Marie Valerie of Austria

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Archduchess Marie Valerie at the age of 22
Archduchess Marie Valerie, photograph by Carl Pietzner , 1903.
Marie Valerie with her husband Franz Salvator

Archduchess Marie Valerie Mathilde Amalie of Austria (born  April 22, 1868 in Ofen , Hungary , † September 6, 1924 in Wallsee ) was a daughter of the Austro-Hungarian ruling couple Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth .


Marie Valerie was born as the fourth child of the imperial couple after Elisabeth wished for another child so that she could give Hungary a present with the pregnancy and the birth. No royal child had been born in Hungary for several centuries. A boy would have been named Stephan after the first Hungarian king and national saint.

Unlike her siblings, Marie Valerie remained in the care of the Empress and became her mother's favorite daughter, whom Marie Valerie often called "the only one". Together with her cousin Marie Louise von Larisch-Wallersee , she spent a lot of time in Hungary, which earned her the nickname “the Hungarian child” among the Austrian population. This became formative and, contrary to her mother's intentions, she later began to reject anything Hungarian and to speak to her father in German. She also spoke French, English and Italian. She loved the music and the arts.

At a ball in 1886 she met Archduke Franz Salvator of Austria-Tuscany (1866–1939), son of Karl Salvator of Austria-Tuscany (1839–1892), a third cousin with whom she fell in love. The two became engaged at Christmas 1888, on July 31, 1890 (the year after the suicide of their brother Crown Prince Rudolf ) they married in Ischl . On the occasion of the wedding, the Mother of God Church in Vienna's Jacquingasse was donated, which still exists today as a parish church. Then the couple moved to Lichtenegg Castle in Wels . In 1892 the first daughter Elisabeth Franziska , called Ella, was born. One of the children's educators was Elsa Köhler .

The marriage with Franz Salvator, which was initially harmonious, deteriorated over time. Franz Salvator got involved with other women, including Princess Stéphanie zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst . With her he had a son whom he recognized while Marie Valerie was still alive.

On June 11, 1895, Marie Valerie and Franz Salvator bought Castle Wallsee from the owner at the time, Duke Alfred von Sachsen-Coburg and Gotha, and had it completely renovated. After completion, the couple made a festive entry into the castle on the Danube on September 4, 1897. There was great jubilation about this in Wallsee , as the emperor's daughter was preceded by the reputation of great charity and kindness. So she was called the Angel of Wallsee there too . After the death of her mother Elisabeth, she inherited 2/5 of the total property of 10 mil. Gulden and the Hermes Villa .

In 1900 she took on obligations for the Red Cross, had military hospitals built and provided donations. Her father died in 1916. In 1924 she was diagnosed with lymph gland cancer . The doctors could no longer help her, and on September 6, 1924, she died with her family. She was buried in the Habsburg crypt on the east side of the Sindelburg parish church outside the choir wall.

The Maria Valeria Bridge over the Danube between Esztergom and Štúrovo , built in 1895 and reopened in 2001 after being destroyed in 1944 , was named after the Archduchess.

In Klagenfurt there was a "Marie-Valerie-Siechenheim" (today a commercial academy); It is not known whether it was named after her.


  • Elisabeth Franziska (1892–1930), wife of Georg Graf von Waldburg-Zeil -Trauchburg
  • Franz Karl Salvator of Austria (1893-1918)
  • Hubert Salvator (1894–1971), husband of Rosemary Princess zu Salm-Salm
  • Hedwig (1896–1970), wife of Bernhard Graf von Stolberg-Stolberg
  • Theodor Salvator (1899–1978), husband of Maria Theresa von Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg. Owner of the castle in Wallsee , which is still owned by his descendants.
  • Gertrud (1900–1962), wife of Georg Graf von Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg after the death of her sister Elisabeth
  • Maria (1901–1936)
  • Clemens Salvator (1904–1974), husband of Elisabeth Rességuier de Miremont
  • Mathilde Maria Antonia Ignatia (1906–1991), wife of Ernst Hefel
  • Agnes, died in 1911 after giving birth


  • Marie Valérie of Austria; Martha Schad (Ed.): The diary of the favorite daughter of Empress Elisabeth. 1878-1899 . 2nd Edition. Piper, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-7844-2702-2
  • Martha Schad : Empress Elisabeth and her daughters . Piper, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-7844-2665-4

Web links

Commons : Marie Valerie von Austria  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Vocelka, Michaela & Karl | Sisi. Retrieved November 16, 2017 .
  2. From the Reformation to the present day on the Sindelburg parish website, accessed on December 9, 2016
  3. Family tree of the lords of the castle in Wallsee ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 87 kB) on the website of the municipality of Wallsee-Sindelburg , accessed on April 2, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /