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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Arholzen
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Arholzen highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 52 '  N , 9 ° 34'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Holzminden
Joint municipality : Eschershausen-Stadtoldendorf
Height : 229 m above sea level NHN
Area : 5.36 km 2
Residents: 400 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 75 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 37627
Area code : 05532
License plate : HOL
Community key : 03 2 55 001
Association administration address: Kirchstrasse 4
37627 Stadtoldendorf
Website :
Mayor : Karl Dehne ( SPD )
Location of the municipality of Arholzen in the Holzminden district
Hessen Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Hameln-Pyrmont Landkreis Hildesheim Landkreis Northeim Arholzen Bevern (Landkreis Holzminden) Bevern (Landkreis Holzminden) Bodenwerder Boffzen Boffzen Derental Derental Derental Derental Boffzen (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Brevörde Deensen Deensen Deensen Grünenplan (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Grünenplan (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Grünenplan (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Delligsen Dielmissen Eimen Eimen (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Eschershausen Eschershausen (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Eschershausen (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Fürstenberg (Weser) Golmbach Halle (Weserbergland) Hehlen Hehlen Heinade Heinade Heinade Heinsen Heyen Holenberg Holzen (bei Eschershausen) Holzminden Holzminden Holzminden (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Kirchbrak Lauenförde Lenne (Niedersachsen) Lüerdissen Merxhausen (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Negenborn Ottenstein (Niedersachsen) Pegestorf Polle Stadtoldendorf Vahlbruch Wangelnstedt Wenzen (gemeindefreies Gebiet)map
About this picture

Arholzen is a municipality and belongs to the combined municipality Eschershausen-Stadtoldendorf in the district of Holzminden in Lower Saxony ( Germany ).


Geographical location

Arholzen is on the edge of the Solling-Vogler Nature Park and is part of the Weser Uplands in southern Lower Saxony.

Neighboring communities

The community borders on Bevern in the west ; in the north at Negenborn and Stadtoldendorf ; in the east on Deensen and Schorborn , and in the south on an unincorporated area .


Arholzen originated in Engern , Saxony , where the Cherusci settled . The foundation of the village is believed to be before 800, in the so-called second settlement period between 500 and 900. At that time localities emerged whose names z. B. to - house (often shortened to -sen) end. We find the first documentary mention of the village in a donation made to the Corvey Abbey (not dated, but between 891 and 1037). Here in Adololdeshusen the monastery received 30 acres and one field. In 1150 the community is mentioned as Odololdeshem as a Hildesheim fiefdom belonging to the Homburg domain. Back then transferred Count Hermann II. Winzenburg of the castle Homburg the Church at Hildesheim to eternal property in order to receive it back as a fief. The underlying document of May 8th, 1150 is the first precisely dated testimony to the existence of Arholzen. The document from 1166 says that the Duke of Bavaria and Saxony , Henry the Lion , donated his estate with fields, meadows and forests in Adelloldessen to the Amelungsborn monastery.

In 1493 Arholzen lay desolate; d. H. it had been abandoned by its inhabitants. They may have settled in the surrounding villages or in the protective Stadtoldendorf . But just a few decades later, Arholzen was repopulated again under Duke Heinrich II the Younger of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel . In 1618 the Thirty Years War broke out. The first years were still peaceful for this area. In July 1623 the imperial general Tilly appeared at Höxter on the Weser . The first visitation began for the Weserbergland : the Amelungsborn monastery was robbed, Stadtoldendorf was besieged and taken, and the surrounding area was devastated.

It is certain that Arholzen and its residents were not spared, especially since in 1626 Arholzen complained of 905 thalers in damage as a result of the marches and looting. Enemy troops marched through this area seven times. They were terrible years of hardship and misery. The people became impoverished. During the war, the wolf plague had increased and the plague ruled the country. The belief in witches was widespread until the Thirty Years' War and beyond . The following entry can be found in the Fürstenberg official register from 1619/20: “Margarete Schapers von Aroldissen was accused of sorcery and imprisoned. The woman was not only innocently in custody, but also had to pay 5 thalers food money. "

From 1807 to 1813 the Duchy of Braunschweig was part of the Kingdom of Westphalia under Jérôme Bonaparte . Arholzen belonged to the canton Stadtoldendorf in the district of Einbeck , in the department of the Leine . The old division of offices had thus come to an end. Since 1832 the state of Braunschweig was divided into 6 districts as administrative districts. Since then, Arholzen has belonged to the Holzminden district and since 1879, after being divided into four districts, to the Stadtoldendorf district.

During the Second World War , on August 1, 1941, Arholzen came to the Province of Hanover with the Holzminden district in exchange for the Goslar district . American troops occupied the place on April 8, 1945. The community successfully advocated independence in the early 1970s and has been a member of the Stadtoldendorf joint community (Arholzen, Deensen , Heinade , Lenne and Wangelnstedt ) since January 1, 1973 .

Place name

When interpreting the place name one can start from the basic word "-husen". The determiner contains "Athalwald", which is particularly well documented in the Saxon area. The first element belongs to the stem "athal" and means "nobility", the second element to the stem "wald, waldan" and means "to rule".

Place names through the ages
Surname Year number
Adololdeshusen 891/1037
Odololdeshem 1150
Adelold dinner 1186
Adololdesheim 1220
Adeloldessen 1237
Aderoldessen 1302
Aroldissen 1494
Aroldessen 1561
Arholtzen 1694
Arholdsen 1755
Ahrholzen 1810
Arholzen since 1881

Population development

Population development
year Residents
1663 94 people (125)
(not including children under 14)
1793 393 people
1847 560 people
1875 605 people
1885 559 people
1895 600 people
1905 617 people
1925 546 people
1933 520 people
1939 516 people
1950 1017 people
2000 484 people
2003 431 people
2006 423 people
2008 416 people
2011 391 people
2017 413 people


Municipal council

Municipal election 2016

After the local elections on September 11, 2016, the municipal council consists of:

  • SPD : 5 seats
  • Voting Community Arholzen (WGA): 2 seats

The turnout was 71.30%.


Term of office Mayor of Arholzen
Beginning The End
1945 1946 Heinrich Rojahn
1946 1948 Ernst Bodenhagen
1948 1956 Wilhelm Grupe
1956 1991 Otto Heckemüller ( CDU )
1991 2001 Horst Siegmann ( CDU )
2001 today Karl Dehne ( SPD )


On August 29, 1980, the municipality of Arholzen took on a sponsorship with the 3rd / Panzerartilleriebataillon 15 from Stadtoldendorf, which existed until the Stadtoldendorfer barracks were dissolved in 2003.

Culture and sights

The European Cycle Route R1 runs along the Solling-Vogler Nature Park near Arholzen, as does the German Fairy Tale Route , German Half-timbered Route and the Route of the Weser Renaissance .

The small Jewish cemetery still has some broken tombstones from the period 1852 to 1927.

Protestant church


The Protestant Church in Arholzen serves as the parish church of the Deensen-Arholzen parish, which is part of the Evangelical Lutheran regional church of Hanover . It was rebuilt in 1980 as a hall under a gable roof, the entrance is in the church tower to the south. The seating, altar table, lectern, organ and a sculpture depicting the Last Supper date from the construction period, while the font from 1651 and the bells from the previous church were taken over. This previous church was a simple chapel-like building from the first half of the 17th century and stood about 250 meters east of today's church. It was demolished in November 1974 to allow the road that crosses the town to be expanded. The town's cemetery had been moved earlier from the square around the church to the outskirts.

Economy and Infrastructure


The state road 583 (main road) leads through the village north to Stadtoldendorf and to state road 580 with a connection to Deensen and Negenborn. To the south, the L 583 leads near Lobach to Bundesstrasse 64 and to Holzminden.

The regional bus Braunschweig (RBB) also maintains a stop in the place. The passenger train stop on the Altenbeken – Kreiensen railway line was given up in 1987.

Established businesses

Several craft businesses are based here. You are particularly active in stone processing. Breaking the Weser sandstone has a long tradition in Arholzen. The stone trade reached beyond Bremen by 1600 . Well-known buildings to which Arholz quarry entrepreneurs have delivered stones: the monastery church of Amelungsborn , Bevern Castle , the Corvey Abbey , the Arensburg and the Werra bridge (motorway bridge), the war cemetery Langenmarck ( Belgium ), Semendria and Monastir ( Yugoslavia ), Nazaret ( Palestine ) as well as the Laboe naval memorial and the Möltenort submarine memorial . The Weser sandstone was also used to build Everstein Castle .


Volunteer firefighter

The voluntary fire brigade in Arholzen has existed on a legal basis since 1878 with a strength of 47 men and around 580 inhabitants. Today the fire brigade has 107 members and around 460 inhabitants. Since 1989, female residents have been doing fire service for the first time in the history of the Arholzen fire department.

Choral society

On the occasion of the anniversary of the reign of the then Duke Wilhelm of Braunschweig and Lüneburg , the Arholzer founded a choir on April 25, 1881. The name of the association was: "Men's Choral Association". The first practice evening as a mixed choir took place on October 23, 1969.

Sports club

  • Turn- und Sportverein Arholzen e. V. from 1946

German Red Cross (DRK) / Arholzen local association

After the Second World War, the people of Arholzen founded the “Red Cross Local Association Arholzen”, and since 1962 “blood donation appointments” have been held at regular intervals. Various activities have been offered over the years: courses in first aid, mother and child nursing, and home nursing. The «Jugend Rote Kreuz» (JRK) was founded in October 1965 , but dissolved in 1998 due to a lack of young people. In 1984 a senior gymnastics group was included.

Carnival Association Arholzen

Children's gymnastics was launched in 1982, and the resulting first carnival parade took place on the sidewalks and back streets in February 1983. The carnival grew from year to year - music bands and motif floats were added and more and more foot groups. The Arholzen Carnival became known beyond the district boundaries.

Honorary citizen

In 1991 the former mayor Otto Heckemüller was made the first honorary citizen of the municipality of Arholzen. In 1993 he was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit, First Class .


  • A. Keunecke: On the history of Arholzen ; Daily Anzeiger (newspaper), local supplement: Sollinger Heimatblätter 1935, No. 11 and 12.
  • H. Teiwes: Contributions to the local history of Arholzen; Braunschweig 1937.
  • WF Nägeler: local family book Arholzen 1651–1900; Stadtoldendorf 2012.
  • A. Lilge / WF Nägeler (ed.): The Chronicle of Arholzen; Stadtoldendorf 2013.

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Files of the State Main Archives Wolfenbüttel: files relating to the Thirty Years War, in particular concerning the imperial party, No. 8 and No. 12
  3. ↑ Inheritance register of the Fürstenberg office from 1584 and 1622
  4. ^ Jürgen Udolph (research): The "place name researcher". In: website NDR 1 Lower Saxony . Archived from the original on December 7, 2015 ; accessed on August 2, 2019 .
  5. ^ Parish registry for Stadtoldendorf: Corpus bonorum
  6. Local registers of the Duchy of Braunschweig based on the population censuses
  7. a b Parish Deensen-Arholzen on the homepage of the church district Holzminden, accessed on December 15, 2012
  8. Arholzen no longer has a church , article from November 14, 1974, accessed on December 15, 2012

Web links

Commons : Arholzen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files