Me Wais Hotak

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A picture of Mir Wais Hotak on a postage stamp

Mir Wais Khan Hotak (* 1673 ; † 1715 ) was a Pashtun tribal leader of the Ghilzai from Kandahar , who founded the Hotaki dynasty , which ruled Persia from 1722 to 1729.


Mir Wais was the son of Muhammad Bakir and the Nazo Tokhi , who left him the leadership of one of the Ghilzai clans. He visited the Persian royal court in Isfahan and recognized its military weakness. The Pashtun tribes suffered under the ruling Safavids because they tried hard to convert the Sunni Pashtuns to Shiite Islam. In 1709 Mir Wais organized an armed group against Gurgin Khan, the Georgian governor of the Safavids in Kandahar . Gurgin Khan was killed and the Hotakis took control of the city. Then Mir Wais successfully defeated a large Persian army sent to restore order. Mir Wais remained in power until his death in 1715. Only then was his brother Abdul Aziz Hotak , two years later his son Mir Mahmud Hotaki, who succeeded him. This took advantage of the weakness of the Persian Shahs and conquered the entire eastern part of the Persian Empire, while the Ottomans took the western half.

Individual evidence

  1. a b George Bruce Malleson: Chapter 7
  2. a b c d Martin Ewans
  3. Michael Axworthy
  4. Packard Humanities Institute - Persian Literature in Translation - Chapter IV: An Outline Of The History Of Persia During The Last Two Centuries (AD 1722-1922) Weblink
  5. Afghanistan - Mirwais Khan Hotak ...
  6. ^ Creasy, Edward Shepherd (1906) Turkey JD Morris, Philadelphia, p. 298.

See also


  • Martin Ewans: Afghanistan: A Short History of Its People and Politics HarperCollins, New York, Page 30 ISBN 0-06-050507-9 , 2002
  • George Bruce Malleson: History of Afghanistan, from the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878 WH Allen & Co., London; Limited preview: Google Books , 1879
  • Michael Axworthy : The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from Tribal Warrior to Conquering Tyrant IB Tauris, New York, Page 186 , ISBN 1-85043-706-8 , 2006

Web links