Ring Lardner junior
Ringgold Wilmer "Ring" Lardner Jr. (born August 19, 1915 in Chicago , Illinois , † October 31, 2000 in New York ) was an American screenwriter . He was the son of the writer and sports journalist Ring Lardner . His older brother John was also a writer.
After Lardner Jr. dropped out of Princeton , he became a reporter for the New York Daily Mirror in 1935 . David O. Selznick brought him to Hollywood at the end of the year . Lardner worked first as a publicist, then as a script consultant for films such as A Star Is Born ; this gave him good impressions of the work of a screenwriter. At Selznick he met his first wife, Silvia Schulman.
During the Spanish Civil War , Lardner's political view moved into the left spectrum. He became a member of the United States Communist Party in 1936 and organized anti-fascist demonstrations. In the 1930s and 1940s, Hollywood studios had no problem hiring screenwriters who were followers of communism . In 1943, Lardner and Michael Kanin received an Oscar (Best Original Screenplay) for Woman of the Year ( The Woman One Is Talking About) . 20th Century Fox signed him. Lardner made $ 2,000 a week , making it one of the highest-paid writers of his time.
In 1945 the marriage with Silvia was divorced; she has two children, Peter and Ann. In 1946 Lardner married the actress Frances Chaney , the widow of his brother David. With her he had a child, James, and two stepchildren, including the future actress Kate Lardner .
In 1950 Lardner was sentenced to one year in prison as a member of the Hollywood Ten for disregard for Congress . He then lost his position at 20th Century Fox and was blacklisted by Hollywood Studios, which included Dalton Trumbo , for example . Lardner worked on a few films without recognition, including a. on Virgin Island under the pseudonym Philip Rush , and above all on five television series. He published the novel The Ecstasy of Owen Muir (1954). Otto Preminger gave him his first work under his real name in the early 1960s, but the projects did not materialize. Lardner's name appeared in the 1965 film credits for the classic Cincinnati Kid . The highlight of his comeback was winning the Oscar in 1971 for M * A * S * H . However, little of Lardner's work flowed into the film.
On October 31, 2000, Lardner died of cancer. He was the last survivor of the ten filmmakers who refused to work with the Un-American Activities Committee .
- 1939: Meet Dr. Christian
- 1940: The Courageous Dr. Christian
- 1941: Arkansas Judge
- 1942: The woman speaks of it ( Woman of the Year )
- 1946: In the Secret Service ( Cloak and Dagger )
- 1947: Amber, the great courtesan ( Forever Amber )
- 1950: A sailor is not a snowman ( Swiss Tour )
- 1965: Cincinnati Kid ( The Cincinnati Kid )
- 1970: M * A * S * H
- 1977: I am the greatest ( The Greatest )
- 1977: Two savvy professionals ( Semi-Tough ) - Director: Michael Ritchie
Screenplay (TV series)
- 1955: Robin Hood, King of the Vagabonds ( The Adventures of Robin Hood ) - various episodes of the series
- 1959: The four righteous ( The Four Just Men ) - three episodes
- 1976: M * A * S * H - various episodes
- 1943: Oscar for Best Original Screenplay for The Woman You Talk About
- 1971: Oscar for the best adapted screenplay for M * A * S * H
- 1971: WGA Award for M * A * S * H
- 1989: Laurel Award from the Writers Guild of America for outstanding achievement
- The Ecstasy of Owen Muir. London: Jonathan Cape, 1954.
- The Lardners . New York: Harper & Row, 1976.
- I'd Hate Myself in the Morning, 2000.
|SURNAME||Lardner, Ring junior|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lardner, Ringgold Wilmer junior (real name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American screenwriter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 19, 1915|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Chicago , Illinois|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 31, 2000|
|Place of death||new York|