Anna Maria Mozart

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rosa Hagenauer-Barducci: Anna Maria Mozart, ca.1775

Anna Maria Walburga Pertl (born December 25, 1720 in Sankt Gilgen , † July 3, 1778 in Paris ) was the wife of Leopold Mozart and mother of Maria Anna and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .



Anna Maria Walburga Pertl was born in the St. Gilgen Nursing Court (Ischlerstraße 15, 5340 St. Gilgen) and was then consecrated in the old Gothic Vicariate Church. Aegidius von Vicar (1716–1722) baptized Franz Anton Kaltbruner . Godmother was D. Gertrud Seӱwalt , apparently an administrator at the Salzburg cathedral chapter and at St. Peter's Abbey , and hostess in Strobl . Her mother still acted as godmother on December 22nd, 1720, three days before she gave birth: at the baptism of the Baumgarthner parents' newborn twin .

Anna Maria's mother Eva Rosina Barbara Puxbaum , née Altmann (1681–1755), was the daughter of the Vienna-born “kk sworn notary” Dominik Altmann (1636– ~ 1702). Her father, Wolfgang Nikolaus Pertl (1667–1724), came from a rural family, but had completed a law degree in Salzburg. During his student days he performed as a bass soloist in school dramas at Paris-Lodron University . He also worked as a choralist at St. Peter's Abbey and also gave singing lessons. After his appointment as the Archbishop of Salzburg, he first resided in the old Hüttenstein Castle on the Krotensee between Mondsee and Abersee and then moved into an apartment in the newly built office building at Ischlerstrasse 15 in St. Gilgen, today's district court, where Anna Maria was born. When the father died four years after she was born, he left the family in considerable debt.

With Leopold Mozart

On November 21, 1747 Anna Maria married the “court and cammer composer” Leopold Mozart in Salzburg . On Thursday, October 19, 1747 they got engaged in the Vicariate Church of Aigen , about a month before their wedding in Salzburg Cathedral . She had seven children with him: Johannes Leopold Joachim (* 1748, died in the sixth month of life), Maria Anna Cordula (* 1749, was six days old), Maria Anna Nepomucena Walburga (* 1750, died in the third month of life), Maria Anna Walburga Ignatia - das Nannerl (* 1751, was 78 years old), Johann Bap. Karl Amadeus (* 1752, was not quite three months old), Maria Crescentia Franziska de Paula (* 1754, died in the second month of life) and Johannes Chrysostomos Wolfgang Theophil - das Wolferl (* 1756, died at the age of 35).

The Nannerl later married one of this grandfather's successors in office, Johann Baptist von Berchtold zu Sonnenburg, and lived with him in the house where their mother was born in St. Gilgen.

With Wolfgang Amadé in Paris

Memorial plaque on the house at 8 rue du Sentier (formerly rue du Gros Chenest) in Paris: "WA Mozart and his mother Maria lived here in 1778. She died here on July 3rd"
Memorial plaque in the parish church of St-Eustache de Paris

Anna Maria Mozart accompanied Wolfgang Amadé on his city trip (1777–1781) to Paris, where she suddenly died at the age of 58. The purpose of this trip had been to find advantageous employment for her son. His father Leopold had not been granted a vacation for this trip, which is why she had accompanied him in his place.

Anna Maria Mozart had been sick for 14 days at the Auberge des Quatre Fils Aymon (rue du Gros Chenest) in Paris, and had a fever, diarrhea and headache. She fantasized, could hardly speak and lost her hearing "so that one had to scream". According to her son, she died on July 3, 1778 at 10:21 p.m. Mozart's mother was buried in the cemetery of the Saint-Eustache church in Paris. The place where the grave was once is no longer known.

The death of his mother shook Mozart deeply. Several letters that Mozart wrote to his father from Paris, which are still famous today, deal with this tragic event.

In Sankt Gilgen, the Mozart House is a reminder of the Mozart family.


  • Ingo Reiffenstein (Ed.): Off with you to Paris! Mozart and his mother on the trip to Paris . Salzburg, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-902497-01-7
  • Eva Rieger: ... because death is free, and not even death: Maria Anna Mozart. In: Luise Pusch (ed.): Mothers of famous men: twelve biographical portraits. Insel, Frankfurt / Main 1994, ISBN 3-458-33056-9 , pp. 71-100.
  • Erich Schenk : Mozart's maternal family. In: Erich Schenk (ed.), Report on the musicological conference of the international Mozarteum Foundation in Salzburg, August 2-5, 1931 , Leipzig 1932, pp. 45–68.
  • Erich Schenk: Mozart's Salzburg ancestors. In: Mozart-Jahrbuch 3 (1929), pp. 83-105.
  • Oskar Seidlin: An interpretation of the letter . In: Musica 24.2 (1977), pp. 71-100.
  • Erich Valentin : "Madame Mother": Anna Maria Walburga Mozart (1720–1778). German Mozart Society , Augsburg 1991
  • Erich Valentin: Madame mother: In honor of Mozart's mother. In: Acta Mozartiana 22.4 (1976), pp. 57-64.
  • Marianne Winterstein: Anna Maria and Nannerl Mozart. Two women around Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Eugen Salzer, Heilbronn 1991; 2nd edition, Rosenheimer, Rosenheim 2000, ISBN 3-475-52990-4

Web links

Commons : Anna Maria Mozart  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
  • Literature by and about Anna Maria Mozart in the catalog of the German National Library
  • Gerhard Walterskirchen: Anna Maria Mozart, née Pertl. In: Catalog of the Salzburg State Exhibition. State of Salzburg in cooperation with the International Mozarteum Foundation. Editor Rudolph Angermüller and Geneviève Geffray, 1991, p. 22 , accessed on May 14, 2013 (from: Mozart. Pictures and Sounds. Catalog of the Salzburg State Exhibition in the Kleßheim Palace in Salzburg from March 23 to November 3, 1991).
  • Steve Boerner: Anna Maria Mozart. In: The Mozart Project. November 8, 1997, archived from the original on July 17, 2011 ; accessed on May 14, 2013 .

References and comments

  1. Baptismal Register - TFBIII | St. Gilgen | Salzburg, rk. Diocese | Austria | Matricula Online. Retrieved November 1, 2017 .
  2. ibid.
  3. Heinz Schuler: The wedding of Mozart's parents. A source study . In: Acta Mozartiana 28, vol. 1981, pp. 3-11.
  4. Joannes Leopoldus Joachimus (* August 18, 1748; † February 2, 1749), Maria Anna Cordula (* June 18, 1749; † June 24, 1749), Maria Anna Nepomucena Walburgis (* May 13, 1750; † July 29 1750), Maria Anna Walburga Ignatia Mozart (* July 30, 1751 - October 29, 1829 in Salzburg), Joannes Carolus Amadeus (* November 4, 1752 - February 2, 1753), Maria Crescentia Francisca de Paula (* 9. May 1754; † June 27, 1754) and Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus (January 27, 1756; † December 5, 1791 in Vienna). In: AES, entries in the baptismal and death books of the Salzburg cathedral parish. See: [1] , accessed March 14, 2017.
  5. ^ Salzburg, International Mozarteum Foundation: Letter from Wolfgang Amadé Mozart to his father. In: Mozart Letters and Documents - Online Edition, [2] , Paris on July 3, 1778.
  6. ^ Salzburg, International Mozarteum Foundation: Letter from Wolfgang Amadé Mozart to Abbé Joseph Bullinger in Salzburg. In: Mozart Letters and Documents - Online Edition, [3] , Paris on July 3, 1778.