The Universiade - also the world sports games for students - is an international multisport event that has been held every two years since 1959 and is organized by the Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire (FISU). Alternating with the sport-specific student world championships in even years, the Universiades are held in uneven years. The word Universiade is a combination ( suitcase word ) of university and Olympiad .
Similar to the Olympic Games , the Universiade is held in winter and summer. With around 13,000 participants from 141 nations (as of 2017), the Summer Universiade is the second largest multisport event in the world after the Summer Olympics.
Sports represented at the Summer Universiade are: athletics , basketball , fencing , soccer , gymnastics , rhythmic gymnastics , swimming , diving , water polo , tennis , table tennis , judo and volleyball . For the 2017 Summer Universiade, the list of mandatory sports will be expanded to include Taekwondo and, in 2019, archery . In addition to these compulsory sports, the respective organizer can optionally include three other sports from the FISU sports canon.
The following eight sports are part of the fixed program of the Winter Universiaden : Alpine skiing , Nordic skiing ( cross-country skiing , ski jumping , Nordic combined ), figure skating , ice hockey , short track , biathlon , snowboard and curling . At the Winter Universiade, the organizer can also choose up to three optional sports.
The first Summer Universiade was organized by the FISU in 1959 in Turin (Italy) and the first Winter Universiade in 1960 in Chamonix (France). Before that it was only the “World Winter and World Summer Games of Students”. The last Summer Universiade 2017 in Taipei (Taiwan) was the 29th Summer Universiade and the Winter Universiade 2017 in Almaty (Kazakhstan) the 28th Winter Universiade.
A Summer Universiade took place in 1989 in Duisburg , the only German city to date. In Austria, the Winter Universiades took place in Innsbruck both in 1968 and 2005 , with Seefeld also appearing as a joint venue with Innsbruck in 2005 .
Number of athletes: Beijing / China (2001) : 4484, Daegu / South Korea (2003) : 4462, Izmir / Turkey (2005) : 5338, Bangkok / Thailand (2007) : 6006
For Austria , the “Universiade Team Austria” is nominated by “Unisport Austria”, which is based in the Federal Ministry for Science, Research and Economy, and sent to the Universiades. For Austria's successes at Universiades up to 2013 see Universiade / Austria , see also summer 2017 .
For Liechtenstein , the Liechtenstein University Sports Association (LHSV) has been a member of the FISU since 2011 and has organized the feeding of Liechtenstein athletes since then. See also summer 2017 .
Eternal medal table
The eternal medal table is a list of all medals , sorted according to participating countries, that have been awarded in the history of the Universiade. The athletes (or teams) who rank first, second or third receive medals as an award. The winner will receive a medal known as the " Gold Medal ". The second receives a silver medal, the third a bronze medal .
|Eternal medal table of the Summer Universiade (as of February 17, 2018)|
|2||United States||United States||490||425||387||1302|
|3||CHN||People's Republic of China||425||295||244||962|
Current nations competed as:
|(As of February 17, 2018)|
|RUS||URS||Soviet Union (1959–1991)||409||329||253||991|
|RUS||Russian Federation (since 1996)||414||344||384||1142|
|Eternal medal table of the Winter Universiade (as of February 17, 2018)|
|5||CHN||People's Republic of China||72||61||74||205|
Current nations competed as :
|(As of February 17, 2018)|
|CZE||Czech Republic (since 1993)||23||23||32||78|
|(As of February 17, 2018)|
|RUS||URS||Soviet Union (1959–1991)||95||85||62||242|
|RUS||Russian Federation (since 1996)||166||149||147||462|
Forerunner events before 1959
As early as 1910, there were precursor events to the Universiade, often referred to as the Student World Games in German-speaking countries . From 1939 onwards, these were mostly divided into two parts for political reasons. The organizing international umbrella organizations were
- CIE ( Confédération internationale des étudiants ), founded in 1919, dissolved in 1940.
- IUS ( International Union of Students ), French UIE (L'Union Internationale des Étudiants), founded in Prague in 1946, from 1949 only " Eastern Bloc ".
- FISU ( Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire ), founded in 1949, only from 1957 with " Eastern Bloc ", 1957 still without the GDR.
In the following, all forerunner events before 1959 are listed that were organized by one of the three umbrella organizations mentioned or are mentioned on the adh website . (en) = Link to the event on the English Wikipedia
|1910||International student world games||?||Rome||Italy|
|1923||International Universities Championships (en)||CIE||Paris||France|
|1924||Summer Student World Championships (s)||CIE||Warsaw||Poland|
|1927||Academic Winter Games||?||Cortina d'Ampezzo||Italy|
|1927||Summer Student World Championships (s)||CIE||Rome||Italy|
|1928||Summer Student World Championships (s)||CIE||Paris||France|
|1930||International University Games (s)||CIE||Darmstadt||Germany|
|1933||International University Games (s)||CIE||Turin||Italy|
|1935||International University Games (s)||CIE||Budapest||Hungary|
|1937||International University Games (s)||CIE||Paris||France|
|1939||International University Games (s)||CIE||Monte Carlo||Monaco|
|1939||World University Games (s)||NSDStB||Vienna||German Empire|
|1947||International University Games (s)||CIE?||Paris||France|
|1947||1st World Festival of Youth and Students (en)||UIE||Prague||Czechoslovakia|
|1949||2nd World Festival of Youth and Students (en)||UIE||Budapest||Hungary|
|1949||Summer International University Sports Week (en)||FISU||Merano||Italy|
|1951||3rd World Festival of Youth and Students (en)||UIE||East Berlin||German Democratic Republic|
|1951||Summer International University Sports Week (en)||FISU||Luxembourg||Luxembourg|
|1953||4th World Festival of Youth and Students (en)||UIE||Bucharest||Romania|
|1953||Summer International University Sports Week (en)||FISU||Dortmund||Germany|
|1955||5th World Festival of Youth and Students (en)||UIE||Warsaw||Poland|
|1955||Summer International University Sports Week (en)||FISU||San Sebastian||Spain|
|1957||6th World Festival of Youth and Students (en)||UIE||Moscow||Soviet Union|
|1957||World University Games (s)||CIE||Paris||France|
The World Festival of Youth and Students takes place at irregular intervals of three to eight years up to the present, most recently in 2017 in Sochi, Russia . It is organized by the World Socialist Federation of Democratic Youth and therefore does not see itself as politically neutral.
- Winter Universiade Granada (Spain) 2015
- Winter Universiade Štrbské Pleso and Osrblie (Slovakia) 2015
- Summer Universiade Gwangju (South Korea) 2015
- Summer Universiade. Summer Universiade Sports Program. In: fisu.net. FISU , accessed July 11, 2013 .
- Daniel Etchells: Brasilia pull out of hosting 2019 Summer Universiade , on: insidethegames.biz, January 5, 2015, accessed on August 24, 2016
- Official attribution of the Universiade 2019 to the city of Naples , on: fisu.net, May 29, 2016, accessed on August 24, 2016
- Record delegation for the Universiade in Taipei , Sport, on: vaterland.li, July 14, 2017, accessed on August 22, 2017
- Political division of the association on www.adh.de
- Origins of the Universiade at www.adh.de