|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Joint municipality :||Eschershausen-Stadtoldendorf|
|Height :||229 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||5.36 km 2|
|Residents:||400 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||75 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||37627|
|Area code :||05532|
|License plate :||HOL|
|Community key :||03 2 55 001|
|LOCODE :||DE 7AU|
|Association administration address:||Kirchstrasse 4
|Mayor :||Karl Dehne ( SPD )|
|Location of the municipality of Arholzen in the Holzminden district|
Arholzen originated in Engern , Saxony , where the Cherusci settled . The foundation of the village is believed to be before 800, in the so-called second settlement period between 500 and 900. At that time localities emerged whose names z. B. to - house (often shortened to -sen) end. We find the first documentary mention of the village in a donation made to the Corvey Abbey (not dated, but between 891 and 1037). Here in Adololdeshusen the monastery received 30 acres and one field. In 1150 the community is mentioned as Odololdeshem as a Hildesheim fiefdom belonging to the Homburg domain. Back then transferred Count Hermann II. Winzenburg of the castle Homburg the Church at Hildesheim to eternal property in order to receive it back as a fief. The underlying document of May 8th, 1150 is the first precisely dated testimony to the existence of Arholzen. The document from 1166 says that the Duke of Bavaria and Saxony , Henry the Lion , donated his estate with fields, meadows and forests in Adelloldessen to the Amelungsborn monastery.
In 1493 Arholzen lay desolate; d. H. it had been abandoned by its inhabitants. They may have settled in the surrounding villages or in the protective Stadtoldendorf . But just a few decades later, Arholzen was repopulated again under Duke Heinrich II the Younger of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel . In 1618 the Thirty Years War broke out. The first years were still peaceful for this area. In July 1623 the imperial general Tilly appeared at Höxter on the Weser . The first visitation began for the Weserbergland : the Amelungsborn monastery was robbed, Stadtoldendorf was besieged and taken, and the surrounding area was devastated.
It is certain that Arholzen and its residents were not spared, especially since in 1626 Arholzen complained of 905 thalers in damage as a result of the marches and looting. Enemy troops marched through this area seven times. They were terrible years of hardship and misery. The people became impoverished. During the war, the wolf plague had increased and the plague ruled the country. The belief in witches was widespread until the Thirty Years' War and beyond . The following entry can be found in the Fürstenberg official register from 1619/20: “Margarete Schapers von Aroldissen was accused of sorcery and imprisoned. The woman was not only innocently in custody, but also had to pay 5 thalers food money. "
From 1807 to 1813 the Duchy of Braunschweig was part of the Kingdom of Westphalia under Jérôme Bonaparte . Arholzen belonged to the canton Stadtoldendorf in the district of Einbeck , in the department of the Leine . The old division of offices had thus come to an end. Since 1832 the state of Braunschweig was divided into 6 districts as administrative districts. Since then, Arholzen has belonged to the Holzminden district and since 1879, after being divided into four districts, to the Stadtoldendorf district.
During the Second World War , on August 1, 1941, Arholzen came to the Province of Hanover with the Holzminden district in exchange for the Goslar district . American troops occupied the place on April 8, 1945. The community successfully advocated independence in the early 1970s and has been a member of the Stadtoldendorf joint community (Arholzen, Deensen , Heinade , Lenne and Wangelnstedt ) since January 1, 1973 .
When interpreting the place name one can start from the basic word "-husen". The determiner contains "Athalwald", which is particularly well documented in the Saxon area. The first element belongs to the stem "athal" and means "nobility", the second element to the stem "wald, waldan" and means "to rule".
|Place names through the ages|
|1663||94 people (125)
(not including children under 14)
- SPD : 5 seats
- Voting Community Arholzen (WGA): 2 seats
The turnout was 71.30%.
|Term of office||Mayor of Arholzen|
|1956||1991||Otto Heckemüller ( CDU )|
|1991||2001||Horst Siegmann ( CDU )|
|2001||today||Karl Dehne ( SPD )|
On August 29, 1980, the municipality of Arholzen took on a sponsorship with the 3rd / Panzerartilleriebataillon 15 from Stadtoldendorf, which existed until the Stadtoldendorfer barracks were dissolved in 2003.
Culture and sights
The small Jewish cemetery still has some broken tombstones from the period 1852 to 1927.
The Protestant Church in Arholzen serves as the parish church of the Deensen-Arholzen parish, which is part of the Evangelical Lutheran regional church of Hanover . It was rebuilt in 1980 as a hall under a gable roof, the entrance is in the church tower to the south. The seating, altar table, lectern, organ and a sculpture depicting the Last Supper date from the construction period, while the font from 1651 and the bells from the previous church were taken over. This previous church was a simple chapel-like building from the first half of the 17th century and stood about 250 meters east of today's church. It was demolished in November 1974 to allow the road that crosses the town to be expanded. The town's cemetery had been moved earlier from the square around the church to the outskirts.
Economy and Infrastructure
The state road 583 (main road) leads through the village north to Stadtoldendorf and to state road 580 with a connection to Deensen and Negenborn. To the south, the L 583 leads near Lobach to Bundesstrasse 64 and to Holzminden.
Several craft businesses are based here. You are particularly active in stone processing. Breaking the Weser sandstone has a long tradition in Arholzen. The stone trade reached beyond Bremen by 1600 . Well-known buildings to which Arholz quarry entrepreneurs have delivered stones: the monastery church of Amelungsborn , Bevern Castle , the Corvey Abbey , the Arensburg and the Werra bridge (motorway bridge), the war cemetery Langenmarck ( Belgium ), Semendria and Monastir ( Yugoslavia ), Nazaret ( Palestine ) as well as the Laboe naval memorial and the Möltenort submarine memorial . The Weser sandstone was also used to build Everstein Castle .
The voluntary fire brigade in Arholzen has existed on a legal basis since 1878 with a strength of 47 men and around 580 inhabitants. Today the fire brigade has 107 members and around 460 inhabitants. Since 1989, female residents have been doing fire service for the first time in the history of the Arholzen fire department.
On the occasion of the anniversary of the reign of the then Duke Wilhelm of Braunschweig and Lüneburg , the Arholzer founded a choir on April 25, 1881. The name of the association was: "Men's Choral Association". The first practice evening as a mixed choir took place on October 23, 1969.
- Turn- und Sportverein Arholzen e. V. from 1946
German Red Cross (DRK) / Arholzen local association
After the Second World War, the people of Arholzen founded the “Red Cross Local Association Arholzen”, and since 1962 “blood donation appointments” have been held at regular intervals. Various activities have been offered over the years: courses in first aid, mother and child nursing, and home nursing. The «Jugend Rote Kreuz» (JRK) was founded in October 1965 , but dissolved in 1998 due to a lack of young people. In 1984 a senior gymnastics group was included.
Carnival Association Arholzen
Children's gymnastics was launched in 1982, and the resulting first carnival parade took place on the sidewalks and back streets in February 1983. The carnival grew from year to year - music bands and motif floats were added and more and more foot groups. The Arholzen Carnival became known beyond the district boundaries.
- A. Keunecke: On the history of Arholzen ; Daily Anzeiger (newspaper), local supplement: Sollinger Heimatblätter 1935, No. 11 and 12.
- H. Teiwes: Contributions to the local history of Arholzen; Braunschweig 1937.
- WF Nägeler: local family book Arholzen 1651–1900; Stadtoldendorf 2012.
- A. Lilge / WF Nägeler (ed.): The Chronicle of Arholzen; Stadtoldendorf 2013.
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Files of the State Main Archives Wolfenbüttel: files relating to the Thirty Years War, in particular concerning the imperial party, No. 8 and No. 12
- register of the Fürstenberg office from 1584 and 1622
- Jürgen Udolph (research): The "place name researcher". In: website NDR 1 Lower Saxony . Archived from the original on December 7, 2015 ; accessed on August 2, 2019 .
- Parish registry for Stadtoldendorf: Corpus bonorum
- Local registers of the Duchy of Braunschweig based on the population censuses
- Parish Deensen-Arholzen on the homepage of the church district Holzminden, accessed on December 15, 2012
- Arholzen no longer has a church , article from November 14, 1974, accessed on December 15, 2012