|Community association||Vallées de Thônes|
|surface||61.42 km 2|
|Residents||2,118 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||34 inhabitants / km 2|
Le Grand-Bornand is a French commune with 2,118 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Haute-Savoie in the region of Auvergne Rhône-Alpes . It belongs to the canton of Faverges in the Arrondissement of Annecy and is a member of the Vallées de Thônes municipal association .
Le Grand-Bornand is located at Thônes , about 23 kilometers east of the city of Annecy (as the crow flies). The holiday and winter sports resort extends in the open valley of the upper Borne , in the Bornes Alps between the mountain ranges of Pointe Blanche in the north and Aravis in the south., northeast of
The area of the municipal area of 61.42 km² includes a section of the Bornes Alps. The central area is occupied by the uppermost part of the Borne Valley (also called Vallée du Bouchet ), which is oriented from east to west and in the area of Le Grand-Bornand has a valley floor 500 meters to 1 kilometer wide. The valley of the Chinaillon , the second important source valley of the Borne, flows from the northeast just above the main town . The Mont Lachat de Châtillon (), an altitude with extensive mountain pastures, is bordered by both valleys and accessed by various mountain railways.
To the north, the municipal spell extends across the Chinaillon valley to the mountain range with the main peaks Aiguille Verte ( Le Reposoir and Cluses with the Col de la Colombière ( ) . Otherwise, the Borne valley system is separated from the Le Reposoir basin by the transverse mountain range with the Tête d'Aufferand ( ) and the Pointe d'Almet ( ). The Tête du Danay ( ) rises south of the Le Bouchet valley . The eastern border runs on the high chain of the Aravis with its rocky mountain peaks. Tardevant ( ), Mont Fleuri ( ), Mont Charvet ( ) and Pointe Percée (at the highest point of Le Grand-Bornand) follow from southwest to northeast .), Pic de Jallouvre ( ) and Pointe Blanche ( ). In the northeast there is a transition to
In addition to the actual town center, Le Grand-Bornand also includes various hamlet settlements and farmsteads, including:
- Le Bouchet ( ) in the Borne valley
- Les Plans ( ) in the Borne valley at the foot of the Aravis range
- Les Troncs ( ) at the foot of the Aravis chain
- Le Chinaillon ( ) in the Chinaillon valley on the ascent to Col de la Colombière
- La Mulaterie ( ) in the Chinaillon valley on the ascent to Col de la Colombière
Le Grand-Bornand was first mentioned in a document in the 13th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, the once secluded mountain village gradually transformed into a holiday resort. However, the actual development into a winter sports resort did not begin until the early 1960s.
On April 11, 2003, a long-planned, gruesome fivefold murder of the Flactif family took place in the town.
The parish church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption, which originally dates from the 14th century, was rebuilt in the late 19th century in the neo-Gothic style. There are various places of worship in the hamlets, namely the Sainte-Anne chapel (1671) in La Duche, the Notre-Dame-des-Neiges chapel in Chinaillon and the chapels of Le Bouchet, Les Plans and Nant-Robert. The old town center of Le Chinaillon is characterized by numerous houses in the traditional chalet construction.
International sporting events
In the Tour de France 2009 , Le Grand-Bornand was the destination of the 17th stage that started in Bourg-Saint-Maurice . In the Tour de France 2018 , the 10th stage on July 17, 2018, of is Annecy Coming again finished there.
In December 2013 the 3rd Cup of the Biathlon World Cup 2013/14 was held in Le Grand-Bornand. In the 2017/18 season, Le Grand-Bornand was also a stop at the Biathlon World Cup . From December 14th to 17th, 2017, three women's and three men's races were held here. The World Cup stopped here again in the 2019/2020 season. Le Grand-Bornand is the only biathlon World Cup venue where parts of the route run directly through the village.
With 2118 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017), Le Grand-Bornand is one of the medium-sized communities in the Haute-Savoie department. In the course of the 20th century, the population decreased continuously due to strong emigration (1901 in Le Grand-Bornand were still counted in 2019). Since the mid-1970s, however, a significant increase in population has been recorded.
Economy and Infrastructure
Until the beginning of the 20th century, Le Grand-Bornand was a village dominated by agriculture and alpine farming. Today there are various small business enterprises. However, most of the workers who work in the village find their income in the tourism industry. In the last few decades, Le Grand-Bornand, and in particular the district of Le Chinaillon, has developed into an important holiday resort. The municipality specializes primarily in winter tourism. Numerous mountain railways and ski lifts open up the slopes and the summit of Mont Lachat de Châtillon. The Le Grand-Bornand ski area is linked to that of La Clusaz. In the summer months too, Le Grand-Bornand is a suitable starting point for beautiful hikes and other summer leisure activities.
The place is well developed in terms of traffic. Access is either from Bonneville through the Borne valley or from Annecy via Thônes through the Fier valley. Further road connections exist with La Clusaz or via the Col de la Colombière with Cluses.
- Jon Henley: Family of five killed for a few days' pay , The Guardian , September 18, 2003, accessed July 1, 2018.
- Kim Willsher: Mechanic 'slaughtered family' , The Guardian , June 13, 2006 accessed on July 1, 2018th
- Biathlon: la France atteint enfin la cible. In: Le Monde . Retrieved February 9, 2016 (French).
- IBU World Cup dates. In: www.biathlon-online.de. Retrieved December 9, 2017 .
- Thomas Kreissl: The long day on the slopes in Savoy. In: www.mittelbayerische.de. December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2017 .
- Le Grand-Bornand - notice communale. In: cassini.ehess.fr. Retrieved on February 9, 2016 (French, INSEE population from 1968 ).