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Gruffy (France)
region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Haute-Savoie
Arrondissement Annecy
Canton Rumilly
Community association Grand Annecy
Coordinates 45 ° 47 '  N , 6 ° 3'  E Coordinates: 45 ° 47 '  N , 6 ° 3'  E
height 400-1,644 m
surface 14.44 km 2
Residents 1,567 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 109 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 74540
INSEE code

Gruffy is a French commune in the department of Haute-Savoie in the region of Auvergne Rhône-Alpes .


Gruffy is located at 565  m , about 14 kilometers south-southwest of the city of Annecy (as the crow flies). The former farming village extends on the edge of a high plateau at the west foot of the Semnoz , in the Albanais , north of the outlet of the Chéran from the Cluse de Bange, a gorge in which the river breaks through the western edge of the Bauges massif . The community is located within the Massif des Bauges Regional Nature Park .

The area of ​​the 14.44 km² municipal area comprises a section of the Alpine foothills in the southern Albanais. The western border runs along the Chéran. This emerges below the Pont de l'Abîme from a rocky gorge into the molasse layers of the Alpine foothills, in which it has cut a notch valley through its erosion force . The community area stretches eastward from the river to the Gruffy plateau. This is followed in the east by the western flank of the Semnoz, initially covered with meadows and forest-covered in the upper part . Mountain pastures stretch out on the wide ridge. Here the highest point of Gruffy is reached with 1666  m .

In addition to the actual town center, Gruffy includes various hamlet settlements and farms, including:

  • Le Vernet ( 520  m ) on the plateau above the Chéran valley
  • Le Buisson ( 620  m ) at the west foot of the Semnoz
  • Les Choseaux ( 570  m ) at the west foot of the Semnoz, to the north at Gruffy
  • Le Mollard ( 570  m ) at the west foot of the Semnoz, south of Gruffy

Neighboring communities of Gruffy are Mûres and Viuz-la-Chiésaz in the north, Leschaux in the east, Allèves and Cusy in the south and Héry-sur-Alby in the west.


The community of Gruffy was settled very early. Remains from the Neolithic , Iron Age and Roman times (wall foundations of an estate and inscriptions) have been found. The place name mentioned in documents in the Middle Ages goes back to the Gallo-Roman personal name Gruffius and means something like Gruffius' estate ( Gruffiacum ). The first church (Saint-Pierre) was built as early as the 10th century. Until the 15th century, Gruffy was the center of a Kastlanei.


The three-aisled parish church of Saint-Pierre-aux-Liens was built from 1872. A square tower and parts of the surrounding wall have been preserved from the former Château de Gruffy above the village center. The Musée de la Nature is housed in an old farm. It gives an insight into the life of the Savoy. At the entrance to the Cluse de Bange there is the suspension bridge Pont de l'Abîme, which spans the Chéran canyon at a height of 98 m.


Population development
year Residents
1962 521
1968 551
1975 530
1982 602
1990 833
1999 1,157
2004 1,327

With 1567 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) Gruffy is one of the smaller communities in the Haute-Savoie department. In the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, the number of inhabitants decreased continuously due to strong emigration (in 1861 there were still 988 inhabitants in Gruffy). Since the mid-1970s, however, thanks to the beautiful residential area, there has been a marked increase in population again.

Economy and Infrastructure

Until well into the 20th century, Gruffy was a predominantly agricultural village. In addition, there are now various local small businesses. In the meantime the village has also developed into a residential community. Many employed people are commuters who work in the larger towns in the area and in the Annecy and Chambéry area.

The village is located away from the major thoroughfares on a department road that leads from Balmont to Lescheraines in the Bauges massif. Another road connection is with Alby-sur-Chéran. The closest connection to the A41 motorway is around 8 km away.

Web links

Commons : Gruffy  - collection of images, videos, and audio files