Bad Sauerbrunn

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Bad Sauerbrunn
coat of arms Austria map
Bad Sauerbrunn coat of arms
Bad Sauerbrunn (Austria)
Bad Sauerbrunn
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Burgenland
Political District : Mattersburg
License plate : MA
Surface: 2.35 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 46 '  N , 16 ° 19'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 46 '27 "  N , 16 ° 19' 27"  E
Height : 280  m above sea level A.
Residents : 2,228 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 948 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 7202
Area code : 0 26 25
Community code : 1 06 11
Address of the
municipal administration:
Wiener Neustädter Strasse 2
7202 Bad Sauerbrunn
Mayor : Gerhard Hutter (LIBS)
Municipal Council : ( 2017 )
(21 members)
A total of 21 seats
Location of Bad Sauerbrunn in the Mattersburg district
Antau Bad Sauerbrunn Baumgarten Draßburg Forchtenstein Hirm Krensdorf Loipersbach Marz Mattersburg Neudörfl Pöttelsdorf Pöttsching Rohrbach bei Mattersburg Schattendorf Sieggraben Sigleß Wiesen Zemendorf-Stöttera BurgenlandLocation of the municipality of Bad Sauerbrunn in the Mattersburg district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
Main square of Bad Sauerbrunn
Main square of Bad Sauerbrunn
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria

Bad Sauerbrunn ( Hungarian : Savanyúkút , Croatian : Kisela Voda ) is a municipality in the Mattersburg district in northern Burgenland .


The municipality belongs to the Rosalia-Kogelberg Nature Park .

Community structure

The borders of Bad Sauerbrunn have grown historically. Parts of the closed settlement area belong to other communities (Lichtenwörth, Pöttsching and Wiesen). A hotter adjustment is not in sight. And that is how the railway and state road run between Neudörfl and Bad Sauerbrunn through the Wiener Neustadt-Land district .


Before the birth of Christ, the area was part of the Celtic Kingdom of Noricum and belonged to the surroundings of the Celtic hill settlement Burg on the Schwarzenbacher Burgberg .

Under the Romans, today's Bad Sauerbrunn was then in the province of Pannonia .

Sauerbrunn (bottom right) and the surrounding area around 1873 (recording sheet of the state survey )
eastern surroundings of Sauerbrunn (railway line below left)

Creation of Sauerbrunn

The first scientific mention of the sources can be found in Johann Heinrich Cranz 'monograph from 1777 on the healing springs of the empire.

It was not until the end of the 19th century that today's village emerged in the municipal area of Pöttsching . At this time the increased use of the mineral water source began, which was then also known as "Pöttschinger Sauerbrunn".

In 1800 Prince Nikolaus Esterházy had the water examined, the spring drawn and roofed over. As a result, an inn was built in 1803.

The Austrian civil servant Matthias Franz Perth (1788–1856) recorded a visit from mid-September 1814 in his comprehensive diary (covering the years 1803–1856).

In the middle of the 19th century there were only three large buildings: an inn, the “Pöttschinger Sauerbrunn” station and Dr. Finch.

The village of Sauerbrunn has been opened up by the Mattersburger Bahn since 1847 and in 1901 was given permission to use the title "Kurbad". The place soon developed into the popular summer residence of Viennese, Budapest and Sopron society.

The establishment of a sanatorium and a health resort by the Viennese doctor Hermann Grimm , who came to Sauerbrunn as the new tenant of the bathing establishment, increased the good reputation of the health resort.

In 1909 Sauerbrunn achieved the status of a small community, whose official name was Savanyúkút . Since the place continued to develop so favorably, the small community was transformed in 1911 into a large community with its own notary and registry office.

The First World War led to the establishment of a convalescent ward and subsequently a hospital was set up in the Hartig and Neuhaus villas.

Joseph Roth reported on the time around 1919 in the Vienna daily newspaper Der neue Tag under the title Journey through the Heanzenland . At that time his path took him from Wiener Neustadt via Neudörfl , Bad Sauerbrunn and Zinkendorf to Ödenburg.

On his escape from the “ White Terror ”, Tibor Szamuely , a prominent leader of the young Hungarian Soviet Republic , arrived in Sauerbrunn at the beginning of August 1919 .

After 1921

Like all of German West Hungary, Sauerbrunn was awarded to Austria after the First World War after tough negotiations in the Treaty of St. Germain and the Treaty of Trianon in 1919 (see also History of Burgenland ). However, as the Burgenland provincial capital Ödenburg, planned by Austria, was ceded to Hungary as a result of the referendum in 1921 , Sauerbrunn was the provisional seat of the Burgenland provincial government and administration from January 25, 1921 to April 29, 1925 .

Although around two thirds of all spa guests were Jews, the so-called referendum of April 10, 1938 only resulted in yes votes for the Anschluss.

In Sauerbrunn, too, after the Anschluss, the Jewish fellow citizens were expropriated, expelled or sent to death camps.

As a result of the Second World War and the expulsion of the Jews and the opponents of the system, the spa business came to a complete standstill. The unused premises were used in the last years of the war for offices and homes of armaments factories (Raxwerke).

In 1944, until shortly before the Soviet troops marched in , the Belgrade soldiers' channel , known for its song Lili Marleen , broadcast its programs from the Hartigvilla as its last stop.

During the time of the brown rule, the administration of the Catholic administration had to be relocated from Mattersburg to Sauerbrunn.

Armored units of the Red Army invaded on April 1, 1945 and liberated Sauerbrunn from the National Socialist dictatorship. In addition to the damage caused by fascism and war, there were the hard times of the occupation by the Soviet army.

After 1945

After the end of the Second World War and the re-establishment of the Republic of Austria, Burgenland was re-established as a federal state at the instigation of the USSR .

The targeted, albeit protracted, expansion of the tourism and spa facilities, which were completely destroyed in the Second World War, as well as the high quality of the mineral springs led to the authorization to use the community name "Bad Sauerbrunn" on January 1, 1987. As a preliminary work, the Heilbad Betriebsgesellschaft was founded and a new spa center was built from 1982 to 1985.

In July 2006 the “Waldklinik Bad Sauerbrunn” was opened in the listed, appropriately adapted “Hartigvilla” as the first beauty clinic in Burgenland.

Population development

View from the Wetterkreuz to Bad Sauerbrunn

Culture and sights

The community spring brings to light a magnesium-calcium-sodium-hydrogen carbonate-sulphate sourling, which has the highest magnesium content in Austria. This natural healing water is used for therapeutic purposes in the health center and spa center. There is the oncological rehabilitation clinic “Der Sonnberghof” with around 120 beds in town. When it opened in 2010, it was the first facility in eastern Austria to specialize exclusively in oncological rehabilitation.

Spa concert in the spa park
Esterhazy House Spa
  • Catholic parish church Bad Sauerbrunn
  • Bad Sauerbrunn Jewish cemetery
  • Bandstand in the old foxhole
  • Spa park with rose garden: rose garden with more than 2000 roses
  • Bathing facility
  • Former Villa Paula
  • Villa complex, Villa Hartig I, Villa Hartig II and garden house
  • Municipal Office
  • Lookout tower near the Florianikreuz , 28 meter high tree trunk with a circular staircase. Politically, however, this observation tower is already on the pöttschinger hotter .


Municipal council

Local council election 2017
The municipal office of Bad Sauerbrunn

The council comprises a total of 21 members on the basis of population.

Results of the municipal council elections since 1997
Political party 2017 2012 2007 2002 1997
Sti. % M. Sti. % M. Sti. % M. Sti. % M. Sti. % M.
LIBS 700 54.22 12 699 55.79 12 639 54.80 13 452 38.05 8th not running
SPÖ 307 23.78 5 372 29.69 6th 281 24.10 5 472 39.73 9 594 61.43 12
ÖVP 192 14.87 3 127 10.14 2 170 14.58 3 207 17.42 3 236 24.41 5
FPÖ 92 7.13 1 55 4.39 1 36 3.09 0 57 4.80 1 137 14.17 2
MA not running not running 40 3.43 0 not running not running
Eligible voters 1855 1826 1684 1531 1478
voter turnout 74.61% 73.66% 74.11% 82.23% 76.12%

Parish council

In addition to Mayor Gerhard Hutter (LIBS) and Vice Mayor August Gruber (LIBS), there are also Gerhard Keiblinger (LIBS), Karla Stifter (LIBS), Herbert Hanzl (SPÖ), Dr. Karin Hütterer (SPÖ) and Stefan Neubauer (ÖVP) join the community board.


Gerhard Hutter (LIBS) has been mayor since the local council election in 2002 . In the 2017 direct mayor election, he was confirmed in office by 67.12% of voters. His competitors Petra Pahr-Gold (SPÖ) and Roland Hajos (FPÖ) did not exceed 25.47% and 7.42% respectively. In the constituent meeting of the municipal council, August Gruber (LIBS) was elected Vice Mayor.

Head of office is Harald Seedoch.

Chronicle of the mayor

year year mayor Political party
1909 1916 Hermann Neuhaus
1916 1918 Julius Strasser, Franz Neumann, Michael Novatschka
1921 1927 Matthias Buchinger DWP
1927 1934 Ernst Hoffenreich SPÖ
1934 1938 Matthias Buchinger DWP
1938 1945 Adolf Melichar
1945 1945 Franz Michalitsch KPÖ
1945 1949 Otto Thiel KPÖ
1949 1951 Ernst Hoffenreich SPÖ
1951 1958 Stefan Reich SPÖ
1958 1972 Kurt Balla ÖVP
1972 1985 Erich Lubenik SPÖ
1985 2002 Viktor Konwicsny SPÖ
2002 Dr. Sylvia Linc SPÖ
since 2002 Gerhard Hutter LIBS

coat of arms

AUT Bad Sauerbrunn COA.jpg

Blazon : “ In a blue shield under a silver viaduct that adjoins the edge of the shield on the side and top, a silver fountain bowl with two blue stripes, from which a silver fountain rises, which is accompanied by silver-framed blue pearls. "

Community partnerships

Bad Sauerbrunn has a partnership with the Middle Franconian town of Spalt in Bavaria.


  • Kurt Balla (1923–1995), politician, mayor of Bad Sauerbrunn
  • Johann Stockinger (1880–1962), metalworker and politician, Vice Mayor of Bad Sauerbrunn
  • Richard Berczeller (1902–1994), doctor, author and film actor, 1930–1938 community doctor in Mattersburg
  • Heinz Fahnler (1942–2008), referee and long-time editor-in-chief of the " Wiener Zeitung "
  • Toni Stricker (* 1930), composer and violinist, honorary citizen of Bad Sauerbrunn
  • Walter Arlen (* 1920), Austrian and American music critic for the LA Times and composer, honorary citizen of Bad Sauerbrunn


  • Rudolf Balasko, Gertrude Kern, Robert Sommer: Bad Sauerbrunn: Ortschronik in three parts . Bad Sauerbrunn municipality, Bad Sauerbrunn 1999.

Web links

Commons : Bad Sauerbrunn  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  4. a b ORF Burgenland on July 10, 2006: First beauty clinic in the country opened (accessed on June 12, 2011)
  5. Change of the community name Sauerbrunn in Bad Sauerbrunn , Bgld LGBl 1986/70, § 1.
  6. Internet presence of the Waldklinik: Our classic Wilhelminian style villas Hartig I and Hartig II ( memento of the original from April 19, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed June 12, 2011) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Bad Sauerbrunn observation tower at
  8. a b Province of Burgenland: Bad Sauerbrunn 2017 election results (accessed on December 4, 2017)
  9. Province of Burgenland: Bad Sauerbrunn 2012 election results (accessed on December 4, 2017)
  10. Province of Burgenland: Bad Sauerbrunn 2007 election results (accessed December 4, 2017)
  11. a b Province of Burgenland: Bad Sauerbrunn 2002 election results (accessed on December 4, 2017)
  12. a b Municipality of Bad Sauerbrunn: The mayor and the municipal councils (accessed on May 25, 2020)
  13. ^ Community of Bad Sauerbrunn: Personnel (accessed December 4, 2017)
  14. Bad Sauerbrunn (accessed on October 5, 2017)
  16. ^ Bad Sauerbrunn: Honorary citizenship for 100-year-olds. Retrieved August 5, 2020 .
  17. Permalink Austrian Library Association