Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39
Fusilier Regiment "General Ludendorff" (Niederrheinisches) No. 39
|active||January 26, 1818|
|Country||Kingdom of Prussia|
|Armed forces||Prussian Army|
|Branch of service||infantry|
|Insinuation||VII Army Corps|
The association was founded on January 26, 1818 (foundation date) by King Friedrich Wilhelm III. Set up by AKO as 36th Infantry Regiment (4th Reserve Regiment ) from parts of garrison battalions No. 19 to 34, as well as various infantry regiments. With the completion of the formation, Major Franz Ludwig von Jenneret Baron von Beaufort-Belfort was appointed first regimental commander on August 27, 1817. It is divided into three battalions with a budget of 1626 men plus officers and was initially stationed in the fortress of Luxembourg . In 1820 the regiment was downsized by surrendering its fusilier battalion to the 40th Infantry Regiment . In addition, it led since March 12, 1820 the designation 39th Infantry Regiment .
By AKO on October 6, 1849, the regimental staff and the 1st battalion received Mainz as a new garrison. Three companies were housed in the Weisenau barracks, one company in the interval casemate. In July 1850, the 2nd Battalion, which was still in Luxembourg, received the order to also garrison in Mainz. This battalion was briefly stationed in Kreuznach from January 31 to May 2, 1860 and then moved into Koblenz ( Ehrenbreitstein Fortress and Franz Feste ) as a new garrison. On July 4, 1860, the AKO ordered the conversion from an infantry regiment to a fusilier regiment. This also involved the renaming of the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment (No. 39) . The bracket was dropped by AKO on May 7, 1861. After the end of the German War, the entire regiment was stationed in Düsseldorf . This brought it into the area of the VII Army Corps and was now subordinate to the 27th Infantry Brigade of the 14th Division . Many of the buildings in the barracks on Tannenstrasse in Düsseldorf-Derendorf , which were newly occupied from 1898, are still standing today.
Towards the end of the First World War , the association was renamed the Fusilier Regiment "General Ludendorff" (Niederrheinisches) No. 39 on October 26, 1918 by Kaiser Wilhelm II due to the dismissal of General Ludendorff from the Supreme Army Command in recognition of his services .
German War 1866
During the German War , the regiment initially took part in the occupation of Kurhesse and joined the Main Army after operations against the Hanoverian Army . Here the association was in action during the battles near Hünfeld, Hammelburg, Helmstadt and Uettingen and Roßbrunn .
In total, the regiment suffered losses from the death or wound of one officer and 88 men during this war. Two men were also missing.
Franco-German War 1870/71
- Save August 6th -
- August 14th - Colombey-Nouilly
- August 18 - Gravelotte-St. Private
- 19 August to 27 October - Siege of Metz
- November 10th to 24th - Siege of Thionville
- November 15 to December 5 - Siege of Montmédy
- December 19 to January 1 - Siege of Mézìeres
- December 28 - Mohon (7th Company)
- January 21st - on the Ognon
During the campaign against France , 35 officers and 871 NCOs and men were killed, wounded or are missing.
First World War
When the First World War broke out , the regiment mobilized on August 2nd, entered Belgium in conjunction with the 28th Infantry Brigade in violation of neutrality and took part in the siege and capture of the Liège fortress from August 9th to 17th . This was followed by the siege and storming of Maubeuge fortress from August 27 to September 7 . On September 14th the regiment was fighting at Craonne.
From January 25 to 26, 1915, the fusiliers took part in the battle for the Chemin des Dames between Ailles and Hurtebise . From March 10, 1915, the regiment of the 100th Infantry Brigade of the 50th Division was subordinate to. This subordinate relationship existed until December 20, 1918. From September 15 to October 11, 1915, the association took part in the defensive battle in Champagne . The year 1916 was marked by the deployment from April 10th to October 31st in the Battle of Verdun ( Fort Vaux and Fort Douaumont ).
- Battle of the Aisne and Champagne April 9-30 -
- October 1st to 10th - battle between Craonne and Allemant
- October 23-25 - Battle of the Chemin des Dames
- March 19-30 - First spring offensive
- March 21st - Storming of St. Quentin
- March 28th - Plessier is captured
- May 27th to June 14th - Second spring offensive
- June 27-28 - Battle for Aisne and Nesle
- June 20th to October 2nd - Battle of Reims
After the end of the war , the regiment marched back home, where it was initially demobilized and finally disbanded in Bad Driburg on December 14, 1918 . From the III. Battalion the " Freikorps Niederrhein" was formed in April , which then in August 1919 as III. Battalion in the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 61 rose.
Heads of regiments
|General of the Infantry||Gustav Friedrich von Beyer||March 22, 1877 to December 7, 1889|
|Feldzeugmeister||Rainer of Austria||September 5, 1891 to January 27, 1913|
|General of the Infantry||Erich Ludendorff||October 26, 1918 until dissolution|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel||Franz Ludwig von Jeanneret von Beaufort-Belfort||August 27, 1818 to March 29, 1828|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Ernst von Kesteloot||March 30, 1828 to March 29, 1833|
|Lieutenant colonel||Karl of Bila||March 30, 1833 to March 29, 1834 (responsible for the tour)|
|Colonel||Karl of Bila||March 30, 1834 to March 24, 1841|
|Lieutenant colonel||Ehrenfried Kayser||March 25, 1841 to January 12, 1842 (in charge of the tour)|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Ehrenfried Kayser||January 13, 1842 to March 26, 1847|
|Colonel||Ferdinand von Kusserow||March 27, 1847 to August 2, 1848|
|Colonel||Hermann von Witzleben||August 3, 1848 to November 7, 1851|
|Colonel||Karl Eder||November 8, 1851 to May 9, 1855|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Karl August von Fallois||May 10, 1855 to June 2, 1858|
|Lieutenant colonel||Albert von Schrabisch||June 3 to November 21, 1858 (in charge of the tour)|
|Colonel||Albert von Schrabisch||November 22, 1858 to October 17, 1861|
|Colonel||Gustav von Schimmelmann||October 18, 1861 to April 17, 1865|
|Lieutenant colonel||Wilhelm von Woyna||April 18 to June 16, 1865 (in charge of the tour)|
|Colonel||Wilhelm von Woyna||June 17, 1865 to July 13, 1870|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Gustav von Eskens||July 14, 1870 to March 21, 1873|
|Colonel||Heinrich Haberland||March 31 to November 14, 1873|
|Colonel||Ernst von der Burg||November 15, 1873 to May 17, 1876|
|Colonel||Alexander von Kameke||May 18, 1876 to June 21, 1880|
|Colonel||Heinrich Schmidt von Knobelsdorff||June 22, 1880 to January 20, 1886|
|Lieutenant colonel||Bernhard von Arnim||January 21, 1886 to March 21, 1889|
|Colonel||Heinrich Schenk||March 22, 1889 to March 28, 1892|
|Colonel||Adolf von der Lippe||March 29, 1892 to April 17, 1896|
|Colonel||Rudolf von Sanden||April 18, 1896 to June 14, 1899|
|Colonel||Gustav Meissner||June 15, 1899 to October 23, 1901|
|Colonel||Eugene Petzel||October 24, 1901 to February 11, 1903|
|Colonel||Hugo von Wasielewski||March 22, 1903 to May 1, 1907|
|Colonel||Cai Theodor lady||May 2, 1907 to August 18, 1909|
|Colonel||Adolf Strauss||August 19, 1909 to August 17, 1911|
|Colonel||Ernst von Blumenstein||August 18, 1911 to January 16, 1913|
|Colonel||Erich Ludendorff||January 17, 1913 to April 21, 1914|
|Colonel||Walter von Schönberg||April 22 to September 13, 1914|
|Lieutenant colonel||Franz von Gottberg||September 14, 1914 to August 25, 1916|
|Lieutenant colonel||Otto waterfall||August 26, 1916 to April 5, 1918|
|Lieutenant colonel||Karl Felsch||April 6 to July 29, 1918|
|Lieutenant colonel||Franz von Rudorff||July 30, 1918 until dissolution|
- Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 85.
- Wilhelm von Rintelen : History of the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39 during the first seventy-five years of its existence. 1818 to 1893. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin 1893, digitized
- Düsseldorf as a garrison town. Writings of the Historical Museum and the Archives of the City of Düsseldorf, Issue 6, Düsseldorf 1933.
- Franz von Rudorff: The Fusilier Regiment General Ludendorff (Niederrheinisches) No. 39 in the world wars 1914-1918 . Stalling, Oldenburg 1925. (= Volume 125 of the series of Prussian troop units in memorial sheets of German regiments ), digitized version from the Württemberg State Library
- Derendorf and the 39ers. In: Derendorf - then and now. Edited by the Heimatverein Derendorfer Jonges eV, o. O. o. J. (Düsseldorf 1966).
- Collection of the Düsseldorf City Museum. Battalion flag of the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39
- About the New Prussian Army
- W. Rintelen: History of the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39 during the first seventy-five years of its existence. 1818 to 1893. ES Mittler & Sohn. Berlin 1893. Appendix p. 6.
- W. Rintelen: History of the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39 during the first seventy-five years of its existence. 1818 to 1893. ES Mittler & Sohn. Berlin 1893. Appendix p. 17.
- Jürgen Kraus: Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 85.
- Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commandos and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , p. 136.
- Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , p. 136f.