|President of the Regional Council||Marie-Guite Dufay ( PS )|
|Population density||58.8 inhabitants per km²|
Relief map of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté [ buʁgɔɲ fʁãʃ kɔ̃te ] (abbreviation BFC ; German Burgundy- Free County [Burgundy] ) is the name of the French region that was created on January 1, 2016 through the merger of the previous regions of Burgundy and Franche-Comté . The capital of the region is Dijon .
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté is the fifth largest region with 47,784 km² (excluding overseas regions) and has 2,811,423 inhabitants (as of 2017), making it the third smallest region in terms of population. It is divided into the eight departments of Côte-d'Or , Doubs , Haute-Saône , Jura , Nièvre , Saône-et-Loire , Territoire de Belfort and Yonne . It borders (starting clockwise from the north) with the Grand Est region , Switzerland and the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes , Center-Val de Loire and Île-de-France regions .
The most populous cities in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region are:
|Belfort||47,656 (2017)||Territoire de Belfort|
The Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region is divided into eight departments :
|OZ||= Ordinal number of the department||Arr.||= Number of arrondissements||According to||= Number of municipalities|
|W.||= Coat of arms of the department||Kant.||= Number of cantons|
|ISO||= ISO-3166-2 code||GV||= Number of municipal associations
January 1, 2017
(inh / km²)
|90||Territoire de Belfort||Belfort||FR-90||1||3||9||101||142,622||610||234|
Result of the election of the regional council on December 13, 2015:
- List Marie-Guite Dufay (Union of the Left from PS , PRG , EELV and FG ): 34.68% = 402,948 votes, 51 seats
- List François Sauvadet (Union de la Droite from LR , UDI and MoDem ): 32.89% = 382,188 votes, 25 seats
- Sophie Montel list ( FN ): 32.44% = 376,911 votes, 24 seats
Bourgogne is particularly known for its viticulture. Over 200 million bottles are filled annually in the AOC wine cellars ( Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée ) south of Dijon. The vineyards and picturesque villages of the Plateau bourguignon ( Côte de Beaune , Côte challonaise , Côte de Nuits ) even attract tourists from Japan and the United States of America.
Cattle breeding and the meat industry are very present further west : the white Charolais cattle graze here; the meat tested by the surrounding laboratories is world-class. In general, the Bourgogne with its oak and pine forests is a kind of green lung for France and, as the source of the Yonne, it supplies water for the Paris basin ( Bassin parisien ). The factories of the steel industry in Le Creusot , for example, had to close their doors in the past few decades; Of its importance as an industrial region, almost all that remains is the good TGV connection, which connects the région-passoire (transit region), which is considered part of the diagonale du vide (the empty diagonal of France), with Paris, Lyon and Marseille.
The Franche-Comté region is known as “Siberia of France” (sometimes −20 to −40 degrees in winter) and is characterized by poor infrastructure in the village-like Jura basin. Only cheese production thrives here (AOC cheese: Comté & Morbier).
Only in the south and in the north (Jura / Oyonnaux and Montbéliard / Belfort / Sochaux ) are large world-class companies located: the French car manufacturer Peugeot produces near Montbéliard and Sochaux ; In Belfort, the railway and TGV supplier Alstom is boosting the economy and in the southern Jura, not far from Oyonnaux, there is the plastics-vallée - the location of the largest plastic processing companies in Europe, the French equivalent of Silicon Valley . The two economic centers benefit from the Rhine-Rhône connection, the proximity to Lyon , Alsace and Switzerland ( Basel ). Other economic centers are the regional capitals Dijon and Besançon.
However, in terms of population development, this is just as much a shortcoming as the weak infrastructure, because all the surrounding regions and cities of France are overtaking the tranquil Franche-Comté with the small Besançon.
The region, newly created in 2016, unites the historic Burgundian heartland, which was already divided into two political units in the Middle Ages: the Duchy of Burgundy , which made up a large part of the later region of Bourgogne , and the Free County of Burgundy (French Franche Comté de Bourgogne ), which largely coincides with the later Franche-Comté region coincided.
The name was initially formed provisionally from the alphabetical order of the merged regions and was finally confirmed by the Conseil d'État on October 1, 2016, following a resolution by the regional council .
The Nièvre department is roughly the same size as the historical Nivernais . The Territoire de Belfort belonged to the German annexation of Alsace-Lorraine after the Franco-German War (1870-71) to Alsace after and was the First World War not with the Haut-Rhin department reunited, but to a dedicated department that is no longer the Alsace is counted. The northern part of the Dèpartemants Yonne was historically part of the Champagne .
- Résultats régionales 2015 - Bourgogne, Franche-Comté on linternaute.com, accessed on January 6, 2016.
- La carte des régions en 2015 on vie-publique.fr, accessed on May 9, 2015.
- Mathilde SIRAUD: Occitanie, Nouvelle-Aquitaine ...: discordes autour des nouveaux noms de régions In: LeFigaro.fr , June 27, 2016th