Lower Danube District

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Bavaria was divided into districts in 1808

The Lower Danube District with the capital Passau was one of the districts of the Kingdom of Bavaria . From 1806 to 1837 it was the forerunner of the later government district of Lower Bavaria .


General Commissariat

The headquarters of the General Commissioner and the Finance Directorate were in Passau.

Cities in the immediate vicinity of the district

The immediate district cities of Passau and Straubing (from 1810) each had a city court. The appellate court was in Straubing.

Regional courts

The circle was divided into the following regional courts of the older order or power courts :

Deggendorf , Eggenfelden (from 1810), Grafenau (from 1811), Griesbach , Herrschaftsgericht Irlbach (from 1814), Landau , Mitterfels (from 1810), Obernberg (1810-1816), Passau , Pfarrkirchen , Regen , Schärding (1810-1816) , Viechtach (from 1810), Viechtenstein (1810–1816), Vilshofen , Waizenkirchen (1810–1816), Wegscheid , Wolfstein .


In the years 1806 to 1808 the Kingdom of Bavaria was divided into 15 (state) districts, whose names - following the French model - were based on rivers: Mainkreis ( Bamberg ), Pegnitzkreis ( Nuremberg ), Rezatkreis ( Ansbach ), Nabkreis ( Amberg ), Regenkreis ( Regensburg and Straubing ), Altmühlkreis ( Eichstätt ), Oberdonaukreis ( Ulm ), Lechkreis ( Augsburg ), Isarkkreis ( Munich ), Salzachkreis ( Burghausen ), Unterdonaukreis (Passau), Illerkreis ( Kempten with Vorarlberg ), Innkreis ( Innsbruck ), Eisackkreis ( Brixen and Bozen ) and Etschkreis ( Trient ). This was determined by a very high ordinance for the territorial division of the kingdom of June 21, 1808.

The Lower Danube District with the capital Passau initially comprised the ten regional courts of Regen, Schönberg, Wolfstein, Wegscheid, Passau, Vilshofen, Griesbach, Pfarrkirchen, Landau and Deggendorf and the city of Passau. With the highest ordinance of September 23, 1810, an extension was decided on November 1, 1810. The previous sub-Donau district came from the regenkreis the district courts Viechtach Mitterfels added (without the westerly patrimonial) and Straubing and the city of Straubing, the district court Eggenfelden from the Salzach circle and the former district court Schärding, the Office Upper Mountain and parts of the Hausruckviertel. The Schärding Regional Court was reorganized and the Obernberg, Viechtenstein and Waizenkirchen Regional Courts were newly established. On May 1, 1816, the parts of the Hausruckviertel and Innviertel ceded to Bavaria in 1809 went back to Austria. When the Kingdom of Bavaria was reorganized into eight districts in 1817, the Lower Danube District was enlarged again. The Burghausen and Altötting regional courts were added from the previous Salzach district, and the Cham and Kötzting regional courts from the previous Regenkreis.

During the territorial reform initiated by King Ludwig I on November 29, 1837, the district was renamed Lower Bavaria and the seat of the district was moved from Passau to the city of Landshut, which was previously the district of the Isar. At that time, the Cham regional court came to the Upper Palatinate, the Burghausen and Altötting regional courts to Upper Bavaria. At this point in time, the city of Landshut and the regional courts Landshut and Vilsbiburg came from the previous Isar district, and from the previous Regenkreis the rule Zaitzkofen and the regional courts Abensberg, Kelheim, Pfaffenberg (now Mallersdorf). The Lower Danube District existed until the end of 1837.


  • Richard Bauer, Reinhard Heydenreuter, Gerhard Heyl, Emma Mages, Max Piendl, August Scherl, Bernhard Zettel: Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . Ed .: Wilhelm Volkert . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 .
  • Franz Satorius, Karl Wolf: Business and address manual for the administrative district of Lower Bavaria . History of the administrative district of Lower Bavaria. Landshut 1841 ( books.google.de ).