Friedrich zu Schwarzenberg

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Friedrich Cardinal Prince of Schwarzenberg
Coat of arms as the Archbishop of Prague

Friedrich Johann Joseph Cölestin Prince zu Schwarzenberg (born April 6, 1809 in Vienna ; † March 27, 1885 ibid) was an Austrian cardinal and archbishop of Salzburg and Prague .

Seal of Friedrich Cardinal Prince zu Schwarzenberg
Memorial plaque in the Salzburg Cathedral


Friedrich was born the son of Prince Johann Josef zu Schwarzenberg and Pauline Duchess von Arenberg. One of his brothers was the Austrian Prime Minister Felix zu Schwarzenberg , the oldest brother was Johann Adolf II.

On July 25, 1833 Schwarzenberg received in Salzburg the priesthood . On September 23, 1835 he was appointed Archbishop of Salzburg. The papal confirmation of February 1, 1836, was consecrated as a bishop on May 1, 1836 by the Trento bishop Johann Nepomuk von Tschiderer zu Gleifheim .

During his term of office in Salzburg, Schwarzenberg tried to repeal the Josephine reforms . He founded the Borromäum boys' seminar, which was later relocated to Parsch , and he also donated the hospital in Schwarzach . He was significantly involved in the illegitimate expulsion of the Zillertal inclinants . On January 24, 1842, Pope Gregory XVI raised Friedrich zu Schwarzenberg cardinal. As a cardinal priest he received the titular church of Sant'Agostino . In 1845 he was received with special honors by the Prince-Bishop Johann Nepomuk von Tschiderer as papal envoy at the 300th anniversary of the Council of Trento .

On November 5, 1848, on the occasion of the first German Bishops' Conference , he carried the “Holy of Holies” in a procession through the city center of Würzburg , accompanied by the Würzburg vigilantes. In Wuerzburg Cathedral, he then celebrated a thanksgiving.

On December 13, 1849, he was appointed Archbishop of Prague. The papal confirmation took place on May 20, 1850, the inauguration on August 15, 1850. Schwarzenberg was a member of the Bohemian manor and leader of the clerical-feudal party in Bohemia.

Schwarzenberg was a patron of art and science. After his death he was buried in the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague .


Web links

Commons : Friedrich zu Schwarzenberg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Augsburger Postzeitung No. 344 of December 10, 1845, p. 1374
  2. Wolfgang Weiss : The Catholic Church in the 19th Century. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2, Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 , pp. 430-449 and 1303, here: p. 437.
predecessor Office successor
Filippo de Angelis Cardinal Protopriest
Teodolfo Mertel
Alois Joseph Schrenck from Notzing Archbishop of Prague
Francis Cardinal by Paula Schönborn
Augustin Johann Joseph Gruber Archbishop of Salzburg
Maximilian Joseph Cardinal of Tarnóczy