Bad Grund (Harz)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz)
Bad Grund (Harz)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Bad Grund (Harz) highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 49 '  N , 10 ° 14'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Goettingen
Height : 358 m above sea level NHN
Area : 41.19 km 2
Residents: 8238 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 200 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 37539
Primaries : 05327, 05522
License plate : , DUD, HMÜ, OHA
Community key : 03 1 59 002
Community structure: 6 districts , 5 settlements
Address of the
municipal administration:
At Mühlenwiese 1
37539 Bad Grund
Website :
Mayor : Harald Dietzmann ( independent )
Location of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz) in the district of Göttingen
Niedersachsen Staufenberg Hann. Münden Scheden Bühren Niemetal Jühnde Dransfeld Adelebsen Friedland Rosdorf Göttingen Bovenden Gleichen Landolfshausen Seulingen Waake Seeburg Ebergötzen Duderstadt Obernfeld Rollshausen Rüdershausen Rhumspringe Wollershausen Gieboldehausen Wollbrandshausen Bodensee Krebeck Walkenried Bad Sachsa Bad Lauterberg im Harz Herzberg am Harz Herzberg am Harz Herzberg am Harz Hattorf am Harz Hattorf am Harz Wulften am Harz Elbingerode Hörden am Harz Osterode am Harz Bad Grund (Harz) Harz (Landkreis Göttingen) Harz (Landkreis Göttingen) Harz (Landkreis Göttingen) Landkreis Goslar Landkreis Northeim Landkreis Northeim Hessen Thüringen Sachsen-Anhaltmap
About this picture
View of the mountain town of Bad Grund from the Fritze's Ruh viewpoint

Bad Grund (Harz) is a unitary municipality in the western Harz in the district of Göttingen , Lower Saxony and a climatic health resort with a Heilstollen spa. The administrative headquarters are in the district of Windhausen .


Geographical location

Bad Grund is located in the Harz Nature Park between Seesen in the north-northwest, Clausthal-Zellerfeld in the east and Osterode am Harz in the south. To the north is the Hübichenstein on the federal road B 242 and the Iberg to the north-northeast of this road . The Harzer Försterstieg leads through Bad Grund .

Community structure

The municipality of Bad Grund consists of six districts. The following table contains the six districts with the associated settlements and their population on June 30, 2013:

District population
Bergstadt Bad Grund (Harz) ¹ 2398
Spots Gittelde ² 1888
Badenhausen ³ 1882
Ice village 1345
Windhausen 994
Will 317
Bad Grund municipality 8824

¹ with leaf hut and Taubenborn
² with pond hut
³ with Neuhütte and Oberhütte

Neighboring communities

The municipality of Bad Grund borders in the north on the town of Seesen ( district of Goslar ), in the south on the town of Osterode am Harz ( district of Göttingen ) and in the west on the municipality of Kalefeld ( district of Northeim ). The municipality has further borders with the two unincorporated areas Harz (district of Goslar) in the northwest and northeast and Harz (district of Göttingen) in the east.


For the local history of the eponymous district, see: Bergstadt Bad Grund - history

Place name

Former place names from Grund were in the years 1317 Fundo, 1321 Grunt, 1322 Grunt, 1405 Grund, 1504 Grund, 1505 Grund, 1505 Grund and 1519 Grund. The place name is based on the reason in the sense of lowland . In civil as in Low German this is equally attested, for example althochdeutsch  grunt , Old Saxon reason for "reason", "bottom". In northwest Saxony, the word describes a "deep, gradually tapering cut in the terrain". In Middle Low German it is known as grunt , meaning “depth”, “valley”, “valley floor”, “valley floor”. North German is fundamentally "a valley between mountains", "a small valley."


On March 1, 2013, the member communities of the combined community Bad Grund (Harz) merged to form the new unified community Bad Grund (Harz).

Since the merger of the districts of Osterode am Harz and Göttingen on November 1, 2016, Bad Grund (Harz) has been part of the district of Göttingen.

Population development

year Residents source
2013 8749 ¹
2014 8666 ¹
2015 8638 ¹
2016 8522 ¹
2017 8425 ¹
2018 8344 ¹

¹ as of December 31st


  • The Evangelical Lutheran St. Antonius Church is located in the center of the mountain town of Bad Grund on the market, the parish belongs to the Clausthal-Zellerfeld parish. In the Taubenborn settlement built in the 1950s, the chapel on Taubenborn (Am Rösteberg) was consecrated on June 12, 1960 .
  • The Catholic St. Barbara Church was built in 1961/62 on Danziger Strasse. Lautenthal and Wildemann also belonged to the parish . The profanation took place on February 6, 2010 . Today the nearest Catholic church is in Badenhausen, eight kilometers away .
  • The New Apostolic Church at Hübichweg 12, built in 1926, was closed in 2007. The church building was sold and is now used as a residential building. The nearest New Apostolic Church is in Gittelde, nine kilometers away .


Municipal election 2016
Turnout: 53.69 (2013: 60.18%)
n. k.
Gains and losses
compared to 2013
 % p
+ 0.99  % p
-1.88  % p
+ 2.92  % p
-1.10  % p
+1.07  % p
-2.00  % p
Distribution of seats in the municipal council
A total of 22 seats

Municipal council

The council of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz) consists of 22 councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 8001 and 9000 inhabitants. The council members are elected for a five-year term by local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The full-time mayor is also entitled to vote and to sit in the municipal council.

The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following result (changes compared to 2013):

According to the municipal council list, the seat of the Greens is vacant.


The full-time mayor of Bad Grund is Harald Dietzmann (non-party). In the last mayoral election on January 20, 2013, he was elected unopposed with 76.86% of the vote. The turnout was 60.27%. Dietzmann took office on March 1, 2013. His deputies are Erich Sonnenburg (SPD) and Frank Brakebusch (CDU).

coat of arms

According to the main statute, the coat of arms and flag will be determined at a later date. The towns of Bergstadt Bad Grund (Harz), Flecken Gittelde as well as Badenhausen, Eisdorf and Windhausen are entitled to use their previous coats of arms and flags. In addition, the district of Willensen has a coat of arms.

Culture and sights


Mining Museum "Schachtanlage Knesebeck"


  • regular folklore evenings (Harz folklore)


Natural monuments

Regular events

During the course of each year, the Easter bonfires on Holy Saturday and the Walpurgis Night celebration on April 30 are among the much-attended event highlights. The light festival Pond in Flames in the Taubenborn housing estate , which has been held on the third Saturday in August since the 1970s, has now developed into one of the largest events in Bad Grund.

Economy and Infrastructure

View from the Iberg Coffee House (1907)


Bad Grund was mainly characterized by ore mining. In 1992 the last ore mine closed, from which six million tons of ore and 2500 tons of silver were extracted.


Via the state road 524 Bad Grund has a connection to the federal road 243 to Osterode am Harz and the federal road 242 to Clausthal-Zellerfeld and Seesen and thus the A 7 federal motorway .

The Gittelde-Bad Grund train station on the Seesen – Herzberg line is located in the Gittelde district .

Bad Grund can be reached with public transport buses. Until 1971, trains on the Gittelde – Bad Grund railway also stopped here .


Sons and daughters of the church

People connected to the community

  • Dietrich II of Katlenburg (10 ?? - 1085), Count in Lies- and Rittigau with the Einbeck estate, Count of Katlenburg, he had seized the market and coinage rights in Gittelde
  • Dietrich III. von Katlenburg (around 1075 / 80–1106), was the last Count of Katlenburg, he presumably first used the Katlenburg, which was built in the 11th century, and later the Stauffenburg near the important mint in Gittelde as a seat of power
  • Heinrich II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1489–1568), Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, he is considered the last Catholic prince in Lower Saxony, he had a long affair with the lady-in-waiting Eva von Trott, which he secretly quartered at Stauffenburg Castle in Gittelde
  • Eva von Trott (around 1506–1567), she was the mistress of Duke Heinrich II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, she bore him ten illegitimate children, she was billeted at Stauffenburg Castle in Gittelde
  • Heiso Meyer (before 1650–1704), bell and gun caster, he made a bell for the St. Martin Church in Badenhausen in 1677 (height 87 cm, diameter 112 cm)
  • Friedrich Wilhelm von Reck, nobleman, bailiff in Windhausen, father of Philipp Georg Friedrich von Reck
  • Anton Detlev Jenner (around 1690–1732), Baroque sculptor and carver, he is considered the most important Braunschweig sculptor in the first half of the 18th century, he created the wooden baptismal stand in the church of Gittelde
  • Johann Christoph Hüsemann (1702–1774), organ builder of the high and late baroque and court and country organ builder in Wolfenbüttel around the middle of the 18th century. His work was the construction of a positive in the local St. John's Church before 1750
  • Georg Andreas Steltzner (1725–1802), mining civil servant, he earned special services in the construction of the Tiefen Georg tunnel between Clausthal and the mining town of Grund, which he managed from 1777 until his retirement in 1797
  • Johann Christoph Röder (1729–1813), mountain master; in 1765 he planned a water art for the Grunder mines
  • Johann August Günther Heinroth (1780–1846), music director, teacher, composer and writer, he accepted a position as private tutor in Gittelde
  • Johann Georg Stünkel (before 1799 – after 1817), smelter, Obereisenhütteninspektor and royal Hanover upper mountain ridge in the Harz, he traveled to numerous production sites in 1799 and described the Harz iron mines and smelters in his works, including the iron works in Gittelde
  • Friedrich Carl Ludwig Koch (1799–1852), entrepreneur, he worked on the ironworks in Gittelde
  • Georg Friedrich Witte (1799–1865), city counsel and appellate judge, died in Grund
  • Eduard Borchers (1815–1902), Markscheider and Bergrat at the Clausthal Mining and Forestry Office, his life's work was the construction of the Ernst-August-Stollen, the choice of the starting point at Gittelde and the tunnel line go back to him
  • Theodor Gerding (1820 – after 1874), scientist and teacher, he published analyzes from the blast furnace to the pond hut near Gittelde am Harz in 1857
  • Julius Brautlecht (1837-1883), pharmacist, he developed the first usable evidence for the typhus bacillus, he started an apprenticeship as a pharmacist in Gittelde in 1851
  • Kurt von Strantz (1861–1908), Prussian first lieutenant a. D., District Administrator in Dar es Salaam, German East Africa and Mayor of Bad Grund, son of Friedrich von Strantz
  • Hans Süssmann (1862–1939), Lutheran theologian and general superintendent of the general dioceses of Aurich and Hanover, he was pastor in Bad Grund
  • Ferdinand Albert Pax (1885–1964), zoologist specializing in marine biology, lived in Bad Grund
  • Alfred Lau (1898–1971), journalist and dialect poet, died in Bad Grund
  • Carl Bauer (1909–1999), architect, Bauhaus student and construction expert, he worked as a local surveyor for the designed miners' estate Bad Grund
  • Eberhard Gock (1937–2016), engineering scientist and, until his retirement in 2007, professor at the Institute for Processing, Landfill Technology and Geomechanics (IFAD) at Clausthal University of Technology and author and co-author of numerous publications in his field, he dealt with the flotation of a lead Zinc ore from Bad Grund
  • Heinz-Wolfgang Domröse (* 1946), physicist and politician (SPD), from 1976 he was councilor of the municipality of Bad Grund and here from 1981 mayor
  • Christian Schwarzenholz (* 1951), politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen, later PDS and SPD), he was a member of the Greens in the Lower Saxony state parliament from 1994 to 1999, after which he was a non-attached member until 2003, but as a member of the PDS, whose first member of the state parliament in West Germany he was, the parliament, went to school in Bad Grund
  • Ralf Nielbock (* 1954), geologist and palaeontologist, who has been researching and developing the Einhornhöhle in Scharzfeld since 1984, he took on the role of museum officer for the Bad Grund community
  • Horst-Werner Nilges , known as Knöllchen-Horst (* 1953/1954), early retiree, who became known through his private reports of traffic violations, he lives in Badenhausen
  • Heinz Rudolf Kunze (* 1956), rock singer, writer, songwriter and musical writer / translator, lived in Bad Grund

Web links

Commons : Bad Basic  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bad Grund  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Population figures . In: Website of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz). June 30, 2013, accessed February 13, 2020 .
  3. ^ Jürgen Udolph (research): The "place name researcher". In: Website NDR 1 Lower Saxony . Archived from the original on December 28, 2014 ; accessed on August 3, 2019 .
  4. Lower Saxony State Chancellery (Ed.): Law on the reorganization of the Bad Grund (Harz) community, Osterode am Harz district . Lower Saxony Law and Ordinance Gazette (Nds. GVBl.). No.  16/2012 . Hanover July 18, 2012, p. 267 , p. 17 ( digitized version [PDF; 290 kB ; accessed on February 13, 2020]).
  5. Lower Saxony State Chancellery (Ed.): Law on the municipal reorganization of the districts of Göttingen and Osterode am Harz . Lower Saxony Law and Ordinance Gazette (Nds. GVBl.). No. 19/2015 . Hanover November 12, 2015, p. 307 , p. 9 ( digitized version [PDF; 464 kB ; accessed on February 13, 2020]).
  6. a b c d e f municipality directory - archive - regional structure - annual editions - Lower Saxony. (All politically independent municipalities in EXCEL format). In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, accessed on February 13, 2020 .
  7. Result of the municipal council elections Bad Grund (Harz) 2016. In: Website communal services Göttingen. September 11, 2016, accessed February 13, 2020 .
  8. a b c d e City Council Bad Grund (Harz). In: Website of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz). Retrieved February 13, 2020 .
  9. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG); Section 46 - Number of Deputies. In: Lower Saxony Regulations Information System (NI-VORIS). December 17, 2010, accessed February 13, 2020 .
  10. ↑ Quick report on the mayoral election 2013. In: Kommunale Datenververarbeitungzentrale Südniedersachsen (KDS). January 20, 2013, accessed February 13, 2020 .
  11. Main statutes of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz). In: Website of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz). Retrieved February 22, 2020 .
  12. History of the Bad Grund community (Harz). In: Website of the municipality of Bad Grund (Harz). Retrieved February 22, 2020 .