Upper secondary school

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Oberstufenrealgymnasium / Bundesoberstufenrealgymnasium (ORG / BORG) Grammar school : Grammar school
Country Austria
Type of school (general) Secondary school only with upper level
ISCED level 3A
Classification (national) School type (13.5)
School board (BORG: Federation )
requirement Completion of 4th grade AHS or secondary school (the latter depending on success and entrance examination)
Duration 4 years
Levels : 9-13 School level
Standard age 14–18
Graduation Matura
Types various school focuses
number 112 - 1.9% of schools in total (2012/13) ; 32.6% of the AHS
student 25,957 - 2.3% of students in total (2012/13) ; 28.4% of the AHS upper school students
1962-75 as a music-pedagogical secondary school  (MPRG)

The Oberstufenrealgymnasium ( ORG ) is a special type of school of Austrian grammar schools . It is only offered in the upper school ; The transfer is possible either from the lower level of a grammar school or from the 4th grade of the Hauptschule (8th grade). The federal upper level secondary school as a federal school is called BORG .


The school form was introduced in 1962 under the name Musisch-Pedagogisches Realgymnasium  (MPRG). The purpose of the school was to succeed the teacher training institutes, in particular in preparation for attending the Pedagogical Academy as a training center for teachers for the compulsory school sector ( elementary school teachers and lower grades ) and for social professions .

The form was initially carried out as a five-year (9th-13th  grade ) special form ( school trial ) of a general secondary school  (AHS) with Matura .

From 1969 onwards, like the other AHS, the form was run as a four-year course.

In 1975 the school form was taken over into the mainstream school system, but the original special objectives as well as the subject specialization were given up and the form was simply called upper levels realgymnasium , with a curriculum based on the realistic grammar school . The purpose of the school type was to quickly build up lean secondary schools, especially in rural areas, and to enable secondary school students to take the direct route to the final exams - at that time, high schools were often too far away for driving students and boarding schools were the only alternative. The musically oriented education was in the school of Musisches school adopted in the early 1980s, the situation was about the music education at Oberstufenrealgymnasien as "not so good" judges.

The requirements have been adapted to the completion of the 4th class (8th grade) secondary school, should therefore allow, either through the Polytechnic School , a teaching professional training to pursue or go to a higher education via the ORG. The school form was and is still widespread today, in 1969/70 more than a quarter (28.9%) of all AHS high school graduates came from a music-pedagogical secondary school, in 1993 26% from an upper level secondary school.

With the expansion of the complete grammar schools as well as in cities, the upper level real grammar school quickly gained the reputation of a "grammar school 2nd class" due to the less high entry requirements. Therefore, many ORGs were combined with the full high schools to form one school (G / ORG or RG / ORG and G / RG / ORG), where they represent a class branch. On the other hand, many upper-level secondary schools are trying today to develop special - and also the regional labor market - attractive and modern school focuses through school autonomy .

Requirements for admission

The prerequisite is the successful completion of a 4th grade AHS or new middle school. When attending the 1st performance group in the subjects German, modern foreign language and mathematics and if no grade lower than "satisfactory" was achieved in the other subjects, no entrance examination is necessary.

Different branches of the upper secondary school

The schools

country Number %
student %
of AHS
per school
BurgenlandBurgenland Burgenland 7th 2 64 1,393 4th 56 199
CarinthiaCarinthia Carinthia 7th 2 30th 1,439 2 26th 206
NiederosterreichLower Austria Lower Austria 16 1 28 3,957 2 28 247
OberosterreichUpper Austria Upper Austria 14th 1 29 3,937 2 31 281
SalzburgState of Salzburg Salzburg 12 3 46 1,976 2 30th 165
StyriaStyria Styria 18th 2 38 4,612 3 35 256
TyrolTyrol (state) Tyrol 10 1 40 2,427 2 33 243
VorarlbergVorarlberg Vorarlberg 7th 2 50 1,796 3 47 257
ViennaVienna Vienna 21st 3 23 4,420 2 19th 210
AustriaAustria Austria 112 2 33 25,957 2 28 232
Status: 2012/13; Source: Statistics Austria

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Austrian school systematics , status 2011/12
  2. a b 6049 schools in Austria in total; 344 AHS;
    Schools 2012/13 according to detailed types of training , Statistics Austria (total number of schools nationwide and Länder from schools in the school year 2012/13 according to school type ).
  3. a b 1,142,726 students in total; 91,539 AHS pupils in the upper school;
    Schoolchildren 2012/13 by detailed type of education and gender ( memento from November 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), Statistics Austria (pdf; total number of students nationwide and countries of students 2012/13 by political districts and school types  (
    page no longer retrievable , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.statistik.at , pdf).
  4. a b c d e f Entry on Oberstufenrealgymnasium in the Austria Forum  (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
  5. ^ A b Hermann Schnell: The Austrian School in Transition. Vienna [u. a.]: Jugend und Volk 1974 (= Pedagogy of the Present , 113), various Ss.
  6. ^ A b Felix Czeike: Historisches Lexikon Wien . onA quoted in Musisch-Pedagogisches Realgymnasium in the Vienna History Wiki of the City of Vienna, accessed December 7, 2014.
  7. ^ In: Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Musikzieher Österreichs: Musikbildung , Verlag Österreichischer Bundesverlag, 1987, p. 82 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  8. Polytechnic and ORG were already referred to as “remaining schools” in the 1990s; cf. In: Michael Schratz, Ilsedore Wieser: Future of university teacher training: Documentation about the symposium at the University of Innsbruck on May 8, 1992. Volume 197 by Erich Mayr (ed.): Publications of the University of Innsbruck , Verlag Universität Innsbruck, 1993, ISBN 978-390124912-9 , p. 171 ( limited preview in Google book search).