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Grindelwald coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton BernCanton Bern Bern (BE)
Administrative district : Interlaken-Oberhasli
BFS no. : 0576i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 3818
Coordinates : 645 546  /  164 014 coordinates: 46 ° 37 '33 "  N , 8 ° 2' 0"  O ; CH1903:  six hundred and forty-five thousand five hundred and forty-six  /  one hundred and sixty-four thousand and fourteen
Height : 1034  m above sea level M.
Height range : 726-4107 m above sea level M.
Area : 171.38  km²
Residents: 3802 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 22 inhabitants per km²
Mayor : Beat Bucher (independent)


Location of the municipality
Brienzersee Engstlensee Gelmersee Göscheneralpsee Grimselsee Lago del Sabbione Lungerersee Oberaarsee Oeschinensee Räterichsbodensee Sarnersee Thunersee Italien Kanton Luzern Kanton Nidwalden Kanton Obwalden Kanton Obwalden Kanton Tessin Kanton Uri Kanton Wallis Verwaltungskreis Emmental Verwaltungskreis Frutigen-Niedersimmental Verwaltungskreis Bern-Mittelland Verwaltungskreis Thun Beatenberg Bönigen Brienz BE Brienzwiler Brienzwiler Därligen Grindelwald Gsteigwiler Gündlischwand Guttannen Habkern Hasliberg Hofstetten bei Brienz Innertkirchen Interlaken Iseltwald Lauterbrunnen Leissigen Lütschental Matten bei Interlaken Meiringen Niederried bei Interlaken Oberried am Brienzersee Ringgenberg BE Saxeten Schattenhalb Schwanden bei Brienz Unterseen WilderswilMap of Grindelwald
About this picture

Grindelwald is a municipality in the Interlaken-Oberhasli administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland .


The name Grindelwald is an original field name and is made up of the Old High German words grintil (bar, lock) and walt (forest).


Bachalp above Grindelwald, aquatint after Caspar Wolf (1784)
Aerial view of Grindelwald with the Wetterhorn (1956)

The Burgbühl in Grindelwald is a high medieval castle site . The Augustinian Provosty Interlaken received from King Konrad III in 1146 . several imperial estates. Interlaken increased this property through numerous acquisitions, displaced the noble families von Rotenfluh, von Ringgenberg, von Eschenbach and von Habsburg-Austria and with sixteen fiefdoms became the most important landlady in the valley. The Reichsvogt Berchtold V von Zähringen defeated the Upperland nobility in Grindelwald in 1191. The people of Grindelwald fought as churchmen in Interlaken in 1315 and 1332 against Unterwalden and finally suffered when the Unterwalden invaded in 1342. In 1348 and 1349 they rebelled against the Interlaken monastery. In 1528 the people of Grindelwald defended themselves unsuccessfully against the introduction of the Reformation by Bern by force of arms . The city ​​of Bern has now replaced the Interlaken monastery as landlady .

Tourism in the village began to develop in the 18th century, the first hotel "Schwarzer Adler" was opened in 1820, the first winter season took place in 1888, and in 1890 the Bernese Oberland Railway started operating . On August 18, 1892, 44 residential buildings and 72 other buildings including the new train station burned down from the Hotel Bär at today's bus parking lot, but the old town center around Gydisdorf was spared, as the sparks from the strong foehn took place down the valley and into the village Schwendi came to fires. In 1893 the Wengernalp Railway started operating , in the same year the newly built Grand Hotel Bear was reopened, it burned down again in 1941 and was not rebuilt. The gondola to the First opened in 1947 , the Pfingsteggbahn followed in 1967 and then in 1978 the Grindelwald – Männlichen gondola .

Grindelwald organized itself in terms of usage rights in the Alps ( mountain regions ). In 1404, Propst Niklaus laid down the alpine pasture conditions in writing for the first time in 1404 in the Einunge und statunge zegrund and at the Alps Bach, Grindel, Holzmatten, Scheidegge, Wergistal, Intremen and zu Gletscher . The Bussalp Alp was excluded from this, as it was owned by the Habsburgs. In 1538, the valley people summarized existing regulations in the valley unification . The mining rights were tied from then on (until now) to the land in the valley and were not allowed to be sold to local residents. The seven existing mountain regions of Itramen, Wärgistal, Scheidegg, Grindel, Bach, Holzmatten and Bussalp were referred to as communities of the Grindelwald valley before 1847. The Bergschaft exist today as private corporations under the law on the introduction of the Swiss Civil Code of May 28, 1911 (Art. 20).


The villages, hamlets and farms of the municipality of Grindelwald are scattered in the valley basin of the Black Lütschine in the Bernese Oberland between the Eiger , Wetterhorn , Fiescherwand and Faulhorn . With an area of ​​171.1 km², Grindelwald is the twenty-fifth largest municipality in Switzerland and the third largest in the canton of Bern. The highest point is 4107  m above sea level. M. der Mönch , the lowest point is 720  m above sea level. M.

The Lower Grindelwald Glacier and the Upper Grindelwald Glacier lie in the Grindelwald area . Both are tourist attractions and reached before the village in the period from about 1590 to 1880. They feed the Schwarze Lütschine, which drains the valley. A right tributary of the Black Lütschine is for Bachläger waterfall known Milibach .


Scattered houses in the extensive Grindelwald settlement

Grindelwald has a permanent resident population of 3,802 people (December 31, 2018). The municipal administration gives slightly higher values ​​(4061 people on January 1, 2017), which also includes weekly residents.

Population development
year Residents
1669 1300
1737 1673
1764 1816
1799 1985
1850 2924
1880 3081
1900 3346
1910 3696
1930 3021
1950 3053
1960 3244
1970 3511
1980 3597
1990 3545
2000 4069
2010 3809


The community lives mainly from tourism. Employment is distributed across the three economic sectors as follows : 5.4 percent agriculture, 19.5 percent industry and trade, 75.1 percent services (as of 2000). In 2007 there were still 126 farms.

In winter it is mainly alpine winter sports enthusiasts, in summer hikers and tourists who come because of the mountain scenery. Tourism has a long tradition. Attempts were made early on to make the mountains more accessible to guests. The Wetterhorn elevator is one of the oldest passenger-transporting cable cars in the world. In Grindelwald there are hotels, holiday apartments and chalets, a youth hostel , a youth camp for disabled children and two campsites.


Wengernalp Railway in Grindelwald (2011)

There is a connection to Interlaken via the Berner Oberland Railways . The Wengernalpbahn runs over the Kleine Scheidegg to Wengen and Lauterbrunnen . From the Kleine Scheidegg there is a connection with the Jungfrau Railway through the Eiger to the Jungfraujoch . The Kleine Scheidegg / Männlichen ski area is accessed by a gondola lift up to the Männlichen ; from there a cable car also leads to Wengen. Another gondola lift leads to the First ski area . Trips over the Grosse Scheidegg into the Haslital are only possible with the Postbus and the bicycle. In summer, a cable car takes you to the Pfingstegg private valley on Mattenberg , the starting point for hikes to the Grindelwald glaciers, to the Schreckhornhütte and to Chalet Milchbach , which can be reached through a hiking trail tunnel . The rock paradise Breitlouwina is on the way .

Mountain railways

bus connections

Post bus to Grosse Scheidegg near Lauchbühl with Wetterhorn
  • Grindelwald - Bussalp
  • Grindelwald - Waldspitz
  • Grindelwald - Grosse Scheidegg (- Schwarzwaldalp - Meiringen )
  • Grindelwald - Wärgistal / Itramen
  • Grindelwald - Pfingsteggbahn - Glacier Gorge
  • Grindelwald - Terrassenweg (- Ob. Glacier)

Fun on the slopes

From the 1930s Grindelwald possessed the near-center Skischulhang Bodmi about a particular vehicle for winter sports enthusiasts: as Funi (short for "funicular") designated sleigh cable car , which was in 1995 set as the last of its kind.


Curling in Grindelwald (1965)

Grindelwald was the first health resort in the Bernese Oberland to be visited by tourists in winter from 1888. The guests were able to practice winter sports: initially sleigh rides, curling and ice skating, from 1891 skiing; later a bobsleigh track was built. From 1947 the First was developed as a ski area, in 1978 the Männlichen. From 1932 the SDS races organized by the Swiss Women's Ski Club were held in Grindelwald , which for a long time were among the most important alpine ski races for women and were integrated into the World Cup in 1967 . The last Alpine World Cup races so far took place in 1992.

A Grindelwald invention is the Velogemel , a single-track, steerable sports sledge - comparable to a wooden bicycle with runners instead of wheels.

Culture and sights


Local history museum in the valley house


Grindelwald is the founding place and seat of the artist group Gilde Schweizer Bergmaler (GSBM). Every few years GSBM events or art exhibitions take place in Grindelwald. Painting courses are offered annually. LandArt Grindelwald is an association that regularly organizes festivals on the subject of art in nature .


Events in Grindelwald include the World Snow Festival , the international Landart Festival , the Eiger Bike Challenge , the Eiger Ultra Trail , ski events and the Velogemel World Championship.

Town twinning

Grindelwald has had a partnership with the mountain village of Azumi Mura (merged with Matsumoto in 2005 ) in Japan since 1972 . The congregations regularly organize exchange trips with large events in order to cultivate friendship.

Location for films


Christian Almer (1907)

Impressions of the mountains around Grindelwald

The Grindelwald basin seen from the foot of the Eiger north face near Alpiglen


  • Fritz Balmer: 850 years of Grindelwald. Pictures and notes for the anniversary year. Grindelwald 1997.
  • Anne-Marie Dubler : Grindelwald. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
  • Toni P. Labhart : The Marbles of Grindelwald and Rosenlaui. Grindelwald 2005.
  • Toni P. Labhart, Manuel Kehrli: Chimneys made of Bernese marble. Jegenstorf Castle Foundation 2003.
  • Michael Matile: Church and rectory of Grindelwald BE. Swiss Art Guide, Series 48, No. 475, Bern 1990.
  • Sarah Neuhaus: The new memory of Grindelwald. In: Jungfrau newspaper. Retrieved September 5, 2017 .
  • Christian Rubi: The old days up to around 1850. Legal, economic, political, ecclesiastical and cultural conditions. Grindelwald 1985.
  • Marianne Tiefenbach: Mountain landscapes in Grindelwald. Alpine care between tradition and modernity. Grindelwald 2006.

Web links

Commons : Grindelwald  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on, accessed on May 29, 2020
  2. Bern State Archives, CI a (documents), Interlaken compartment, 23 August 1473
  3. Lia Näpflin: The fire disaster of 1892. In: Virgin newspaper. June 16, 2017, accessed March 18, 2020 .
  4. Bern State Archives, CI a (documents), Subject Interlaken, March 16, 1404 , Rubi 1985, p. 19.
  5. Rubi 1985, p. 21.
  6. Taleinungsbrief (2002). (PDF, 86.92 kB) ( Memento of the original from June 19, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on, accessed on May 29, 2020
  8. Population figures . In: Grindelwald municipality. Retrieved October 7, 2017 .
  9. for 2016: permanent and non-permanent resident population by institutional breakdown, gender, nationality and age (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 29, 2017, accessed on October 7, 2017 .
  10. for some of the previous years: population figures. In: Grindelwald municipality. Retrieved October 7, 2017 .
  11. ^ A b Anne-Marie Dubler: Grindelwald. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
  12. Michael Matile: Church and rectory of Grindelwald BE (= Swiss Art Guide. No. 475). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1990, ISBN 3-85782-475-1 .
  13. ^ Website of the Swiss Mountain Painters Guild
  14. ^ Website of LandArt Grindelwald