|location||Burgbachau am Attersee|
|Waters||Castle moat (Burgbach)|
Location and landscape
Burggrabenklamm natural monument
|location||Salzburg , Austria|
The Burggrabenklamm, also just moat , is the lower section of the moat (also Burgbach ). The Klammbach has its tributaries in particular on the north and east side of the Schafberg , absorbs the water from the Magdalenenquelle and finally flows into the Burgbachau , in the Unterburgau district of Sankt Gilgen , at an altitude of in the Attersee at its southern end.
The brook breaks between the northeastern break of the Schafberg to the Attersee, the Ackerschneid ( , summit above the gorge ) to the west, and the Auberg ( ) to the east up to 300 meters deep gorge.
History and Development
The gorge was opened for tourism as early as the 19th century, during the summer in the Salzkammergut. From 1869, Burgbachau was approached by the Attersee shipping . The entrance to the gorge is at the Jagerwirt inn .
The Valerie-Weg , which allows climbing the gorge further uphill, was already established in 1890 by the k. u. k. Forester Alois Schönherr from Unterach and is dedicated to Archduchess Valerie . Via the Magdalenenquelle at the upper end of the gorge, after about two hours you reach the Schwarzensee , which already belongs to Sankt Wolfgang , or the Alm Eisenau , located below the Schafberg , you can also hike back to the lake near Burgau via the Lasseralmbach .
The gorge path , originally carved into the rock as a pure stone path , led to an impassable point halfway in the gorge. At the entrance is the statue of Maria Klamm (Klamm Madonna).
In 2007, a German vacationer fell from a wooden bridge and injured himself, whereupon the mayor of Unterach, who was responsible for maintaining the path , was sued for negligent bodily harm . This also led to a dispute between the municipality of Unterach am Attersee , which is maintaining the hiking trail, and the municipality of Sankt Gilgen , on whose territory the gorge and the two hiking trails are located. Since no agreement could be reached as to which municipality is responsible for conservation, the hiking trail was officially closed in August 2009. A special sensation, however, is that the mayor, like his predecessor in office, was sentenced in the first instance ( Thalgau district court ) to fines amounting to a few thousand euros. The judgment would have had an enormous impact on the preservation of alpine trails in general. In the appeal ( Salzburg Regional Court ) the judgment was overturned, the court denied an excessive personal duty of care on the part of the road keeper . A safe state could not always be achieved in the open country and it was not possible to constantly control these roads, an occasional control by community services had taken place to the extent of the usual. Judge Elisabeth Schmidbauer, who chaired the Appeals Senate, stated that “there is no objective lack of care.” In addition, there are no legal standards for the maintenance of alpine hiking trails. This fundamental judgment, which points the way for the whole of Austria, was based on the mountain hikers' own responsibility ; movement in the terrain is at their own risk even if a path is available that is voluntarily laid out by tourism organizations.
The ban on Valerie-Weg was lifted in summer 2010. The way to the waterfall remained officially closed until 2015, and a suitable and affordable development option was sought, even for inexperienced day trippers.
At the end of April 2015, a new path into the gorge was completed. A hiking trail leads from the Ferrary chapel to the entrance to the gorge, which is now equipped with a turnstile. The heart of the project is a metal suspension bridge that leads over approx. 270 m through the gorge and ends after a quarter to half hour hike at an 18-meter-high waterfall that plunges into a cauldron. Since then, Burgbachau has been used by excursion boats again.
- Burggrabenklamm, Unterburgau. SAGIS: Salzburg Nature Conservation Book online.
Images in: Burggrabenklamm. Atter Wiki;
Burggrabenklamm . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
Money-penalty-for-mayor Vacationers overthrown - money-penalty for mayor. In: Der Standard online, September 10, 2009;
Hikers overthrown - local chief sentenced. In: Oberösterreichische nachrichten online, September 11, 2009;
Austria Fat German tourist falls down - mayor has to pay. In: Der Spiegel online, September 10, 2009.
Permanent closure of the Burggrabenklamm would be a catastrophe for tourism. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. meinviertel.at, September 20, 2009;
Liability issues make alpine trails unsafe. In: Der Standard online, September 29, 2009.
- Tourist fell from bridge: mayor acquitted . apa / nachrichten.at, in: Oberösterreichische Nachrichten online, November 27, 2009.
- Natural jewel under the suspension bridge. Editorial office of the Austrian Press Office, April 28, 2015.
- Burggrabenklamm is served by shipping again. atterseelife.at, undated (March 2015).