Franz Xaver Hackher zu Hart
Franz Xaver Ritter and Edler Hackher zu Hart , from 1812 Freiherr Hackher zu Hart (born November 13, 1764 in Vienna ; † September 2, 1837 there ) was an imperial and royal genius - colonel and defender of the Graz Schloßberg during the French siege in 1809. Am Grazer Schloßberg the Hackher Lion still reminds of his valiant defense against the troops of Napoléon Bonaparte .
After completing his training at the Genie Academy from 1785 to 1787, he was retired as a sub-lieutenant and took part in the Turkish War (1787–1792). After its end he was promoted to first lieutenant and in 1796 to captain in the engineering corps . He also distinguished himself during the siege of Mantua , becoming a captain on July 11, 1801 and major on January 11, 1808 .
Napoleon, on the other hand, was so angry about the heroic defense that in the Peace of Schönbrunn the razing of the fortress on the Schlossberg was also set; only the clock tower and bell tower could be saved by the citizens of Graz at great financial sacrifice.
In the following missions in 1813 and 1814 in the northern army of the Swedish Crown Prince Karl XIV. Johann Hackher earned a high reputation for his achievements and was awarded the Swedish Order of the Sword .
Hackher later became director of the Moravian Fortification District . In 1820 he was promoted to colonel and in early 1826 he retired. Most recently he lived in Brunn . In 1812 he married Maria Barbara, daughter of the kk wholesaler Jakob Edler von Smitmer.
Hackher died in Vienna in September 1837. His grave is located in Vienna on the edge of Waldmüllerpark Grabstein Nr. 66 (10th district, between Landgut-, Herz-, Dampf- and Karmarschgasse) as part of a monument grove with 100 important grave monuments of famous personalities.
In 1909 a memorial was erected to him on the Schlossberg ( Edmund von Attems-Heiligenkreuz von Archduke Friedrich of Austria-Teschen was unveiled. The "Hackherlöwe" (cannon bronze casting: Alois Josef Selzer, Metallkompositions-Produktion Siebenharr , Vienna-Mariahilf ) created by the Swedish-born Otto Jarl (1856-1915) was removed as an "Adolf Hitler metal donation" from the city of Graz in 1941 and Melted down in 1943. It was not until 1966 that Wilhelm Gösser's freely perceived recreation could be unveiled at the original location.), which was held on October 17 of the same year in the presence of Governor
The Hackher barracks in Gratkorn , which lies in the direction of the lion, is named after him. In 2011 the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt was named after him to commemorate the 2013 decommissioning year . The vintage badge bears the hoe taken from the family coat of arms and ends at the bottom with the motto of the Austrian officers, "Faithful to death".
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Hackher zu Hart, Franz Xaver Freiherr . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 7th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1861, p. 160 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Moritz Marie Edler von Weittenhiller : The Hackher zu Hart <1480–1873>: This family history and genealogy. In: Heraldisch-genealogische Zeitschrift, Volume 3, No. 1–6, Verlag C. Finsterbeck, Vienna 1873
- Alois Veltzé: The Graz Schloßberg 1809 . Roller, Vienna s. a. - archive.org .
- Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1959, p. 132. In:
- The unveiling of the Hackher monument. In: Grazer Tagblatt , morning edition, No. 290/1909 (XIXth year), October 19, 1909, p. 5. (Online at ANNO ). .
- Meinhard Brunner: The Hackher Lion on the Schloßberg. On the history of a monument in Graz. In: Blätter für Heimatkunde , Hg .: Historischer Verein für Steiermark, Volume 73 (1999), pp. 11-19.
- Walter Brunner (ed.): History of the city of Graz. 4 volumes, self-published by the city of Graz, 2003, ISBN 3-902234-02-4 .
- Stefan Rothbart: 1809 - The Last Fortress: The History of the Siege of Graz Castle Hill . Norderstedt 2017.
- Biography , in: Jaromir Hirtenfeld , J. Lukeš: The Military Maria Theresa Order and its Members: According to authentic ... Imperial and Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1857, p. 967.
- List in GoogleBooks
- Austrian baron on April 9, 1812 in Vienna for Franz Xaver Ritter and Edler von Hackher zu Hart , KK major in the engineering corps, as a knight of the Military Maria Theresa Order. - Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelslexikon Volume IV, p. 366, Volume 67 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1978.
- Walter Brunner: History of the City of Graz
- New Yearbook 1913, p. 51, Ed .: Heraldisch-Genealogische Gesellschaft Adler
- "Stones tell from the history of Vienna" by Hans Pemmer in the Official Gazette of the City of Vienna, vol. 55, no. 11 of February 8, 1950, 3rd part, p. 1 or Historisches Lexikon Wien by Felix Czeike, Vienna 2004; Volume 4, p. 204 and Volume 5, p. 580.
- Daily news. (...) The Hackher monument on the Graz Schloßberg. In: Salzburger Volksblatt , No. 238/1909 (XXXIXth year), October 19, 1909, p. 4, bottom center. (Online at ANNO ). .
- "Hackher zu Hart": New class name at the Theresian Military Academy . In: bundesheer.at , May 5, 2011, accessed on September 27, 2013.
- The Freiherrnstand was awarded to Franz Xaver Edlen Hackher zu Hart , the knighthood was not given in the year the status was raised, 1812. - See: Wednesday, May 20, 1812. Vienna .. In: Oesterreichisch-Kaiserliche privilegirte Wiener-Zeitung , No. 41/1812, May 20, 1812, p. 1, top left (online at ANNO ). as well as Hackher zu Hart, Ritter and Freiherren . In: Ernst Heinrich Kneschke : New general German nobility lexicon . Volume 4: Graffen - Kalau von Kalheim . Voigt, Leipzig 1863, p. 129.
|SURNAME||Hackher zu Hart, Franz Xaver|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Hackher zu Hart, Franz Xaver Ritter and Edler; Hackher zu Hart, Franz Xaver Freiherr|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian kuk engineer colonel|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 13, 1764|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 2, 1837|
|Place of death||Vienna|