The forestry focuses on the development and management of forests and forestry and its history. Disciplines from natural , agricultural , social and economic sciences are integrated . Heinrich Cotta is considered the founder of modern forest science .
The subject of forest science is the management of forests, plantations and landscapes in order to preserve an ecologically possible and socially desirable balance of values over a suitable spatial and temporal scale. The aim is to provide wood as a raw material for wood products, habitat for flora and fauna, clean drinking water, clean air, recreation, landscape and community protection, employment, attractive aesthetic landscapes and a sink for atmospheric carbon and to ensure sustainability . The ideal management of forest ecosystems receives the desired values through the preservation and support of the necessary ecological processes and components.
The degree in forest sciences is one of the last “generalist” courses - it covers subjects from history to genetics. Classical forest managers were in demand not only nationally but also internationally, whether academically at US elite universities or practically in forestry operations worldwide.
In Germany there are faculties for forest science at the following universities:
- Forestry department of the Faculty of Environmental Sciences at TU Dresden in Tharandt - founded in 1811 as a forest academy - oldest forestry faculty in Germany and second oldest in the world after St. Petersburg, founded in 1807,
- Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources of the Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg in Freiburg im Breisgau,
- Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology at the Georg-August University of Göttingen (after moving from Hann. Münden 1970/71, where it was founded in 1868 as the Royal Prussian Forest Academy Hannoversch Münden ) and
- Faculty of Forest Science & Resource Management at the Technical University of Munich in Weihenstephan (Freising).
In Austria, the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna has a bachelor's degree in forestry and a master's degree in forestry as well as an international master's degree in mountain forestry at the Department of Forest and Soil Sciences .
In Switzerland you could study forest sciences at the ETH Zurich until spring 2007 (graduation as Dipl.-Forsting. ETH). As part of the introduction of the Bologna reform (Bachelor / Master system), the forest science course was merged with that of environmental science (geo-ecology). In the new bachelor's degree, a two-semester specialization “Forest and Landscape” is offered after four semesters of basic studies. This is followed by a master’s degree with a major in “Forest and Landscape Management”. The first graduates of the new course left ETH in summer 2008. Even if the title of ETH forest engineer disappears, the new Department of Environmental Systems Science will continue to ensure that competent forest specialists are trained at ETH Zurich.
Eminent forest scientists
The "forest classics"
- Georg Ludwig Hartig (1764–1837)
- Heinrich Cotta (1763-1844)
- Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Pfeil (1783-1859)
- Carl Justus Heyer (1797-1856)
- Johann Christian Hundeshagen (1783–1834)
- Praise God König (1779–1849)
- Elias Landolt (1821-1896)
- Karl Gayer (1822–1907)
- Max Neumeister (1849–1929)
- Alfred Möller (1860-1922)
- Aldo Leopold (1887–1948)
- Konrad Rubner (1886–1974)
- Johannes Blanckmeister (1898–1982)
- Walter Schädelin (1908–1951)
- Hans Leibundgut (1909–1993)
- Helmut Schmidt-Vogt (1918-2008)
- Hans Joachim Fröhlich (1923-2008)
- Peter Burschel (1927-2013)
- Harald Thomasius (1929-2017)
- Jürgen Huss (* 1937)
Yield customer and forest management
- Johann Friedrich Judeich (1828-1894)
- Eilhard Wiedemann (1891–1950)
- Manfred Näslund (1899–1988)
- Reinhard Schober (1906–1998)
- Walter Bitterlich (1908-2008)
- Horst Kramer (1924-2015)
Forest history, forest law, forest policy and nature conservation
- Karl Dickel (1853-1920)
- Hans Hausrath (1866–1945)
- Franz Heske (1892–1963)
- Arnold Freiherr von Vietinghoff-Riesch (1895–1962)
- Julius Speer (1905-1984)
- Karl Hasel (1909-2001)
- Ekkehard Schwartz (1926-2005)
- Peter Schütt (1926-2010)
- Albrecht Milnik (* 1931)
- Max Krott (* 1955)
Soil science and site studies
- Heinrich August Father (1859–1930)
- Gustav Adolf Krauss (1888–1968)
- Hans-Friedrich Sachse (1890–1986)
- Walter Wittich (1897–1977)
- Willi Laatsch (1905–1997)
- Hans Joachim Fiedler (* 1927)
- Heinz W. Zöttl (1927-2016)
- Karl-Eugen Rehfuess (* 1933)
- Wolfgang Nebe (1934-2019)
Forest zoology and entomology
- Bernard Altum (1824–1900)
- Karl Escherich (1871–1951)
- Julius Theodor Christian Ratzeburg (1801–1871)
- Fritz Schwerdtfeger (1905–1986)
- Gustav Wellenstein (1906–1997)
- Wolfgang Schwenke (1921-2006)
- Rolf Zundel : Introduction to Forest Science . UTB for science. Ulmer, Stuttgart 1990. Volume 1557. ISBN 3-8001-2612-5 . 359 pp.
- Jeffery Burley, Julian Evans, John A. Youngquist (Eds.): Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences . 1st edition. Elsevier, Oxford 2004, ISBN 978-0-08-054801-2 ( archive.org [PDF]).
- Web presence of the forest sciences department of the faculty for forest, geo- and hydraulic sciences of the TU Dresden
- Website of the Faculty of Forest and Environmental Sciences at the University of Freiburg
- Website of the Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology at the University of Göttingen
- Web presence of the Faculty of Forest Science & Resource Management at the TU Munich
- Website of the Department of Forest and Soil Sciences at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna