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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Oberviechtach
Map of Germany, position of the city of Oberviechtach highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 28 '  N , 12 ° 25'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Palatinate
County : Schwandorf
Height : 507 m above sea level NHN
Area : 62.41 km 2
Residents: 5051 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 81 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 92526
Area code : 09671
License plate : SAD, BUL , NAB , NEN, OVI, ROD
Community key : 09 3 76 151
City structure: 43 districts

City administration address :
Nabburger Strasse 2
92526 Oberviechtach
Website : www.oberviechtach.de
Mayor : Rudolf Teplitzky jun. ( Non-party voter group )
Location of the town of Oberviechtach in the Schwandorf district
Altendorf Bodenwöhr Bruck in der Oberpfalz Burglengenfeld Dieterskirchen Fensterbach Gleiritsch Guteneck Maxhütte-Haidhof Nabburg Neukirchen-Balbini Neunburg vorm Wald Niedermurach Nittenau Oberviechtach Pfreimd Schmidgaden Schönsee Schwandorf Schwarzach Schwarzenfeld Schwarzhofen Stadlern Steinberg am See Stulln Teublitz Teunz Thanstein Trausnitz Wackersdorf Weiding Wernberg-Köblitz Winklarn Wolferlohe Bayern Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Cham Tschechien Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaabmap
About this picture
Oberviechtach (2015)
Industrial area I (2015)

Oberviechtach is a town in the Upper Palatinate district of Schwandorf and a state-approved resort .


Oberviechtach is located in the Upper Palatinate Forest Nature Park on the Steinbach .

Neighboring communities

Oberviechtach borders on the following communities: Teunz , Niedermurach , Dieterskirchen , Winklarn , Schönsee , Eslarn , Moosbach .

City structure

The municipality of Oberviechtach consists of the main town of Oberviechtach and 42 other officially named parts of the municipality

Other places:


Doctor Eisenbarth and City Museum (2015)

Until the church is planted

Oberviechtach in Nordgau (Bavaria) was first mentioned in a document around 1130. In 1337 it received market rights as "Viechtach". During the Hussite Wars , the city was destroyed twice, in 1420 and again in 1432. In 1580 a school was mentioned for the first time during a state visit , with a negative verdict. The place belonged to the Rentamt Amberg and the district court Murach in the Electorate of Bavaria .

In the course of the administrative reforms in the Kingdom of Bavaria , today's municipality was created with the municipal edict of 1818 .

20th century

In 1913 a railway line from Nabburg via Oberviechtach to Schönsee was completed. In 1952 Oberviechtach was raised to the status of a city and in 1961 a garrison city through the entry of Panzergrenadier Battalion 122.

Until the regional reform in Bavaria on July 1, 1972, the city was the seat of the Oberviechtach district . With the district reform, the city lost the district office and other important offices. The Oberviechtach district, with around 15,000 inhabitants, was the second smallest district in the Federal Republic of Germany and the smallest district in Bavaria and one with a low average income. It was dissolved in the course of the regional reform in Bavaria and merged with the districts of Burglengenfeld , Nabburg and Neunburg vorm Wald as well as the previously independent town of Schwandorf in the district of Schwandorf .


In 1946, the previously independent communities Eigelsberg and Hof and parts of the dissolved community Nunzenried were incorporated. On January 1, 1972, Lind and Obermurach were added. On July 1, 1972, Pullenried and Wildeppenried followed with the areas of Pirkhof incorporated in 1945 or 1946 . Langau was added on July 1, 1976 .

Population development

Between 1988 and 2018 the city grew by 298 inhabitants or 6.3% from 4,732 to 5,030. Population development in the municipality of Oberviechtach taking into account the incorporations:

Population development of Oberviechtach from 1840 to 2017 according to the adjacent table
year Residents
1840 3935
1871 3835
1900 3531
1925 3251
1939 3179
1950 3935
1961 3960
1970 5014
year Residents
1987 4698
1991 4906
1995 5061
2005 5057
2010 4840
2015 4948
2017 4967


Allocation of seats in the Oberviechtach City Council (March 16, 2014)
A total of 16 seats
  • SPD : 1
  • JW : 1
  • PWG : 4
  • PWG-OT : 2
  • Active : 1
  • CWG : 2
  • CSU : 5

The seat of the 1st mayor is located under the PWG's seats.

City council

After the local elections on March 16, 2014, the 16 seats of the city council are distributed as follows:

SPD JW 1 PWG 2 PWG-OT 3 Active CWG 4 CSU
1 seat 1 seat 4 seats 2 seats 1 seat 2 seats 5 seats

1 Young voters     2 Non-party voter community     3 Non-party voter community districts     4 Christian voter community


Heinz Weigl (non-party voter group) has been mayor of the city since May 2008.

His predecessor was Wilfried Neuber (also a non-party voter group), who had been in office since 1989.

coat of arms

The coat of arms of Oberviechtach shows a green, rooted spruce standing on a green meadow on a silver background. The central element, the spruce, is intended to refer to the spruce forests that are located around Oberviechtach and that gave the city its name ( Oberviechtach ).

Town twinning

Sponsored and partner cities of Oberviechtach are:

The Ortenburg-Gymnasium in Oberviechtach also maintains school partnerships with the following schools and regularly conducts student exchange programs with them:

The Doktor-Eisenbarth-Schule Oberviechtach maintains intensive cultural exchange within the framework of the EU-Comenius school partnership with:

Furthermore, since 1984 there has been a sponsorship with the 2nd company of the Panzer Grenadier Battalion 122, which is located in Oberviechtach.

Culture and sights


9-11 – WTC – Oberviechtach memorial

On October 8, 2011, a memorial was unveiled in Oberviechtach in memory of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City . It consists of the artifact # H-0031a, a 650 kg piece of steel girder from the remains of the destroyed twin towers. This steel part lies on a block of Upper Palatinate granite. In front of it is a replica of the twin towers made of glass. Regional President Brigitta Brunner gave a speech at the inauguration of the memorial. She stated that this monument stands for the rejection of any ideological radicalism and political extremism and is a commitment to social tolerance and social cultural diversity.

The inauguration event of the monument was already disrupted by neo-Nazis . As a result, they more or less openly called for the monument to be demolished.

Architectural monuments


The Kolping-Spielmannszug, founded in 1963, took part in the German Orchestra  Competition in 2007 and 2008 .

There is a city chapel in the city, which was re-established in 1988 on the initiative of the Ludwig Berger city council. In 2007 the orchestra took part in the traditional Steuben Parade in New York City with more than 40 musicians .

Regular events

The Doktor Eisenbarth Festival, in which the story of Johann Andreas Eisenbarth , who was born in Oberviechtach, is told, is performed annually on the market square .


Panorama view Oberviechtach, (2011)

Economy and Infrastructure

The city is a state-approved resort. Gold mining was carried out in Oberviechtach in the Middle Ages and early modern times.


Bundesstrasse 22 ("Ostmarkstrasse") runs through Oberviechtach . The nearest motorway connection ( A 93 ) in Nabburg is around 20 km away. The nearest train station on the Regensburg – Weiden railway line is also in Nabburg.

Until 1976, passenger trains ran from Nabburg to Oberviechtach and on to Schönsee . In 1995 freight traffic was also stopped; the railway line is now a cycling and hiking trail .

Public facilities

Oberviechtach is the seat of the Oberviechtach administrative community . It includes the surrounding communities of Gleiritsch , Niedermurach , Teunz and Winklarn (Upper Palatinate) with a total of around 5500 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2003). Oberviechtach is the seat of the land registry office of the Munich District Court.

Since 1961, Oberviechtach has been home to the Bundeswehr's 122nd Panzer Grenadier Battalion, which is important for the city . Until December 31, 2002, Oberviechtach was the seat of a site administration for the Bundeswehr sites in the districts of Schwandorf and Cham with 700 civilian employees for 5,000 soldiers.


Oberviechtach has a central high school for the region, the Ortenburg high school, a primary school, a middle school with M-Zug and all-day care, the doctor-Eisenbarth-school , a special school and a state-recognized vocational school.

sport and freetime

Oberviechtach has several tennis courts, a multi-purpose hall, a triple gymnasium, the Jahn Stadium and an outdoor pool. The TSV Oberviechtach e. V. has a soccer field and an archery range on its premises. There are children's playgrounds in the city and in some districts.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with the city

Honorary citizen

  • 1971: Josef Spichtinger (1926–1996), local politician (CSU)
  • 1995: Josef Preßl (* 1929), Episcopal and Spiritual Councilor
  • 1997: Hans Thammer (1927–2003), former mayor
  • 2014: Johann Sailer, Former Mayor
  • 2014: Johann Bock, music teacher
  • 2017: Ludwig Berger, home nurse


  • Emma Mages: Oberviechtach . In: Historical Atlas of Bavaria , part of Old Bavaria . Series I, issue 61. Komm. Für Bayerische Landesgeschichte, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-7696-9693-X ( digitized version ).
  • Oberviechtach, the city of Doctor Eisenbarth. 2nd edition, Oberviechtach 2000, ISBN 3-00-007111-3
  • Eike Pies: I'm Doctor Eisenbarth. Road Doctor. A picture biography. Ariston, Geneva 1977, ISBN 3-7205-1155-3
  • Heribert Batzl (Ed.): The Oberviechtach district in the past and present. Publishing house for authorities and economy R. Alfred Hoeppner, Aßling / Obb. and Munich 1970
  • Rudolf Teplitzky: Doctor Eisenbarth School Oberviechtach, 50 years (1965–2015) , Oberviechtach 2015, ISBN 978-3-00-049802-2
  • Alois Köppl: Altlandkreis Oberviechtach , Verlag Katzenstein - Gleiritsch, ISBN 978-3-9819712-0-0

Web links

Commons : Oberviechtach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ City of Oberviechtach in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on December 10, 2011.
  3. Alois Köppl, Altlandkreis Oberviechtach , p. 6, Oberviechtach 2018, ISBN 978-3-9819712-0-0
  4. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 544 .
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 668 .
  6. ^ Database statistical data for Bavaria
  7. Oberviechtach website
  8. Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: A misunderstood medicus, but popular and very skilled. (The Doctor Eisenbarth and City Museum in Oberviechtach) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 2, Southern Germany. Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, pp. 138-140, ISBN 978-3-7776-2511-9 .
  9. http://www.oberviechtach.de/index.php?article_id=148
  10. Archived copy ( Memento of the original from May 11, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / doktor-eisenbarth.oberviechtach.de
  11. Land register transfer office Oberviechtach | Bavarian state portal. Retrieved March 22, 2018 .
  12. ^ Rudolf Teplitzky, Doktor-Eisenbarth-Schule Oberviechtach, 50 years (1965–2015) , p. 8, Oberviechtach 2015, ISBN 978-3-00-049802-2
  13. Honorary Citizen , City of Oberviechtach.
  14. Federal Cross of Merit for Ludwig Berger from Oberviechtach on bayern.de