Luigi Lanzi (born June 17, 1732 in Treia , then Montecchio, near Macerata , Marken , Papal States ; † March 31, 1810 in Florence ) was an Italian archaeologist (archeology, etruscology, art history) and philologist.
Lanzi entered the Jesuit order and dealt with art monuments of the Etruscans . At first he lived in Rome. After the order was abolished in 1773, he worked in Florence for Grand Duke Leopold II in the Galleria degli Uffici from 1775 , and as curator from 1776. In this context, he cataloged the collections and reorganized them. Various collections were outsourced, only archeology and graphics remained in the museum with the painting. His guide to the new collection appeared in 1782. In Florence he was also president of the Accademia della Crusca .
His main interest was archaeological sites. In his Saggio di lingua etrusca e di altre antiche d'Italia (3 volumes, 1789) he presented the first research work on the life and culture of the Etruscans . He also wrote a book on Etruscan vases, which he correctly attributed to the Greek style, and also dealt intensively with ancient art, and in this was only surpassed by Johann Joachim Winckelmann in his time . He later turned to the history of Italian art, publishing a style-oriented encyclopedia of Italian painting for the first time with the extensive Storia pittorica dell'Italia . Previously, the art historical works were mostly biography-oriented on individual painters. For the work he not only studied the literature very carefully, but also visited churches and museums in central and northern Italy. The first part appeared in 1792 and the rest with the second edition in 1796 (the third edition in 1809). The work has also been translated into several languages, including German. In this work Lanzi coined the art-historical term Mannerism for the transition period from the Renaissance to the Baroque .
Storia pittorica dell'Italia dal risorgimento delle belle arti fin presso al fine del XVIII secolo , 4 volumes, Milan 1824–1825, 6 volumes, Venice: P. Milesi 1837/38 (first 1792 and in three volumes 1795/96 in Bassano)
- English translation The history of painting in Italy, from the period of the revival of the fine arts to the end of the eighteenth century , 6 volumes, London 1828
- German translation: History of painting in Italy, from the resurgence of art to the end of the 18th century , 3 volumes, Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth 1830, editor Adolph Wagner, translation and commentary by JG von Quandt
- Notie della scultura degli antichi e dei vari suoi stili , 2nd edition, Fiesole 1824
- De 'Vasi antichi dipinti volgarmente chiamati Etruschi: dissertazione III , Florence 1806
- La Real Galleria di Firenze accresciuta, e riordinata per comando di SAR l'Arciduca Granduca di Toscana , Florence 1782 (Guide to the Uffizi Gallery)
- Saggio di lingua Etrusca e di altre antiche d'Italia . Pagliarini, Rome 1789, archive.org
- Saggio delle lingue d'Italia , 1806
He also published the Works and Days of Hesiod (Florence 1808) with translation and transcription in terzines . Theological works (Opere Sacre) also come from him. There have also been travel reports from him.
- Fabrizio Capanni: Lanzi, Luigi Antonio. In: Mario Caravale (ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 63: Labroca-Laterza. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 2004.
- Chiara Gauna: La Storia pittorica di Luigi Lanzi: arti, storia e musei nel Settecento . Olschki, Florence 2003
- Lanzi, Luigi . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 16 : L - Lord Advocate . London 1911, p. 188 (English, full text [ Wikisource ]).
- Literature by and about Luigi Lanzi in the catalog of the German National Library
- Luigi Lanzi (Italian)
- Luigi Antonio Lanzi at arthistoricum.net - the context of the history of science and digitized works in the “History of Art History” portal
- Catholic Encyclopedia
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lanzi, Luigi Antonio|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 17, 1732|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Treia|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 31, 1810|
|Place of death||Florence|