Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger (* 14. November 1779 in Vesterbro , Copenhagen ; † 20th January 1850 ) was a Danish national poet of romance . From 1810 until his death he was professor of aesthetics at the University of Copenhagen and served twice as rector.
In 1803 he published the volume Digte ( poems [poems] ), which contains various literary forms, such as As the now famous poem Guldhornene ( The gold horns ), which is considered the beginning of the Danish romance, and the closet drama St. Hansaften-Spel . He was strongly influenced by Henrich Steffens , who, according to legend, should have converted him to romanticism in a 16-hour conversation, and by the currents from Jena around Schelling at that time .
In 1805 his best-known work, the more than 900-page Poetiske Skrifter ( poetic writings ) appeared in two volumes, which are considered to be the most important evidence of Danish Romanticism.
In his works after 1805 he turned away from the romanticism of the transcendental-romantic character and towards the German classical period , which is already indicated in the 2nd volume of the Poetiske Skrifter . On the other hand, he increasingly resorted to elements of Nordic mythology , which he processed primarily in drama form.
With the turn to German classical music, Oehlenschläger began to regularly translate his Danish literary works into German or to write them in German. In addition to Oehlenschläger's Danish work, there is a complete German work that he himself later edited again for two work editions (1829/30 and 1839). On August 17, 1844, Adam Oehlenschläger was accepted as a foreign member of the Prussian order Pour le Mérite for science and the arts.
On December 15, 1815, Oehlenschläger's play Aladdin eller den forunderlige lampe , in which a mother Ludlam lives in a cave, premiered in Vienna . This was the reason for the founding of the Ludlamshöhle literary society , which existed from 1819 to 1826. Until it was banned, it became the most famous meeting place for actors, singers, musicians and scholars of Biedermeier Vienna.
In 1953 Oehlenschlägergasse in Vienna- Meidling was named after the poet. Ferruccio Busoni (1866–1924) set a hymn by Oehlenschläger to music in the final movement of his Piano Concerto in C major, op. 39 (1902–1904).
- Vaerker . 11 vols., Ed. from Oehlenschläger Selskabet, Copenhagen 1972 ff .:
- Tour of Langeland in the summer of 1804 . 1972.
- Oehlenschläger's Levnet fortalt af ham selv . 2 vols., 1974.
- Axel and Valborg . 1975 (1810), ISBN 87-87530-01-5 .
- Helge . 1976, ISBN 87-87530-03-1 .
- North guder . 1976, ISBN 87-87530-02-3 .
- Poetry . 1977, ISBN 87-87530-05-8 .
- Aladdin eller den forunderlige lamp . 1978, ISBN 87-87530-08-2 .
- Concluded . 1979, ISBN 87-87530-07-4 .
- Stetiske scrifter 1800-1812 . 1980, ISBN 87-87530-09-0 .
- Hakon Jarl to Rige . 1981, ISBN 87-87530-10-4 .
- Prose . 1987, ISBN 87-87530-13-9 .
- Fonts . (German edition), 18 vol., Breslau 1829/30.
- Works . (German edition), 21 vol., Breslau 1839.
- Aladdin eller den forunderlige lamp . Copenhagen 1805 / German Aladdin or The Magic Lamp . Amsterdam 1808
- Axel and Valborg . Copenhagen 1810 / German Axel and Walburg , Tübingen 1810 (Faks.-Dr. Bern and F / M 1989).
- Corregio . Copenhagen 1811 / German Corregio , Stuttgart a. Tübingen 1816.
- Hakon Jarl to Rige . Copenhagen 1808 / German Hakon Jarl , Tübingen 1809.
- Palnatoke . Copenhagen 1809 / German Palnatoke , Stuttgart a. Tubingen 1819.
- Intruder . 4 vols., Copenhagen 1850–51 / German. My life memories , 4 vols., Leipzig 1850–51.
- Ms. Winkel Horn: Adam Oehlenschläger. For his hundredth birthday. , in: The gazebo. Illustrated magazine. Born in 1879. Leipzig 1879, pp. 764–768. With a portrait as a wood engraving, drawn by Adolf Neumann after painting by Riepenhausen.
- Andreas Blödorn: Between the languages. Models of transcultural literature with Christian Levin Sander and Adam Oehlenschläger . Vandenhoeck u. Ruprecht, Göttingen 2004. ISBN 3-525-20595-3 .
- Alvhild Dvergsdal: Adam Oehlenschläger's tragediekunst . Tusculanums Museum Forl. u. a., Copenhagen 1997. ISBN 87-7289-404-0
- Povl Ingerslev-Jensen: Oehlenschläger og Vienna . Copenhagen 1968.
- Povl Ingerslev-Jensen: The poor Oehlenschläger . Rosenkilde og Bagger, Copenhagen 1972.
- Waulundur. A Nordic fairy tale . Ed., Annotated and with an afterword by Robert Nedoma (Viennese texts on Scandinavian studies 4). Praesens, Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-7069-0317-2 .
- Ulrich Horst Petersen: Adam Oehlenschläger. Et essay . Høst, Copenhagen 2002. ISBN 87-14-29820-1
- Christian Gellinek: Adam Oehlenschläger: famous in Denmark, forgotten in Germany , Frankfurt am Main; Berlin; Bern; Vienna [u. a.]: Lang, 2012, ISBN 978-3-631-63336-6
- Albert Sergel : Oehlenschläger in his relations with Goethe, Tieck and Hebbel, together with an Oehlenschläger bibliography , dissertation, University of Rostock, 1907.
- Literature by and about Adam Oehlenschläger in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Adam Oehlenschläger in the German Digital Library
- Works by Adam Oehlenschläger in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Adam Oehlenschläger in the Internet Archive
- List of rectors on the University of Copenhagen website
- Orden Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts. The members of the order. Volume 1: 1842-1881. Berlin 1975, ISBN 3-7861-6189-5
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Oehlenschläger, Adam Gottlob|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Danish national romantic poet|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 14, 1779|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Copenhagen|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 20, 1850|
|Place of death||Copenhagen|