Vice Chancellor (Austria)

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Vice Chancellor of the
Republic of Austria
Coat of arms of the Republic of Austria
Coat of arms of the Republic of Austria
Werner Kogler 2010 (cropped) .jpg
Acting Vice Chancellor
Werner Kogler
since January 7, 2020
Official seat Currently Federal Ministry for Public Service and Sport ; if not at the same time Minister: Federal Chancellery
Creation of office October 1, 1920
( Federal Constitution )
November 10, 1920
(entered into force)
position Deputy Prime Minister
State authority executive
Guarantee of existence Art. 69 para. 2 B-VG
Appointed by Federal President on the proposal of the Federal Chancellor
Deputy of Chancellor

The Vice Chancellor of the Republic of Austria represents the Federal Chancellor during his absence. In coalition governments , the less mandate party usually claimed the position of Vice Chancellor.

To the office

Vice Chancellor according to the Federal Constitution

The Vice Chancellor's power of representation has been regulated since November 10, 1920 by the Austrian Federal Constitution in Article 69, Paragraph 2 of the Federal Constitutional Law (B-VG) :

The Vice Chancellor is appointed to represent the Federal Chancellor in his entire sphere of activity. If the Federal Chancellor and the Vice Chancellor are prevented at the same time, the Federal Chancellor will be represented by the most senior member of the Federal Government, and if the seniority is the same, by the oldest member of the Federal Government who has not been prevented from doing so.

Like the Federal Chancellor, the Vice Chancellor has the same legal status as the other Federal Ministers or is one of theirs.

Already in the First Republic and in the first 25 years of the Second Republic, the respective Vice Chancellors often led ministries at the same time. B. Ferdinand Hanusch the social department, Johann Schober the interior ministry, Carl Vaugoin the army department and Fritz Bock the trade ministry. If this was not the case during the years of the “grand coalition” , the Vice Chancellor headed parts of the Federal Chancellery. Since 1991 every Vice Chancellor has also been the head of department.

Vice Chancellor before the Federal Constitution

In 1918 there was no representation for the State Chancellor in the Renner I state government , the first of the new state, as the latter initially acted as an auxiliary body for the three-person Presidency of the State Council ; the three presidents alternated weekly, one each chairing the house (= provisional national assembly ), the council (= state council) and the cabinet (= state government).

For the state governments Renner II and III as well as Mayr I , 1919/20, the National Assembly also elected a vice-chancellor in accordance with its law on state government of March 14, 1919; he could be head of a department at the same time.

In the provisional state government Renner 1945 , which acted without parliament and before the re-enactment of the federal constitution, the state chancellor was represented by the three political state secretaries assigned to the state chancellery (this is how the ministers were called in these governments); one each came from the ÖVP , SPÖ and KPÖ . In accordance with this deputy function, which corresponded to that of a Vice Chancellor, Johann Koplenig , KPÖ State Secretary in the Political Cabinet Council in 1945 , is said to have referred to himself as a former Vice Chancellor. However, there was no formal title of Vice Chancellor in 1945.

Vice Chancellor of the Republic of Austria

First republic

from to Days Surname Political party annotation
03/15/1919 04/26/1920 0408 Jodok Fink CS Vice Chancellor of the State Government
07/07/1920 10/22/1920 0107 Ferdinand Hanusch SDAPÖ State Secretary and "Deputy Chair in the Cabinet"
10/22/1920 11/20/1920 0029 Eduard Heinl CS State Secretary and “Deputy in the Chair in the Cabinet”, since Nov. 10, 1920 Vice Chancellor
11/20/1920 05/31/1922 0557 Walter Breisky CS
05/31/1922 11/20/1924 0904 Felix Frank GDVP
11/20/1924 10/20/1926 0699 Leopold Waber GDVP
10/20/1926 05/19/1927 0211 Franz Dinghofer GDVP
05/19/1927 05/04/1929 0716 Karl Hartleb Landbund
05/04/1929 09/26/1929 0145 Vincent Schumy Landbund
09/26/1929 09/30/1930 0369 Carl Vaugoin CS
09/30/1930 December 04, 1930 0065 Richard Schmitz CS
December 04, 1930 01/29/1932 0421 Johann Schober CS
01/29/1932 09/21/1933 0601 Franz Winkler Landbund from March 5, 1933 without control by the National Council
09/21/1933 05/01/1934 0222 Emil Fey Home block without control by the National Council , dictatorship since February 12, 1934 ( corporate state )
05/01/1934 05/14/1936 0421 Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg VF Dictatorship ( corporate state )
05/14/1936 11/03/1936 0173 Eduard Baar-Baarenfels VF Dictatorship ( corporate state )
11/03/1936 03/11/1938 0493 Ludwig Hülgerth VF Dictatorship ( corporate state )
03/11/1938 March 13, 1938 0002 Edmund Glaise-Horstenau NSDAP Dictatorship ( "Anschluss" )

Second republic

from to Days Surname Political party annotation
04/27/1945 December 20, 1945 0237 Leopold Figl
Johann Koplenig
Adolf Schärf
State secretaries without portfolio in the Political Cabinet Council of the Provisional State Government of State Chancellor Karl Renner (Renner IV)
December 20, 1945 05/22/1957 3936 (4171) Adolf Schärf SPÖ
05/22/1957 04/19/1966 3254 Bruno Pittermann SPÖ from July 29, 1959 entrusted with the management of the Federal Chancellery - Nationalized Enterprises (Section IV)
04/19/1966 01/19/1968 0640 Fritz Bock ÖVP Entrusted with the management of the Federal Ministry of Trade, Commerce and Industry
01/19/1968 04/21/1970 0523 Hermann Withalm ÖVP no ministerial office, chairman of the ÖVP parliamentary club
04/21/1970 09/30/1976 2354 Rudolf houses SPÖ Federal Minister for Social Administration
10/01/1976 01/20/1981 1572 Hannes Androsch SPÖ Federal Minister of Finance
01/20/1981 05/24/1983 0854 Fred Sinowatz SPÖ Federal Minister for Education and the Arts
05/24/1983 01/21/1987 1338 Norbert Steger FPÖ Federal Minister for Trade, Commerce and Industry
01/21/1987 04/24/1989 0824 Alois Mock ÖVP Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs
04/24/1989 07/02/1991 0799 Josef Riegler ÖVP Federal Minister for Federalism and Administrative Reform
07/02/1991 05/04/1995 1402 Erhard Busek ÖVP until 1994: Federal Minister for Science and Research
from 1994: Federal Minister for Education and Cultural Affairs
05/04/1995 02/04/2000 1737 Wolfgang bowl ÖVP Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs
02/04/2000 02/28/2003 1120 Susanne Riess-Passer FPÖ Federal Minister for Public Achievement and Sport
02/28/2003 10/21/2003 0235 Herbert Haupt FPÖ Federal Minister for Social Security, Generations and Consumer Protection
10/21/2003 11/01/2007 1178 Hubert Gorbach FPÖ / BZÖ 1) Federal Minister for Transport, Innovation and Technology
1) until April 5, 2005 FPÖ, from April 6, 2005 BZÖ
11/01/2007 12/02/2008 0691 Wilhelm Molterer ÖVP Federal Minister of Finance
12/02/2008 04/21/2011 0870 Josef Pröll ÖVP Federal Minister of Finance
04/21/2011 09/01/2014 1230 Michael Spindelegger ÖVP until 16 Dec. 2013: Federal Minister for European and International Affairs
from 16 Dec. 2013: Federal Minister for Finance
09/01/2014 05/17/2017 0989 Reinhold Mitterlehner ÖVP Federal Minister for Science, Research and Economy
05/17/2017 December 18, 2017 0215 Wolfgang Brandstetter independent Federal Minister of Justice
December 18, 2017 05/22/2019 0520 Heinz-Christian Strache FPÖ from January 8th 2018: Federal Minister for Public Service and Sport
05/22/2019 05/28/2019 0007th Hartwig Löger ÖVP Federal Minister of Finance
06/03/2019 October 01, 2019 0121 Clemens Jabloner independent Federal Minister for the Constitution, Reforms, Deregulation and Justice
07/01/2020 Werner Kogler Green until Jan 28 2020: Federal Minister for Public Service and Sport
from Jan 29. 2020: Federal Minister for Art, Culture, Public Service and Sport

Vice Chancellor Timeline (since 1945)

Bundesregierung Kurz II Bundesregierung Bierlein Bundesregierung Kurz I Bundesregierung Kern Bundesregierung Faymann II Bundesregierung Faymann I Bundesregierung Gusenbauer Bundesregierung Schüssel II Bundesregierung Schüssel I Bundesregierung Klima Bundesregierung Vranitzky V Bundesregierung Vranitzky IV Bundesregierung Vranitzky III Bundesregierung Vranitzky II Bundesregierung Vranitzky I Bundesregierung Sinowatz Bundesregierung Kreisky IV Bundesregierung Kreisky III Bundesregierung Kreisky II Bundesregierung Kreisky I Bundesregierung Klaus II Bundesregierung Klaus I Bundesregierung Gorbach II Bundesregierung Gorbach I Bundesregierung Raab IV Bundesregierung Raab III Bundesregierung Raab II Bundesregierung Raab I Bundesregierung Figl III Bundesregierung Figl II Bundesregierung Figl I Provisorische Staatsregierung Renner 1945 Werner Kogler Clemens Jabloner Heinz-Christian Strache Wolfgang Brandstetter Reinhold Mitterlehner Michael Spindelegger Josef Pröll Wilhelm Molterer Hubert Gorbach Hubert Gorbach Herbert Haupt Susanne Riess-Passer Wolfgang Schüssel Erhard Busek Josef Riegler Alois Mock Norbert Steger Fred Sinowatz Hannes Androsch Rudolf Häuser Hermann Withalm Fritz Bock Bruno Pittermann Adolf Schärf

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. This applies even though  these two government offices are not specifically named in the Federal Constitution, Art. 19 Paragraph 1 B-VG: "The highest executive bodies are the Federal President, the Federal Ministers and State Secretaries as well as the members of the state governments."
  2. StGBl. No. 180/1919 , (p. 407 ff.)
  3. Until December 20, 1945, the heads of department were referred to as state secretaries , today's state secretaries as undersecretaries