|BE is the abbreviation for the canton of Bern in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Brienz .|
|Canton :||Bern (BE)|
|Administrative district :||Interlaken-Oberhasli|
|BFS no. :||0573|
|Postal code :||3855|
|Coordinates :||645 117 / 178 317|
|Height :||574 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||563–2928 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||48.06 km²|
|Residents:||3092 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||64 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor :||Peter Zumbrunn ( SVP )|
|Location of the municipality|
Brienz [briənt͡s] , in the Bernese Oberland local dialect Briens [briəns] , is a municipality in the administrative district of Interlaken-Oberhasli in the Swiss canton of Bern .
The name Brienz, first attested as Briens in 1146 , developed from the Celtic word brigantion "hill". It probably originally referred to a settlement on today's church hill above the lake.
The municipality of Brienz, with an area of 5492 ha, lies on the shores of Lake Brienz (train station 566 m above sea level ) and at the foot of the Brienzer Rothorn ( 2350 m above sea level ). It extends from the Brienzergrat in the north over the lowest point (lake level 564 m above sea level ) to the highest point Schwarzhorn ( 2928 m above sea level ) south of the lake and borders eight neighboring communities as well as the cantons of Lucerne and Obwalden .
The green-blue Lake Brienz, with dark fir forests directly on the water on the south bank, clearly has the character of a mountain lake. The municipality has five alpine pastures: Rotschalp ( 1698 m above sea level ), Planalp ( 1544 m above sea level ), Hinterburg ( 1530 m above sea level ), Axalp ( 1706 m above sea level ), Tschingelfeld ( 1767 m above sea level ) above sea level )
On Rotschalp there is a measuring station of the Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research Davos at an altitude of 1870 m above sea level. M.
Tourism and the art of wood carving are of particular importance to Brienz. The tradition of the Brienz carving dates back to 1816. Back then, a famine forced people to seek new employment opportunities. Skilled craftsmen such as Christian Fischer (1790–1848) knew how to combine the sale of wooden sculptures with increasing tourism. Filigree works of art were developed from everyday items, which were successfully presented at world exhibitions in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Examples of wood carvings from Brienz are animal sculptures as well as utensils with animal figures and the so-called Edelweiss furniture. The School for Wood Sculpture is the only institution in Switzerland where the wood carving trade can be learned. It was founded in 1884 as the Brienz wood carving school. Since 1928 it has been a technical school and training workshop for the Canton of Bern. The Brienz Violin Making School, founded in 1944, is the only professional school for violin making in Switzerland.
The Briens market takes place every Wednesday and Thursday of the second week in November. Its origins go back a long way, because as early as 1626 the people of Brienz received the authorization from the mayor and the city council of Bern to hold a market every year on Verena Day . A specialty is the square Brienzer donut . It is filled with puree made from dried pears and chopped walnuts and dusted with sugar and cinnamon.
Brienz is located on the Brünigbahn between Interlaken and Lucerne , which is operated by Zentralbahn . BLS Schifffahrt opens up Brienz from the lake . The Brienz-Rothorn Railway runs from Brienz to the Brienzer Rothorn .
The following routes are served by the Postbuses : Brienz– Schwanden - Hofstetten , Brienz– Brünig , Brienz– Axalp . Since 1988 Brienz has had a connection to the A8 motorway (exit no.29).
A settlement of the area by the Alemanni has been proven since the 7th century. Brienz is first mentioned in a document in 1146. After an eventful history, Brienz became part of the Canton of Bern in 1528.
On the morning of August 23, 2005, the village was severely damaged by the Alpine floods in 2005 from the two torrents Glyssibach and Trachtbach. Two people were killed and there was major property damage. At the Trachtbach a protective dam was built above the village as a protective measure, the bridge of the main road was rebuilt so that it can be moved seaward by means of chains, which increases the cross-section of the stream bed massively. It is planned to replace the upper bridge with a ford in the long term, in the meantime a temporary bridge with a higher opening has been built.
Elisabetha Grossmann, known as the “Queen of the boatmen”, and the writer Heinrich Federer were born in Brienz .
- Lake promenade along the village
- Take the Brienz-Rothorn Railway to the Brienzer Rothorn
- Swiss open air museum Ballenberg for rural culture
- various wood carvings
- Giessbach with the oldest funicular in Europe and the Grandhotel Giessbach
- Axalp above Lake Brienz
- Reserves: Giessbach Falls and its surroundings, Jägglis Glunten (Old Aare Run)
- Monument to the dialect poet Albert Streich
- Wildlife park above the train station
- The Brienzer Märt is one of the sights . In 1626, Brienz was given permission to hold a market every year. This was first held on Verenentag (September 1st). In 1627 the market was moved to September 7th and 1761 to the 2nd Wednesday in November.
- Oswald Wirth (1860–1943), Ministerial Librarian in Paris and Masonic writer
- Heinrich Federer (1866–1928), local writer
- Hans Huggler-Wyss (1877–1947), wood sculptor
- Gottlieb Franz Schneiter (1884? –1958), turbine builder and entrepreneur in Škofja Loka
- Arnold Huggler (1894–1988), sculptor
- Albert Streich (1897–1960), dialect poet
- Peter Heusser (* 1950), doctor and university professor
- Ilira Gashi (* 1994), singer and songwriter
- Anne-Marie Dubler : Brienz (BE). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Ernst Buri: Heimatbuch Brienz. Paul Haupt Publishing House, Bern 1999.
- Peter Michel, Ruedi Perren-Roesti, Rudolf Perren-Zurflüh, Peter Wälti: Brienz - revision of the Brienz homeland book (1999), edition 2011. Ed. By the local council and municipality of Brienz. Brienz 2011. Online (PDF) .
- ↑ Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
- ↑ Hans Bickel , Christoph Landolt : Duden. Swiss high German. Edited by the Swiss Association for the German Language . Dudenverlag, Mannheim / Zurich 2012, p. 88; Bruno Boesch : The pronunciation of standard German in Switzerland. A guide. Edited on behalf of the Swiss Siebs Commission. Spiegel, Zurich 1957, pp. 25 and 36.
- ^ Linguistic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland , Volume V 1b.
- ↑ a b Lexicon of Swiss municipality names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 186.
- ↑ About Brienzer carvings ( Memento of the original from September 18, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , on the artfour.com website
- ↑ Franziska Zaugg: Old Oberland recipe found - Brienzer Krapfen. In: Berner Zeitung , May 17, 2010
- ↑ Brienzer Krapfen on the Culinary Heritage of Switzerland website