Fredrik Pacius

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Fredrik Pacius, around 1848
Finnish postage stamp from 1948

Fredrik Pacius (born March 19, 1809 in Hamburg , † January 8, 1891 in Helsinki ) was a German composer who worked mainly in Finland .


Fredrik Pacius, who was actually called Friedrich Pacius , attended the scholars' school of the Johanneum in Hamburg and completed his music studies in Kassel (among others with Louis Spohr and Moritz Hauptmann - at the same time as the later violin virtuoso Ferdinand David ). He then worked as a violinist in the Royal Court Orchestra in Stockholm .

In 1834 he was appointed to the University of Helsinki , where he worked until 1867 as a "music teacher" (de facto music director). He was instrumental in building up Finnish musical life by founding a symphony orchestra and a student choir, among other things, and being very active as a conductor.

1848 composed Pacius the choral song Vårt land ( "Our Land") from Johan Ludvig Runeberg's poetry collection " Ensign steel ", which later than Maamme Finnish, as Mu isamaa the Estonian and as Min izāmō the Livonian national anthem was.

In 1852 he composed the first Finnish opera , based on a libretto by Zacharias Topelius in Swedish: Kung Karls Jakt , Finnish Kaarle-kuninkaan metsästys , German King Karls Jagd , the action of which is set on the Swedish-speaking Åland Islands that belong to Finland . His second opera Prinsessan av Cüben , in Finnish Kypron prinsessa , German Princess of Cyprus (1860) is based on a libretto by Topelius in Swedish, while his third opera Die Loreley (1886) is based on a German text by Emanuel Geibel . Because of his services to Finnish musical life, Pacius is often referred to as the "father of Finnish music".


Orchestral works

  • Symphony in D minor (1850)
  • Overture in E flat major (1826)
  • Violin Concerto in F sharp minor (1845)

Vocal music

  • King Charles Hunt , Opera (1852)
  • The Princess of Cyprus , musical fairy tale (1860)
  • The Loreley , Opera (1862-1887)
  • Cantatas
  • Choirs
  • Songs

Chamber music

  • String Quartet in E flat major (1826)


Web links

Commons : Fredrik Pacius  - Collection of images, videos and audio files