Vice Chancellor (Austria)
Vice Chancellor of the
Republic of Austria
|Coat of arms of the Republic of Austria|
Acting Vice Chancellor
since January 7, 2020
|Official seat||Currently Federal Ministry for Public Service and Sport ; if not at the same time Minister: Federal Chancellery|
|Creation of office||October 1, 1920
( Federal Constitution )
November 10, 1920
(entered into force)
|position||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Guarantee of existence||Art. 69 para. 2 B-VG|
|Appointed by||Federal President on the proposal of the Federal Chancellor|
To the office
Vice Chancellor according to the Federal Constitution
- The Vice Chancellor is appointed to represent the Federal Chancellor in his entire sphere of activity. If the Federal Chancellor and the Vice Chancellor are prevented at the same time, the Federal Chancellor will be represented by the most senior member of the Federal Government, and if the seniority is the same, by the oldest member of the Federal Government who has not been prevented from doing so.
Like the Federal Chancellor, the Vice Chancellor has the same legal status as the other Federal Ministers or is one of theirs.
Already in the First Republic and in the first 25 years of the Second Republic, the respective Vice Chancellors often led ministries at the same time. B. Ferdinand Hanusch the social department, Johann Schober the interior ministry, Carl Vaugoin the army department and Fritz Bock the trade ministry. If this was not the case during the years of the “grand coalition” , the Vice Chancellor headed parts of the Federal Chancellery. Since 1991 every Vice Chancellor has also been the head of department.
Vice Chancellor before the Federal Constitution
In 1918 there was no representation for the State Chancellor in the Renner I state government , the first of the new state, as the latter initially acted as an auxiliary body for the three-person Presidency of the State Council ; the three presidents alternated weekly, one each chairing the house (= provisional national assembly ), the council (= state council) and the cabinet (= state government).
For the state governments Renner II and III as well as Mayr I , 1919/20, the National Assembly also elected a vice-chancellor in accordance with its law on state government of March 14, 1919; he could be head of a department at the same time.
In the provisional state government Renner 1945 , which acted without parliament and before the re-enactment of the federal constitution, the state chancellor was represented by the three political state secretaries assigned to the state chancellery (this is how the ministers were called in these governments); one each came from the ÖVP , SPÖ and KPÖ . In accordance with this deputy function, which corresponded to that of a Vice Chancellor, Johann Koplenig , KPÖ State Secretary in the Political Cabinet Council in 1945 , is said to have referred to himself as a former Vice Chancellor. However, there was no formal title of Vice Chancellor in 1945.
Vice Chancellor of the Republic of Austria
|03/15/1919||04/26/1920||408||Jodok Fink||CS||Vice Chancellor of the State Government|
|07/07/1920||10/22/1920||107||Ferdinand Hanusch||SDAPÖ||State Secretary and "Deputy Chair in the Cabinet"|
|10/22/1920||11/20/1920||29||Eduard Heinl||CS||State Secretary and “Deputy in the Chair in the Cabinet”, since Nov. 10, 1920 Vice Chancellor|
|09/30/1930||December 04, 1930||65||Richard Schmitz||CS|
|December 04, 1930||01/29/1932||421||Johann Schober||CS|
|01/29/1932||09/21/1933||601||Franz Winkler||Landbund||from March 5, 1933 without control by the National Council|
|09/21/1933||05/01/1934||222||Emil Fey||Home block||without control by the National Council , dictatorship since February 12, 1934 ( corporate state )|
|05/01/1934||05/14/1936||421||Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg||VF||Dictatorship ( corporate state )|
|05/14/1936||11/03/1936||173||Eduard Baar-Baarenfels||VF||Dictatorship ( corporate state )|
|11/03/1936||03/11/1938||493||Ludwig Hülgerth||VF||Dictatorship ( corporate state )|
|03/11/1938||March 13, 1938||2||Edmund Glaise-Horstenau||NSDAP||Dictatorship ( "Anschluss" )|
Vice Chancellor Timeline (since 1945)
- Newspaper article about Vice Chancellor in the press kit of the 20th century of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Maria Sterkl: Why there is no longer a Vice Chancellor. Clemens Jabloner is only Minister of Justice, but has to continue to represent Chancellor Brigitte Bierlein. In: Der Standard , October 7, 2020: “Since October 1, Clemens Jabloner has only been Minister of Justice, the position of Vice Chancellor will only return after the next federal government has sworn in. In the event that a government is entrusted with the continuation of official business, that is 'completely normal', according to the Federal Presidential Chancellery . "
- Query in: Federal governments since 1920 , parlament.gv.at → Who is who → Federal government
- Entry on Vice Chancellor in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- This applies even though these two government offices are not specifically named in the Federal Constitution, Paragraph 1 B-VG: "The highest executive bodies are the Federal President, the Federal Ministers and State Secretaries as well as the members of the state governments."
- StGBl. No. 180/1919 , (p. 407 ff.)
- Until December 20, 1945, the heads of department were referred to as state secretaries , today's state secretaries as undersecretaries