Norbert Grund

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Self-portrait with palette

Norbert Joseph Carl Grund (born December 4, 1717 in Prague ; † July 17, 1767 there ) was a Bohemian painter .


The Grund family came from north-western Bohemia, where their traces can be traced back to the 17th century. The father Christian Grund (around 1686–1751) was court painter to the Kolowrat family , the brothers of Norbert Grund were artists and musicians: Franz Karl (1720–1756) painter, Franz (1720–1743) painter, Christian Peter Paul (1722–1784 ) Painter and musician, Johann / Jan Eustach (* 1726) musician, Anton († 1806) engraver.

Norbert Grund first learned from his father until 1738, before he went to Vienna in the same year , probably also to Venice . In 1752 he was accepted into the Prague painters' guild of the Lesser Quarter and appointed master. His large family and the low income led to enormous creative power, as a result of which hundreds of small-format pictures, painted on wood, tin and less often on canvas, were preserved.


Norbert Grund was one of the leading figures in Bohemian rococo chamber painting . During his time in Vienna, he was influenced by Franz de Paula Ferg , and then by Venetian baroque painting. Grund later received influences from French rococo painting, which he got to know through engravings. In the 1750s and 1760s he combined Dutch motifs with the light and color of the Rococo. In the last few years there are already hints of classicism.

Thematically, he concentrated on depictions of landscapes and genre painting. Many of his pictures contain robust motifs and depictions of combat. His landscapes show impressions of cities, villages and castle ruins. In addition, he also painted biblical motifs to order. His works of imaginary worlds full of dreams about life, poetry and beauty, which are linked to the depictions of Peter Johann Brandl and Imre Reiner , inspired many painters of the following years, including Josef Navrátil , Josef Mánes and Mikoláš Aleš .

Works (selection)

  • Seesturm (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1745, oil on canvas, 40 × 56 cm
  • On the coast (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1750, oil on panel, 17 × 24 cm
  • In front of the village tavern (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1750, oil on canvas, 24 × 35.5 cm
  • Evening scene with a carriage (Kooperativa Collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1750, oil on panel, 18 × 14.8 cm
  • Pleasure in the palace gardens (Kooperativa collection, Wiener Städtische Versicherung), around 1755, oil on canvas, 27 × 33 cm
  • Roman ruins (Prague, National Gallery), around 1760


Web links

Commons : Norbert Grund  - collection of images, videos and audio files