Kathe Dorsch

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Käthe Dorsch (1946)
Käthe Dorsch on a postage stamp of the German Federal Post Office, 1990.

Katharina Dorsch (born December 29, 1890 in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , † December 25, 1957 in Vienna ) was a German actress .


On December 29, 1890 at 5:30 p.m. Katharina Dorsch was born as the daughter of the gingerbread baker Christoph Dorsch and his wife Magdalena Dorsch, née Lindl, in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , at Untere Marktstraße 26. In 1893 the Dorsch family moved from Neumarkt to Nuremberg. In 1901 the father died. She attended business school , received piano lessons and, at the age of fifteen, sang in the extra choir of the Nuremberg City Theater in a performance of Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg .

In Nuremberg, then in Hanau and Mannheim, she had other appearances, especially in operettas. She got her first big role as Ännchen in Max Halbe's drama Jugend as a substitute for a sick colleague. Regardless of her actually negative attitude towards the operetta and for purely economic reasons, Käthe Dorsch decided in 1908 to work as an operetta soubrette in Mainz and in 1911 went to Berlin to the New Operetta Theater. She received further engagements at the Residenztheater in Blumenstrasse, the Lessingtheater , the Deutsches Theater and the Schauspielhaus am Gendarmenmarkt . In 1927 she went to Vienna as an actress and worked there, among other things, at the Volkstheater . But she celebrated one of her greatest successes in the field of operetta alongside Richard Tauber in the title role of Franz Lehár's operetta Friederike , which premiered on October 4, 1928 in Berlin's Metropol Theater . In 1936 she brought Gustaf Gründgens to the State Theater in Berlin, and from 1939 until her death she was a member of the Burgtheater in Vienna. From 1946 she also played on theaters in Berlin again.

As early as 1913 she had her first small supporting role in the silent film When the Taxe Jumps . Until 1924 she acted in numerous films. Then there was a break in filming until 1930, when the sound film offered her better means of expression. She embodied some important female characters such as Maria Theresia in Trenck, the Pandur and Caroline Neuber in comedians .

In 1920 she married her film colleague Harry Liedtke and was married to him for six or eight years; the sources disagree about the duration. The bond with Liedtke went beyond the divorce; it never overcame his assassination in 1945 by marauding Soviets. She used her temporary close relationship with her childhood friend Hermann Göring to intervene in favor of “racially” threatened or politically persecuted colleagues such as the cabaret artist Werner Finck , who was released from the Esterwegen concentration camp in 1935 .

In 1946 Dorsch publicly slapped the then 24-year-old theater critic of the Berliner Kurier , Wolfgang Harich , who had given her a bad review. In 1951 she slapped Alexander Trojan for making fun of people who were born under the zodiac sign Capricorn. In 1956 it triggered a greater media coverage when it also slapped the Austrian theater critic Hans Weigel in front of his regular Viennese café. In the theatrical trial that was brought on by Weigel  - Weigel was represented by Christian Broda, who later became Minister of Justice - she was fined 500 schillings . In 1957 she was already seriously ill when she played Maria di Elisabeth in Maria Stuart at the Burgtheater in Vienna alongside Paula Wessely , a production with which she took a "triumphant" farewell from the stage at the Berliner Festwochen at the beginning of October of that year . On Christmas Day of the year, Käthe Dorsch died of liver disease at the age of almost 67 in a Viennese clinic. She determined her legacy for the establishment of a (still existing) "Foundation to support needy members of the artistic professions" ( Käthe Dorsch Foundation in Berlin-Charlottenburg).

Käthe Dorsch, who owned "the entire theater in the world" and whose next role should have been the main role in George Bernard Shaw's wife Warren's trade , was found in her mother's grave on December 30, 1957 after the corpse was transferred to the cemetery of Pieskow am Scharmützelsee buried. A memorial stone can be found in the Dahlem cemetery . In 1962 the Käthe-Dorsch-Gasse in Vienna - Penzing (14th district) was named after her. In 1966 in Berlin he Gropiusstadt street no. 500 was renamed " Käthe-Dorsch-Ring ".

The property she acquired in Schörfling am Attersee in 1938 , which was later called the Dorschvilla , now houses an art business.


Filmography (selection)


Web links

Commons : Käthe Dorsch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Birth certificate No. 229, viewed in the Neumarkt City Archives on February 15, 2010.
  2. ^ Lutz Weltmann: Käthe Dorsch. A woman and ramp profile. Horen Verlag, Berlin-Grunewald, 1929, p. 23.
  3. ^ A b Hubert von Meyerinck: Käthe Dorsch. In: My famous girlfriends. Memories. Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 1969, p. 110.
  4. Ludwig Berger: Käthe Dorsch. Rembrandt Verlag, Berlin 1957.
  5. Werner Finck: The good soldier Finck. Munich, Berlin 1975, p. 27.
  6. Käthe Dorsch . In: Der Spiegel . No. 10 , 1951 ( online ).
  7. ^ Franz Krahberger: Käthe Dorsch slaps Hans Weigel . In: ejournal.at , accessed on December 8, 2012.
  8. ^ Maria Wirth: Christian Broda. A political biography . V&R Unipress, Göttingen 2011, p. 149. Text online .
  9. ^ (Felix) Hubalek: Art and Culture. The Watschen affair as a state affair . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna July 1, 1956, p. 17 , top left ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
  10. Triumph of the "Burg" in Berlin . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna October 4th 1957, p. 5 , top left ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
  11. Horst O. Hermanni: From Dorothy Daudrige to Willy Fritsch: Das Film ABC , BoD, 2009, p. 150. Retrieved on February 21, 2010.
  12. Horst O. Hermanni: From Dorothy Dandridge to Willy Fritsch . The film ABC . Books on Demand, Norderstedt 2009, pp. 149 ff. Text online .
  13. a b Art and Culture. Käthe Dorsch died . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna December 28, 1957, p. 7 , column 2, below ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
  14. Die Oberpfalz, Volume 46 M. Lassleben, 1958, p. 86 books.google.de
  15. German Stage Yearbook . Volume 67.1958 / 59, ZDB -ID 1232-4 . Verlag der Bühnenschriften-Vertriebs-Gesellschaft, Hamburg 1958, p. 89.
  16. Cod Villa . In: atterwiki.at , June 21, 2012, accessed on December 9, 2012.
  17. Daily news. Käthe Dorsch and Emil Jannings state actors. In:  Wiener Zeitung , No. 199/1936 (CCXXXIII. Volume), July 21, 1936, p. 6 middle. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz.