The Grund family came from north-western Bohemia, where their traces can be traced back to the 17th century. The father Christian Grund (around 1686–1751) was court painter to the Kolowrat family , the brothers of Norbert Grund were artists and musicians: Franz Karl (1720–1756) painter, Franz (1720–1743) painter, Christian Peter Paul (1722–1784 ) Painter and musician, Johann / Jan Eustach (* 1726) musician, Anton († 1806) engraver.
Norbert Grund first learned from his father until 1738, before he went to Vienna in the same year , probably also to Venice . In 1752 he was accepted into the Prague painters' guild of the Lesser Quarter and appointed master. His large family and the low income led to enormous creative power, as a result of which hundreds of small-format pictures, painted on wood, tin and less often on canvas, were preserved.
Norbert Grund was one of the leading figures in Bohemian rococo chamber painting . During his time in Vienna, he was influenced by Franz de Paula Ferg , and then by Venetian baroque painting. Grund later received influences from French rococo painting, which he got to know through engravings. In the 1750s and 1760s he combined Dutch motifs with the light and color of the Rococo. In the last few years there are already hints of classicism.
Thematically, he concentrated on depictions of landscapes and genre painting. Many of his pictures contain robust motifs and depictions of combat. His landscapes show impressions of cities, villages and castle ruins. In addition, he also painted biblical motifs to order. His works of imaginary worlds full of dreams about life, poetry and beauty, which are linked to the depictions of Peter Johann Brandl and Imre Reiner , inspired many painters of the following years, including Josef Navrátil , Josef Mánes and Mikoláš Aleš .
- Seesturm (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1745, oil on canvas, 40 × 56 cm
- On the coast (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1750, oil on panel, 17 × 24 cm
- In front of the village tavern (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1750, oil on canvas, 24 × 35.5 cm
- Evening scene with a carriage (Kooperativa Collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1750, oil on panel, 18 × 14.8 cm
- Pleasure in the palace gardens (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1755, oil on canvas, 27 × 33 cm
- Roman ruins (Prague, National Gallery), around 1760
- Gottlieb Johann Dlabacž: General historical artist lexicon for Bohemia and partly also for Moravia and Silesia. Volume 1, Prague 1813, Sp. 509-510 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Grund, Norbert . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 5th part. Typogr.-literar.-artist publishing house. Establishment (L. C. Zamarski & C. Dittmarsch.), Vienna 1859, p. 397 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Rudolf Müller: Reason, Norbert . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 10, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1879, p. 34 f.
- Josef Müller : Reason, Norbert . In: Ulrich Thieme , Fred. C. Willis (Ed.): General lexicon of visual artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 15 : Gresse – Hanselmann . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1922, p. 143 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
- František Muzika: Norbert Grund . Melantrich, Prague 1937.
- Johanna Zick-Nissen: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3-428-00188-5 , p. 220 f. ( ). In:
- Jan Baleka: Reason, Norbert . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Volume 63, Saur, Munich a. a. 2009, ISBN 978-3-598-23030-1 , pp. 444 f.
- Norbert Grund 1717–1767. Půvab všedního dne = The charm of the everyday. Národní gallery, Prague 2017, ISBN 978-80-7035-656-2 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Reason, Norbert Joseph Carl (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||rococo bohemian painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 4, 1717|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Prague|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 17, 1767|
|Place of death||Prague|