|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Palatinate|
|Height :||355 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||93.26 km 2|
|Residents:||13,687 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||147 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||93133|
|Area code :||09471|
|License plate :||SAD, BUL , NAB , NEN, OVI, ROD|
|Community key :||09 3 76 119|
|LOCODE :||DE BLD|
|City structure:||48 districts|
City administration address :
|First Mayor :||Thomas Gesche (CSU)|
|Location of the city of Burglengenfeld in the Schwandorf district|
There are 47 districts:
The core city is divided into five districts: Altstadt, Wölland, Sand, Neubruch and Vorstadt (west of the Naab).
The oldest finds point to the first settlements between 3000 and 1800 BC. Chr. The place Lengenfeld was mentioned for the first time in 1123 in a document of the monastery Ensdorf as "Lengenfelt". As early as 817, the Almenhof was a settlement in what is now the city of Burglengenfeld. The oldest row grave finds from the early 7th century point to the continuity of settlements on the site up to around AD 600 (broad ax [cutting swords] from around 600).
In 2018, while playing, a three-year-old boy found an approximately 1000-year-old coin from Byzantium , which either a former besiegers of Lengenfeld Castle lost or the guests of the lords of the castle brought with them from afar. The obverse of the coin shows a bust of Christ with a beard and a coronation robe. The reverse bears a cross with the inscription "IS-XS" and "bAS-ILe / bAS-ILe" (Christ, King of Kings).
The toponym with the secondary umlaut a to e (from Langinvelt) and the basic word field speaks for a comparatively old age of the place. The castle , which gave the today's city its name, was built around 900 as a protection against the invading Hungarians . After the Landshut War of Succession , Burglengenfeld was added to the newly created Wittelsbach Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg .
In 1542 Burglengenfeld received city rights and a coat of arms. Old historical forms of name are: 1123 Lengenfelt (copy from the 15th century), approx. 1133 Lenginuelt, 1205 castrum (castle) Lengenvelt, 1356 Purcklengefelt, 1484 Burcklengfeld, 1546 Burcklengenfelldt and 1702 Burglengenfeld. 1621 came the Graecized to name Pyrgomacropedium. The old high German ze demo langin velde , d. H. at the long field.
In 1777, the Pfalz-Neuburg line inherited the Bavarian line of the Wittelsbach family , and Burglengenfeld was then owned by the Bavarian duke . In 1803 during the administrative reorganization of Bavaria , the district court Burglengenfeld built. Its administrative tasks were handed over to the Burglengenfeld District Office , the later district , from 1862 onwards .
The Augustenhof district of the then Saltendorf community was reclassified to Burglengenfeld on January 1, 1972. On July 1 of the same year, Büchheim , Dietldorf and parts of Höchensee, Lanzenried and See were incorporated. Pottenstetten and parts of Fischbach an der Naab followed on May 1, 1978.
Between 1988 and 2018 the city grew from 10,461 to 13,554 by 3,093 inhabitants or 29.6%.
On July 1, 1972, this was dissolved as part of the regional reform in Bavaria and merged together with the former districts of Oberviechtach, Nabburg and Neunburg vorm Wald as well as the previously independent town of Schwandorf to form the district of Schwandorf in Bavaria (from May 1, 1973 district of Schwandorf ) .
- The Catholic parish church of St. Vitus was first mentioned in a document at the beginning of the 14th century. In the centuries that followed, numerous alterations, renovations and extensions took place, which explain the current inconsistent character of the building. The inauguration of the high altar in its current form took place in 1941.
- The Church of St. Josef (completed in 1979, architect Franz Kießling) in the Am Sand district is considered a radically modern church building and has won several awards: 1982 annual Bund Deutscher Architekten and Deutscher Holzbaupreis, 1983 German architecture award, the highlight of 1984 the Mies-van-der- Raw price.
- The Sebastiankirche , built in 1714 in the suburbs on the Naabbrücke, owes its construction to a vow made during the plague . When the railway reached Burglengenfeld in 1898, the building was moved 60 meters and inaugurated at the new location in 1902.
- The Catholic Kreuzbergkirche Hl. Trinity is a church on the Kreuzberg.
- Christ Church
- Mosque (in the suburbs)
In the local elections on March 15, 2020, the turnout was 61.9%.
In the 2020 local elections, Thomas Gesche was re-elected in the runoff election with 53.9% of the vote.
- Josef Auer jun., Pilsheim
- Jürgen Ehrnsperger, Büchheim
- Yvonne Feuerer, lake
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Under a black shield head, in it a peeping, red crowned golden lion head, the Bavarian diamonds, which are placed next to each other a red roofed silver tower and a green linden tree on a green three-mountain."|
The castle tower is a talking element for the place name. The green Dreiberg symbolizes the location of the city between three hills, Burgberg, Kreuzberg and Brunnberg. The diamond shield and the lion's head refer to the local authority of Wittelsbach. The first market seal (after 1426) only shows the castle tower and tree on Dreiberg; these figures are placed in the second seal (late 15th century) on the diamond shield, behind which St. George stands as a dragon slayer. As the patron saint of the church, Saint George was also the seal image of the pastor Hans Weiß, who sealed the market until 1425. On the occasion of the city elevation in 1542, the previous coat of arms was confirmed and increased by adding the shield head with the Palatinate-Bavarian lion. The newer official seals only show the coat of arms without St. George as a shield holder.
The following city partnerships exist:
- Pithiviers (France)
- Johanngeorgenstadt (Germany)
- Radotín (Czech Republic)
Culture and sights
Even today, the castle complex , with about 2.4 hectares, the largest in the Upper Palatinate , one of the landmarks of the city. The castle now houses a Heilpädagogisches center. Public tours take place every year between May and October.
In 1986 there were reports about Burglengenfeld outside of Germany, when the demonstrations against a planned reprocessing plant in Wackersdorf reached their climax in the Anti-WAAhnsinns Festival on July 26th and 27th, 1986. Three months after the Chernobyl disaster , well-known German-speaking musicians and bands performed in front of around 100,000 people. The WAA construction failed in 1989. A memorial stone today commemorates the anti-nuclear festival on the Lanzenanger event site.
- Communal music lessons
- St. Vitus Burglengenfeld music band
The old town is completely listed as an ensemble . Since the mid-1970s, the city has been renovating the old town with enormous financial outlay, funded by the Free State of Bavaria and in parts by the European Union . The sights include: the old town with arable houses, the historic town hall (built around 1600) with a Renaissance bridal room, the Altmannsche Schlösschen, the city wall with battlements , the medieval beer cellar, the Zaschkahof, the large chancellery (built around 1540), the Catholic Parish church of St. Vitus with epitaph (1541) by Loy Hering, the St. Anna cemetery chapel with epitaphs from the 15th and 16th centuries, the Evangelical Christ Church (former Capuchin monastery , built around 1706), the Kreuzberg church with interior decorations that are well worth seeing Castle (core from the 12th century, expanded in the 16th century), as well as the parish church and castle in Dietldorf and the parish churches in Pottenstetten, Lanzenried, Kirchenbuch and Pilsheim.
- Gallows Mountain
- Allee on the Kreuzberg
- Naabauen local recreation area
- Local recreation "Lanzn"
- Kammerer Allee
In the local cemetery , an honorary grave with a memorial stone commemorates the workers 'leader Josef Schmid , who as the former chairman of a workers' council was imprisoned several times by the Nazi rulers in the November Revolution in 1918 and died in 1945 in the liberated Dachau concentration camp as a result of an injection by the SS doctor .
There are several gyms, sports fields, the year-round swimming pool "Bulmare", an artificial turf pitch and cycling and hiking trails.
The ASV Burglengenfeld currently playing (season 2016/17) in the national league Bayern middle. In the 1970s and 1980s, the first team was promoted to the Bavarian regional soccer league, which was then fourth class. The first team celebrated one of the greatest successes in the DFB Cup . ASV reached the second round and lost 3-0 against Werder Bremen at the Jahnstadion in Regensburg .
The TV Burglengenfeld has already won numerous Bavarian Championships, making it one of the most successful athletics clubs in Bavaria. The men of the 4 × 400 m relay are currently 3rd Bavarian champions.
The Shotokan Karate -Dōjō, which is one of the oldest karate clubs in Bavaria (founded in 1972), is also integrated in the TV Burglengenfeld . Numerous Dan bearers have emerged from him; the women's kata team was third in the Bavarian championships in 2012 and fifth in the German championships.
Another division of TV Burglengenfeld is the basketball department. The men's team of the Blizzards Burglengenfeld currently plays in the Upper Palatinate District League. Furthermore, two successful youth teams in the district and district leagues form the youth department.
Leisure facilities (selection)
In addition to the Bulmare adventure and wellness pool, there is the city library, the citizens' meeting place on Europaplatz, the self-managed youth center, a DFB mini playing field and a skater track . Burglengenfeld has owned the Starmexx adventure cinema since November 2011.
- Citizens' festival (every three years on the third weekend in August)
- Open air courtyard festival in the self-managed youth center, annually at the end of June
- Various cultural and musical events on the piazza of the town hall ("cultural summer")
- European Festival
- Italian Night, annually, at the end of June
- Suburban festival
- Municipal children's festival (in years without a community festival)
- Four annual markets with Sunday shopping
- The Mittelbayerische Zeitung and Der neue Tag are the local daily newspapers in the region. There are also free advertising papers that also contain articles about local events.
- The city is part of the broadcasting area of the local radio stations Radio Charivari and Gong FM from Regensburg. The Regensburg frequencies of these transmitters cannot be received optimally everywhere in Burglengenfeld. a. also broadcast by the Hackelberg station near Pistlwies.
- Burglengenfeld also belongs to the broadcasting area of the local Regensburg TV station TVaktuell (short: TVA), which is fed into the local cable network.
Economy and Infrastructure
The place can be reached by car via the federal highway 93 , the federal highway 15 and the state highway 2235. After a railway connection was built in 1899, the Haidhof – Burglengenfeld railway line has only been used to transport goods to the cement works since 1967. A resumption of local rail transport on the route would be possible in principle. Corresponding reactivation efforts have been ongoing for this purpose since 2015. The next train stations are in Schwandorf and Maxhütte-Haidhof . Public transport is provided by bus routes to Regensburg (25 km), Schwandorf (18 km), Maxhütte-Haidhof (5 km), Kallmünz (8 km) and Amberg (40 km). Burglengenfeld is located in the area served by the Regensburg Transport Association (RVV).
The city operates a city bus line, a cemetery line and a surrounding area to connect the districts to the city center.
- Asklepios Clinic Burglengenfeld (formerly district hospital)
- Police inspection
- BRK - ambulance station
- Volunteer firefighter
- BRK residential and nursing home for the elderly
- Naabtalpark senior citizens' residence
- AWO home
- Upper Palatinate Folklore Museum
- Citizens' meeting on Europaplatz
In Burglengenfeld there is only one larger employer with the HeidelbergCement cement plant. The factory of the company Hansa Metallwerke was closed in 2019 with the loss of all jobs. The NBG logistics center is also located in Burglengenfeld. In the southern district of Schwandorf, Burglengenfeld is a location for retailers, service providers and small businesses.
Burglengenfeld offers all types of schools and care facilities:
- Hans Scholl Primary School
- Sophie Scholl Middle School
- Realschule am Kreuzberg
- Johann Michael Fischer High School
- Communal music lessons
- Josefine Haas Kindergarten
- Don Bosco Catholic Kindergarten
- Kindergarten of the Arbeiterwohlfahrt
- Day nursery in the New Town House
- "Naabtalzwerge" crèche
- Extended lunch care at the primary school
- Open all-day care at middle school, secondary school and grammar school
Former Bundeswehr base
At the time of the Cold War , the city received a garrison for the first time after the establishment of the Bundeswehr . In the Naabtal barracks, which was abandoned in 1992, the air force's telecommunications equipment was stationed. On the site of the former barracks, the Naabtalpark school and sports center with a town hall, elementary and middle school, own buildings for lunchtime and all-day care and the Bulmare wellness pool has been built since the late 1990s.
sons and daughters of the town
- Heilika von Lengenfeld (around 1103–1170), mother of Otto, the first Bavarian duke of the Wittelsbach family (1180–1183)
- Johann Michael Fischer (1692–1766), baroque master builder
- Josephine Haas (1783–1846), founder, after whose noble name Josepha Haas von Längenfeld-Pfalzheim the Längenfeldgasse in Vienna is named
- Johann Georg Kaiser (1801–1872), Catholic theologian
- Georg Joseph Götz (1802–1871), cathedral capitular of the diocese of Würzburg and member of the Bavarian state parliament
- Georg Marion (actually Georg Meyer , 1866–1935), opera singer, opera director and singing teacher
- Georg Hofmann (1895–1966), Catholic clergyman in Schönau near Viechtach and local researcher
- Hans Höllrigl (1922-2005), politician (SPD)
- Thea Gottschalk (* 1945), German actress and wife of television entertainer Thomas Gottschalk
- Christiane Böhm (* 1957), politician
- Wolfgang Edenharder (* 1962), representative of folk music ( Original Naabtal Duo )
- Tobias Nicklas (* 1967), Roman Catholic theologian and university professor
- Gerald Praschl (* 1968), journalist
- Paulo Morello (* 1970), jazz guitarist and composer
Personalities associated with the city
- Emperor Ludwig IV, called the Bavarian (1281 or 1282–1347), Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, lived in the castle around 1300 for about two years.
- Carl Ludwig Koch (1778–1857), forester, entomologist and arachnologist , was the chief forester in Burglengenfeld from 1813 to 1826.
- Margit Berwing: Burglengenfeld. The history of the city and its districts . Book publisher of the Mittelbayerische Zeitung , Regensburg 1996, ISBN 3-927529-83-4 .
- Margit Berwing-Wittl, Gabriele Blechschmid: Burglengenfeld. A story in pictures . Geiger, Horb 1997, 2nd edition 2007, ISBN 3-89570-311-7 .
- Ludwig Brandl: Home Burglengenfeld. History of a city . City of Burglengenfeld, Burglengenfeld 1968.
- Gudula Hoffmann-Kuhnt: Moments on Castle Hill . Local publisher Max Krempl, Maxhütte-Haidhof 1992, ISBN 978-3-925603-12-9 .
- City administration
- Burglengenfeld: Historical search for traces - The Young Palatinate in Bavaria (House of Bavarian History)
- Burglengenfeld: Official statistics of the LfStat
- Evangelical Church in Burglengenfeld
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Your contact person> Mayor. Burglengenfeld community, accessed on June 3, 2020 .
- http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html 1045
- North Bavarian Courier from 25./26. January 2020, p. 8
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 438 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 668 and 669 .
- Homepage of the parish of St. Vitus
- Entry on the coat of arms of Burglengenfeld in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Memorial for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 121.
- Website of the karate dojo
- Schwandorf district office: reactivation of the railway line between Burglengenfeld and Maxhütte-Haidhof. Schwandorf District Office, accessed on May 14, 2020 .
- Good chances for a train connection from Burglengenfeld to Maxhütte-Haidhof. Retrieved May 14, 2020 .
- By Thomas Rieke February 14, 2019 7:07 p.m .: Off for the Hansa factory in Burglengenfeld. Retrieved February 14, 2020 .
- Chronicle of Lengenfeld Castle on burgenreich.de