (eds.): The Pedro Almódovar Archive . Taschen, Cologne 2011, ISBN 978-3-8365-0282-5 .
  • María Antonia García de Leon, Teresa Maldonado: Pedro Almodóvar, la otra España cañí. Sociología y crítica cinematográficas. Ciudad Real 1989.
  • Christoph Haas: Almodóvar. Cinema of passions. Europa-Verlag, Hamburg 2001, ISBN 3-203-84119-3 .
  • Antonio Holguín: Pedro Almodóvar. Madrid 1994.
  • Hermann Kappelhoff / Daniel Illger (eds.): Film Concepts 9. Pedro Almodóvar , edition text + kritik, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-88377-921-8 .
  • Kerstin Huven: Gendering Images. Gender stagings in the films of Pedro Almodóvar. Frankfurt am Main 2002.
  • Stefanie Karg: Trabajar y formar una familia, como una persona normal. A sign of identity in Pedro Almodóvar's cinematic work. Dissertation. Saarbrücken 1997.
  • Isabel Maurer Queipo: The aesthetics of the hermaphrodite in the cinematic work of Pedro Almodóvar. Frankfurt am Main 2005.
  • Cordula Rabe: Pedro Almodóvar. Post-French Spain and Film. Frankfurt am Main 1997.
  • Manfred Riepe: Intensive care unit longing. Blossoming secrets in the Pedro Almodóvar cinema. Psychoanalytic forays on the verge of a nervous breakdown. Bielefeld 2004. ( online in the Google book search)
  • Frédéric Strauss: Pedro Almodóvar, un cine visceral. Madrid 1995.
  • Nuria Vidal: El cine de Pedro Almodóvar. Barcelona 1989.
  • Brad Epps, Despina Kakoudaki, editors: All about Almodóvar: a passion for cinema. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis 2009, ISBN 978-0-8166-4960-0 .
  • Mechthild Zeul: Pedro Almodóvar: his films, his life. Brandes & Apsel, Frankfurt am Main 2010, ISBN 978-3-86099-629-4 .

Web links

Commons : Pedro Almodóvar  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Awards for Everything About My Mother, accessed March 27, 2013.
  2. The life of Pedro Almodóvar ( Memento of the original dated December 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice., accessed on March 27, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Carlos Polimeni: Pedro Almodóvar and the Kitsch español book excerpt, October 24, 2005, accessed on February 25, 2012.
  4. DT Max: The Evolution of Pedro Almodóvar. In: The New Yorker. Condé Nast., November 28, 2016, accessed July 9, 2020 (American English).
  5. Self-presentation by El Deseo, accessed on March 27, 2013 (Spanish)
  6. Alfonso Rivera: Pedro Almodóvar producing another Isabel Coixet film. In: Cineuropa. January 22, 2020, accessed on July 9, 2020 .
  7. Pedro Almodóvar, Former King's Sister And Wife Of Miguel Arias Cañete Appear In Panama Papers ( Memento of April 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  8. Junkerjürgen, Ralf: “Almodóvar in German. Challenges to dubbing from Spanish " . In: Bridegroom, Thomas; Peiler, Nils (Ed.): Film in the transfer process. Transdisciplinary studies on film dubbing . Schüren, Marburg 2015, p. 178 .
  9. Jumana Farouky: Acceptance - One Reel At A Time. Time Magazine, October 2, 2005. Source: , accessed March 27, 2013.
  10. Anastassia Boutsko: Oleg Sentsov: "I am not a serf". Retrieved July 22, 2014 .
  11. Pilar Somacarrera: A Spanish Passion for the Canadian Short Story: Reader Responses to Alice Munro's fiction in Web 2.0. In: Pilar Somacarrera (Ed.): Made in Canada, Read in Spain: Essays on the Translation and Circulation of English-Canadian Literature. de Gruyter, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-83-7656-017-5 , pp. 129–144, here p. 143 ( online open access ).
  12. Pedro Almodóvar Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement at, June 14, 2019 (accessed June 14, 2019).