François de Coligny

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François de Coligny (* 1557 ; † 1591 ), comte de Coligny et seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Loing , was a son of Gaspard II. (1519–1572) comte de Coligny, peer and admiral of France , called ( Amiral de Coligny ), who was murdered on St. Bartholomew's Night (August 24), 1572, and his wife Charlotte de Laval . He was one of the leaders of the Protestants during the Huguenot Wars in France .

Military career

He gained his first experience during the sixth Huguenot War in the defense of Montpellier (1576–1577). He first had the citadel torn down, which was occupied by royal soldiers. When the situation became difficult, he made a sortie, hurried through the mountainous region of the Cevennes and marched to Bergerac (Dordogne) in order to bring reinforcements to Montpellier from there.

At the beginning of the war of the Catholic League , when King Henry III. found practically no support from France, Coligny managed to defeat the leader of the league, Charles de Lorraine at Chartres (1589).

He also distinguished himself at the Battle of Arques (September 1589), as his arrival at the head of five hundred crossbowmen enabled King Henry IV of France to claim an important victory.

Marriage and offspring

François de Coligny married Marguerite d'Ailly (? −1604), daughter of Charles d'Ailly seigneur de Seigneville, on May 18, 1581. They had four children:

  • Henri de Coligny (? −10 September 1601) comte de Coligny et seigneur de Châtillon, who fell in the attack on Ostend in 1601,
  • Gaspard (1584–1646) Count and later Duke of Coligny, Marshal of France known as ( le maréchal de Chatillon ),
  • Charles de Coligny, seigneur de Beaupont,
  • Françoise de Coligny (? –1637) married René de Talensac, seigneur de Londrières in 1602.

See also Coligny house

See also