Leopold Eberhard (Württemberg-Mömpelgard)
Leopold Eberhard von Württemberg-Mömpelgard (born May 21, 1670 in Mömpelgard (Montbéliard), † February 25, 1723 ibid) came from the branch line of the House of Württemberg, which resided at Mömpelgard. He ruled from 1699 to 1723 as Prince Count von Mömpelgard and in 1680 succeeded his mother as the 8th Count of Coligny . He was driven from his home country for the first half of his life, was in the military service of the House of Austria , lived in Silesia for a long time and was only able to return to Mömpelgard in 1697, where he took over the rule in 1699 - the last of his house. He achieved dubious fame primarily through his arbitrary and absolutist rule as well as his extravagant family life, which is why he is considered the "Black Sheep" of the House of Württemberg .
His father was Georg II. Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (born October 5, 1626 in Mömpelgard, † June 1, 1699 there) who followed his older brother Leopold Friedrich as Duke of Württemberg - Mömpelgard in 1662. However, he was expelled from his county in 1676 by the troops of King Louis XIV of France (1643–1715) and was only able to rule briefly after his return in 1697, as he died two years later. His mother was Anne de Coligny, comtesse (Countess) de Coligny (born September 4, 1624 in Châtillon-sur-Loing , † January 13, 1680 in Riquewihr ), who has been the sole owner since 1657 with her sister Henriette de Coligny and from 1673 onwards the county of Coligny -le Neuf, created in 1559 by the Duke of Savoy . (Today in the Département de l'Ain et du Jura in the Bresse region in France). However, this was done by a decree of the King of France, who re-established the county of Coligny after the Duchy of Coligny had expired with the death of Anne's nephew Henry-Gaspard de Coligny, the 3rd Duke of Coligny (* 1649, † 1657).
Anne de Coligny came from one of the oldest royal houses in Europe, as this county goes back to the great sovereign medieval rule of the House of Coligny, which originally belonged to the Kingdom of Burgundy and later was subordinate to the House of Savoy , the so-called " Principality of Coligny ", which covers the Revermont and parts of the Bresse and belonged to the Holy Roman Empire. The title of Prince of Coligny was held by the head of the House of Coligny as early as 1190/1200. The principality was later divided into two parts by inheritance: In the rule of Coligny-le-Vieux, which in 1617 was regent of the Spanish Netherlands by Archduke Albert VII of Austria (* 1559, † 1621) for Charles de Coligny (* 1654 † 1632) ( Son of Gaspard II. De Coligny) in the Marquisat (about: Margraviate) Coligny was raised. The other part, Coligny-le-Neuf, was raised in 1559 by the Duke of Savoy for Gaspard II. De Coligny (* 1519, † 1572) Admiral of France in the county of Coligny. The area fell with the whole of Bresse in 1601 by the Treaty of Lyon to France and was in 1648 by the King of France for the father of Anne de Coligny, Gaspard III. de Coligny, raised to the Duchy of Coligny.
Anne de Coligny was a great-granddaughter of the great general Gaspard II. De Coligny (1519, † 1572), 1st Comte de Coligny, Admiral of France - the most prominent victim of St. Bartholomew's Night (August 24, 1572) - and was a great niece through his mother of the great Connétable of France , Anne de Montmorency (* 1493, † 1567).
Her father was Gaspard III. de Coligny (born July 26, 1584 in Montpellier, † January 4, 1646 in Châtillon-sur-Loing ), 4th comte de Coligny, 1622 Marshal of France , from 1643 1st Duke of Coligny and Peer of France . Her mother was Anne de Polignac (* 1598, † 1651). Her brother was Gaspard IV. De Coligny (born June 9, 1620 in Châtillon Castle, † December 19, 1649 Château de Vincennes), 5th Comte de Coligny, 1648 2nd Duke of Coligny and 1646 1st Duke of Châtillon , peer of France and Marshal of France . Of the sisters of Duke Leopold Eberhard, it is worth mentioning:
- Eleonore Charlotte (* November 30, 1656, † April 13, 1743) ⚭ 1673 Sylvius Friedrich Duke of Württemberg in Öls (in Silesia ) (* February 21, 1651 in Öls, † June 3, 1697 in Öls (no children)),
- Elisabeth (* March 17, 1665, † July 5, 1726) ⚭ September 19, 1689 in Öls with Friedrich Ferdinand Duke of Württemberg in Weitlingen (* October 6, 1654, † August 8, 1705), (children, but no permanent descendants )
Youth in exile
Duke Leopold Eberhard was born as the 8th child and youngest son of the reigning Duke Georg II of Württemberg-Mömpelgard on May 21, 1670 in the city palace of Mömpelgard, the capital of the county of the same name.
His youth was traumatized by the fact that his family was driven from the ancestral rulership when he was just six years old, had to live in exile for twenty-two years and could only return to his homeland at the age of 28. This is because Württemberg was drawn into the armed conflicts between the German Empire and France , the Palatinate War of Succession , the Fifth Turkish War and the War of Spanish Succession at the end of the 17th century , with greater devastation in the west of the country. The county of Württemberg was particularly hard hit, as King Louis XIV of France tried to bring under his control of Württemberg possessions on the left bank of the Rhine as part of his policy of conquest, whereby the county of Mömpelgard was occupied by French troops from 1676 to 1679 and 1680 to 1697.
The young prince therefore had to flee his home country with his father, Duke Georg II. After the death of his mother in 1680 he succeeded her as the 8th Count of Coligny. A few years later, in 1684, the family was offered the opportunity to return. However, since this was tied to the condition of recognizing the French overlordship and thus leaving the association of the Holy Roman Empire, his father refused. The county was therefore administered as regent by the uncle Leopold Eberhards, Duke Friedrich Karl von Württemberg-Winnental until 1698 . This, who was also regent for his underage nephew Duke Eberhard Ludwig von Württemberg, had to flee with his ward to Nuremberg in 1688 due to the outbreak of the Palatinate War of Succession (1688–1697) and was temporarily captured by French troops in 1692. Only after the end of the War of the Palatinate Succession through the Peace of Rijswijk (1697) was Duke Georg II - and thus his heir, Duke Leopold Eberhard - able to return to Mömpelgard with his family.
As a landless prince with little prospect of ever being able to rule in Mömpelgard, Leopold Eberhard entered the Austrian military service, was appointed colonel by Emperor Leopold I after he had proven himself, and took part in various battles against the Ottomans in Hungary part and distinguished himself as the commander of the Tokaj Fortress , succeeding in driving the Ottoman troops from all over the area.
He then lived for a few years in exile with his cousins from the House of Württemberg , who ruled in the Duchy of Oels , which had come to the House of Württemberg through marriage in 1649. The royal seat was the city of the same name Oels (today Oleśnica in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in Poland ). Leopold Eberhard therefore lived in Silesia for several years. There he met Anne Sabine Hedwiger, who was in the service of his cousins, fell in love with her and married her on June 1, 1695, because she had become pregnant. Since this marriage was morganatic (unequal) according to the laws of the House of Württemberg , it took place in secret, without his father being informed, as he had already found a suitable woman from a princely family for him and would have completely refused such a marriage.
Despite this love affair, Leopold Eberhard did not remain loyal to his wife for long because he was too busy with two sisters - Henriette Hedwige and Elisabeth Charlotte Curie.
Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard
After the war of the Palatinate Succession was ended by the Peace of Rijswijk (1697), his father was able to return to the county of Mömpelgard, which, however, had suffered territorial losses due to the peace conditions. When his father died in 1699, Leopold Eberhard succeeded him as Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard, as his older brothers had died prematurely. His domain extended primarily to the historic county of Mömpelgard , which had come to the house of Württemberg at the beginning of the 15th century through the marriage of Henriette von Mömpelgard , the last Countess von Mömpelgard from the House of Montfaucon, with Count Eberhard IV of Württemberg . The capital of the county, known today as Montbéliard, is in the Doubs department in Franche-Comté in eastern France .
In addition to the county itself, the county of Horburg (today Horbourg-Wihr ), an Alsatian municipality in the French department of Haut-Rhin , belonged to the rulership of the duchess of Mömpelgard . As well as a number of dominions, such as Blamont, Châtelot, Clémont, Héricourt, Franquemont and Reichenweier (today Riquewihr ), also a French commune in the Alsatian department of Haut-Rhin.
As his mother's heir, he was also the 8th Count of Coligny from 1680
The style of government that Duke Leopold Eberhard developed after his succession did not exactly contribute to his popularity. The county, which was marked by decades of chaos of war, marauding troops and foreign occupation, would have needed a father who was open to the needs of the population, but received an absolutist ruler who - perhaps due to the decades in exile - preferred his interests to the detriment of the population gave. This autocratic style of government led in 1704 to considerable unrest and demonstrations by the population of Mömpelgard against the sovereign. Duke Leopold Eberhard, who saw his sovereign rights in question as a result, ordered the revocation of the city's privileges and immunities as a punishment. The city administration did not want to accept this, however, and therefore turned to the highest feudal lord, the emperor, to protest against it and to take remedial action. The Duke saw this as an approach to an open revolution and decided to restore order through military force. Since he could not count on the support of his German cousins and neighbors, he turned to King Louis XIV and asked him to send French troops to put down the uprising. If the military overthrow of the protests of the citizens alone was a sufficient reason to lose all sympathy of his subjects, the deployment of French troops earned him the hatred of the population, as the difficult times of the French occupation were still too clearly in their memory. At the same time, he incurred the wrath of the imperial court in Vienna and the imperial estates, since he had allied himself in an almost treasonable way with the sovereign who had warred the Holy Roman Empire for years and - not entirely wrongly - also blamed for the devastation of his own country.
His “economic policy” was similarly arbitrary, since he sought to improve his financial situation at the expense of his subjects. He found a suitable pretext in a practice practiced during the Thirty Years' War . Because of the extensive devastation and the great deaths among the rural population, abandoned or heirless land was confiscated by the sovereigns in order not to leave it lying idle, but to distribute it to suitable landless people in order to make it usable again. Duke Leopold Eberhard decided to make use of this provision and in 1713 sent agents to all the communities in his domain who had to confiscate all goods and fields for which the owners could not produce any documents about the legal acquisition. For many farmers, however, this was impossible because the past wars not only killed people and animals, but also burned all the documents with the houses; as many could not prove their property, they lost their property to the sovereign, which caused great outrage throughout the country. One of the few positive aspects of his government would be to mention that Duke Leopold Eberhard used parts of the confiscated lands to settle farmers from other parts of the country in the war-depopulated and ruined areas, in order to revive the economy. Among them were numerous Mennonites who had been expelled from Switzerland and Alsace for religious reasons, who contributed significantly to the improvement of agriculture in the County of Mömpelgard, as they were diligent and open to innovations, including the cultivation and breeding of potatoes introduced the high-yielding Montbéliard cattle breed in the county.
Extravagant family life
The extravagant family life of Duke Leopold Eberhard is a special chapter.
Duke Leopold Eberhard secretly married Anna Sabine Hedwiger (* April 20, 1676, † November 9, 1735), a daughter of Johann Georg Hedwiger from his first marriage to Katharina Clos, on June 1, 1695 in Rejowitz near Posen.
Even after his marriage, Duke Leopold Eberhard had tried to raise his wife's status in order to subsequently reorganize the marriage that was not in keeping with his status. However, these efforts were in vain for six years.
However, the marriage failed because of the extramarital relations between Duke Leopold Eberhard and the Curie sisters, whereby for practical reasons he had induced his wife to take them into their household as partners. The four household that he had set up after his return to Mömpelgard - his wife, the two Curie sisters and himself - he continued as the reigning duke without worrying about the ridicule of his subjects. In 1700, his wife found this situation no longer bearable, so separated from her husband and moved - without divorce - to the Héricourt Castle in the town of Héricourt in what is now the Haute-Saône department in the Bourgogne region -Franche-Comté back.
Since Leopold Eberhard was now a duke and sovereign, he renewed his efforts to raise the status of his wife and her family in order to retrospectively reorganize his marriage that was not in keeping with his class. For this purpose, he had a "beautified" documentation drawn up, from which it should be evident that the Hedwiger family was of aristocratic origin and had repeatedly rendered great services to the House of Austria in the past, and had it transmitted to Emperor Leopold I (1658–1705) . This was finally softened and on August 2, 1701, Anne Sabine Hedwiger and her brothers - Georg Wilhelm Hedwiger and Johann Rudolf Hedwiger - were given the title "High and well-born" with the title "von Sponeck" to the imperial count. This predicate is derived from Sponeck Castle (today in the municipality of Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl in Baden-Württemberg ), which was then owned by the Dukes of Württemberg-Mömpelgard.
His separate marriage was finally divorced in 1714 on the grounds of "incompatibilité d'humeur" (for example: incompatibility of temperaments). Anna Sabine Hedwiger received, however, despite the divorce in 1719 from Roger de Langheac († 1746), 6th Marquis de Coligny 2nd Comte de Dalet - a descendant in the female line of Charles de Coligny mentioned above - the Marquisate Coligny, created in 1617, led hence the title of Marquise de Coligny. She died on November 9, 1735.
Duke Leopold Eberhard also had a relationship with Henriette Hedwige Curie (born November 26, 1675, † November 9, 1707). She was the daughter of a war comrade of the Duke from the time of the Turkish wars, Richard Curie, known as l'Esperance, a tailor for Mümpelgard who later advanced to become imperial captain and his wife Anne Gervaisot. Henriette Hedwige was married to Johann Ludwig von Sandersleben for the sake of form , but was only in a relationship with Duke Leopold Eberhard, to whom she gave birth to three children during their legitimate marriage, who initially bore the name of their husband, from whom they divorced around 1700. Duke Leopold Eberhard wanted his lover and their children to receive a higher status and finally achieved that the two Curie sisters and their descendants were elevated to the status of imperial baron by Emperor Leopold I on September 11, 1700 and since then have been renamed imperial baron from l'Esperance. Since the first three children were born in double adultery - because both partners were formally married - and legitimation through subsequent marriage was out of the question because of the continuation of his own marriage and the death of his beloved in 1707, he adopted the in 1714 children born from this relationship and raised them in 1716 out of their own power to the princely count status with the predicate de Coligny while at the same time conferring the County of Coligny inherited from his mother .
Duke Leopold Eberhard died on March 25, 1723 at the age of 53 and was buried at night on March 27, 1723 at night in the crypt of the Saint-Maimbœuf de Montbéliard church.
Marriages and offspring
Duke Leopold Eberhard secretly married Anna Sabine Hedwiger (born April 20, 1676, † November 9, 1735) in Rejowitz near Posen on June 1, 1695, who had been Countess of Sponeck since 1701 and Marquise de Coligny, a daughter of Johann since 1719 Georg Hedwiger from his first marriage to Katharina Clos.
Duke Leopold Eberhard also had a relationship with Henriette Hedwige Curie, since September 11, 1700 imperial freess of l'Espérance (born November 26, 1675, † November 9, 1707) with whom he had several children.
Duke Leopold Eberhard had a long-term relationship with her sister Elisabeth Charlotte Curie (* June 28, 1684, † July 19, 1733 in Ostheim) since September 11, 1700, Imperial Freiness of l'Espérance, who in 1707 - after the death of her sister - took over the role of the first lady at the court of Mömpelgard. After his first marriage was annulled on October 6, 1714, she married Duke Leopold Eberhard on August 15, 1718.
From the marriages and relationships with these three women, Duke Leopold Eberhard had a total of 18 children. As if that wasn't enough, he later married some of his children - who were half-siblings - to each other, which was naturally perceived by his contemporaries as highly scandalous.
A. Descendants from the relationship / marriage with Anna Sabine Hedwiger since 1701 Countess von Sponeck and since 1719 Marquise de Coligny:
- Leopold Eberhard, Count von Sponeck, (* March 30, 1695, † March 7, 1709)
- Leopoldine Eberhardine, Countess von Sponeck, since 1735 as heiress of her mother, Marquise de Coligny (baptized February 15, 1697, † 1786) ⚭ August 31, 1719 her half-brother, Karl Leopold von Sandersleben Freiherr von l'Esperance, comte de Coligny (see below)
- Charlotte Leopoldine, Countess von Sponeck, (* 1700, † February 3, 1703)
- Georg Leopold, Count von Sponeck, French Prince de Montbéliard (Mümpelgard), (baptized December 12, 1697, † April 26, 1750); tried with the support of the population and the king of France to assert his claim to the successor of his father in the county of Mömpelgard. However, these claims were rejected by the Imperial Court in 1723 and 1739. ⚭ February 22nd 1719 his half-sister Eleonore Charlotte Freiin von l'Espérance, then von Sandersleben, from 1716 Comtesse de Coligny. Whose children were:
- Leopold Christian, Count von Sponeck (* February 4, 1721, † 1723)
- Georg Leopold Prince von Mömpelgard, Imperial Count of Horneburg and Champvallon, (* January 15, 1722, † July 4, 1790, Paris)
- Ludwig Graf von Sponeck (* December 1725, † Paris August 24, 1734)
- Eleonore Charlotte, Countess von Sponeck (* December 25, 1719, †?)
- Franziska Salome, Countess von Sponeck (born June 30, 1724, † 1770/73)
B. Descendants from the relationship with Henriette Hedwige Curie, imperial freeess of l'Espérance since 1700:
While his illegitimate children with Anna Sabine Hedwiger and with Elizabeth Charlotte Curie were legitimized by the subsequent marriage, this was not possible with his children with Henriette Hedwige Curie. In order to legitimize these children, Duke Leopold Eberhard adopted them in 1714, raised them to the rank of Count of Württemberg-Mömpelgard in 1716 and transferred the County of Coligny inherited from his mother to them.
- Karl Leopold von Sandersleben, 1700 Baron von l'Esperance, Comte de Coligny from Württemberg-Mömpelgard since 1716, a fief that was confirmed in February 1718 by Louis XV, King of France, for him and his siblings († after October 19, 1759), ⚭ August 31, 1719 his half-sister Leopoldine Eberhardine Countess of Sponeck and French Marquise de Coligny (baptized February 15, 1697, † 1786) (see above) whose children were:
- Leopold Ulrich Freiherr von l 'Esperance, Comte de Coligny, (* May 18, 1721, † Mantes-sur-Seine June 2, 1751)
- Karl Ferdinand (born November 1, 1723)
- Friedrich Eugen (* 1724)
- Eleonore Charlotte Freiin von l'Esperance, Comtesse de Coligny, (* June 5, 1720, † 1781), ⚭ around 1752 Louis Christophe de Faucigny-Lucinge, Marquis de Lucinge († 1781)
- Amédée de Faucigny Lucinge (1755–1801) comte de Coligny prince de Lucinge. The title Comte de Coligny was inherited by his descendants who had been raised to the prince's position in the male line until 2000.
- Anna Elisabeth Freiin von l'Esperance, Comtesse de Coligny, since 1786 as heir to her mother Marquise de Coligny (born September 3, 1722, † 1793); ⚭ November 11, 1747 Thomas de Pillot seigneur de Chénecey, Comte de Coligny, since 1747 Marquis de Coligny-le-Vieux († January 25, 1777) The titles Comte de Coligny and Marquis de Coligny were inherited by his male offspring until 1926
- Ferdinand Eberhard von Sandersleben, from 1700 Baron von l'Esperance, from 1716 Comte de Coligny, (born August 31, 1699, † after October 19, 1759); ⚭ July 16, 1737 Franziska Benigna Freiin Waldner von Freundstein (* February 8, 1716, † February 21, 1750) whose children:
- Moritz Theodor, (born February 28, 1748, † young)
- Franziska Maria Benigna, baroness of l'Espérance, Comtesse de Coligny (born June 24, 1738, † July 1, 1787); ⚭ June 27, 1758 Christian Freiherr Waldner von Freundstein
- Leopold Eberhard, (* August 13, 1704, † May 15, 1705)
- Eleonore Charlotte von Sandersleben, 1700 baroness of l'Espérance, 1716 Comtesse de Coligny, (born October 14, 1700, † November 11, 1773 in Paris); ⚭ February 22nd, 1719 her half-brother Georg Leopold Graf von Sponeck "Prince de Montbéliard" (see above)
- Elisabeth, (May 1, 1702, † March 12, 1703)
- Eberhardine Freiin von l'Esperance, (* May 18, 1703, † after 1756)
- Leopoldine Eberhardine Freiin von l'Esperance, (* September 15, 1705, † after 1756)
- Henriette Hedwige (* May 27, 1707, † May 1709)
C. Descendants from the relationship or since 1718 marriage to Elizabeth Charlotte Curie, since 1700 Baroness von l'Esperance (born June 28, 1684, † July 19, 1733 in Ostheim)
- Leopold Eberhard Freiherr von l'Esperance, (* July 28, 1712, † September 13, 1730 in Ostheim)
- Georg, (born November 8, 1714, † January 12, 1715)
- Karl Leopold Freiherr von l'Esperance since 1761 Imperial Count of Horneburg, (* 1716, † July 25, 1793); ⚭ 1.) May 16, 1741 Maria Jose de Fuentes de Toledo de Castilla (* 1718/19, † June 30, 1752); ⚭ 2.) Elisabeth Charlotte Freiin von Malsen-Tilborch; ⚭ 3.) July 15, 1783 Marie Judith de la Riviere (* January 4, 1748, † Orléans May 28, 1834)
- Antoine François Leopold, (born July 29, 1743)
- N (son) (born June 16, 1748, † January 16, 1756)
- Frédérique Adelaide baroness of l'Esperance, (* June 13, 1746, †?); ⚭ c. November 27, 1763 Gilles Gervais de Pechpeyrou, Marquis de Beaucaire († January 1, 1776)
- Georg Friedrich Freiherr von l'Esperance, (born August 16, 1722 in Mömpelgard, † Graz January 20, 1760); ⚭ Therese Countess von Hartig (born September 1, 1728 in Graz, † March 23, 1797 in Brünn (Brno))
- Henriette Hedwige, (* April 22, 1711, † 1728)
- Elisabeth Charlotte, (* December 31, 1717, † 1729)
Duke Leopold Eberhard left behind numerous children from his three relationships, but despite his efforts to legitimize them, no heirs with successor rights. The question of succession was therefore open. It was regulated in the Wildbad Treaty , which he concluded - probably not entirely voluntarily - on May 18, 1715 with the head of the House of Württemberg, Duke Ludwig Eberhard von Württemberg-Stuttgart (* 1676 † 1733). In it, Leopold Eberhard declared that he had not entered into a proper marriage and that his descendants were therefore not entitled to inheritance, and recognized Duke Eberhard Ludwig , the 10th Duke of Württemberg (born September 18, 1676, † October 31, 1733) as his legal successor. In return, he assured him that the illegitimate offspring would be taken care of with an annual pension. Although this contract was also signed by the relatives of the women concerned, Leopold Eberhard made further - but ultimately unsuccessful - attempts with the help of the emperor or the French king to get his sons recognized as legal heirs. France, which had long been demanding sovereignty over the possessions on the left bank of the Rhine, supported these efforts and in 1723 took possession of these territories for the sons of Leopold. In 1748 this sovereignty was recognized by the Duke of Württemberg, while the complicated legal dispute with the descendants could not be settled until 1758 by their waiver of pension payments.
|Friedrich I. Duke of Württemberg (1593–1608) Count von Mömpelgard (1558–1608), (* 1557, † 1608)|
|Ludwig Friedrich Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (1586–1631)|
|Sibylla Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst , Duchess of Württemberg (* 1564, ⚭ 1581, † 1614)|
|George II Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (1662–1699)|
|Johann Casimir Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken in Gleiberg (* 1577, † 1602)|
|Anna Eleonora Countess of Nassau-Saarbrücken -Weilburg, Duchess of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (* 1602, ⚭ 1625, † 1685)|
|Elisabeth Landgravine of Hessen-Darmstadt , Countess of Nassau-Saarbrücken (* 1579, † 1655)|
|Leopold Eberhard Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (1699–1723)|
|François de Coligny , comte de Coligny, seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Loing (* 1557, † 1591)|
|Gaspard III. de Coligny Duc (Duke) de Coligny, Peer of France (* 1584, † 1645)|
|Marguerite d'Ailly, comtesse de Coligny (* c. 1553, † n. 1604)|
|Anne comtesse de Coligny, Duchess of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (* 1624, ⚭ 1648, † 1680)|
|Gabriel de Polignac, seigneur de Saint-Germain|
|Anne de Polignac, Duchesse (Duchess) de Coligny (* 1598, ⚭ 1615, † 1651)|
|Anne d'Albin de Valzergues|
- Sönke Lorenz, Dieter Mertens, Volker Press (ed.): The house of Württemberg. A biographical lexicon. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-17-013605-4 , pp. 178-180
- Paul Friedrich von Stälin : Georg, Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1878, p. 709 f.
- European Family Tables , Volume XIV, Plate 62 A
- Schlesische Provinzialblätter , 1804, Volume 41, S.359ff Anna Sabina Countess von Sponek Wife of the last Duke of Würtemberg-Möppelgard, born Hedwig, daughter of Johann Georg Hedwigers, a Becker in Liegnitz
- European Family Tables , New Series, Volume III.2, Plate 268
- tree Württemberg-Mömpelgard , on genealogy.eu
- European Family Tables , Volume III.2, Plate 268
- The family of Count von Sponeck, which is still flourishing today, does not descend from Duke Eberhard Leopold, but from two brothers of Anna Sabine Hedwiger, Georg Wilhelm, from 1699 to 1703 district president von Mömpelgard, later Danish general, and Johann Rudolf, 1703 district president in Mömpelgard who were raised together with her to the rank of imperial count and became the progenitors of the two flourishing lines, the Swedish and the Württemberg line, the Counts of Sponeck. See Count von Sponeck
- Wikipedia article Wildbad Treaty
- Hansmartin Decker-Hauff : Women in the Württemberg house. Edited by Wilfried Setzler. DRW, Leinfelden-Echterdingen 1997, ISBN 3-87181-390-7 .
- Jean-Pierre Dormois: Duke Leopold Eberhard and the line of the Counts of Sponeck. In: Sönke Lorenz, Dieter Mertens, Volker Press (eds.): Das Haus Württemberg. A biographical lexicon. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-17-013605-4 , pp. 242-246.
- Sönke Lorenz , Peter Rückert (ed.): Württemberg and Mömpelgard - 600 years of meeting. Montbéliard - Wurtemberg, 600 ans de relations (= writings on Southwest German regional studies. Volume 26). DRW, Leinfelden-Echterdingen 1999, ISBN 3-87181-426-1 .
- Gerhard Raff : Hie good Wirtemberg all the way. Volume 3: The House of Württemberg from Duke Wilhelm Ludwig to Duke Friedrich Carl. Hohenheim, Stuttgart / Leipzig 2002, ISBN 3-89850-084-5 / ISBN 978-3-943066-11-1 , pp. 567-607.
- Daniel Seigneur: Le Roman d'une Principauté. Montbéliard du XIVe au XVIIIe siècle . Cêtre, Besançon 2006, ISBN 978-2-87823-161-8 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Württemberg-Mömpelgard, Leopold Eberhard von (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Württemberg-Mömpelgard|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 21, 1670|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Mömpelgard , County of Württemberg-Mömpelgard , Holy Roman Empire|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 25, 1723|
|Place of death||Mömpelgard , County of Württemberg-Mömpelgard , Holy Roman Empire|