Sandersleben (noble family)

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One of the coat of arms variants (see below) that of Sandersleben

Sandersleben , also called Santersleben , is the name of an old, originally Altmark, noble family from the Archdiocese of Magdeburg . The family, some of whose branches still exist today, later acquired ownership and reputation in Brandenburg , Bohemia , the County of Glatz and Silesia . An extinct line was called Graf or Countess von Sandersleben-Coligny due to an adoption .



The family is first mentioned in a document in 1277 with Theodericus de Santersleve as owner of a Curia in Neuhaldensleben . The uninterrupted line of trunks begins in 1415 with Fricke Santersleve in Neuhaldensleben. The family has belonged to the nobility since the middle of the 15th century, according to a decision by the Saxon Foundation for Family Research for the Saxon nobility book on July 6, 1926. The von Santersleben family signed up until 1670 .

The parent house that gave the name was the village of Santersleben, today Groß Santersleben , a district of the municipality of Hohe Börde in the district of Börde in Saxony-Anhalt . The place appears for the first time in 1013. The lords of Sandersleben are mentioned as owners of the village from 1291 and 1321 and 1409 as owners of Saatzke near Gardelegen .

Spread and lines

The sons of the progenitor Fricke († 1447), Fricke II. And Hans, founded two lines. 1455 the brothers were the archbishop of Magdeburg with the Sander Lebener goods invested . Hans died around 1486. ​​His line died out around 1535 with the death of his youngest son Thomas, Canon of the Church of Our Dear Women in Halberstadt .

Fricke II. († 1463) left two sons Fricke III. and Barthold. Both went to Magdeburg and were in 1464, after the death of her father and her cousin with his father's goods by Archbishop Frederick the entire hand invested. Fricke III. († around 1487) had a son, Fricke IV., Who was named among the tenants in 1487, but later no longer. He probably died unmarried or without offspring. Barthold, the younger brother of Fricke III, was still living in Magdeburg in 1479. He married a daughter of the noble family of the Knesebeck out of the house Tylsen and died around 1486. His sons Fricke V. and Hans were in 1487 by Archbishop Ernst at the Sander Lebener goods with borrowed against. But only after the death of their cousins ​​did both get all of Sandersleben's goods back into their possession.

Hans († around 1535), who married Gertrud von Wartensleben , was able to continue the tribe . Her grandson Hans (* 1559; † 1607) on Serba became ducal court marshal of Saxony-Weimar and secret chamber councilor . He was married twice, in 1582 in his first marriage to Martha von Hertell and from 1602 in his second marriage to Elisabeth von Haugwitz . In 1620, the von Sandersleben family appeared as the owners of Liebenwalde and Liebenthal (today part of Liebenwalde) in the Mark Brandenburg . In 1709 Altwaltersdorf , Glasegrund and Kislingswalde near Habelschwerdt were owned or partially owned by the family in the county of Glatz . Hans Abraham Sander life on Serba and Weidenthal at (1678 *) Querfurt , a great-grandson of Hans and son of Georg Abraham Sandersleben (* 1629, † 1678) and his second wife Margaret Magdalene of starschedel was first Duke of Saxony-white felser Kammerjunker and War Commissioner . He died in 1739 as a royal Prussian captain out of service .

Hans Abraham's son, Johann Georg von Sandersleben (* 1715; † 1795), from his marriage with Johanne Magdalene von Weidenbach (* 1694; † 1732), which he entered into in 1712, was electoral Saxon chamberlain, chief forestry and game master. Johann Georg's first marriage to Dorothea Sophie von Schlieben (* 1721; † 1757) remained childless, from his second marriage to Johanna Sophie Elenore von Stammer (* 1731; 1798), Friedrich Rudolf von Sandersleben came from in 1758 .

Friedrich Rudolf (* 1764) on Weidenthal and Neubau died in 1844 as a royal Saxon captain out of service. He last served in Prince Clemens' dragoon regiment. In 1803, he married Karoline Wilhelmine Sophie von Abendroth (* 1776; † 1858) in Kösen . The couple had eight children, three daughters and four sons. Two children died before their parents. Of the daughters, Bertha von Sandersleben (* 1807; † 1852) married the royal Saxon chief forester and chamberlain and hunting junker Friedrich August Freiherr von Ende († 1864) in 1839 . Friedrich von Sandersleben (* 1814) of her brothers died in 1859 as a royal Saxon major general out of service. He last served as colonel and commander of 3rd Infantry Regiment No. 103. His only son Arthur died in 1869. Karl and Rudolf von Sandersleben, two other brothers from Betha and Friedrich, founded two new lines.

1st line

Frankenberg manor , owned by the family from 1812 to 1945

Karl von Sandersleben (* 1813), the founder of the first line, died in 1887 as an imperial and royal first lieutenant . He married Marie Antonie Demel in Teschen in 1847 and had two children. The daughter Wilhelmine Amalie Marie (* 1848) married Eugen Ritter Hantken von Prudnik, the imperial and royal court advisor and director of the Chamber of Commerce in 1869 . The son Georg von Sandersleben (* 1849) on Frankenberg died in 1913 as a royal Saxon colonel out of service. On 23 December 1912 he received a royal Saxon nobility recognition and on 3 March 1913 a registration in the Royal Saxon nobility book under the number 432. Georg married in 1879 in Leipzig Anette Platzmann (* 1858, † 1936), daughter of the secret government Council Dr . jur. Heinrich Alexander Platzmann.

The marriage resulted in two sons and a daughter. Son Georg Friedrich Alexander von Sandersleben (* 1880, † 1947) became a lieutenant colonel. He left behind a daughter Wilhelmine Margarete Annette von Sandersleben (* 1920) from his marriage to Alexandriene von Schönberg-Pötting (* 1880; † 1970) in 1918 in Tanneberg . She was the last abbess of the Protestant women's monastery in Wallenstein . Wilhelmine Margarete Annette died on April 15, 2010 at the age of 90 and was buried on April 23, 2010 in the Stiftsfriedhof am Frauenberg.

In 1973, with the death of Friedrich Karl Eberhard von Sandersleben (* 1880), the twin brother of Georg Friedrich Alexander, this line became extinct in the male line .

2nd line

Rudolf von Sandersleben (* 1818; † 1905) on Weidenthal, the founder of the second line, which still exists today, became a royal Saxon secret finance councilor. He was married twice, in 1846 his first marriage to Emilie Marie Rhode (* 1820; † 1864) and his second marriage from 1865 to Pauline Anna Rhode (* 1823; † 1895). The first marriage had a son and a daughter, the second marriage remained childless. The daughter Emmy (* 1847) married Karl Georg Müller von Berneck in 1872, a royal Saxon lieutenant general . Her brother Hans Rudolf von Sandersleben (* 1853, † 1943) became a royal Saxon chamberlain and a member of the Saxon assembly of estates as well as a legal knight of the Order of St. John . On March 3, 1913, he received an entry in the royal Saxon nobility book under the number 433. Hans Rudolf married Editha Freiin von Welck (* 1859, † 1945) in Dresden in 1885 , the daughter of the royal Saxon colonel and adjutant Robert Freiherr von Welck. The couple left two sons and two daughters.

Rudolf Robert Werner von Sandersleben (* 1886), the eldest son, died in 1927 as a landowner and royal Saxon captain out of service. His marriage to Alexandra Scheller (* 1889; † 1970) in Dresden in 1919 had a son, Rudolf Robert Joachim von Sandersleben (* 1922). He became professor of animal pathology at the University of Munich and was knight of honor of the Order of St. John. Rudolf Robert Joachim married Ilse Brodmann (* 1918) in Gießen in 1957 , the daughter of the important neuroanatomist and psychiatrist Korbinian Brodmann .

Rudolf Otto Joachim von Sandersleben (* 1888; † 1970), the younger brother of Rudolf Robert Werner, married Irmgard von Brixen (* 1897; † 1970), the daughter of the royal Prussian major Kurt von Brixen , in 1924 . They left three sons, of whom the eldest Rudolf Julius Friedrich-Christian von Sandersleben (* 1926) fell as a private on May 6, 1945, in the last days of the Second World War . The youngest son Rudolf Constantin Hans-Joachim von Sandersleben (* 1938) married Edith Wündisch (* 1937) in 1966 and was able to continue the line with a son and two daughters.

Althörnitz Castle , owned by the family from 1880 to 1945

In 1881 Hans Rudolf von Sandersleben, the son of the ancestor of the second line, acquired Althörnitz Castle near Zittau with the property belonging to it. After the Second World War, the von Sandersleben family was expropriated and the property was inhabited by resettlers. The honorary consul of the Kingdom of Sweden , Rudolf von Sandersleben, who has been active in Leipzig as a banker and in the Leipziger Messe group since 1990 , his family, the municipality of Bertsdorf-Hörnitz and the hotelier Karl-Dieter Gaydoul from the Historical Hotels Cooperation, developed a concept for the New use of the castle and the castle park laid out by Pückler student Eduard Petzold . Together they acquired the castle and the park from the Treuhandanstalt in 1993 . After 16 months of construction, the hotel was able to start operating in February 1996.

Count and Countess of Sandersleben-Coligny

The progenitor of this extinct line was Johann Ludwig von Sandersleben on Glumbach in the Kingdom of Bohemia . Johann Ludwig was an Imperial and Royal captain and married Henriette Hedwig Freiin von l'Espérance († 1707) in 1697. After a short marriage, which was divorced in 1701, the couple had two sons and a daughter. Henriette Hedwig spent a few years with her children at the court of Duke Leopold Eberhard von Württemberg-Mömpelgard .

Presumably Leopold Eberhard was also the biological father of the children. In order to legitimize them, the Duke adopted the siblings Karl Leopold von Sandersleben (* 1698; † after 1759), Ferdinand Eberhard von Sandersleben (* 1699; † after 1759) and Elenore Charlotte von Sandersleben (* 1700; † 1773). As his adopted children, they bore the title and name of Count or Countess of Sandersleben-Coligny since August 10, 1716. A royal French recognition took place on February 5, 1718 in Paris .

The three siblings received from Duke Leopold Eberhard that from his mother Anna von Coligny, daughter of the French Marshal Gaspard III. de Coligny , inherited county of Coligny in Franche-Comté in France. He also married Karl Leopold and Elenore Charlotte with two of his children, the Count and Countess von Sponeck, respectively .

coat of arms

Family coat of arms

The coat of arms shows an upright silver plow in red . On the helmet with red and silver helmet covers, an overturned silver plow iron between two buffalo horns , one silver and one red, attached to the same on both sides with a fluttering band of changed color.

Count's coat of arms of Sandersleben-Coligny

The coat of arms of the Counts and Countess von Sandersleben-Coligny, awarded in 1716, shows a crowned, right-looking, silver eagle in red , which is covered with a central shield , the family coat of arms of the Sandersleben family.

Coat of arms history

In Ledebur Adelslexikon der Prussischen Monarchy (1856) the coat of arms of the Sandersleben shows an upright ploughshare.

Kneschke describes the coat of arms in his New General German Adels Lexicon (1868) In blue, or in Roth, a pointed, upright, silver-colored sickle with a hollow handle, in which the handle or the shaft is attached. There is a round hole in the middle of the blade. The Hanoverian scholars adverts call the coat of arms a sixth and complain that some consider the coat of arms to be a ploughshare, since in olden times the plowshares would not have been pointed, but round. The Siebmachersche Blasonierung called coats of arms as the Sanderslebensche scratching. The blue shield is accepted according to a document from 1409 in the former royal provincial archive in Magdeburg . On a family tree from 1780, submitted to the royal court marshal in Dresden , the shield is red, as is the seal of the Saxon line.

According to the yearbook of the German nobility (1899), an older coat of arms in silver shows a red plow iron. On the helmet with the red and silver helmet covers, a fallen silver plow iron between two silver buffalo horns.

Gallery of different coats of arms in the new Siebmacher coat of arms books:

Name bearer

Individual evidence

  1. Schöffenbuch von Neuhaldensleben
  2. a b c Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelslexikon Volume XII, Volume 125 of the complete series, pp. 236–237.
  3. a b c d e f g Genealogical Handbook of the Adels , Adelige Häuser B Volume XII, Volume 64 of the complete series, pp. 447–449.
  4. a b Adelslexikon der Prussischen Monarchy . Volume 2, p. 338.
  5. ^ A b c d e f New General German Adels Lexicon Volume 8, pp. 36–40.
  6. a b c d e f g Jahrbuch des Deutschen Nels , Volume 3, pp. 376–379.


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