Johann Valentin Tischbein
Johann Valentin Tischbein was born the son of the master baker Johann Heinrich Tischbein (1682–1764) as one of eight siblings. One of his younger brothers was u. a. Johann Heinrich Tischbein the Elder .
In 1729 he went to Kassel , made an apprenticeship in a wallpaper factory and an apprenticeship as a painter (1729–1733) with the court painter Johann Christian Fiedler in Darmstadt , which he continued (1733–1736) with the court painter Johann Georg von Freese in Kassel. Tischbein's subsequent artistic life had many stages. His whereabouts from 1736 to 1739 is unclear; he was probably with Franz Lippold in Frankfurt am Main from 1736 . From 1739 he was with the Count of Solms-Laubach , in 1741 he was briefly in Hanau and became court painter to the Count of Solms-Laubach. From 1744 to 1747 he was court painter to the princes of Hohenlohe-Kirchberg in Kirchberg an der Jagst . There he married his first wife Margarete Dieffenbach. From 1747 to 1764 he was in the Netherlands , initially in Maastricht , where he made a series of nine portraits of the military governors of Maastricht (today in Schloss Fasanerie in Fulda ). His son Johann Friedrich August , later known as Leipziger Tischbein , was born in Maastricht in 1750 . In 1752 he moved to The Hague and Amsterdam . When he returned to Germany in 1764 he was a Landgrave Hessian theater painter in Kassel for a short time. He then worked as court painter to Duke Ernst Friedrich III. Carl von Sachsen-Hildburghausen , but continued to work for the Landgrave's theater in Kassel. In 1765 he married his second wife, Elisabeth Faure. He died in Hildburghausen in 1768.
His first portrait works are by his teacher Fiedler, the later by his younger brother Johann Heinrich Tischbein the Elder. His portrait style, more conservative in relation to his brother's painting style, corresponded to the late baroque . Mainly portraits and theatrical decorations have been preserved. They are preserved u. a. from the Angermuseum Erfurt , from the Hessische Hausstiftung ( Schloss Fasanerie near Fulda), the Schloss Laubach , the Schloss Hohenlohe an der Jagst (for the most part moved to Schloss Neuenstein ), the museum landscape Hessen Kassel (among others in Schloss Friedrichstein (Bad Wildungen) ) and the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg .
- Hans Vollmer: Tischbein, Johann Valentin . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 33 : Theodotos vacation . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1939, p. 212 .
- Literature by and about Johann Valentin Tischbein in the catalog of the German National Library
- Tischbein, Johann Valentin. Hessian biography. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Old Masters Picture Gallery Kassel
|SURNAME||Tischbein, Johann Valentin|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter in Laubach, Maastricht, The Hague, Hildburghausen|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 11, 1715|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Haina Monastery|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 24, 1768|
|Place of death||Hildburghausen|