|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||89 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||88.24 km 2|
|Residents:||19,841 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||225 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||37603|
|Primaries :||05531, 05536|
|License plate :||HOL|
|Community key :||03 2 55 023|
City administration address :
|Neue Strasse 12
|Mayor :||Jürgen Daul (independent)|
|Location of the town of Holzminden in the Holzminden district|
Holzminden is a city in southern Lower Saxony . The middle center is the district town of the Holzminden district in the metropolitan region of Hanover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg . It houses a campus of the HAWK University for Applied Science and Art Hildesheim / Holzminden / Göttingen .
Holzminden is located in the upper Weserbergland on the north-western edge of the Solling low mountain range in the Upper Wesertal . A little further north is the Vogler and beyond this the Ith . About 80 km must be covered on federal roads to the Lower Saxony state capital Hanover .
The city, which is located on the eastern bank of the Oberweser , is traversed in a south-east-north-west direction by the Holzminde , into which the Holzminde drought from the east joins; The Hasselbach coming from the east flows into this in turn in the eastern district of Pipping . Immediately after crossing the urban area, the Holzminde joins the Weser coming from the south on the western edge of the city , which in some of the Holzminden city areas forms the border to the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia .
Immediately adjacent or nearby North Rhine-Westphalian towns are Lüchtringen , Stahle and Höxter . On the western bank of the Weser lies the Corvey Monastery a little further south of Holzminden and upstream .
Starting in the north in a clockwise direction, the town of Holzminden is bordered by the municipality of Bevern with the town of Bevern and the municipality-free areas of Holzminden and Merxhausen (district of Holzminden), the municipality-free area of Solling ( district of Northeim ), the combined municipality of Boffzen with the municipality of Derental and the municipality-free area of Boffzen (again the district of Holzminden), and finally, in the west, the district of Höxter, which belongs to North Rhine-Westphalia , with its district town of Höxter .
The city of Holzminden consists of the core city and the district of Allersheim from the former communities Neuhaus im Solling and Silberborn. These districts were added in the course of the territorial reform in 1973. They are located east of the core city in Solling and each form a village with a local council. The former municipality of Mühlenberg, which is also located in the Solling, is a Holzminder district and forms a village with a village chief. Due to the small number of districts compared to other cities, only about 10% of the total population comes from incorporated localities.
The main Holzminder districts have these areas:
- Holzminden core city: 2,726.99 ha
Neuhaus im Solling : 5,150.84 ha
- Fohlenplacken belongs to Neuhaus im Solling with its own town sign
Silberborn : 926.70 ha
- Torfhaus belongs to Silberborn with its own place name sign
- Mühlenberg : 20.02 ha
Expansion and use of the urban area
|Area according to type of use||Agricultural area||Forest area||Building, open and operational space||traffic area||Water surface||Recreation area||Unland and cemetery area||total|
|Area in km²||18.36||53.61||7.29||4.49||0.87||1.58||2.04||88.24|
|Share of total area||20.8%||60.8%||8.3%||5.1%||1.0%||1.8%||2.3%||100%|
Altendorf settlement center
Holzminden was first mentioned in 832 in several Corveyer donation registers and documents under the name Holtesmeni , Holtesmini , Holtesmynne . According to Jacob Grimm , the name means something like "Waldgeschmeide", while Edward Schröder derives the second part of the name in his work "Deutsche Namenkunde" from 1938 from an old Germanic name for a brook: menni = brook. However, this does not refer to the place of today's district town, but originally Altendorf, which was incorporated in 1922 (1275 antiqua villa), a settlement on Hellweg , which crossed the Weser here.
In addition to the Altendorf settlement, the nova plantatio (new foundation) was probably built between 1197 and 1202 as market and customs towns for the Counts of Everstein, the plan of which is still clearly visible in the plan.
Urban layout and development in the Middle Ages
In 1245 Holtesminne (Holzminden) received confirmation of its important town charter from Otto von Everstein ; from 1240 this was also owned by Holzminden Castle on the Weser.
Otto sold the city in 1285 to the Archbishop of Cologne , Siegfried . With the help of his Marshal Johann I , the city came to the Lipper Count Simon III. In 1384 it was burned down by the Minden bishop and about ten years later wrested back from an alliance consisting of the Corvey bishop, the Everstein count, the Homburg noble lord and Duke Otto I , the Lipper count.
During this warlike time, the Weddelfort fort was probably located near Holzminden on an island in the Weser in the 14th and 15th centuries. The island itself did not disappear until the 17th century.
In 1394, a Borchfrede to Holtesmynne was concluded between Corvey and Everstein , which documented their disputes with the House of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and the Homburg nobles. With the Eversteiner feud and transfers of goods by the Gandersheim abbess Agnes II , Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel prevailed in the region and the city came into her possession.
In a mandate to the Abbot of Corvey on April 18, 1540, the Stettlin Holzmin was taken under protection by Emperor Charles V. However, the fortifications of the city were not, as is the case for the majority of the cities, expanded into a walling reinforced with towers, but they contented themselves with maintaining the initially simple port fortifications (wall and palisade). Holzminden Castle was abandoned at the end of the 16th century; its ruins were finally demolished in 1860.
In 1565, a pointed-gabled town hall was built in the western part of the market that still exists today, which housed the city court, the treasury, a wedding and guild hall and a council cellar. It survived numerous chaos of war and old town fires and did not have to be demolished until 1821 due to its dilapidation.
17th and 18th centuries
Subsequent attempts to strengthen their economic position vis-à-vis the neighboring Höxter (including the first wooden bridge in 1619, which was destroyed by ice in 1620) were suffocated by the Thirty Years' War . Holzminden was destroyed and burned down by imperial troops in 1640 and only slowly recovered from it. Craftsmen from Croatia were also instrumental in building the city .
An Imperial Thurn and Taxis Post Office already existed before 1700 . The Braunschweigische Landespost existed in Holzminden even before 1743, because before the Fahrpost Braunschweig - Holzminden in 1743 there was a route of the riding postman from Braunschweig via Gandersheim, Holzminden to Paderborn.
Holzminden only started moving again from the middle of the 18th century as a result of targeted structural and economic support, including the founding of an ironworks in 1745 by the mayor Johann Georg von Langen (1699–1776), who was in office from 1742–1763, and through the connection with the monastery school of Amelungsborn with the city school. Spiritually, the lively movement continued with the work of the parish priest and titular abbot of Amelungsborn from 1775 to 1779, Johann Friedrich Ludwig Häseler , who gained importance as a rationalist theologian and mathematician. To this day, Georg Ludwig Albrecht von Rantzau, nee. on March 21, 1714 in Holzminden, died 1786 as Field Marshal in French service. In his memoirs, which appeared in French in 1741, he reports in great detail, in addition to his experiences at the courts of Europe, about a longer stay in Holzminden by Samuel Jacob Falk, famous as Baal Shem of London, to whom Georg's father Alexander Leopold Anton von Rantzau, general and imperial count, in had given refuge from persecution to his domicile in Holzminden. These memoirs are very rare in the French original, were microfilmed as a unique cultural asset, are cataloged worldwide and are reprinted as books abroad.
In 1831 the first German and thus the oldest building trade school was founded in the city by the district master builder Friedrich Ludwig Haarmann , from which the University of Applied Sciences Hildesheim / Holzminden / Göttingen emerged in 2000 .
In 1817 a steamship called "The Weser" sailed the river of the same name for the first time. In 1821 the dilapidated town hall on the market square had to be demolished.
On January 1, 1833, the city became the seat of the administration of the Holzminden district of the Duchy of Braunschweig with the offices of Holzminden, Eschershausen , Stadtoldendorf , Ottenstein and Thedinghausen .
Holzminden is known in literature through Wilhelm Raabe (1831–1910), who spent his childhood years here (until 1845) and whose stories are partly set here.
From 1840 until the 1960s, the wood goods factory Fritz Ulrich GmbH produced .
On October 10, 1843, passenger shipping began on the Weser. The ship "Hermann" sailed for the first time from Hameln to Hannoversch Münden . Especially the Senator Friedrich-Wilhelm Meyer from Hameln developed the increasing travel traffic with the establishment of the Oberweser-Dampfschiffahrtgesellschaft (OWD) with the later coal-fired paddle steamers "Kaiser Wilhelm", "Kronprinz Wilhelm", "Fürst Bismarck" and "Graf Moltke". In 2002 the OWD, which was supported by the neighboring communities, had to file for bankruptcy.
On October 19, 1845, the inauguration of the new school building on Neue Straße, which was converted into the town hall after the school was built in Karlstraße in 1876/77.
From January 15 to May 20, 1849 Wilhelm Erdmann Florian von Thielau was a member of the Holzminden Member of the Frankfurt National Assembly . In 1849, the still existing association MTV 49 Holzminden e. V.
In 1865 the city, which at the time had 4,788 inhabitants, was connected to the Altenbeken – Kreiensen railway line . The connection of the Braunschweigische Südbahn ( Herzoglich Braunschweigische Staatseisenbahn ) with the Royal Westphalian Railway Company created an important long-distance connection to the Rhenish-Westphalian industrial area and, from 1868, via Magdeburg to Berlin. The once two-track main line lost its importance due to the shifting of traffic flows more in a north-south direction as a result of the division of Germany after 1945. It was dismantled in sections to single-track operation. In 1871 the population was 5,932 citizens.
In 1874 the odor and flavor company Haarmann & Reimer was founded, in which the artificial vanilla aroma was invented. In 1919 the Dragoco plant was added in the same branch . In 2002 the two companies merged to form Symrise . Holzminden is still considered the center of the German fragrance industry today .
In October 1876 the Holzminden – Scherfede railway was opened, which remained in operation for passenger traffic until 1984 and also ceased freight traffic in 2006. The Hodapp brewery was founded in 1876 (renamed the Ferdinand Hodapp brewery in 1906, renamed the Hodapp & Decker brewery in 1912) and went bankrupt in 1928.
From 1878 to 1890, Holzminden was the seat of a Brunswick regional court . In 1878 Richard Henne KG was founded , a special factory for asphalt and tar machines, and in 1879 master carpenter Heinrich Koschel founded a furniture factory at Hafendamm 3. It was continued in the 1950s under the name Möbelfabrik Richard Koschel & Co. KG ("RiKO"). A furniture store was added later on Allersheimer Strasse. In 1881 the architect and former teacher of the building trade school in Holzminden, Bernhard Liebold, founded a cement and concrete goods factory on the Wilhelmshütte in Holzminden. Since 1873 he owned the Vorwohler Zementbaugesellschaft B. Liebold & Co. in Vorwohle (now part of the municipality of Eimen ), the first factory producing Portland cement in Lower Saxony. The company later merged with Habermann & Guckes in Kiel and was called Habermann-Guckes-Liebold AG until 1940 , followed by Habermann & Guckes AG .
In July 1884, the construction of a bridge over the Weser along the later Reichsstrasse 64 between Holzminden and Stahle began; the cost was estimated at 287,500 marks. On September 30, 1885, the Weser Bridge was opened to traffic by Mayor Hermann Schrader and the ferry stopped operating. In the same year the Fritz Ulrich am Pipping wood goods factory was founded. In 1895 Carl Reese founded a tin goods factory for permanent canned goods in Allersheimer Strasse. The forwarding company Carl Balke is founded in 1897, the Kösel department store in 1899 and the Wilhelm Grote forwarding company in 1900 . In 1894 the gymnastics club Deutsche Eiche Holzminden was founded from 1894. V. and in 1897 the men's gymnastics club MTV Altendorf e. V.
In 1900 the Holzminden glassworks were founded on Sylbecker Berg , which manufactured hollow glass products by mechanical means, and Wasser und Licht Installationsgroßhandlung eG . In addition, the company I. Kornberg OHG , owned by Israel Kornberg , had been in existence since the end of the 19th century and operated a junk goods and metal trade and in 1928 the subsidiary J. Kornberg jun. for the artificial stone factory. The I. Kornberg OHG achieved a turnover of 240,000 Reichsmarks in 1930. In 1901, Raiffeisenbank Holzminden eG was founded in Altendorf (from 1922 to Holzminden), which merged with Volksbank Weserbergland eG in 2003 .
In 1904 the port railway was built , which established a connection from the Weserkai to the Altenbeken-Kreiensen railway line and initially served the transshipment of a sugar factory, later the grain silo. In 1906, the Heyne & Penke company was founded in Sparenbergstrasse by Benno Heyne and Heinrich Penke . The company started out with the production of impregnated papers from oil and paraffin. In 1910, 11,474 people lived in the city. On April 18, 1913, VfB Holzminden, the first football club, was founded and was named Tuspo Holzminden at the end of the 1940s . In 1917 Maschinenbau Aktiengesellschaft (MAG) Balcke took over a steam sawmill in Holzminden.
On August 6, 1913, the III. Battalion of the Prussian Infantry Regiment 164 in Hameln moved to Holzminden and housed in barracks at Lindenhof. In 1914 it was moved to the front and the 174 infantry regiment was relocated to Holzminden.
During the First World War, there were two POW camps in the city. On the one hand at the first barracks on Bodenstrasse for around 550 officers and 150 soldiers from England, Australia and South Africa. It was under the control of the 174 Infantry Regiment under commandant Karl Niemeyer . As early as 1914, prisoners from hostile countries (including Osbert Crawford ) were interned there, as were unwanted Germans. The living conditions were bearable, although the prisoners suffered from isolation, lack and punishment. The discipline and penalties were very strict. Usual penalty: "the mast". The man was tied to the mast for two hours. These first hostages were sent back to their countries in 1917. The second deportation of 1,000 prisoners in July 1918 was different. The women who also came to Holzminden were exposed to terrible, worsened conditions: poor hygiene, endless standing in the rain during roll call and insufficient supplies.
In July 1918, the prisoner-of-war camp for officers saw the largest attempt to break out of the First World War. 75 British and Australian officers (including Captain Stanley Purves and Private Dick Cash ) attended. After 29 prisoners managed to break out through a tunnel, the guards noticed and prevented any further continuation. 10 officers later manage to reach the Netherlands. The English officer Hugh George Durnford , who was involved in the excavation of the tunnel, wrote the famous book "The Tunnelers of Holzminden" in 1920.
The larger prisoner of war camp was located in the east of the city on the edge of the Solling. The guards consisted of a Landsturm Infantry Reserve Battalion under the command of Colonel von Gallus. In September 1914, almost 400 Belgian prisoners of war came to Holzminden and were used for construction work. The military leadership with Major General Pflugradt had its staff in the Landschulheim am Solling founded in 1909 . By the end of the war in 1918 there were around 2,500 soldiers, 300 women and 90 children in the POW camp.
In 1919 the Schauburg, a movie theater on Neue Straße, opened. Heinrich Räcker was the owner in the 1930s. From 1952 the owner was Mrs. Margarethe Klein von Diepholt. The Schauburg existed until 1962.
In 1919, Notbohm Bau GmbH was founded , which went bankrupt in 2002. On October 1, 1921, the Wilhelm Rosencrantz company founded Wiro-Werke AG for the manufacture of furniture. In December 1930 the name was changed to Hanseatische Industrie- und Handels-AG and the headquarters were relocated to Hamburg. Also in 1921 the Dr. Heinr. Abbes and Co., AG for the manufacture of wooden belt pulleys was founded and went bankrupt in October 1925.
In 1922, the immediately adjacent town of Altendorf is incorporated into the town of Holzminden. The Altendorf community tried to prevent this by filing a lawsuit against the Free State of Braunschweig and the city of Holzminden for the unconstitutionality of the law of May 10, 1921 before the State Court of Justice for the German Reich in January 1922, but failed in the legal dispute.
In 1925, the Ernst Otto Becker wood paving and sawmill was founded in Fürstenberger Strasse , to which a building materials and coal trade was previously affiliated. Company owner Ernst Otto Becker was also a city councilor for the NSDAP in 1932 .
On October 1st, 1927 Otto Sasse founded the company of the same name for the production of plywood. In the same year, the Koch book and offset printing company was founded . In 1928, Peter Bachmann and Otto Becher founded Weser-Spannholzwerke GmbH with one plant in Holzminden and one in Eschershausen . In 1950 the company employed 560 people at both locations. In 1928 Werner Somborn opened the Central-Drogerie Somborn on Fürstenberger Straße and in the same year the tennis club Holzminden von 1928 e. V.
In 1931 Erich Pannecke Maschinenbau-Dreherei GmbH was founded .
On December 1, 1932, the advance club Holzminden eGmbH was founded , which was renamed Volksbank Holzminden eGmbH on March 20, 1939 and, after further expansion, took on the name Volksbank Weserbergland from 1970 .
Through a citizens' initiative established in the early 1930s, a foundation was created with the purpose of running a hospital in the evangelical spirit. The Evangelical Hospital Holzminden was then opened on March 19, 1933 and replaced the Municipal Hospital on Hafendamm.
In 1933 the National Socialists built a Thingplatz in the city park and officially opened it on September 22, 1934. This is now used as a barbecue and playground and is located below the Kaiser Wilhelm Tower, built in 1908 .
In 1934, a camp of the Reich Labor Service (RAD) for around 216 men from the previous camps in the district was brought together in the former hospital on Hafendamm , forming Department 1/185, which was called "Ernst August von Everstein". The labor service was used to develop settlement areas in today's streets Grimmenstein, Weisse Breite and Kapellenbrink and to build forest roads in Solling.
In 1934 Otto Künnecke Metallbau GmbH was founded , later also Otto Künnecke Maschinenbau- und Anlagentechnik GmbH , the company founder was later made an honorary citizen of the city.
In 1936 the “economically important” third large chemical plant was built in Holzminden with state subsidies. The Braunschweigische Holzverzuckerungs KG W. Grotrian-Steinweg took over the Holzverzuckerungsgesellschaft mbH and in 1938 built a wood spirit plant with oversized percolators and distillation systems on the site of the former Bärtlingschen vinegar factory . With the addition of dilute sulfuric acid, sugar was made from sawdust from the city's numerous wood-processing industries and, after fermentation and distillation, alcohol of various types of up to 400,000 liters per month was made using the plaice process. In 1950 the company had 230 employees.
During the Reichspogromnacht in 1938, the synagogue built in 1838 was destroyed near a stone's throw and demolished in 1968. A plaque in the municipal gatehouse has been commemorating this since November 9, 1999. Field Marshal and Imperial Count Georg Ludwig Albrecht von Rantzau reported about the first synagogue in Holzminden and its rabbi as early as 1736.
From 1939 to 1941, the war-essential grain silo (Reichsnährstandsilo) was built on the Weserkai in the form of a camouflaged 14-storey high-rise (55 m high). The largest building in the city to date is managed by Rudolph Leopold Rieke GmbH & Co , today RLR Logistik as a modern grain store with 45 silo cells.
On June 22, 1941, a Bücker Bü 131 military aircraft crashed between Allersheimer Strasse and Allersheim . The pilot private Dieter Reinhard from the aircraft school in Berlin-Gatow is killed.
In World War II bomb and destroy British warplanes on May 17, 1943, the Eder Dam and the Möhnetalsperre , while flowing over 172 million cubic meters of water in the Weser valley from. The city center of Holzminden and the grain fields around the city are flooded.
In the summer of 1943, the Stiebel Eltron company relocated production from destroyed Berlin to Holzminden. The manufacture of armaments was continued from April 1, 1944 on Lüchtringer Weg with employees from the permanent staff from Berlin, new employees from Holzminden and prisoners of war as forced laborers (mostly from Italy).
In August 1943, a Heinkel He 111 military aircraft crashed near the city park . The crew is killed in the process. There were further crashes of German (two Messerschmitt Bf 109 on October 10, 1943) and Allied aircraft near Holzminden, among other things due to increasing aerial battles with Allied aircraft.
In February 1944, an American P-38 Lightning fighter plane was shot down by a Wehrmacht soldier at the training area and crashed near Einbecker Strasse. The US pilot dies at the crash site.
On March 31, 1945, an Allied attack took place on the railway site, the bombs missed their target and destroyed two residential buildings. Seven people including five children are killed.
On Easter Tuesday, April 3, 1945, 158 people were killed in bombing raids by the XXIX Tactical Air Command of the United States Army Air Forces (with around 230 B-26 , A-20 and A-26 bombers ) on the railway systems. The planes took off from Clastres and Denain / Prouvy airfields in France to attack the city. As a result, the building school burned down completely after the explosion of ammunition. The Weser Bridge was blown up on April 6, 1945 by German engineer troops. The 3rd Battalion of the 331st US Infantry Regiment (331st Regimental Combat Team) of the 83rd US Infantry Division took the district town on April 9, 1945 from Bevern and Allersheim. According to US data, 18 Germans died and over 75 were captured. In the Second World War, a total of 305 soldiers who were born in Holzminden died.
Between 1942 and 1945, foreign forced laborers who were housed in the civil labor camps of the city administration, the Reichsbahn and in the camp on Liebigstrasse in Holzminden were buried in the cemeteries in Neuhaus im Solling (Mädchenberg cemetery) and in Mühlenberg . There are 182 individual graves and a collective grave with 24 prisoners of war from Russia, Poland and Hungary in the municipal cemetery on Allersheimer Straße. Two memorial stones commemorate the high number of foreign dead.
On May 15, 1945 the US American anti-aircraft battalion 556th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion (Mobile) is stationed with headquarters in Holzminden. It uses one battery each in Holzminden, Neuhaus im Solling, Deensen and Meinbrexen and is relocated to Antwerp on June 2, 1945.
After the end of the war, up to 10,000 people who were expelled from the east, mainly from the Silesian community of Rębiszów (German: Rabishau) near Mirsk , were quartered here and gradually integrated into the long-established population. After the end of the Second World War, Holzminden came to the British zone of occupation with a military government in Hildesheim . In addition to the billeting of British soldiers, around 270 Norwegian soldiers of the 471st Brigade were also stationed in Holzminden as an occupying force by spring 1948 .
In 1946, the city's fourth chemical company, the smaller Bohnsack & Goseberg GmbH (BOGO), was founded in Sollingstrasse and produced flavor concentrates, liqueur and delicatessen essences and oils. In the same year, the Hermann Fischer furniture factory was also established in Rumohrtalstrasse. In 1948, A. Brockmann KG, founded in Leipzig in 1880, set up an independent branch in Holzminden for the production of fodder lime ("dwarf brand").
In 1947 the GSV (Gymnastik-Sport-Verein) Holzminden was founded, which was originally called the Gymnasialsportverein. In 1948 the still existing association SV Wasserfreunde Holzminden e. V. In 1948 the company Druckguß Eberhard Schlicht GmbH & Co. KG was founded and it became a supplier to the automotive industry.
On December 22nd, 1949, Kurt Krause from Alfeld (Leine) opened the “Capitol”, the second 300-seat cinema in the city, in the Hillebrechtschen Saal in Niederen Strasse.
In 1949, the department store owners Waltraut and Werner Schwager fled from Eisenach to Holzminden and founded the textile company SCHWAGER GmbH at Oberen Straße 3 in October. On April 18, 1959, the new "Kaufhaus am Markt" opened. After the demolition of a building on Neue Strasse that housed a Schauburg cinema, the department store complex was rebuilt in 1968 and expanded again in 1974. Today the company with around 170 employees is managed by Ralf-Hartmut Schwager .
On April 5, 1950, the film salesman Hellmuth Kind (1897–1975) and his wife Gertrud opened the Union Theater (UT) at Markt 4 in the dance hall of the “Reichskrone” hotel (now a sports brother-in-law) with 450 seats. It was the third cinema in Holzminden after Schauburg and Capitol and existed until 1979. On April 14, 1960, the Kinds opened another movie theater, the Roxy-Kino in Fürstenberger Straße, initially with a large hall with 535 seats. This was sold in 1979 to the Brockstedt company, which divided the cinema into three halls. In 2012, the last Roxy cinema operated by K-Motion based in Hamburg was initially closed. In May 2014, after a complete renovation and redesign, the new Roxy cinema opened, and new operators expanded the cinema in March 2016.
The official inauguration of the new Weser Bridge took place on October 14, 1950, after the previous one was blown up in April 1945 at the end of the Second World War.
In 1950 the Hamann Speditionsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG was founded , in 1952 the Erwin Simon printing company and in 1953 the bodywork specialist Rüger GmbH . In 1954, Bernd Laabs Möbelfabrik (today: Laabs GmbH ) moves from Gollnow in West Pomerania to Holzminden, known among other things for the former traditional brand WILAGO.
In 1960, the companies Hans-Georg Beyer Maschinenbau- und Antriebstechnik in Lüchtringer Weg and Florida Chemie Wilhelm Wnuck GmbH were founded as a supplier to the German armed forces (decontamination agents, canned drinking water), today Gregor Chemie GmbH . One year later, Kurt Schön founded SKM Elektronik KG for electronic assemblies and printed circuits on Schlehenbusch , which was relocated to Spittal an der Drau in Austria in the 1980s . In 1964 the well-known Paul Otto grocery store in Bahnhofstrasse, which belonged to Edeka (formerly Eveko), closes.
In 1965 there was still brisk freight traffic on the Weser. Barges, including the Bremen-Mindener Schiffahrts-AG (BREMSAG) and the Westfälische Transport-AG (WTAG) (today: Rhenus AG & Co. KG ), as well as the Oberweser private shipping association transported numerous goods down the Weser.
The remains of the synagogue of the Jewish community of Holzminden in Oberbachstrasse, which was destroyed during the Night of the Reichspogrom in 1938 , were demolished in 1968. The new Schwager department store was partially built in its place . A sandstone capital, remains of piers from 1837 and a memorial plaque can be found in a stone's throw from the gateway to the former municipal museum.
In 1969 the Ackerbürgerhaus Düsterdieck-Kumlehn (four-column house), built in 1677 on Mittleren Strasse, is dismantled and has been in the Westphalian Open-Air Museum in Detmold since 1987 .
Since 1971 the city has been the seat of the district adult education center (KVHS). In the same year, the 5th party conference of the right-wing extremist National Democratic Party of Germany took place in Holzminden with great security .
In 1971, the "State Engineering School for Construction" in Holzminden and the "Royal Building Trade School Hildesheim" (founded in 1900) were merged to form the "University of Applied Sciences Hildesheim / Holzminden".
In July 1973 Karlheinz Schrader founded the Schrader consulting laboratory (Institute Dr. Schrader) and Creachem GmbH.
The Aktion Tonband-Zeitung für Blinde eV was founded in 1976 as a supraregional service facility. V. in Holzminden, as one of the largest service centers for the reproduction and distribution of audio newspapers for many regions in Germany.
In 1977 the Bülte industrial park was expanded and a Real department store (taken over by Kaufland at the beginning of 2008 ) and a Praktiker hardware store opened . Other metal processing companies (Otto Künnecke, Just Metallbau), car dealerships and electronics stores ( Expert , from 2008 also Media-Markt ) followed.
In 1978 cargo shipping on the Weser was finally stopped.
In 1985, the Albert Schweitzer Therapeutikum, a specialist clinic for child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy, started operations. In 1986 the H. Eilers Co. KG was founded.
The Holzminden International Street Theater Festival was held for the first time in May 1991 .
On January 1, 1997 the population of the city was 22,020 citizens (= 26.4% of all inhabitants of the district of Holzminden).
In July 2004, Holzminden hosted the Lower Saxony state festival .
In February 2008, the city's youth and social welfare office reported rising child poverty. Around 7,000 citizens receive Hartz IV benefits and are looked after by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft zur Arbeitsvermittlung (AzA). These include 2,000 children under the age of 15 with a Hartz IV standard benefit. 26.4 percent of children and young people (up to 18 years of age) in the city of Holzminden live in families who receive unemployment benefit II .
On March 2, 2008, there was another referendum for the maintenance of the municipal utilities in the area of gas and water supply in Holzminden, which was supported by various parties and organizers, but against the parties of the council groups with the exception of the Greens. In the first referendum on September 18, 2005 - at the same time as the federal elections - 87.2 percent of the city's citizens voted for the municipal utilities to be retained, with a turnout of 58.2 percent. The referendum narrowly failed, since with 4003 yes votes only 176 votes or 1.05 percent of the eligible voters were missing. 529 citizens voted against. Of the votes cast, with a turnout of 27.3 percent, 88.3 percent were in favor of keeping Stadtwerke Holzminden in municipal hands.
In November 2008, the Lower Saxony Ministry of Justice announced that it would close the prison's open department at the local court in Holzminden , which belongs to the Rosdorf correctional facility . There are currently 40 places and nine employees.
With effect from January 1, 1962, the “Neuhausgesetz” of December 13, 1961 merged the three communities of Fohlenplacken (Holzminden district), Neuhaus (Holzminden district) and Preußisch Neuhaus ( Northeim district ) to form the new community of Neuhaus im Solling with the district of Fohlenplacken and assigned to the district of Holzminden.
On January 1, 1973, the communities Mühlenberg, Neuhaus im Solling and Silberborn were incorporated.
On October 1, 1971, following an area change agreement between the federal states of Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia, the Otterbach area, which was previously on the Holzminden side, was incorporated into the town of Höxter ( Lüchtringen district ) in exchange for areas on the Stahler Ufer. As a result, 112 residents became new residents of the town of Höxter.
- Evangelical Lutheran Church Congregation Luther (St Mary's)
- Evangelical Lutheran St. Michaelis Church Congregation
- Evangelical Lutheran St. Pauli Parish (Altendorf)
- Evangelical Lutheran St. Thomas Church, since 1968
- Evangelical Free Church Congregation (EFG) (Baptists)
- Roman Catholic St. Joseph's Church Community
- Roman Catholic St. Benedict parish Neuhaus im Solling and Silberborn
- Evangelical pastor pioneer barracks at Solling (military pastor)
- Catholic local pastor (military pastor)
- Evangelical Lutheran parish in Neuhaus im Solling and Silberborn
- New Apostolic Church Congregation (NAK)
- Jehovah's Witnesses
- Fatih Mosque ( Fatih Camii )
The council of the city of Holzminden consists of 34 council women and councilors. This is the specified number for a city with a population between 20,001 and 25,000. The 34 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor Jürgen Daul (independent) is also entitled to vote in the city council.
The last local election on September 11, 2016 led to the following result:
After the 2016 election, the largest parliamentary group, the CDU, had an "ash affair": Eberhard Asche ran for both the CDU (in the city council) and the Independent Voting Association UWG (in the district assembly). As a result, nine out of twelve CDU MPs resigned from the CDU parliamentary group. They then formed the new “WE” faction. Eight also returned their CDU party book. As a result, the CDU currently only has three MPs. There was also a scandal in the SPD, as a result of which a member of parliament resigned. Like WE, the SPD put nine MPs in the constituent session.
The full-time mayor of the city of Holzminden is Jürgen Daul (non-party). In the local elections on September 10, 2006 and the runoff election on September 24, 2006, Jürgen Daul (previously a CDU member) was elected as the new mayor for the first time. In the first ballot, Daul received 40.1% of the valid votes and in the second ballot he prevailed against Erich Werner (CDU) with 77.0% of the votes with a turnout of 41.2%.
In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014 - at the same time as the European elections - Daul was re-elected as incumbent with 76.7% of the vote. His opponent Marlies Grebe (SPD) received 23.3% of the vote. Daul began his further term on November 1, 2014.
- around 1595 Dietrich Smedes (based on a stone slab of the Luther Church, which testifies to the construction of the tower in 1595 under Mayor Dietrich Smedes)
- around 1637 Andreas Bielefeld
- 1620–1642 Johannes Krekeler
- 1660–1669 Anton Reus
- 1742–1763 Johann Georg von Langen (Lord Mayor)
- 1763–1778 Heinrich Bartels
- (1819–1828) Georg Christian Kahle
- (–1839) Gerhard Bock
- (1864) Friedrich Theodor Wolff
- 1878–1899 Hermann Schrader
- 1900–1919 Paul Johann August von Otto (1868–1939)
- 1933–1945 Albert Jeep (1888–1953)
- 1956–1963 Bruno Brandes (CDU)
- 1973–1981 Paul Kretschmer (SPD)
- 1981–1991 Jakob Köbberling (CDU)
- 1991–1993 Josef Bernert
- 1993–1996 Wolfgang Bellmer (CDU)
- 1996–1999 Uwe Schünemann (CDU)
- 2000-2006 Wolfgang Bönig (SPD)
- 2006– Jürgen Daul (independent)
Former City Directors
- 1948–1972 Paul Kretschmer (SPD)
- 1972–1975 Christean Wagner (CDU)
- 1975–1993 Michael Berinskat
- 1994–1999 Heinrich von Bargen
Coat of arms, flag, official seal
The city's coat of arms shows three cuboid towers, crowned by red pointed roofs with golden tips, on a blue background. The two slender, side towers, each with an arched window, tower above the middle one, which has two windows. A picket fence rises in the foreground. The wings of the arched gate in the middle are wide open to the outside. In the blue doorway a white, gold-crowned and red-tongued lion walks upright to the right. The coat of arms was created from the depiction of the city's oldest city seal from 1535, which already represents an open city gate flanked by two side towers.
The colors of the flag are white-blue. Before 1905 the city colors were red and white.
The official seal contains the coat of arms and the inscription "Stadt Holzminden".
- Cherbourg-Octeville in Normandy can often be found on the Internet as a French twin town . However, this information is incorrect.
- The British twin town is Leven in Fife , Scotland .
Culture and sights
- The house built in 1609 by the bailiff Nicolaus Theßmar from Kolberg at the lower end of Grabenstrasse 43, today known as the Tilly House. In the summer of 1625, the general Johann T'Serclaes von Tilly is said to have stayed in the house during the Thirty Years' War and after the Battle of Lutter . During the city fire in 1640, the building was the only half-timbered house in the city to be spared.
- The Luther Church (formerly Marien Church)
- The Jewish cemetery on Allersheimer Strasse is a cultural monument . Today there are 90 tombstones for the Jewish deceased from Holzminden and the surrounding area. Burials took place in the cemetery from 1824 to 1933.
- University of Applied Sciences Hildesheim-Holzminden (HAWK) (former building trade school) on Haarmannplatz, built 1900–1902, before that there was an ironworks from 1745 to 1840.
- Historic port and shipyard in Holzminden, built in 1837
- Wilhelm Raabe fountain from 1927 with the figure of Klaus Eckenbrecher from the poet's home book "Heiliger Born" and his house in the Golden Angle
- Reichspräsidenthaus from 1929 with the glockenspiel built in 1961 with the “master's parade” of the college graduates
- Municipal gatehouse from 1922
- House Kirchstrasse 4
- Severin's house from 1683 (Halbmondstrasse No. 9)
- House of Crafts
- One of the oldest marketplaces in Northern Germany with a fountain from 1891
- Fragrant city tour. Interesting information about the respective location as well as the respective scent is conveyed on 15 scent steles in the city center with specific scents.
- Bleichegraben (laundry bleaching facility built in 1834)
- Kaiser Wilhelm Tower
Venues and events
- Stadthalle Holzminden (up to 1,100 seats), since September 2008 under the direction of Stadtmarketing Holzminden GmbH
- Every two years at Whitsun, the International Street Theater Festival Holzminden takes place in odd years
- Harbor Festival (very popular in the 1980s, first held again in 2008). In 2008 there was also a three-country fireworks competition as the official preliminary decision for the 2009 World Fireworks Championships (EUFIAS competition rules)
- Annual children's festival in the Kauffmannsgarten
- Since 1976 the chick festival in spring every year in the pedestrian zone and on the market. Organizer Werbekreis Holzminden
In the area of the city are the nature reserves Mecklenbruch , Peatmoor , Stuckenstein oaks , ponds at the ore and finch quarries in Solling , most of the bird herd and parts of the nature reserves Ahlewiesen , Kleines Bruch and Düsteres Bruch and Hellental . The natural monuments in Holzminden and in the community-free area Holzminden are listed in the list of natural monuments in the district of Holzminden .
Economy and Infrastructure
While the native processing of wood and Solling sandstone once played a significant role in the city, today it is a diverse industry and an international center of the fragrance and flavoring industry.
Wilhelm Haarmann laid the foundation stone for this branch of industry in 1874 with the Haarmann & Reimer company , which together with Dragoco , which is also based in Holzminden, employed more than 2000 people here alone. Symrise emerged from the merger of the two companies in 2003 and employed around 2,500 people in the city in 2015.
The headquarters and main plant of the house and system technology company Stiebel Eltron are also located in Holzminden. The manufacturer of electrical, hot water and heating devices employs around 3,000 people worldwide, around 1,200 of them in Holzminden.
OI glasspack Glashüttenwerke Holzminden with around 500 employees produces packaging glass for the spirits and food industry .
The savings in place since January 1, 2008 Brunswick Landessparkasse that the NORD / LB belongs. The market leadership of NORD / LB in the area of the former Duchy of Braunschweig , to which Holzminden also belonged for a long time, is historical and can be traced back to the year 1754. There are also branches of Commerzbank AG, Deutsche Bank AG and Volksbank Weserbergland eG, founded in 1932, which later merged with Raiffeisenbank Holzminden eG, which was founded in the Altendorf district and founded in 1901.
The industrial and commercial structure of Holzminden is also decisively influenced by other, in some cases internationally known, companies in the electrical industry, electronics, glass processing industry, mechanical engineering and the printing industry, together with a large number of high-performance medium-sized craft, service and retail companies.
Holzminden became a garrison town as early as 1770 . In 1909 28 new garrisons were to be established in the German Empire ; 1,350 cities applied. On October 1, 1913, Holzminden became a garrison town of the 3rd Battalion "Die Katzensteiner" of the 4th Hanoverian Infantry Regiment No. 164 from Hameln with 641 soldiers at the instigation of the city administration and with the help of the Jewish Commerce Councilor Albert Katzenstein . The regiment belonged to the 20th Division of the Prussian Army . In 1914 the battalion was replaced by the 174 Infantry Regiment and barracks were built. During the First World War , a prisoner of war camp for Allied soldiers was set up. In July 1918, the largest attempt to break out of the First World War took place here. In the 1920s, the barracks buildings initially housed a police school , a girls' high school and the tax office.
On October 1, 1934, the Pioneer Battalion of the 19th Infantry Division set up in Minden moved to Holzminden under the leadership of Major Hans von Donat (1891-1992). On October 15, 1935, the designation was Pioneer Battalion 19 , and in 1937 it took over the tradition of the 2nd Alsatian Pioneer Battalion 19 from Strasbourg. By 1936, today's barracks on Grimmenstein and Bodenstrasse were completed and given the name “Generalmajor-Unverzagt-Kaserne”, named after the general of the pioneers of the 7th Army, who had served as a major in one of the two Alsatian pioneer battalions. In addition, a land and water exercise area was built on the Weser. In 1938 Villa Haarmann an den Teichen was taken over and converted into an officer's home. In 1938 the engineer battalion with 830 soldiers was relocated to the Siegfried Line and took part in the attack on Poland in 1939 . In August 1939, the Pioneer Replacement Battalion 4 was set up in Holzminden. On September 1, 1940, the battalion exchanged its identification number with the Pionier-Ersatz-Bataillon 19 in Magdeburg. During the Second World War, prisoner-of-war camps for British officers were also set up in Holzminden.
From 1945 to 1949 the barracks were used by the occupying forces from Great Britain and Norway . In 1949, the Federal Border Police Department B Mitte was set up here. After the establishment of the Bundeswehr in July 1956, the building technology department of the BGS and parts of the BGS from Hangelar largely formed Pioneer Battalion 2 of the 2nd Grenadier Division with headquarters in Kassel. On October 17, 1956, the battalion had a strength of 600 soldiers. In October 1957 , the name was changed to 7th Pioneer Battalion , which belonged to the 7th Panzer Grenadier Division in Unna . In February 1959 an incident occurred. Two young soldiers from Pioneer Battalion 7 struck down and robbed the merchant Robert Poock with a wooden club in Holzminden. The merchant died as a result of the attack.
On April 1, 1960, the battalion of the 1st Panzer Grenadier Division (later 1st Panzer Division) in Hanover was subordinated and renamed the Pioneer Battalion 1 . From the 4th Company, the Panzerpionierkompanie 210 and then the Panzerpionierkompanie 10 were formed first.
On August 19, 1964, the previous pioneer barracks was given the new name "Medem-Kaserne", named after Gerhard Hans Medem , general in World War II, commander of the pioneer school in Dessau and at times honorary judge at the People's Court . Medem was sentenced to death in 1953 for war crimes in the Soviet Union .
On October 1, 2002, Pioneer Battalion 1 was reclassified to Panzer Pioneer Battalion 1 and comprised 700 soldiers. The battalion was again subordinated to the 7th Panzer Division and then to the Pioneer Brigade 100 in Minden , which was subordinate to the army command. In this course the 5th Company of Engineer Battalion 1, in which the bulk of the construction machines were located, was disbanded. The personnel of the regrouped unit was recruited from large parts of the Pioneer Battalion 1, the disbanded Panzer Pioneer Company 210, the disbanded Panzer Artillery Battalion 15 from Stadtoldendorf, parts of the Repair Battalion 71 and the reclassified Special Pioneer Company 300 from Höxter. On April 1, 2003, the Regional Repair Center in Holzminden was set up and subordinated to the Panzer Pioneer Battalion 1 in terms of service and economics. In August 2003, the Panzerpionierkompanie 10, which had existed since 1959, was dissolved. On April 1, 2004, a support center for up to 100 course participants was added to the battalion as part of civil education and training (ZAW). On July 1, 2007, Pioneer Battalion 1 became a regiment of intervention forces and was subordinated to Pioneer Regiment 100 in Minden and the 1st Panzer Division in Hanover. In September 2008, the inactive Engineer Battalion 902 Supplementary Troop Part 2 was put into service as a reserve unit in Holzminden.
On February 22, 2013, the Medem barracks was renamed Pionierkaserne am Solling . On April 20, 2013, the first of three planned was in Lower Saxony companies of regional security and support forces put into service. The RSUKp Solling includes 123 reservists.
The company Druck-Verlagshaus Hüpke & Sohn Weserland-Verlag GmbH , founded in 1777 and controlled by Hüpke & Sohn Verwaltungs-GmbH & Co.KG in Holzminden, is the publisher of the daily newspaper Tächer Anzeiger Holzminden (2014 edition: 9,907 copies), which also includes the Advertising papers "Schaufenster" and "Weserbote am Saturday (WAS)" belong. The media group Verlagsgesellschaft Madsack GmbH & Co. KG (VGM) in Hanover has a 30 percent stake.
The Agaplesion Evangelical Hospital Holzminden with 183 beds is located near the city center. In addition to the ambulance station (RW) of the Holzminden district, the hospital also houses the central emergency practice (ZNP) for the family doctor's emergency service, three medical supply centers (MVZ) for surgery, gynecology and radiology, as well as the MVZ Erwin-Böhme-Strasse and the MVZ Sollingstrasse. There is also the Albert Schweitzer Therapeutikum, a specialist clinic for child and adolescent psychiatry.
- The building trade school was founded in 1831/1832 by district builder Friedrich Ludwig Haarmann and is the oldest building school in Germany.
- The Hildesheim / Holzminden / Göttingen University of Applied Sciences offers courses in architecture, civil engineering, real estate management, international construction, materials science and part of the faculty of social work and health. In 2011, the University of Applied Sciences was converted into the University of Applied Science and Art - HAWK Hildesheim, Holzminden, Göttingen as part of the Bologna Process .
- The Georg-von-Langen vocational school, at which you can pursue several schools (for example: entry-level class, vocational preparation year, vocational schools, technical high school)
- The Campe-Gymnasium Holzminden , founded in 1569 as a Latin school in the Amelungsborn monastery
- The boarding school Solling , a state-recognized high school with integrated boarding school, was launched on November 11, 1909
- Dr. Jasper -Realschule Holzminden, middle school for boys and middle school for girls until 1964
- Johannes Falk School - Secondary School - Holzminden
- School on the Weser, special school with a focus on intellectual development
- Anne Frank School Holzminden, special school with a focus on learning
- Astrid Lindgren Elementary School
- Elementary School Karlstrasse
- Catholic primary school Karlstrasse
- Elementary school Neuhaus im Solling
- Kreisvolkshochschule (KVHS) since 1971
- Musikschule Holzminden e. V. since 1977
The orientation school was closed in 2004.
The station Holzminden is located on the railway line Altenbeken-Kreiensen (- Goslar ). The western section is used every hour by the RB 84 "Egge-Bahn" Paderborn - Altenbeken - Ottbergen - Holzminden. The operator is the NordWestBahn . Since December 2013, the section to Kreiensen has also been served by the NordWestBahn. Diesel multiple units of the type "Talent" ( DB class 643 ) are used
The Bahnbetriebswerk Holzminden (short form Bw Holzminden ) was a depot of the Deutsche Bundesbahn (DB) and was dissolved in 1978. It had two roundhouse. One of the locomotive sheds is used by Regionalbus Braunschweig for the maintenance and parking of buses.
The station, which still has large, but largely disused operating facilities, was originally a border station between the Braunschweig and the Prussian network, which is why two historic station buildings stand next to each other, today only the Prussian one is used for rail purposes. Today it is part of the Southern Lower Saxony transport association on the border with the Paderborn-Höxter local transport association . In December 2007, new light signals, so-called Ks signals, were set up in the station , which since October 2008 have replaced the old, mechanically operated form signals along with the on-site signal boxes. The turnout and signaling technology has since been operated remotely from an electronic interlocking in Göttingen .
From 1876 to 2006 there was the Holzminden – Scherfede railway , which was operated for passenger traffic until 1984 and has not been passable since 2006.
Between 1904 and 2008 there was a freight line within the city known as the port railway , which was used to connect the Weserkai to the Altenbeken-Kreiensen railway line and initially to handle a sugar factory, and later to operate a grain silo. The last trips there took place in September 2003. In the opposite direction, the port railway ran along Lüchtringer Weg until a few meters from the state border with North Rhine-Westphalia. Until the site was abandoned by the owner, the Ilmebahn supplied compressed gas tank wagons to a gas storage facility. The siding of the Symrise company and the federal monopoly administration for spirits behind it were also dismantled in summer 2008.
The originally planned construction of a Wesertal Railway from 1927 under the leadership of the Wesertal electricity works and based on the model of the Extertal Railway with a route from Holzminden via Bevern, Polle, Rühle to Bodenwerder and further on to Hameln did not get beyond the planning stage in the Holzminden area.
For all local public transport in the Holzminden district, the tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Süd-Niedersachsen (VSN) applies , which borders on the local transport network Paderborn-Höxter . The RBB regional bus GmbH (subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn) is here to Südniedersachsenbus on different routes one:
- Line 509: Stadtverkehr Holzminden Ring 1 + Ring 2
- Line 510: Holzminden - Uslar
- Line 520: Holzminden - Polle - Bodenwerder - Hameln
- Line 521: Holzminden - Polle - Bad Pyrmont
- Line 528: Holzminden - Rühle - Bodenwerder
- Line 530: Holzminden - Bevern / Stadtoldendorf - Eschershausen - Grünenplan
- Line 531: Holzminden - Golmbach - Stadtoldendorf
- Line 540: Holzminden - Stadtoldendorf - Einbeck
- Line 554: Holzminden - Fürstenberg - Beverungen
- Line GF39: Holzminden - Bevern - Lobach
In the city center there is a city bus that runs a Nordring (line 501) and Südring (line 502) from a total of 40 stops at a fixed one-hour cycle.
Holzminden is located on the Weser , which is designated as a federal waterway . While cargo shipping on the Oberweser almost completely came to a standstill from 1978, passenger shipping still plays a role in tourism. Since 2009, Holzminden has been served by the Weser fleet in regular service again.
- Albert Katzenstein, Jewish councilor of commerce, mediator in founding the garrison in Holzminden (honorary citizenship in 1933 under legally questionable circumstances, which are now to be legally checked, revoked.)
- Ludwig Dauber (1798–1885), school director in Holzminden
- Hermann Schrader (1844–1899), Mayor of Holzminden (1878–1899) and Member of the Braunschweig State Parliament (1884–1889 and 1893–1895)
- Leopold Scherman (1875–1970), architect, town builder and town planner for the city of Holzminden
- Rudolf Jahns (1896–1983), artist and painter
- Carl-Wilhelm Gerberding (1894–1984), entrepreneur and founder of Dragoco . Honorary citizenship was granted in 1964
- Paul Kretschmer (1910–1999), long-time city director and mayor, played a decisive role in the reconstruction and integration of the numerous people who were expelled from the East after the Second World War
- Wilhelm Karl Prince of Prussia (1922–2007), protector of the Order of St. John and the last grandson of Wilhelm II. Honorary citizenship was granted in 2002
- Otto Künnecke (1930–2008), entrepreneur and district master craftsman, honorary citizenship was granted in 2005
sons and daughters of the town
(as generally known persons to be assigned who were born in Holzminden)
- Heinrich Grimm (1593–1637), composer and music theorist
- Heinrich Anton Petersen (1745–1798), theologian and educator
- Wilhelm Friedrich August von Leyßer (1771–1842), politician, lieutenant general and first President of the Second Chamber of the Saxon State Parliament
- August von Meyern-Hohenberg (1771–1845), officer and diplomat in the service of Brunswick and Coburg
- Wilhelm von Meyern-Hohenberg (1773–1848), Prussian major general
- Christian August Brandis (1790–1867), professor and Prussian legation secretary
- Friedrich Stolle (1794–1867), businessman and politician, member of the Frankfurt National Assembly
- Julius Dedekind (1795–1872), professor, lawyer and councilor in Braunschweig
- Friedrich Ludwig Haarmann (1798–1864), district builder and founder of the first German building trade school
- Justus Jeep (1799–1884), school councilor, grammar school director and philologist
- Karl Steinacker (1801–1847), lawyer from 1821, co-founder of the Citizens Guard, 1842–1846 President of the Braunschweig State Parliament
- Wilhelm Konrad Hermann Müller (1812–1890), German specialist in German
- Friedrich Theodor Wolff (1814–1888), 1836 notary, 1843 member of the magistrate, Holzminden city council, 1864 mayor of Holzminden, 1873 senior judge, 1879 district court president.
- Ferdinand Sonneburg (1839–1913) (pseudonym: Alexander von Seventornen), estate manager, philologist, literary historian, headmaster and writer
- August Hanemann (1840–1926), architect
- Karl Dauber (1841–1922), high school teacher and school director in Holzminden, Wolfenbüttel and Braunschweig
- Hermann von Stutterheim (1843–1909), lawyer and director of the regional court in Braunschweig
- Wilhelm Haarmann (1847–1931), German chemist, who in 1874, together with Ferdinand Tiemann, succeeded in the first synthesis of vanillin
- Friedrich Reese (1860–1928), butcher chief, politician (bourgeois state electoral association), member of the Braunschweig State Parliament (1920–1922)
- Hermann Reese (1863–1934), master baker, politician (Association of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises; WV), member of the Braunschweig State Parliament (1920–1922)
- August Hampe (1866–1945), politician, member of the Braunschweigisch-Lower Saxony party (BNP), MdR , MdL ( Braunschweig ), Braunschweig Minister of Justice
- Georg Scheffers (1866–1945), mathematician
- Richard Pust (1868–1947), finance secretary, director of the Chamber of Accounts, politician (German Democratic Party), member of the Braunschweig Parliament (1919–1922)
- Adolf Schmelzkopf (1869–1940 / 1944), gardening owner, politician (property and trade; HuG), member of the Braunschweig Parliament (1927–1930)
- Karl Reese (1871–1926), politician, MdL ( Free State of Braunschweig ) for the conservative-federalist German-Hanoverian Party (DHP) from 1924 to 1926
- Gerson Stern (1874–1956), German-Jewish writer
- Ludwig Martin (1877–1960), bricklayer, health insurance controller, local politician and member of the Braunschweig State Parliament (1918–1920)
- Erwin Böhme (1879–1917), fighter pilot in World War I with 24 aerial victories and holder of the Pour le Mérite order
- Otto Mackensen (1879–1940), optician, engineer and design manager at Carl Zeiss AG
- Walter Schrader (1879–1955), teacher, politician ( DStP ), member of the Braunschweig Parliament (1930–1933)
- Ernst Hautsch (1883–1959), classical philologist and high school teacher
- Walther Bode (1883–1947), lawyer, legal advisor and mayor of Harzburg
- Walther Hoeck (1885–1956), painter and “producer” of National Socialist propaganda art
- Robert Jordan (1885–1970), teacher, journalist and writer
- Fritz Schaper (1890-1966), Bavarian politicians the KPD and antifaschistischer Resistance
- Adolf Heusinger (1897–1982), General, Inspector General of the Bundeswehr and Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
- Dorothea Brockmann (1899–1983), Benedictine and paper cutting artist
- Bruno Heusinger (1900–1987), lawyer and President of the Federal Court of Justice
- Kurt Kersten (1901–1967), German politician ( GB / BHE ) and member of the Hessian state parliament
- Wilhelm Eigener (1904–1982), painter, graphic artist and illustrator
- Werner Jackson (1904–1984), Bauhaus student
- Hansjürgen Weidlich (1905–1985), writer and “radio man”.
- Heinz Weissenstein (1912–1996), German-Jewish banker in Leipzig and later photographer of major orchestras in Boston and New York
- Carl Düvel (1914–1998), German bank manager
- Hans Held (1914–1995), German graphic artist and animator
- Walter Zenker (* 1914), first lieutenant at sea and commander of the training submarines U-57 and U-393 (1943–1945)
- Hans Wever (1922–2015), materials scientist, metal physicist and rector
- Odal von Alten-Nordheim (1922–2004), farmer and politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag from 1969 to 1976
- Eberhard Itzenplitz (1926–2012), film, theater and television director and author
- Holger Windekilde Jannasch (1927–1998), scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
- Christoph Lindenberg (1930–1999), anthroposophist and Waldorf educator
- Henning Mittendorf (* 1938), artist
- Ulrich Brinkhoff (* 1940), photo artist and writer
- Wolfgang Bellmer (* 1940), lawyer, notary, painter, writer, screenwriter and from 1993 to 1996 mayor (CDU)
- Hans Martin Jahns (1941–2017), biologist
- Lore Deppe (* 1946), non-party politician, member of the parliamentary group (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), member of the Lower Saxony state parliament
- Peter Schünemann (* 1952), German folk musician
- Klaus Kastan (* 1952), journalist and foreign correspondent
- Gebhard Henke (* 1955), film producer
- Jürgen Weber (* 1953), German economist
- Astrid Meyer-Schubert (* 1956), cultural philosopher
- Oliver Sturm (* 1959), opera and radio play director
- Uwe Mönkemeyer (* 1959), track and field athlete and Olympic participant
- Gerhard Stille (* 1960), Catholic pastor and the only married priest in the Archdiocese of Paderborn
- Dagmar Hartge (* 1962), lawyer and data protection expert
- Martina Kumlehn (* 1966), Protestant theologian
- Arndt Schwering-Sohnrey (* 1968), actor
- Meinolf Sellmann (* 1971), doctor of natural sciences and computer scientist
- Christian Meyer (* 1975), member of the state parliament (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), 2013 to 2017 Lower Saxony Minister for Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection
- Jyhan Artut (* 1976), darts player
- Nicolas Kiefer (* 1977), tennis player
- Kerstin Nolte (* 1978), soccer player
- Annika Roloff (* 1991), track and field athlete
- Johann Georg von Langen (1699–1776), German forest master and chief hunter, initiator of the timber industry and ironworks in Holzminden
- Theodor Christoph Grotrian (1755–1829), general superintendent and publisher in Holzminden
- Wilhelm Raabe (1831–1910), German narrator and one of the most important representatives of poetic realism
- Georg Stölting (1836–1901), German school and seminar director in Wolfenbüttel , rector of the Calvörde public school
- Bernhard Liebold (1843–1916), architect, building officer, entrepreneur (B. Liebold & Co. AG), district council member, member of the Braunschweig state parliament
- Richard Calwer (1868–1927), German publicist and editor ( Braunschweiger Volksfreund , Münchener Post ) and social democratic member of the Reichstag for Holzminden from 1898 to 1907
- Theodor Stiebel (1894–1960), engineer, inventor, designer and founder of the Stiebel Eltron company
- Karl August Poth (1895–1960), politician (SPD), member of the state parliament, district administrator in the Holzminden district and city councilor
- Rudolf Jahns (1896–1983), German constructivist painter / graphic artist
- Artur Stegner (1907–1986), chemist and entrepreneur from Katowice, member of several parties (NSDAP, FDP, GB / BHE), from 1946 member of the city council of Holzminden and the district council, from 1949 state chairman of the FDP in Lower Saxony, later chairman of the regional committee of the BHE in North Rhine-Westphalia.
- Oskar Dolhart (1907–1982), artist, commercial artist and book illustrator
- Bruno Brandes (1910–1985), lawyer and politician (CDU), notary from 1953, 1956 mayor of the city of Holzminden and member of the Holzminden district, 1963–1985 member of the Lower Saxony state parliament, 1965 to 1970 and from 1976 to 1982 parliamentary group chairman of the CDU im Lower Saxony State Parliament
- Ferdinand Maks Scheriau (1918–2012), building officer, professor and artist
- Heinrich Machens (1919–2001), auxiliary bishop in the diocese of Hildesheim; was pastor and dean in Holzminden
- Klaus Kieckbusch (* 1931), educator and author, who has written numerous books and articles on the regional history of Holzminden
- Karl Cohnen (* 1938), illustrator and graphic artist
- Willi Waike (* 1938), municipal official, politician (SPD), member of the district council and Lower Saxony finance minister 1996–1998
- Jonatan Briel (1942–1988), film director and screenwriter; founded the "Jugendfilmstudio Holzminden" in 1962
- Paul-Rüdiger Schmidt (* 1942), retired pastor and holder of the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon
- Detlef Creydt (* 1943), educator and author, who has written numerous books and articles on the regional history of Holzminden
- Jörg Baberowski (* 1961), German historian, professor for the history of Eastern Europe at the Humboldt University in Berlin; Abitur at grammar school and youth at the Communist Federation of West Germany in Holzminden
- Uwe Schünemann (* 1964), industrial clerk and politician (CDU), Lower Saxony interior minister and 1996–1999 mayor of the city of Holzminden
- Paul Kretschmer: The Weser-Solling-City of Holzminden - how it became what it is. 1981
- Ulrich Scholz, Axel Triestram: Holzminden point of view . STS-Verlag, 1996
- Birgit Czyppull, Jürgen Block, Matthias Seeliger: Holzminden - A portrait in pictures and texts (hardcover), Jörg Mitzkat-Verlag, ISBN 3-931656-52-7 , December 2002
- K. Kieckbusch: Of Jews and Christians in Holzminden 1557-1945. A history and memorial book.
- Journal historique et littéraire, à Maestricht chez François Cavelier, tome 2, May 15, 1789, Harvard College Library
- Georg Ludwig Albrecht von Rantzau: Mémoires du Comte de Rantzow . Pierre Mortier Amsterdam, 1741 vol. 1 u. 2; Translation of vol. 1 into German by Renate Ricarda Timmermann: Die Memoiren des Graf von Rantzau , Profund-Verlag 2015, ISBN 978-3-932651-14-4
- City website
- History of the Holzminden District Court
- Initiative to support the unemployed in Holzminden and the surrounding area
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Main Statute ( Memento of December 17, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) § 4
- Main statutes ( memo of December 17, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) § 5
- holzminden.de Citizen Service Figures & Facts
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony : LSN online regional database, table Z0000001, 255023 Holzminden, city, as of December 31, 2015
- Edward Schröder: German naming , Göttingen 1938
- Sudendorf: Document book for the history of the dukes of Braunschweig and Lüneburg and their lands, Volume 6, 1867, pp. XLVIIff
- Henry Bade: "333 Years of the Braunschweigische Post, 1535-1867". Karl Pfankuch & CO, Braunschweig, 1960
- Kröner: Handbook of the historical sites of Germany, Volume 2, 1969, p. 241
- Journal historique p. 90, Harvard College Library
- Rantzau: "Mémoires du comte de Rantzow" p. 2, Oxford Univ .; Translation: "The Memoirs of Count von Rantzau" p. 1
- on pipping at a former stone grinding mill
- History »1910s. In: spxcooling.com. Retrieved December 30, 2014 .
- Catalog Le Nord en guerre pp. 34–37
- Australian War Memorial: Stolen Years - Prisoners of the Germans
- Worcestershire Regiment (29th / 36th of Foot) Web site: Captain William Leefe Robinson, VC - Taken Prisoner of War
- Lit .: Matthias Seeliger: “From the camp community to the national community”: Labor service camp in Holzminden. In: Yearbook for the district of Holzminden 32 (2014), pp. 57–76.
- Rantzau: "Mémoires du comte de Rantzow" p. 216, Oxford Univ .; Translation: "The Memoirs of Count von Rantzau" p. 77
- Kreisarchiv Holzminden B203 / 304
- LernWerkstatt Geschichte: Hildesheim under National Socialism
- Serious deficiencies in the construction of the indoor swimming pool uncovered ( memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from July 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 211 .
- Source from 1970: LSKN regional database (state statistics), table K1001991 http://www.nls.niedersachsen.de/ (status: as at 31.12.)
- Source from 1970: LSKN regional database (state statistics), table K1001991 http://www.nls.niedersachsen.de/ (status: as at 31.12.)
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of Members , accessed on February 19, 2015.
- Daily Gazette: The new Holzminden City Council , TAH of November 16, 2016, page 17
- For many, he always remained their city manager. In: AVH Holzminden. TAH, December 31, 2016, accessed June 8, 2018 (German).
- Main statutes ( memo of September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) § 2, Paragraph 1
- main statute ( memo of September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) § 2, para. 2
- Klemens Stadler: German coat of arms. Federal Republic of Germany , Volume 5: The municipal coats of arms of the federal states of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein. Bremen 1970, p. 50.
- Main statutes ( memo of September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) § 2, Paragraph 3
- Story I ( Memento from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- The camp ( Memento from February 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- DEATH: Condolences on command . In: Der Spiegel . No. 20 , 1959 ( online ).
- BBS Holzminden website , accessed on July 26, 2010
- Tempo 30 now applies in the entire quarter. In: tah.de . May 10, 2019, accessed May 12, 2019 .
- Archive link ( Memento from December 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- collectif-smolny.org: [SMOLNY…] CALWER Richard (1868–1927)
- Archive link ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )