Fusilier Regiment "Graf Roon" (East Prussian) No. 33

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Fusilier Regiment "Graf Roon" (East Prussian) No. 33

active March 6, 1749
Country Kingdom of Sweden /
Kingdom of Prussia
Armed forces Swedish Army /
Prussian Army
Branch of service infantry
Location see garrison

The Fusilier Regiment "Graf Roon" (East Prussian) No. 33 was an infantry joined the Prussian army , but originally part of the Swedish army from 1749 to 1815.

Formation history

On March 6, 1749, King Frederick I of Sweden signed the order for Count Gabriel Spens to set up a regiment of infantry made up of eight companies in two battalions . In 1766 the regiment was increased to twelve companies. After the occupation of Swedish Western Pomerania by the French in 1812, the regiment was disarmed on March 5, 1812. On July 3, 1812, the teams , insofar as they were children of the country, were released, all others were made prisoners of war . The regiment was restored on March 11, 1813 by drawing in the discharged and hiring replacement teams. As a result of the execution of the deed of occupation for Swedish Pomerania by Friedrich Wilhelm III. On September 19, 1815, the regiment was taken over into the Prussian Army on October 23, 1815 under its owner Hermann von Engelbrechten , whose name it continued to use, at the same time as the Leib-Regiment "Queen" . Both regiments were united under von Engelbrechten on December 13, 1815 to form the new 33rd Infantry Regiment. In January 1816 the body regiment "Queen" formed the 1st battalion and the 9th and 10th companies, as well as the regiment "Engelbrechten" the 2nd battalion and the 11th and 12th companies of the new regiment. A reorganization took place on February 12, 1820, whereby the 1st Battalion was transferred to the current Regiment No. 34, the previous 2nd Battalion became the 1st Battalion and the previous Fusilier Battalion became the 2nd Battalion of the regiment. In 1859, the previous Landwehr main battalion " Bartenstein " No. 33 joined the regiment as a fusilier battalion. Companies 13, 14, and 15 were transferred to Infantry Regiment No. 87 on September 27, 1866 . Furthermore, the 4th Company went to Infantry Regiment No. 128 on April 1, 1881 and the 8th Company to Infantry Regiment No. 114 on April 1, 1887 . On October 2, 1893, a fourth (half) battalion was set up, which was handed over to Infantry Regiment No. 147 on April 1, 1897 .


German war

After the mobilization order was received on the late evening of May 5, 1866, the regiment mobilized in Cologne. The replacement battalion had to be formed in Koenigsberg , which meant that 166 officers, NCOs and men were moved by train to East Prussia . Reservists and Landwehr officers brought the regiment to a military strength of 3,084 people.

The regiment went over to the 16th Infantry Division and was ordered to move to Halle (Saale) on June 1, 1866 . Arrived there, the I. and III. Battalion together with Fusilier Regiment No. 34 a combined fusilier brigade under the command of Colonel von Wegerer , to whom the 1st six-pound battery was assigned. On June 16, 1866, the Elbarmee invaded the Kingdom of Saxony . The goal of the march was initially Meißen, and on June 18, Dresden , which the Saxon Army had left , was reached. After a short rest period and extensive guard duty in the Saxon capital, the Elbarmee moved into Bohemia on June 22, 1866 . The combined fusilier brigade was formed from the two fusilier regiments, the 1st Squadron of Uhlan Regiment No. 7 and the 5th four-pound battery. During the battle of Münchengrätz the regiment remained in reserve and did not enter the battle. At Königgrätz , too , the regiment had no part in the outcome of the battle, as it arrived there late. Only the 1st Battalion and the battery were able to effectively fight retreating enemy troops.

After arriving in Halle (Saale), the 2nd Battalion, together with the Rhenish Jäger Battalion No. 8 , the 1st Battalion of the Hohenzollern Fusilier Regiment No. 40 , formed the Fusilier Battalion of the 2nd Rhenish Infantry Regiment No. 28 and the 7th Rhenish Infantry Regiment No. 69 , the King's Hussar Regiment No. 7 and the 4th four-pound and 3rd mounted battery of the Rhenish Artillery Regiment No. 8 the avant-garde of the Elbar Army under the command of Colonel von Gerstein-Hohenstein . After the invasion of Saxony and Bohemia, there was a battle near Hühnerwasser on June 26, 1866 , during which the Prussian troops were able to assert themselves against the Austrians. The battalion had two dead and eight wounded, but was able to take 44 prisoners. After an outpost activity, the battle at Königgrätz was in action for almost ten hours without interruption and had seven dead and 61 wounded. Following the battle, the battalion took part in the pursuit and advance on Vienna , which was broken off by the peace negotiations on July 27, 1866.

Through the Peace of Prague , the Prussian troops had to evacuate the Austrian territories. Therefore, the regiment began the march back home on September 2, 1866 and reached the old garrison via Karlsbad , Gera and Zeitz on September 13, 1866. There the reservists were released on September 16 and 17. The next day the regiment made a solemn entry into Cologne from the Mühlheimer Heide.

A cabinet order dated December 12, 1866 awarded the flags the ribbons of the Memorial Cross with Swords donated on September 20, 1866 for participation in the war .

Franco-German War

In the war against France in 1870/71, the regiment took part in the 15th Infantry Division in the Battle of Gravelotte , the Siege of Metz and the Battle of Amiens . After battles at Bosc le Hard and Buchy, it was involved in the Battle of the Hallue on December 23 and 24, 1870 . On January 3, 1871, the Battle of Bapaume followed and then the 6th Company fought on January 11, 1871 at Sapignies and the I. and III. Battalion on January 19, 1871 at the Battle of Saint-Quentin .

First World War

The regiment was mobilized on August 2, 1914 according to the mobilization plan . In addition to the regiment moving into the field, it set up a replacement battalion of four companies and two recruit depots. On August 30, 1918, the association received its own mine throwing company, formed from parts of the No. 2 mine throwing company. The remnants of the 1st Battalion of the disbanded Infantry Regiment No. 373 were transferred to the 1st Battalion on September 21, 1918 incorporated.


After the end of the war , the regiment was demobilized in Gumbinnen on January 2, 1919 . On January 15, 1919, parts of the Volunteer Fusilier Regiment No. 33 with staff and 1st Battalion were set up. On March 20, 1919, this formation was expanded to include a second battalion and each of the two battalions was supplemented with an MG company and a mine-throwing department. A border guard company was set up by the former replacement battalion. The free formations broke up in early July 1919 in the Reichswehr Rifle Regiment 65 and in the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 1333.

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt on August 24, 1921, by the 10th and 11th companies of the 1st (Prussian) Infantry Regiment stationed in Gumbinnen .

Regimental name

Period Surname
1749-1765 Spenska regementet
1766-1779 Blixenska regementet
1779-1796 Psilanderhielmska regementet
1796-1815 Engelbrechtenska regementet
until 1860 33rd Infantry Regiment (1st Reserve Regiment)
July 4, 1860 to May 6, 1861 East Prussian Fusilier Regiment (No. 33)
May 7, 1861 to January 26, 1889 East Prussian Fusilier Regiment No. 33
January 27, 1889 to January 2, 1919 Fusilier Regiment "Graf Roon" (East Prussian) No. 33


year garrison
1749 Stralsund
1750 Stralsund; Sweden
1757 Stralsund
1807 Sweden
1810 Stralsund
1816 Szczecin
1817 Glogau ; Schweidnitz ; Liegnitz
1818 Graudenz ; until 1829 also in Thorn
1832 Thorn
1851 Koenigsberg
1851 Cologne
1871 Danzig
1881 Koenigsberg
1884 Koenigsberg; III. Battalion in Goldap
1889 Gums ; until 1890 also in Goldap

Heads of regiments

Rank Surname date
Colonel / Major General Gabriel Spens February 23, 1749 to June 1, 1765
Colonel / Major General Carl Fredrik Lillienberg August 6, 1765 to December 13, 1765
Colonel Baltzar Achates von Platen February 8, 1766 to March 20, 1766
Colonel Conrad Christoph von Blixen March 20, 1766 to February 10, 1779
Major General / Lieutenant General Johan Psilanderhielm February 10, 1779 to October 19, 1796
Colonel / Major General / Lieutenant General Hermann von Engelbrechten October 19, 1796 to April 5, 1818
Major General / Field Marshal Albrecht von Roon April 23, 1864 to February 23, 1879


Rank Surname date
Adolf Eduard von Thile December 30, 1815
Friedrich Heinrich Ludwig von Pfuel July 31, 1817
Christian Friedrich von Mayer March 30, 1825
Ludwig Ernst Philipp von Toll May 30, 1829
Heinrich von Buddenbrock March 30, 1834
Julius von Craushaar March 30, 1840
Friedrich von Stiehle March 31, 1846
Colonel Jacob George July 21, 1849 to December 25, 1850
Albrecht von Roon December 26, 1850
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Ludwig von Münchow August 26, 1856
Albrecht Achilles of Plehwe November 22, 1858
Alexander von Pape January 29, 1863
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel August Ferdinand von Wegerer 0January 9, 1864 to April 11, 1867
Colonel Friedrich von Arnoldi April 11 to August 7, 1867 (commanded to lead)
Colonel Friedrich von Arnoldi 0August 8, 1867 to July 17, 1870
Wilhelm von Henning July 18, 1870 to April 14, 1875
Lieutenant colonel Wilhelm von Wülcknitz April 15 to June 18, 1875 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Wilhelm von Wülcknitz June 19, 1875 to October 17, 1881
Hermann von Wickede October 18, 1881
Max von Matthiessen 0July 5, 1883
Wilhelm von Romberg 0July 3, 1888
Hellmuth from Schultz November 18, 1890
Richard Putzki 0May 5, 1894
Colonel Hermann Callenberg August 18, 1897
Colonel Paul Stephan June 16, 1900 to April 23, 1904
Max von Bahrfeldt April 24, 1904
Hans von Rohrscheidt March 21, 1908 to July 15, 1909
Colonel Karl Hahn July 16, 1909
Colonel Hans Glahn November 16, 1910
Colonel Julius of Fumetti October 11, 1913 to August 20, 1914
Otto Weike August 21, 1914 to August 28, 1916
major Hans von Massenbach August 29, 1916 to February 4, 1917
Alfred Finck 0February 5, 1917 to October 14, 1918
Wilhelm von Dücker October 15, 1918 to February 1919


From February 9, 1816:

  • Collar: red
  • Serves: white
  • Flap: red
  • Shoulder flap: white

Colorful skirt (around 1900): red Brandenburg cuffs with white piping, white shoulder pieces with red numerals, yellow line eagle. Since December 5, 1865, the 5th and 6th Companies also wore the bandeau on the emblem: “For award d. formerly Königl. Swedish body. Regt. Königin ”(from May 19, 1891 all officers of the FR33).


  • Claus von Bredow : Historical ranking and master list of the German army. Verlag August Scherl, Berlin 1905, pp. 249-251.
  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , pp. 79-80.
  • Richard Lehfeld: History of the East Prussian Fusilier Regiment No. 33 . Berlin 1877 ( google.com [accessed on August 13, 2013]).
  • Richard Lehfeldt, Otto Kischke, Berthold Wagner: History of the Fusilier Regiment Graf Roon (East Prussian) No. 33 . 2nd Edition. Berlin 1901 ( archive.org [accessed August 13, 2018]).
  • Leo Liedtke: The Fusilier Regiment Graf Roon (East Prussian) No. 33 in the world wars of 1914/1918. German act in World War 1914/1918. Volume 26, Bernard & Graefe, Berlin 1935.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Stein: The Mine Thrower Formations 1914-1918 . In: magazine f. Military Studies, 1959-1960 . tape 165-168 .
  2. Gustaf Elgenstierna : Den introducerade svenska adelns ättartavlor , Stockholm 1925-1936 (Swedish).
  3. ^ Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments, as well as jäger and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , p. 122.
  4. ^ Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 122–123 .
  5. MW 1816-01-001 - GenWiki. Retrieved August 13, 2018 .