Frankenburger dice game
The Frankenburg dice game in 1625 was the prelude to the Upper Austrian Peasants' War and took place against the historical background of the Counter Reformation . The setting was Haushamerfeld in Pfaffing , which at the time belonged to the County of Frankenburg. The term " dice game " is not contemporary, however, but only came up in the 19th century. The dice in the local coat of arms symbolize this process.
In 1620, at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War , Upper Austria was pledged by the Habsburgs to the Bavarian Duke Maximilian I for lack of financial resources for the war chest . In the period that followed, Maximilian sent not only numerous tax officials but also Catholic clergymen to Upper Austria, who were supposed to enforce the Counter Reformation there in accordance with the legal principle of Cuius regio, eius religio . When a Catholic priest was to be installed in the Protestant parish of Frankenburg in May 1625 , an armed uprising broke out. The pastor was chased away and the county keeper was besieged in Schloss Frankenburg . After being promised mercy, the insurgents gave up the siege.
The Bavarian governor in the land of the Enns , Adam Graf von Herberstorff , also promised mercy when he summoned all male residents of the county to Haushamerfeld , between Frankenburg and Vöcklamarkt , on May 15, to hold court over the rebels . A total of around 5,000 men were rounded up there, among them the 36 alleged ringleaders of the Franconian uprising. These were shielded by Bavarian soldiers and Herberstorff informed them that they were sentenced to death . Herberstorff, however, had half of them " pardoned ", for which he let the 36 victims die in pairs for their lives. 16 losers in the dice game that followed were hanged , and two other losers were pardoned. An assistant dyer was later caught and also hanged, so that a total of 17 men were judged.
This drastic punitive action did not have the effect Herberstorff had hoped for, but rather triggered a carefully planned peasant uprising in Upper Austria that broke out in May 1626.
- Since 1925, this dramatic event has been re-enacted in a two-year cycle by over 400 amateur actors - including numerous descendants of those convicted at the time.
- On behalf of Joseph Goebbels , Eberhard Wolfgang Möller wrote the Franconian dice game, which premiered in the accompanying program of the 1936 Summer Olympics in 1936 . This Berlin “dice game” has nothing in common with the Frankenburger piece except for the historical background.
- Karl Itzinger : The blood court at Haushamerfeld. From the times of suffering and heroism in the country above the Enns . Roman, Leopold Stocker Verlag, Graz / Leipzig 1933. First published under the title Der Bauerntod . Home publishing house Stocker, Graz 1925.
- Georg Heilingsetzer : 1626. The Upper Austrian Peasants' War. Upper Austrian homeland sheets . Special publication 2001, Linz 2001.
- Hannes Leidinger : History of Memory. On the reception of the Upper Austrian Peasant War. In: Karl Vocelka, Rudolf Leeb, Andrea Scheichl (eds.): Renaissance and Reformation, Upper Austria. State exhibition 2010. Linz 2010, pp. 341–346.
- Franz Isidor Proschko: Forays into the area of the history and legend of the country above the Enns. In: Yearbook of the Upper Austrian Museum Association. Year 14, Linz 1854, pp. 1–10 (entire article pp. 1–116, PDF on ZOBODAT ).
- Siegfried Haider : The dark sides of our history. In: Yearbook of the Upper Austrian Museum Association. Year 160, Linz 2015, pp. 199–200 ( PDF on ZOBODAT ).
- Alfred Jungraithmayr : Frankenburger dice game. Documentary. 98 minutes. Germany 1988.
- The Frankenburger dice game (historical amateur theater)
- Entry on Frankenburger dice game in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Entry on folk customs and folklore treasures: Frankenburger dice game in the Austria Forum (as a stamp illustration)
- The executioner and the bitter dice game Article in the “Wiener Zeitung” of June 21, 2012, supplement “Program Points”, p. 7. Accessed on June 26, 2012.