|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Joint municipality :||Eschershausen-Stadtoldendorf|
|Height :||221 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||24.86 km 2|
|Residents:||5697 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||229 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||37627|
|Area code :||05532|
|License plate :||HOL|
|Community key :||03 2 55 034|
|LOCODE :||DE SOO|
|Association administration address:||Kirchstrasse 4
|Mayor :||Helmut Affelt (UWG)|
|Location of the city of Stadtoldendorf in the Holzminden district|
The city is located on the edge of the Solling-Vogler Nature Park , nestled between the low mountain ranges of Homburgwald in the north, Elfas in the east, Amtsberge in the southeast, Holzberg and Solling in the south, Burgberg in the west and Vogler in the northwest. The Forstbach arises to the west of the old town .
The municipalities of Eschershausen , Lenne , Wangelnstedt , Heinade , Deensen , Arholzen and Negenborn border on Stadtoldendorf, starting in the north in a clockwise direction . With the exception of Negenborn, these also belong to the joint municipality of Eschershausen-Stadtoldendorf.
Middle Ages and Modern Times
The history of Stadtoldendorf is closely linked to Homburg Castle . Originally Stadtoldendorf was only called Oldendorp (old village), it was not until Heinrich von Homburg was granted city rights in 1255 that “city” was placed in front of the name, and the city was also called Stadt Oldendorf to distinguish it from several other places called Oldendorp or Oldendorf.
The parish church was mentioned for the first time in 1186. On May 12, 1479, a feud between Bohemian soldiers and Hanseatic troops took place at the gates of the city , with 900 dead and wounded. Stadtoldendorf was the capital under the rule of the nobles of Homburg and was fortified with walls and towers. The city suffered severe damage in the Thirty Years' War . In 1625 the city was conquered and looted by imperial troops under General Tilly . The imperial and Swedish troops changed occupation seven times.
Later, Stadtoldendorf was away from the busy trade, as the old military and trade route, which had led from Westphalia via Höxter through Stadtoldendorf to Gandersheim and further, now ran north of the city between the Amelungsborn monastery and Eschershausen . In 1721 Stadtoldendorf was first mentioned as a garrison town, where a company of dragoons was stationed. In the Seven Years' War , French troops occupied the city. In 1814, after the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon, the garrison in Stadtoldendorf was disbanded.
In the middle of the 18th century, linen weaving developed in the city. From 1864, gypsum stone deposits were developed with the creation of four gypsum works . The Altenbeken – Kreiensen railway line , built in 1865 by the Duke Braunschweigische Staatseisenbahn , also helped to further economic growth . In 1873 the former linen trade became a separate economic area with 40 mechanical looms, employing 70 people.
In 1885, 2571 inhabitants lived in the city, which was also the seat of a local court and a chief forester's office.
At that time there was a larger Jewish community in Stadtoldendorf, which founded companies in the plaster, sandstone and weaving industries. A hospital, kindergarten, conference room in the New Town Hall and the Kellberg Tower east of Stadtoldendorf were created from Jewish foundations . On February 1, 1898, AJ Rothschild and Sons founded the oldest factory fire brigade for their weaving mill. The later company, Weberei Kübler & Co., had over 1000 employees in 1965 and went bankrupt on February 16, 1982.
For the development of the postal system in Stadtoldendorf, see: Braunschweig-Holzminden postal route .
In 1901 the Charlottenstift was founded by the manufacturer Max Levy and his wife, née Rothschild. From 1933 to 1945, the Charlottenstift was used as a labor camp, among other things, and did not resume operations until 1947. In 1998, the hospital was reorganized as a GmbH and until 2010 was sponsored by the Holzminden district and the Stadtoldendorf municipality .
In order to face the Reich presidential election, in February 1932 required Adolf Hitler , the German citizenship . According to the citizenship law of 1913, naturalization also took place if the candidate was employed in the public service or with recognized religious communities. Therefore, the Prime Minister of the State of Braunschweig, Werner Küchenthal , recommended Adolf Hitler an office as acting mayor in Stadtoldendorf. However, on February 25, 1932, Hitler received a post as a councilor at the Braunschweig embassy in Berlin. Otto Pieperbeck ( NSDAP ) from Düren was acting mayor for the city until May 1, 1933 , and he was also mayor of Eschweiler from 1944 to 1945 . During the Nazi era, at least 34 citizens of the Jewish faith from Stadtoldendorf were murdered.
From 1959 Stadtoldendorf became a garrison town of the Bundeswehr . Initially, the 14th Panzer Battalion was stationed here. The field artillery battalion 15 from Hildesheim replaced the tank battalion on October 25, 1962 and was subordinated to the 1st Panzer Grenadier Brigade in Hildesheim. The first public swearing-in ceremony took place on September 5, 1963 . On April 27, 1965, the barracks, which were built from 1956 to 1959, were named "Yorck barracks" by the Federal Defense Minister, after General Ludwig Graf Yorck von Wartenburg . On January 1, 1967, the name was changed to Panzerartilleriebataillon 15. In September 1988, the Dutch Queen Beatrix visited the command post in the Yorck barracks during a maneuver of the 1st Dutch Corps. In June 2003 the garrison site was closed and the barracks for civilian users were put out to tender.
At the end of 1996 there were 6,462 residents in the city. At the end of 2013 there were 5601.
- Independent community of voters Stadtoldendorf (UWG): 5 seats
- CDU : 5 seats
- SPD : 3 seats
- FDP : 2 seats
- Alliance 90 / The Greens : 2 seats
- since November 2001: Helmut Affelt (UWG, formerly CDU)
- around 1995-2001: Hans-Dietmar Rauls (SPD)
- around 1951 to around 1973: Wilhelm Julius Noske (SPD)
- 1935: Sünnemann ( NSDAP )
- 1932–1933: Otto Pieperbeck (NSDAP) (acting)
- around 1919: Hinkel
- 1890–1915: Klügel
- 1839–1890: Carl Seebass
Since 1989 there has been a partnership with La Montagne in the Loire-Atlantique department , France . A monumental sandstone sculpture named Mother of the Earth by the French sculptor Pierre Garçon (1998) is a gift from the twin city
coat of arms
Blazon : “In red a growing, black grooved, silver crenellated wall with a central, ungrounded, blue hip-roofed gatehouse with a drawn silver portcullis in the open portal with a label, inside of a 16-fold silver-blue border in red a golden lion , raised by two black ones Arched window, a silver church building growing out of the wall with two tall black arched windows set on the outside, blue roof, on top of it a silver roof turret across the corner with two black arched windows and a golden tower ball with a cross, blue pyramid roof between two black grooved, silver crenellated towers, each with a black arched window . "
Description of coat of arms: The coat of arms shows elements of the former city fortifications and the golden Homburg lion in a red, silver-blue shield .
The Evangelical Free Church in Stadtoldendorf was founded on June 19, 1910.
Economy and Infrastructure
Stadtwerke Stadtoldendorf GmbH was founded in 1903, has been operating as a GmbH since 1973, and handles the municipal gas and water supply in cooperation with E.ON Westfalen Weser .
In 1938 the first gypsum quarry was put into operation at the Stadtoldendorf site, and from 1972 the Knauf Gips plant began producing gypsum boards.
On July 1, 1968 the waste disposal company Wessarges & Hundertmark GmbH was founded. There are also other medium-sized companies, including the mastic asphalt technology and special machine company Linnhoff & Henne GmbH & Co. KG (legal successor to Richard Henne GmbH, founded in Holzminden in 1878).
The station Stadtoldendorf is located on the railway line Altenbeken-Kreiensen (- Goslar ) ( Course book route 355). The Kreiensen - Paderborn section has been served by regional trains of the NordWestBahn since December 2013, sometimes every hour, otherwise every 2 hours . Diesel multiple units of the type Bombardier Talent (DB class 643) are used in local rail passenger transport .
The main line was opened at the end of the 1860s and was an important link between Berlin and the Ruhr area . It was once double-tracked. After the division of Germany, the flow of traffic shifted, so that the railway line lost its importance. Since the NordWestBahn took over passenger traffic between Holzminden and Paderborn in 2003, there have been no through trains in the direction of Paderborn. In December 2013, the Holzminden - Kreiensen section also went to this company, since then the trains have been running at least every 2 hours without changing trains from Kreiensen to Paderborn.
There are numerous bus connections u. a. to Dassel , Holzminden , Einbeck , Bodenwerder and Eschershausen . The tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Süd-Niedersachsen (VSN) applies to all local public transport in the Holzminden district .
Stadtoldendorf has a primary school and since August 1st 2011 the Homburg Oberschule. Another elementary school and the special needs school “Schule am Hagedorn” are located in the village of Deensen . There are also two kindergartens in the city: Ev.-luth. Kindergarten Stadtoldendorf and DRK Kindergarten Stadtoldendorf as well as a kindergarten each in Deensen and Heinade . There is also a branch of the Holzminden District Adult Education Center (KVHS) and a library.
Leisure and sports facilities
The place has a heated outdoor pool, several sports fields (one with artificial turf). There is also the Mammut amusement park for off-road vehicles on the former Bundeswehr site.
Culture and sights
The city museum presented the cultural history of the city in the Charlotte-Leitzen-Haus in the old town, until it was converted into a combination of kindergarten and municipal archive in 2018. The house, a sandstone building, is named after a previous owner and is also known as the Leitzenhaus . The economic history of the city is presented on the outdoor area “Mühlenanger”. There is an ensemble of buildings on a former farm of Derer von Campe consisting of 3 former tithe barns, the gatehouse of the former weaving mill and a section of the field railway of the former plaster works. In addition, the stair mill belongs to the ensemble, a former water mill, which is named after the stairs leading up to the city wall. The associated diesel locomotives and tractors are presented annually on the Open Monument Day .
- The Försterbergturm is the town's landmark that towers high above the town. The building stands on the north-western edge of the old town on an approx. 260 m high hill called Försterberg. The name refers to the executioner forester who worked there in the early modern period . In the Middle Ages, the tower was part of the city fortifications as a watch tower . The 13th century is assumed to be the construction time. After the Thirty Years' War, the upper part fell into disrepair, so that the gable roof was completely missing in the early 20th century. In 1936, the tourist office increased the remaining stone tower a little and put on a roof covered with Solling panels with a half-timbered substructure , so that the tower is 21 m high today.
- From the earlier city fortifications, which consisted of the city wall, the watch tower and three gate towers (the Hagentor, the Burgtor and the Teichtor (Dyckthor)), the Hagentorturm and about 800 m long remains of the city wall are preserved. The actual gates were built next to, not in, the gate towers.
- the Homburg , a ruined castle above the old town in the Homburg Forest
Early modern buildings
- The Camphof, the oldest known farm in the city; the oldest part of the mansion dates from 1561.
- The oldest residential building in the city is at Markt 4 and was built in 1602 by the citizen Hans Tusken and his wife Ilsabe.
- Ratskeller from 1621
- Another old house from the 17th century is located at Kirchstrasse 7 and was built in 1690. In the 18th century, parts of the house were used as a ballroom and dance hall.
Buildings from the early days
- The station is a typical Wilhelminian style building; the first train arrival was on October 10, 1865.
- Old town hall from 1875
The Kellberg Tower is a 20 m high observation tower on the Kellberg east of Stadtoldendorf ( )
- annually in May: Homburg market of the Stadtoldendorf trade association (in future: Bärlauch-Fest)
- annually at Whitsun: Homby's folk and shooting festival
- annually in September: old town festival of the Stadtoldendorf trade association
- annually on the day of the open monument: Stadtoldendorfer Feldbahntag am Mühlenanger (11 a.m. - 5 p.m.)
- Weekly weekly market on Teichtorplatz (Thursdays, 8:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.)
- Christmas market of the Stadtoldendorf trade association
Not far from the train station is the Jewish cemetery .
In 1981 a memorial stone was erected in memory of the murdered Jewish citizens on the site of the former synagogue in Kuh-Strasse.
On December 15, 2007, eleven stumbling blocks were laid in Stadtoldendorf, remembering by name the fate of Jewish victims of National Socialism. The initiator is a descendant of the Löwenstein, Rosenhain and Rothenberg families.
On November 20, 2009, another fifteen stumbling blocks followed - for the first time, the fate of a non-Jewish victim of the Nazi era is being remembered.
On December 10, 2010, Gunter Demnig moved three more stumbling blocks (market square), so that now 29 stumbling blocks remember the victims of the Holocaust from Stadtoldendorf.
- Liliane Plantive, Mayor of the French partner municipality La Montagne (awarded in 2014)
sons and daughters of the town
- Friedrich Theodor Kühne (1758–1834), professor at the universities in Helmstedt and Marburg, linguist
- Wilhelm Raabe (1831–1910), writer, attended the city school in Stadtoldendorf
- Johannes Leitzen (1848–1922), painter and architect, director of the Braunschweig Municipal Trade School
- August Junke (1877–1926), social democratic politician, Minister of Justice and 1921–1922 Prime Minister of the Free State of Braunschweig
- Karl Lönneker (1887–1942), SA leader and politician
- Johannes Schneider (1895–1970), Protestant theologian
- Hans Meier-Branecke (1900–1981), lawyer , NS war judge , President of the Senate at the Braunschweig Higher Regional Court .
- Wilhelm Hesse (1901–1968), teacher, NSDAP and SS member, and 1933–45 Lord Mayor of the city of Braunschweig
- Hermann Kleinau (1902–1978), lawyer , historian , archivist
- Jürgen Huck (* 1927), archivist and historian
- Hans-Rudolf Peters (* 1932), economist
- Beate Passow (* 1945), artist
- Ulf Schiewe (* 1947), writer
- Steve Schroyder (* 1950), composer, musician and trained organ builder
- Uwe Schünemann (* 1964), industrial clerk and politician ( CDU ), Lower Saxony interior minister and 1996–99 mayor of the city of Holzminden
- Gunnar Lott (* 1969), journalist specializing in computer games
- Phillie MC (Oliver Sauerland) (* 1974), German rapper
- Kristo Šagor (* 1976), grew up in Lübeck , German playwright and director
Personalities who are connected to Stadtoldendorf
- Carl Georg Friedr. Aug. Conrad Julius Seebass (1814–1894), ducal. Brunswick. Notary and postmaster, 1839–1890 mayor of Stadtoldendorf
- Konrad Beste (1890–1958), German writer
- Otto Pieperbeck (1892–1965), 1932/1933 mayor of Stadtoldendorf
- Tonnie de Graaf (1926–1996), German composer and music teacher
- Peter Schünemann (* 1952 in Holzminden), German folk musician
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Willi Winkler : Old Horse. Germans are drawn to the metropolises. That has consequences - for the country. Just for example: a visit to Stadtoldendorf . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , June 6, 2015, p. 3.
- Gesine Schwarz: Ducal executioners and knackers of the state of Braunschweig in the early modern period . In: Braunschweigisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte , vol. 85 (2004), pp. 37–76.
- Alfred Schacht: The Försterbergturm - the landmark Stadtoldendorf . In: Südhannoverscher Heimatkalender , year 1968, pp. 42–43.
- Claudia Märtl , Karl Heinrich Kaufhold , Jörg Leuschner (ed.): The economic and social history of the Braunschweigische Land from the Middle Ages to the present , Vol. 1: Middle Ages . Olms, Hildesheim 2008, ISBN 978-3-487-13596-0 , p. 571.
- Stadtoldendorf on burgenwelt.org
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- Events: Homby's Volks- und Schützenfest. In: Website of the municipality of Eschershausen-Stadtoldendorf. Retrieved June 24, 2019 .
- Homby - City Oldendorfer season. In: event website. Retrieved June 24, 2019 .
- Jewish life in Stadtoldendorf ( Memento of the original from March 22, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The new honorary citizen comes from France. In: Daily Anzeiger Holzminden . December 22, 2014, accessed December 13, 2015 .
- Hartmut Bernsdorf: Wilhelm Raabe and the Lower Saxony home movement. On the 100th anniversary of the writer's death . In: home country. Journal for local history, nature conservation, cultural care , issue 1/2011, p. 11.
- Wilhelm Rauls: Stadtoldendorf under the Homburg and the Amelungsborn monastery. 1974