Lords of Homburg
There is no precise information about the origin of the noble lords of Homburg . The brothers Bodo and Bertholdus de Hoinburche, who named themselves after the Homburg (near Stadtoldendorf ) around 1130 and were therefore most likely also based here , are mentioned for the first time .
According to an allodial inventory of the last Northeim Count Siegfried IV of Boyneburg (de Hoinburch), they owned goods between 1129 and 1135 as his feudal people in the vicinity of the Homburg built as protection for the Amelungsborn monastery . In the 10th century the castellum Wikanafeldists stood here .
In 1150, the Homburg ancestor Bertholdus was one of the twelve liberi homines that Count Hermann II of Winzenburg provided as guarantor to Bishop Bernhard I of Hildesheim to secure a feudal treaty over Winzenburg and Homburg.
After the Homburg with the Winzenburg inheritance came into the hands of Heinrich the Lion , after his fall in 1183 it was initially awarded in equal parts by the Diocese of Hildesheim to the Counts of Dassel and the Homburg noblemen.
To cover a funding gap in the middle of the 13th century, the Counts of Dassel released funds by selling their fiefdom of the Homburg half to the Bishop of Hildesheim and by pledging their bailiwick of Fredelsloh to the Hardenberg family . As a result, the counts also saved the costs for their castle men, the lords of Oldershausen , and the castle was now completely in the hands of the noble lords of Homburg. The Hildesheim bishops, with the exception of Gerhard von Berg , no longer took care of the half of the pledge in the following centuries, but formally waived it only after the castle fell apart.
From their ancestral home, the noblemen of Homburg expanded their property in an easterly and northerly direction, so that it was finally bounded in the east by the rule Hildesheim an der Leine and in the west by the rule Everstein an der Weser . In the north around Coppenbrügge and in the south around Lüthorst the Homburg claims came up against opponents, so that there were feuds with the Counts of Spiegelberg and the Lords of Leuthorst .
Around 1400, the main administrative focal points of the Homburg family were, in addition to their headquarters in Homburg: Greene , Hehlen , Hohenbüchen and Lauenstein . They resulted from old court seats and later became official seats. Confirmed by the Gandersheim abbot Agnes II , the rulership of Homburg fell to the Guelphs.
coat of arms
A (sometimes topped shown) golden lion gestücktem on red background with silver and blue board . The coat of arms can still be found later in the large coat of arms of the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and the Duchy of Braunschweig .
- (1129 / 35–1158) Berthold was the first tenant of Homburg.
- (1129 / 35-1156) Bodo
- (1144) Othelrich
- (1158–1199) Bodo (the elder?), Bodo and his brother Berthold received only half of the castle as a fief.
- (1166-1198) Berthold
- (1197–1229) Bodo the Elder ⚭ Luitgard von Boebere (1229–1253) →
- (1198–1228) Bodo the Younger , was murdered by Count Everstein.
- (1206 / 12-1236) Conrad; Provost of Kemnade Monastery
- (1197) Berthold
- (1200-1210) John
- (1210) Heinrich
- (1229-1289) Heinrich ; awarded Stadtoldendorf city rights in 1255
⚭ 1.) Mechthild von Dassel (1257)
⚭ 2) Sophie von Wohldenberg (1268–1312)
- (1220) Jutta
- NN ⚭ Otto von Plesse (1238–1273)
- (1220–1246) Berthold →
- (1256-1316) Bodo ; the name Bodenwerders refers to him ⚭ Agnes von Spiegelberg (1302)
- (1302-1305) Sophie
- (1286) Gerburgis ⚭ Gerhard von Schalkesberge
- (1274–1303 / 5) Kunigunde ⚭ Hermann von Woldenberg
- (1289–1290) Hermann →
- (1305) Adelheid; Nun in Kemnade Monastery
- (1270–1291) Johannes ⚭ Gisela von Rietberg (1291–1295) →
- (1290-1317) Heinrich; Canon in Minden and Hildesheim
- (1302–1338) Heinrich ⚭ Agnes von Mansfeld (1305)
- (1302-1312) Hermann
- (1302-1340) Bodo; Canon in Hildesheim and provost in Moritzberg
- (1302–1305) Agnes ⚭ Count of Schwalenberg
- (1304-1305) Sophie; Nun in Kemnade Monastery
- (1302-1305) Adelheid
- (1309–1380) Siegfried ⚭ NN von Honstein (?); one of his daughters married Count Otto von Everstein in 1339. His tomb is in the monastery church of St. Mary in the Kemnade monastery.
- (1339-1384) Bodo
- (1340) Otto
- NN (1314) ⚭? by Permunt
- (1339) Heilwig; Nun in Kemnade Monastery
- (1340–1409) Heinrich ⚭ Schonette von Nassau (1384–1436; daughter of Johann I ; married Duke Otto von Grubenhagen in 1414 ); Heinrich died without an heir, so the Homburg family died out.
- (1354-1360) Albert
- (1354-1383) Borchard
- (1354-1394) Gevehard
- (1340-1383) Rudolf; Land Komtur of the Teutonic Order in Bohemia and Moravia
- Agnes (1339–1409) ⚭ Count Otto von Everstein (1359); Nun in Wülfinghausen Monastery
- (1397) Kunigunde ⚭ Count Moritz von Spiegelberg
- (1409) meta; Nun in Kemnade Monastery
- (1229-1289) Heinrich ; awarded Stadtoldendorf city rights in 1255
- without secured assignment
- Sophie von Homburg († 1358), wife of Konrad, nobleman of Warberg. Its epitaph is adorned with a coat of arms and is located in the Marienberg monastery (Helmstedt) .
- Hermann Dürre: Regesta of the noblemen of Homburg . In: Journal of the Historical Association for Lower Saxony 1880, pp. 1–168 (supplement 1881)
- Uwe Ohainski (ed.): The fiefdom registers of the Everstein and Homburg lords (= Göttingen research on regional history 13), Bielefeld 2008
- Georg Schnath : The gentlemen Everstein, Homburg and Spiegelberg. In: Publications of the Historical Commission. Volume 7. 1922.
- Hermann Adolf Lüntzel : History of the Diocese and City of Hildesheim, first part , 1858, p. 468
- Johann Wolf: History of the Hardenberg family: with 132 documents, I. Theil , 1823, p. 16
- See homepage of the Homburg castle ruins near Stadtoldendorf : Wappen-Schilde-Siegel . When the reporting corridor was built in Hildesheim in the 16th century, stones from destroyed church buildings were reused and placed on a wooden frame structure that ran below the fortifications. During the excavations, the archaeologists discovered a donor stone with the colorfully painted coat of arms of the Lords of Homburg. The donor's stone was built into the outside of the reporting corridor and, like most of the reused stones (so-called spolia) that were found, was not visible. → Arneken-Galerie Hildesheim: The registration process ( memento of the original from July 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed December 1, 2014). Cf. also DI 61, Stadt Helmstedt, No. 10, St. Marienberg, epitaph of Sophia von Homburg , married von Warberg († 1358) (Ingrid Henze), in: www.inschriften.net. In the Amelungsborn monastery , four coats of arms, including that of the noble lords of Homburg, were built into the middle sections of the diagonal ribs in the middle of the 14th century on the occasion of the vaulting of the high choir. → Amelungsborn Monastery: Heraldic shields in the high choir (II) (accessed on December 1, 2014)
- Siebmacher, Wappenbuch, vol. 1, 1st department, ND vol. 1, p. 27f.
- Already in the Wernigeroder Wappenbuch (around 1475/1500) or 1523 in a woodcut by Hans Burgkmair the Elder . Ä.
- Epitaph of Sophia von Homburg (DI 61, Stadt Helmstedt, No. 10) on Insschriften.net (accessed on July 14, 2020).
- Family tree of the nobles of Homburg (PDF file; 67 kB)