|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Salzburg area|
|License plate :||SL|
|Main town :||Sankt Gilgen|
|Residents :||3,960 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||5340|
|Area code :||06227|
|Community code :||5 03 30|
|Address of the
5340 Sankt Gilgen
|Mayor :||Otto Kloiber ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Sankt Gilgen in the Salzburg-Umgebung district|
Sankt Gilgen on Lake Wolfgang
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Sankt Gilgen is a municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung (Flachgau), in the Salzburger Salzkammergut in Austria . The community is located in the judicial district of Thalgau , has 3960 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) and has become known as a summer resort .
Sankt Gilgen is located 25 kilometers east of Salzburg , 15 kilometers southeast of Thalgau , and 20 kilometers west of Bad Ischl , and forms an eastern edge of the state towards Upper Austria . The municipality is characterized by the Wolfgangsee ( ), the Schafberg ( ) and the Zwölferhorn ( ).
Sankt Gilgen is one of the three surrounding communities of the Wolfgangsee, next to Strobl and St. Wolfgang in the Salzkammergut , and the most easterly of the communities in the Wolfgang- / Ischltal . A good half of the lake belongs to Sankt Gilgen, the eastern border is at the narrow point of the lake at the Zinkenbach peninsula , with the Zinkenbach - Königsbach as the border. The municipality also includes the north side of the Osterhorn group south of the lake, the southern tip of the municipality is the Holzeck behind the Königsberger Horn . On the north bank, the Ried am Schafbergfuß also belongs to Sankt Gilgen. At the western end of the lake lies the widening of the village of Sankt Gilgen with the Sankt Gilgener Berg and the Winkl - Zeppezau basin . Here also the southern parts of the Höllkargruppe (Schobergruppe) belong to the municipality, up to the Eibenssee and the Drachenwand .
Sankt Gilgen also includes the areas called Burgau northeast behind the Scharflinger Höhe and the Schafberg, these are the Oberburgau am Mondsee and the Unterburgau am Attersee . This makes Sankt Gilgen one of the Mondsee communities alongside Mondsee , Tiefgraben , St. Lorenz , Innerschwand and Unterach , and one of the Attersee communities alongside Unterach, Steinbach , Nussdorf , Weyregg , Attersee , Schörfling and Seewalchen . The Schafberg also largely belongs to Sankt Gilgen, especially the entire summit, to St. Wolfgang only the southwest flank belongs. The border is in the gap between Spinnerin and Törlspitz . The north-western boundary of the municipality is Breitenberg and Sechserkogel at the foot of the Leonsberg (Zimnitz) and above the Weißenbachtal .
The municipality has an area of 98.88 km².
The community comprises six cadastral communities (area as of December 31, 2019):
- Gschwand (3,308.74 ha)
- Oberburgau (1,297.24 ha)
- Ried (1,329.70 ha)
- St. Gilgen (1,609.91 ha)
- Lower castle (1,020.13 ha)
- Winkl (1,306.58 ha)
The municipality is divided into eight localities (number of inhabitants in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Sankt Gilgen (1056), main town, cadastral community St. Gilgen - in the northwest by the lake
- Pöllach (688), part of KG St. Gilgen - in the outer northwest on St. Gilgener Berg above Sankt Gilgen
- Laim (445), part of KG St. Gilgen - in the west above Sankt Gilgen around the Zwölferhorn
- Gschwand (929) - in the south by the lake on the Zinkenbach peninsula and around the Breitenberg there
- Ried (372) - in the east by the lake at the foot of the Schafberg near St. Wolfgang,isolated from Winklby the Falkensteinerwand
- Winkl (330) - in the northeast in the Krotensee area between Schafberg and Höllkarbergen,isolated from Sankt Gilgenby Buchberg - Saurüssel
- Oberburgau (100) - in the outer northeast at the Schafberg-Nordfuß am Mondsee ,isolatedfrom Winkl by the Scharflinger Höhe , the eastern parts additionally by the Kienbergwand
- Unterburgau (40) - in the extreme northeast on the Attersee north of the Schwarzensee area,isolatedfrom Oberburgau by Seeache / Ackerschneid
Counting districts are the St. Gilgen Center for St. Gilgen-Pöllach-Laim, Winkl-Ried-Gschwand and Unterburgau-Oberburgau
The community is surrounded by ten neighboring communities, including:
- 5 in Upper Austria
- 1 in the Hallein (HA) / Tennengau district
|Fuschl am See||St. Lorenz (VB) and Mondsee (VB)||Unterach am Attersee (VB) and Steinbach am Attersee (VB)|
|Faistenau||St. Wolfgang in the Salzkammergut (GM)|
|Hintersee||Abtenau ∗ (HA)||Strobl|
Capital of the municipality
Sankt Gilgen ( village )
locality ( capital of the municipality )
cadastral municipality St. Gilgen
|Pole. District , state||Salzburg area (SL), Salzburg|
|Pole. local community||Sankt Gilgen|
|Residents of the village||1056 (January 1, 2020)|
|Building status||430 (2001)|
|Area d. KG||1,609.91 ha (2019)|
|Post Code||5340 Sankt Gilgen|
|prefix||+ 43/62227 (Sankt Gilgen)|
|Cadastral parish number||56107|
|Counting district / district||St. Gilgen Center (50 330 000)|
Sankt Gilgen with Laim / Irlreit, from the lake
|O with Brunnwinkl , Lueg ; KG and ZSp. with Laim , Pöllach
Source: STAT : Ortverzeichnis ; BEV : GEONAM ; SAGIS ;
The main town of Sankt Gilgen is located 24 kilometers east of the city center of Salzburg , 12 kilometers southeast of Thalgau . It is located directly at the northwest end of Lake Wolfgang ( ), in a widening between the Zwölferhorn southwest and Höllkarbergen to the north. South of the village, the Elferstein ( ) breaks into the Gamswand near Lueg directly into the lake. To the east, in the Brunnwinkl, the Buchberg ( ) and the Saurüssel ( ) come to the lake and delimit the settlement area. To the north, the Sankt Gilgener Berg rises to the saddle near Einsiedl (approx. ), which leads into the Fuschlsee area.
The site covers about 1½ kilometers along the Mondseestraße B B154 and Wolfgang road B 158. The old center is characterized in particular by Mozart Square and Church Square by an ensemble of houses of the Baroque in Inn-Salzach style and surrounding the Sommerfrische- home style of the period out. The lake promenade stretches along Mondseestrasse , the old B 154. Above Wolfgangsee Strasse B 158, here called Hochreithstrasse , is the Hochreith location . The north-western locations on the new B 154 are called Billroth , after the property built there by the doctor Theodor Billroth ( Villa Billroth , today a seminar hotel).
The hamlet of Brunnwinkl to the east of the lake and the houses of Lueg to the south also belong to the village of Sankt Gilgen . The locality comprises around 450 addresses with a good 1000 inhabitants, both of the associated locations have only a few houses.
The municipalities of Laim (with Irlreit ) and Pöllach (with the equestrian settlement ) above Sankt Gilgen also belong to the cadastral community of St. Gilgen with 1,609.91 hectares . This area extends from the Eibensee in the north to the Pillsteinhöhe above the Stubneralm on the Zwölferhorn in the south. The cadastral municipality corresponds to the St. Gilgen-Zentrum counting district . This includes around 800 addresses with around 2100 inhabitants.
(O and KG, Gem. Hintersee )
View from the gondola of the Zwölferhornbahn to the town center
Sankt Gilgen was named after St. Aegidius , who is also called Gilg or Gilgian in German-speaking countries . Originally the place was called Oberdrum . This name was an indication of the geographical location, namely on the upper part (Drum, Trum) of the lake, until the 19th century, Sankt Aegidi was also said to the place.
The room was already inhabited prehistorically. The pile dwellings in Scharfling are found to date back to the 5th millennium BC, the pile dwellings in See am Mondsee , namesake of the Mondsee culture , are among the most important settlements in the Alpine region in the later Neolithic period (3800-3300 BC). Bronze Age is proven in the Oberburgau . In the Iron Age Celtic period, nearby Hallstatt was the main town of Hallstatt culture (800–450 BC). At the Kaiserbrunnen on the Attersee there are finds from the 1st century BC. Been made. The old road from the Ischltal to the east was also important as a Roman road (Roman times in Austria 15–487 AD), it ran from Iuvavum (Salzburg) to the Statio Escensis (Ischl). Its course along the Wolfgangsee is unclear. All of these influences suggest that there will be at least isolated settlements on the lakeshore and mountain areas in the municipality, but settlement continuity is uncertain.
Around 750 AD, Duke Odilo (Bavaria) donated the Abersee (Aberseeland) area to the Salzburg Church so that monks could develop it. By and large , the area of the Wolfgang Valley was completely cultivated by the 13th century . At that time there were about ten houses. The first church was also built during this period. The pilgrimage to St. Wolfgang was one of the most important in Europe in the Middle Ages, so that the area between the diocese of Salzburg and the Mondsee monastery (Thalgau), and later Habsburg Austria (Wolfgangland), was disputed. The proximity to the Ischl salt mountain also had a political impact. From this time on, Sankt Gilgen, together with Strobl and Fuschl, formed the rule of Hüttenstein , originally located at the castle on the Scharflinger Höhe, and from the middle of the 16th century on the new castle on the Krotensee.
As early as 1380 the Attergau came to Habsburg Austria , in 1506 also Wildeneck (including the secular jurisdiction over Mondseeland), but pledged it to Salzburg until 1664. When it was returned, the Salzburg archbishops postulated their sovereignty over Burgau, where they had held fishing rights from the High Middle Ages (fish master in Unterach am Attersee ). Only with a state treaty of May 26, 1689 between Emperor Leopold I and Prince Archbishop Thun were the national borders finally regulated.
The place Sankt Gilgen has always been important for the Wolfgang pilgrimage, you cross over by boat or choose the land route over the Falkenstein. Due to the increasing population, the church had to be rebuilt twice, once in 1425 and a second time in 1769. It was not until the 19th century that the various roads on the three lakes, blocked by steep walls, were set up as real roads. After the start of shipping on the Wolfgangsee (1873) and especially after the establishment of the Salzkammergut local railway (1893), the previously insignificant village and the other favorable locations on the lakes experienced a strong tourist boom as summer resorts. Celebrities like the doctor Theodor Billroth built summer villas here. In the inter-war period, an artists 'colony, the Zinkenbach painters' colony, also developed . The development as a tourist region also continued in the post-war period.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church of St. Aegydius in Sankt Gilgen
- Pilgrimage Church of Our Lady and St. Wolfgang am Falkenstein near Winkl and Ried, with a way of the cross
- Hüttenstein Castle at the Krotensee (private)
- Sankt Gilgen town center with old buildings
- Brunnwinkl , small farm hamlet with a completely preserved rural townscape (workplace of the bee researcher Karl von Frisch )
- Various summer villas on Lake Wolfgang and Attersee (Unterburgau), including Frauenstein and Ferienhort in Ried
- Forest house in Oberburgau
- Wayside shrines on islands: ox cross and wedding cross in the Wolfgangsee near Winkl-Fürberg
- See also: List of listed objects in Sankt Gilgen
- Mozarthaus in Sankt Gilgen: former district court, home of the mother (Anna Maria and sister Nannerl)
- Kulturhaus in Sankt Gilgen: previously an elementary school, with a musical instrument museum and the Zinkenbacher painter colony museum
- Local history museum in Sankt Gilgen: previously the side hall of the Wetzl estate
- European monastery Gut Aich in Winkl
Natural features and lookout points:
- Wolfgangseeblick in Pöllach (viewpoint, protected part of the landscape)
- Plombergstein above Sankt Gilgen (viewpoint)
- Stone crevices on the Plombergstein in Plomberg (natural monument)
- Promenade path Brunnwinkl – Fürberg am See on the Saurüssel
- Falkensteinwand between Winkl and Ried, with church and stations of the cross, viewpoints Scheffelblick and Aberseeblick (protected part of the landscape)
- Weißwand on the Zwölferhorn above Sankt Gilgen (viewpoint, hiking trail, inn)
- Zwölferhorn via Sankt Gilgen with Sausteigalm (panoramic mountain, cable car, mountain inns)
- Schafberg via Wolfgang, Mond and Attersee, with Schafbergalm (panoramic mountain, rack railway, mountain hotel and mountain huts)
- Burggrabenklamm in Unterburgau (Klammweg, natural monument)
- Eibensee , mountain lake above Fuschl (natural monument)
- Eisenau , Almflur am Schafberg in Oberburgau (forest path, mountain inn and hut)
- Suissensee and Mittersee , mountain lakes on the Schafberg (hiking trail)
- Himmelspforte on Schafberg (wall with hiking trail)
Economy and Infrastructure
The municipality, together with the other two Wolfgangseegemeinden member of the country-wide tourism region Wolfgangsee in association Salzkammergut , and member of the LEADER - / INTERREG region Heritage Salzkammergut (RegIS), in which the Wolfgangseegemeinden with Bad Ischl and the Inner Salzkammergut to work the Hallstätterseegemeinden. The municipality cooperates loosely with the entirely Upper Austrian regions of Mondseeland and Attersee .
Sankt Gilgen is a tourist municipality, with a focus on recreational and family tourism, and with many holiday homes ( summer vacation ) and as a local recreation area also the city of Salzburg. The place itself was built with numerous large apartment houses from the 1970s , today the cold bed phenomenon is a problem, the community has around 3,000
guest beds , the number of overnight stays was 300,000, with an occupancy of the second homes for four weeks (30 days, around 40,000 overnight stays), one eighth of all overnight stays would not generate any added value with very high apartment prices. The main season is summer bathing tourism . Otherwise the area is suitable for easy hiking . The two local mountains of the community are accessible by mountain railways. The Zwölferhorn is a scenic and ski mountain, but the latter only plays a local role as an insider tip for family skiing as well as steep Muggle slopes and unprepared skiing.
The two main traffic axes of the community are on the one hand Wolfgangsee Straße B 158 Salzburg – Bad Ischl. It comes from Hof bei Salzburg , where the West Autobahn A 1 is connected to Thalgau , and Fuschl am See over the Sankt Gilgener Berg (approx. ), and runs southeast on the south-west bank of the lake over the Zinkenbach peninsula Direction Strobl and Bad Ischl .
The other route is the Mondseestrasse (B154) Straßwalchen – Sankt Gilgen, that of Mondsee , also with an A1 junction, and the Mondsee south-west bank coming over the Scharflinger Höhe ( ) and the Winkl and then on The north shore of the lake runs and joins the B 158 in Sankt Gilgen . At Scharfling / Kienberg am Mondsee, the Kienbergwandstraße (L 217 / L 543) branches off to the east, which connects Oberburgau after the Kienbergwand tunnel . At See am Mondsee / Au it flows into Atterseestrasse B B151 Mondsee – Timelkam, which is located completely outside St. Gilgen and which continues on the Mondsee north-east bank to Unterach am Attersee . There, the Seeleitenstrasse B 152 Unterach – Seewalchen branches off, which runs through the Unterburgau on the southern bank of the Attersee . At Weißenbach am Attersee the Weißenbacher Straße B 153 branches off to Bad Ischl.
The small towns in the municipality are mostly located directly on these roads or are connected by short municipal roads. Only Ried can only be reached via the detour of St. Wolfganger Straße (L 116 / L 546) near Strobl and the town of Sankt Wolfgang .
The Wolfgangsee-Schiffahrt , which has existed as such since 1873 and is operated today by Salzburg AG , operates on a seasonal liner service . The landing stages are Sankt Gilgen-Seepromenade , Fürberg and Ried-Falkenstein .
The Schafberg cog railway (SBB), which opened in 1892 and starts in St. Wolfgang / Ried and runs to the Schafberg summit, only runs in the summer months. The Ischlerbahn (Salzkammergut-Lokalbahn, SLKB) used to run through the community, from Scharflingberg through Sankt Gilgen to Reith / Forsthub. This line, built here in 1893, was discontinued and dismantled in 1957. In the area of the municipality, the route has largely been completely incorporated into the road construction; there is still an inaccessible tunnel at Scharflinger Höhe .
The Zwölferhorn cable car was built in 1957. It has its valley station right in the village of Sankt Gilgen and operates in the summer and winter seasons.
The community council has a total of 21 members. After the municipal council and mayoral elections, the municipal council had the following distributions:
- 2004: 11 ÖVP, 8 SPÖ, 1 FPÖ and 1 UWL - Independent Voters List
- Municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg 2009 : 12 ÖVP, 7 SPÖ and 2 FPÖ
- Municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg 2014 : 14 ÖVP, 5 SPÖ and 2 FPÖ
After the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg 2019 , the municipal council has the following distribution:
- 12 ÖVP, 8 SPÖ and 1 FPÖ.
- until 1989 Franz Leitner (ÖVP)
- 1989–2009 Wolfgang Planberger (SPÖ)
- since 2009 Otto Kloiber (ÖVP)
coat of arms
The municipal coat of arms is as follows described :
- Sons and daughters
- Anselm Lürzer von Zechenthal OSB (1661–1718), Roman Catholic theologian and abbot of St. Blasius zu Admont
- Anna Maria Walburga Pertl (1720–1778), district judge's daughter (father Wolfgang Nikolaus Pertl, 1667–1724), mother of Wolfgang Amadé Mozart
- August Brunetti-Pisano (1870–1943), composer
- Adolf Helmberger (1885–1967), portrait and landscape painter
- Annemarie Reitsamer (* 1941), Austrian politician
- Josef Eisl (1914–1968), Austrian politician
- Wolfgang Pöckl (* 1952), linguist and translation scientist
- Wolfgang Eisl (* 1954), Austrian politician (Zinkenbach / Abersee)
- Honorary citizen
- Helmut Kohl (1930–2017), German Federal Chancellor - in the 1980s, Sankt Gilgen in Germany gained additional media interest as the former Federal Chancellor's vacation spot. In 1985, Kohl was made an honorary citizen of Sankt Gilgen.
- Hubert Raudaschl (* 1942), sailor, world champion and Olympic medalist
- Relation to the community
- Family Lasser von Lasseregg (16th - 18th century), Salzburg bourgeois and aristocratic family - Maierhof in Burgbachau (fish master in Unterach)
- Maria Anna Mozart , called "Nannerl" (1751–1829), sister of Wolfgang Amadé Mozart - married the district judge Johann Berchtold von Sonnenburg (1736–1801) and lived in Sankt Gilgen from 1784–1801
- Theodor Billroth (1829-1894), German-Austrian pioneer of surgery, had his summer retreat in Sankt Gilgen (Villa Billroth)
- Johann Kautsky (1827–1896) stage painter. Father of Karl Kautsky
- Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach (1830–1916), writer - spent her summers in Sankt Gilgen between 1889 and 1898 , mostly in the Villa Kotzian, built in 1885
- Minna Kautsky (1837–1912) actress and writer. Mother of Karl Kautsky
- Philipp von Ferrary (1850–1917), French-Austrian philatelist - property in Burgbachau 1890 (Villa Ferrary / Friedl, Ferrary chapel )
- Sigmund Friedl (1851–1914), Austrian philatelist - property in Burgbachau (Villa Ferrary / Friedl)
- Max Feilchenfeld (1852–1922), German-Austrian banker - adopted home in Sankt Gilgen (Villa Feilchenfeld)
- Karl Frisch (1886–1982), Austrian bee researcher, Nobel laureate - active in Brunnwinkel
- Wilhelm Kestranek (1863–1925), Austrian industrialist - adopted home in Sankt Gilgen ( Villa Kestranek 1906/07)
- Rudolf Nemetschke (1902–1980), Austrian industrialist and sports functionary - property in Burgau am Attersee 1978–2000 (Waldschlössl / Villa Nemetschke)
- Conrado José Kraémer (Kurt Kraemer, 1902–1965), Spanish-Austrian commercial agent - property in Burgau am Attersee from 1960 (Villa Kraemer / Campeau)
- Carl Drewo (1929–1995), Austrian jazz musician - lived in Sankt Gilgen for years
- Miguel Herz-Kestranek (* 1948), Austrian actor ( Villa Kestranek )
- John Quincy Adams (1874–1933), Austrian painter - had one of the first prefabricated wooden houses delivered from Sweden to Sankt Gilgen, where he lived during the summer.
- Alfred Gerstenbrand (1881–1977), Austrian painter, graphic artist, illustrator, writer and caricaturist - adopted home in Sankt Gilgen
- Karl Franz Rankl (1898–1968), Austrian conductor and composer
- Robert Campeau (* 1923), Canadian entrepreneur - property in Burgau am Attersee 1978–2000 (Villa Kraemer / Campeau, Hotel Burgau)
- Michael Jeannée (* 1943), Austrian journalist
- Gerhard Andlinger (1931–2017), Austrian-American entrepreneur - property in Burgau am Attersee since 2000 (Villa Campeau / Andlinger, Hotel Burgau)
- Gerhard Tötschinger (1946–2016), Austrian actor, author and artistic director - died in Sankt Gilgen
- Roman Arkadjewitsch Abramowitsch (* 1966), Russian oligarch - property in Burgau am Attersee since 2006 (Waldschlössl / Villa Nemetschke)
- 50330 - Sankt Gilgen. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Community website
- Entry on Sankt Gilgen in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Sankt Gilgen . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Regionalinformation , bev.gv.at (1,094 kB); accessed on January 10, 2020.
- Statistics Austria: Population on 1.1.2020 by locality (area status 1.1.2020) , ( CSV )
- As of December 31, 2019
- Kurt Klein (edit.): Historical local dictionary . Statistical documentation on population and settlement history. Ed .: Vienna Institute of Demography [VID] d. Austrian Academy of Sciences . Salzburg , St. Gilgen , S. 49 f . ( Online document , explanations . Suppl . ; both PDF - oD [updated]).
- cf. Obertrum in the Salzburg lake area.
- Alfred Mück: “Unterach am Attersee. History of a Salzkammergut summer resort. ”In:“ Yearbook of the municipal museum in Wels ”1936, Wels 1936. especially chapter“ The Salzburgische Burgau. ”P. 56–60 (full article p. 29–155; first part (PDF) in Forum OoeGeschichte.at, there in particular p. 31 ff; second part (PDF) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at).
- For 2001, in the statistics of Austria index of 1951 residents of the St. Gilgen Center (St. Gilgen-Pöllach-Laim), 1920 cases of second homes were given, so every second bed is cold. For Ried, the values were even 395 to 557, i.e. only two fifths of permanent residences; Source: Statistics Austria: Directory 2001
- Source of overnight stays: Land Salzburg; Municipality of Sankt Gilgen: Statistics data: Tourism. pdf, salzburg.gv.at, as of 2014/15.
- cf. Fight against illegal second homes - Echo. Press release on prodinger-tourismusberatung.at on September 22, 2016, accessed on May 9, 2017.
- WolfgangseeSchifffahrt and SchafbergBahn - timetable & prices. schafbergbahn.at, accessed in 2017.
- Pictures from the Scharflinger Tunnel
- Operating- the Zwölferhorn cable car. 12erhorn.at, accessed in 2017.
- Franz Leitner . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Wolfgang Planberger . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Otto Kloiber . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Kohl honorary citizen in St. Gilgen. Abendblatt, archived from the original on July 18, 2012 ; Retrieved March 23, 2010 . Abendblatt.de
Renat Ebeling-Winkler, Horst Ebeling: Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach in St. Gilgen. 2nd edition, Verlag Heimatkundliches Museum St. Gilgen, 2003;
Literary trip to St Gilgen - on the trail of Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach. , literaturhaus-salzburg.at, accessed on March 9, 2017.
- The house was later taken over by Alfred Gerstenbrand and has been preserved.