|location||South-east of Holzminden , Holzminden district , Lower Saxony|
|Identifier||NSG HA 049|
|FFH area||61.8 ha|
|Bird sanctuary||61.8 ha|
|Sea level||from 435 m to 460 m|
|Setup date||June 26, 1989|
The Mecklenbruch is a high moor in the mostly wooded low mountain range of Solling . It is located near Silberborn in the Lower Saxony district of Holzminden (Germany) and was designated as a nature reserve.
The Mecklenbruch spreads in the Hochsolling , the highest part of the Solling, to about 431 to Holzminden about half a straight line between Boffzen and Dassel north of Silberborn . To the northeast of the landscape falls towards Hein vein hamlet Hellental from. The mountains in the area include the Vogelherd (approx. ) in the north, the Große Ahrensberg ( ) in the north-northeast, the Große Pare ( ) in the east and the Dasseler Mittelberg ( ) in the southeast .height. It is located in the city of
The Mecklenbruch lies on the watershed between the Weser in the west and the Leine in the east. Most of its water flows through the Holzminde, which initially runs to the southwest, directly into the Weser. The water from the northeast part of the moor area runs through the Helle flowing to the northeast and then flows through the Spüligbach and the Ilme into the Leine.
During the last ice age , the sedimentation of weathered sandstone, which was mixed with loess , formed water-impermeable soil. About 4500 years ago, peat mosses formed small mounds that gradually grew together. A five-meter-thick layer of peat was created in the center . The Mecklenbruch became the largest raised bog in the mountainous region of Lower Saxony outside of the Harz Mountains to this day . The name is said to have originated from the old Saxon "mikil" for "large", which means "large break". It was first mentioned in documents in 1575 as "Mekelenbroik".
As early as 1799, the peat was mined for 40 years as fuel for a glassworks built there. Even after the world wars, peat was extracted. Specially constructed narrow canals drained the moor. A nature conservation idea that had arisen in 1939 was not taken up until 1979 in a new ordinance. In 1981 the moor began to be renatured . The technical measures for raising the water level as a basic requirement for bog formation were completed in 2010. In the process, ditches were dammed for rewetting and some spruce and bog birch trees , which need a lot of water, were removed, so that these only occur at the edge zones today.
Today the peat moss is gradually returning, which is evidence of the improved species composition that is now typical of the site. It is estimated, however, that many decades will pass before they can hold the water again over a large area and the peat regeneration is completed with the onset of peat formation.
Nature and protected areas
Medium peat moss is characteristic of the Mecklenbruch high moor , sometimes associated with cotton grass or common cranberries . In the summer months, emerald dragonflies and peat mosaic maid appear .
The Mecklenbruch is located in the former nature reserve (NSG) Mecklenbruch ( CDDA no. 82150; designated 1979; 63 hectares in size). The former NSG Hellental (CDDA no. 163624; 1990; 1.28 km² ; northwest part; district of Holzminden) and (CDDA no. 163625; 1990; 54 ha; southeast part; district of Northeim) borders in the northeast; the former NSG Vogelherd (CDDA no. 166080; 1986; 61 ha) borders the northwest part of this former NSG near Mecklenbruch. On June 9, 2019, the Mecklenbruch and the other nature reserves in the newly designated nature reserve " Moore und Wälder im Hochsolling, Hellental " were added. The raised bog is surrounded by the Solling-Vogler landscape protection area (CDDA no. 324597; 2002; 242.138 km²). It is covered by parts of the fauna-flora-habitat area moors and forests in Hochsolling, Hellental (FFH no. 4123-302; 14.3 km²) and those in the Solling bird sanctuary (VSG no. 4223-401; 40, 6 km²).
Hiking and sights
Many hiking trails in the Solling-Vogler Nature Park lead through the Hochsolling and thus to the moorland, which can be explored on wooden footbridges . There is a nature trail that shows the history of the moor and interesting facts about flora and fauna .
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- Otto Bloss: The older glassworks in southern Lower Saxony , 1977, p. 120, ISBN 9783784836393 .
- moor in Solling , from September 29, 2010, on hna.de.
- Through the Mecklenbruch in Hochsolling ( Memento from June 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), natur-erleben.niedersachsen.de.