County of Pitten
The county of Pitten , also Pütten , Butino , Putine , comprised a stretch of land in the south of today's Lower Austria northeast of Semmering , southeast of the Vienna Woods and south of Piesting with the landscape of the Bucklige Welt and the places Pitten , Gloggnitz , Klamm, Payerbach , Pottschach and Neunkirchen . (According to other sources, the Pitten area ( silva Putinensis / Pitten forest ) extended in the south over the Wechsel, which was then called Hartberg ( dobronuc / oak forest mountains ), even to the current city of Hartberg and also in the southwest over the Semmering / Cerwald.)
Gottfried, the son of the margrave of the Carinthian Mark or later Styria Arnold II. Von Wels-Lambach and himself co-margrave, defeated the invaded Hungarians in 1042 and received from King Heinrich III. rich property in the above-mentioned area, which was then referred to as the County of Pitten. In 1050 Gottfried was killed by his enemies at Lambach Castle. His own property in Pitten passed through his daughter Mathilde to her husband, Count Ekbert I. von Formbach-Neuburg .
In 1158, Count Ekbert III fell. von Pitten (son of Count Ekbert II. and the Willebirg, daughter of Ottokar II. von Steyr) at the monastery Chiaravalle in the fight against the Milanese and the county came to the Styrian Traungau Ottokar III.
1194 was founded in the Pitten area by Duke Leopold V in Wiener Neustadt .
In 1254, in the Peace of Oven, the Pitten region (and also the Traungau region ) were separated from Styria: Przemisl Ottokar II of Bohemia received Austria with Pitten (and the Traungau region), Bela IV of Hungary the rest of Styria.
In the Habsburg Empire , the County of Pitten was then part of Inner Austria until the beginning of the 16th century and again part of the Duchy of Styria , and then became part of the Archduchy of Austria as a whole. The Habsburgs carried the title of Count von Pitten until the end of the monarchy, the place name was also common, and Pittener Waldmark , today's Bucklige Welt , was also spoken of.
- Rudolf Reichel: Outline of the Styrian national stories . 2nd completely revised and enlarged edition. Leuschner & Lubensky, Graz 1884.
- Fritz Posch : The Settlement and Development of the State of Styria . In: Gerhard Pferschy (Ed.): Becoming of Styria. The time of the Traungau . Festschrift for the 800th return of the elevation to the duchy. Verlag Styria, Graz et al. 1980, ISBN 3-222-11281-9 , ( publications of the Steiermärkisches Landesarchives 10), pp. 23-62.