|Department||Saône-et-Loire ( Prefecture )|
|Community association||Mâconnais Beaujolais Agglomération|
|surface||27.04 km 2|
|Residents||33,638 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||1,244 inhabitants / km 2|
Mâcon, Pont Saint-Laurent
Mâcon [ maˈkõ ] is a French city with 33,638 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) on the Saône , about 60 kilometers north of Lyon . It is prefecture of the department Saône-et-Loire in the region of Bourgogne Franche-Comté .
The city was founded in the 3rd century BC. Founded at a ford of the Saône by the Celtic tribe of the Äduer ( Häduer ) under the name Matisco . The Romans built a fortified castrum here , which made the city grow. It was fortified in the 4th century.
In the Middle Ages , Louis the Saint bought the county and Mâcon became the headquarters of Burgundy . In the Hundred Years' War Mâcon was heavily damaged. The residents rebuilt the city, which now belonged to Charles the Bold . After his death, Louis XI confirmed . in 1477 the Count of Mâcon was granted city privileges.
16th to 19th century
Due to its location on the Saône River, the city was of strategic importance for French rulers. Charles IX von Chalon, the court of justice, the royal court company, Henry of Navarra (Duke of Anjou ) and cardinals from Bourbon and Lorraine stopped here in the 16th century. Mâcon also hosted Swiss and German mercenaries during the wars of religion .
In September 1602, the place was flooded by prolonged continuous rain.
In 1814 the city was captured by the Austrian army . French troops were able to regain it for a short time, but in 1815 it was again occupied by the Austrians.
During the Second World War , Mâcon was part of the Free Zone between Paris and Lyon until 1942 . Then the Wehrmacht occupied the city and the surrounding area; under Jean de Lattre de Tassigny , Mâcon was liberated after the Allies landed in Provence on September 4, 1944.
In 1974 Mâcon received the European Prize donated by the Council of Europe .
coat of arms
- old St. Vincent Cathedral (first building from the 6th century), demolished in 1799 and rebuilt in its current form on Place St. Vincent
- St. Vincent's new cathedral on Place Lamartine
- St. Pierre Church , completed around 1860
- a wooden house built between 1490 and 1510, adorned with countless carved figures
- a former Ursuline nuns - monastery from the second half of the 17th century, since 1968 Museum
- Pont Saint Laurent , a stone bridge over the Saone that dates back to the 11th century. In 1221, the bridge was upgraded to defend the city: in the event of danger, iron chains could be lowered into the river, making the river impassable. In the middle of the 15th century, the bridge was extended by five more arches to divert the course of the river towards Bresse and thereby reduce the risk of floods that regularly hit the city.
Economy and education
Of economic importance are industrial companies (metalworking, printing, manufacture of construction vehicles) and facilities for tourism as well as wine (especially white wine) from the large Mâconnais growing area ; see also Burgundy (wine-growing region) .
- five colleges , four lycées
- a teacher training institute
- a private computer science school
- Maritime Center
- Cultural center, library
- Neustadt an der Weinstrasse ( Germany ), since 1956
- Crewe and Nantwich ( United Kingdom ), since 1957
- Overijse ( Belgium ), since 1960
- Macon, Georgia ( United States ), since 1972
- Lecco ( Italy ), since 1973
- Alcázar de San Juan ( Spain ), since 1980
- Eger (Eger) ( Hungary ), since 1985
- Pori ( Finland ), since 1990
- Santo Tirso ( Portugal ), since 1992
- Lucie Aubrac (1912–2007), history teacher and member of the French Resistance
- Léon Couturier (1842–1935), painter and book illustrator
- Joseph-Philibert Desblanc (1760–1820), engineer, inventor and watchmaker
- Alain Digbeu (* 1975), basketball player
- Victor Giraud (1868–1953), Romance scholar, journalist and literary scholar
- Antoine Griezmann (* 1991), soccer player
- Alphonse de Lamartine (1790–1869), poet
- Alfred Lacroix (1863–1948), mineralogist and geologist
- Claude Louis Mathieu (1783–1875), mathematician and astronomer
- Charles Ratton (1897–1986), art dealer
- Joseph Monet and Adrian Goyon, founders of the Monet et Goyon company (1917–1957)
- Information compiled from the French Wikipedia page and a handout from the cruise company CroisiEurope in June 2012.