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Former French Region (until 2015)
Flag of the former Limousin region Coat of arms of the former Limousin region
Nord-Pas-de-Calais Picardie Champagne-Ardenne Lothringen Elsass Haute-Normandie Basse-Normandie Bretagne Centre-Val de Loire Ile-de-France Burgund Franche-Comté Pays de la Loire Poitou-Charentes Limousin Aquitanien Midi-Pyrénées Languedoc-Roussillon Auvergne Rhône-Alpes Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Korsika Andorra Monaco Liechtenstein Österreich Luxemburg Belgien Niederlande Vereinigtes Königreich Deutschland Schweiz Italien Guernsey Jersey SpanienLocation of the former Limousin region in France
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Basic data
Today part of Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Administrative headquarters Limoges

 - total January 1, 2017
 - density

734,528 inhabitants
43.4 inhabitants per km²


 - total
 - share in France :

16,942 km²

Departments 3
Arrondissements 8th
Cantons 106
Communities 747
Formerly ISO 3166-2 code FR-L

The Limousin [ limuˈzɛ̃ ] ( Occitan Lemosin ) was a region in central France and in the north-western part of the Massif Central . It consisted of the departments of Corrèze , Creuse and Haute-Vienne . With an area of ​​16,942 km² and 734,528 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) the Limousin was one of the most sparsely populated regions in France. The capital of the region was Limoges .


The most important river is the Vienne , on which Limoges is also located. The landscape is already partly quite hilly. The Monts du Limousin are located in the southern part and then to the east the higher plateau de Millevaches , both of which belong to the Massif Central.

coat of arms

Description: Six rows of black ermine interspersed in white with a red border .


Traces of mining in the Limousin go back to the 5th century BC. BC back.

In the 7th century the area came under Frankish rule and later split into several vice-counties, which for centuries were ruled by the House of Anjou-Plantagenet . In 1607 it fell under the direct control of the French crown. The northern part of the country is made up of the historic La Marche landscape .

With the establishment of the regions in France in 1960, the Limousin region was created within the boundaries valid until 2016. In 1972 the region received the status of an établissement public under the direction of a regional prefect. The decentralization laws of 1982 gave the regions the status of collectivités territoriales ( territorial authorities ), which until then had only been enjoyed by the municipalities and the départements . In 1986 the regional councils were directly elected for the first time. Since then, the region's powers vis-à-vis the central government in Paris have been gradually expanded.

On January 1, 2016, the Limousin region was merged with the neighboring regions of Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes to form a new region called Nouvelle-Aquitaine ("New Aquitaine").



The most populous cities of the Limousin are:

city Inhabitants (year) Department
Limoges 132,175 (2017) Haute-Vienne
Brive-la-Gaillarde 46,916 (2017) Corrèze
Grommet 14,836 (2017) Corrèze
Guéret 13,161 (2017) Creuse
Saint-Junien 11,202 (2017) Haute-Vienne
Panazol 10,972 (2017) Haute-Vienne


The historical language of the region is Limousin, a variety (a dialect) of Occitan in which some troubadours have also written their poetry.

Political structure

The Limousin region is divided into three departments :

Department prefecture ISO 3166-2 Arrondissements Cantons Communities Inhabitants (year) Area
(inh / km²)
Corrèze Grommet FR-19 3 37 286
000000000241464.0000000000241.464 (2017)
000000000005857.00000000005,857 000000000000041.200000000041.2
Creuse Guéret FR-23 2 27 260
000000000118638.0000000000118,638 (2017)
000000000005565.00000000005,565 000000000000021.300000000021.3
Haute-Vienne Limoges FR-87 3 42 201
000000000374426.0000000000374.426 (2017)
000000000005520.00000000005,520 000000000000067.800000000067.8


Compared with the GDP of the EU expressed in purchasing power standards reached the region in 2006 an index of 89.5 (EU-27 = 100).


In 1981, the Middle Franconia district was the first region in Bavaria to enter into a partnership with the Haute-Vienne department in France; In the following years, corresponding agreements followed with the two neighboring departments of Creuse and Corrèze. In 1995 this resulted in a partnership between the (entire) region of Limousin and the district of Middle Franconia.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Limousin  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Eurostat press release 23/2009: Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU27 (PDF; 360 kB)

Coordinates: 45 ° 54 '  N , 1 ° 44'  E