Fredrik Pacius, who was actually called Friedrich Pacius , attended the scholars' school of the Johanneum in Hamburg and completed his music studies in Kassel (among others with Louis Spohr and Moritz Hauptmann - at the same time as the later violin virtuoso Ferdinand David ). He then worked as a violinist in the Royal Court Orchestra in Stockholm .
In 1834 he was appointed to the University of Helsinki , where he worked until 1867 as a "music teacher" (de facto music director). He was instrumental in building up Finnish musical life by founding a symphony orchestra and a student choir, among other things, and being very active as a conductor.
1848 composed Pacius the choral song Vårt land ( "Our Land") from Johan Ludvig Runeberg's poetry collection " Ensign steel ", which later than Maamme Finnish, as Mu isamaa the Estonian and as Min izāmō the Livonian national anthem was.
In 1852 he composed the first Finnish opera , based on a libretto by Zacharias Topelius in Swedish: Kung Karls Jakt , Finnish Kaarle-kuninkaan metsästys , German King Karls Jagd , the action of which is set on the Swedish-speaking Åland Islands that belong to Finland . His second opera Prinsessan av Cüben , in Finnish Kypron prinsessa , German Princess of Cyprus (1860) is based on a libretto by Topelius in Swedish, while his third opera Die Loreley (1886) is based on a German text by Emanuel Geibel . Because of his services to Finnish musical life, Pacius is often referred to as the "father of Finnish music".
- Symphony in D minor (1850)
- Overture in E flat major (1826)
- Violin Concerto in F sharp minor (1845)
- King Charles Hunt , Opera (1852)
- The Princess of Cyprus , musical fairy tale (1860)
- The Loreley , Opera (1862-1887)
- String Quartet in E flat major (1826)
- Tomi Mäkelä , Fredrik Pacius, composer i Finland Svenska Litteratursällskapet i Finland , 2009; ISBN 978-951-583-192-7 ; 268 p .; plenty of pictures
- Tomi Mäkelä : Friedrich Pacius - a German composer in Finland: with an edition of the diaries, letters and working materials by Silke Bruns , Hildesheim; Zurich [u. a.]: Olms; Helsinki: Swedish Literary Society in Finland, 2014, ISBN 978-3-487-15123-6
- Silja Geisler-Baum: The Loreley in Finland: On the creation, performance and reception of the opera by Fredrik Pacius and Emanuel Geibel. (German / Finnish) . Are Musik-Verlag, 2004, ISBN 978-3-924522-19-3 .
- Works by and about Fredrik Pacius in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Fredrik Pacius in the German Digital Library
- Sheet music and audio files by Fredrik Pacius in the International Music Score Library Project
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 19, 1809|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 8, 1891|
|Place of death||Helsinki|