Province of Georgia
The province of Georgia ( 1732 - 1776 ) ( English : Province of Georgia ) was one of the Thirteen Colonies in North America , which in 1776 in the United States Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain renounced.
Georgia was formed in 1732 as the last of the Thirteen Colonies from largely unpopulated parts of Carolina and was named after George II . On November 17, 1732, the English adventurer James Oglethorpe drove to Georgia with 120 comrades to found the first British settlement in Georgia. He and 114 colonists reached Yamacraw Bluff on February 12, 1733 and founded the city of Savannah . Later other people joined the settlement, such as Salzburg exiles and Scots. After bloody battles with the Spaniards and internal disputes, the colony received a royal governor in 1752 and a provincial legislature in 1755. In 1776 Georgia broke away from Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788.
List of Governors of the Province of Georgia
- James Oglethorpe (1732–1743), as Resident Trustee
- William Stephens (1743–1751), as President
- Henry Parker (1751–1752), as President
- Patrick Graham (1752–1754), as President
- John Reynolds (1754–1758), first royal governor
- Henry Ellis (1758-1760)
- James Wright (1760-1776)
- Archibald Campbell (1778–1779)
- Jacques Marcus Prevost (1779)
- James Wright (1779–1782), last British governor
Since 1775 there were also governors of the independent state of Georgia. These are listed here .
- American-History.de (German)