4. Baden Infantry Regiment "Prinz Wilhelm" No. 112
4. Baden Infantry Regiment "Prinz Wilhelm" No. 112
|active||1852 to 1919|
|Country||Grand Duchy of Baden|
Baden Army /
|Branch of service||infantry|
|Insinuation||XIV Army Corps (since 1871)|
The association was established on October 22, 1852 as the 4th Line Infantry Regiment from the 8th and 9th Infantry Battalions of the Baden Army . It formed two battalions and the Constance Regiment was assigned as a garrison . Here it was housed in the former Petershausen monastery.
On the occasion of the Sardinian War , the Baden troops were mobilized in 1859 and the regiment received a reserve battalion. During the demobilization, the reserve battalion was disbanded and the regiment moved to the new garrison in Mannheim .
After the death of Margrave Wilhelm, Grand Duke Friedrich I appointed Prince Wilhelm of Baden on November 19, 1859 as the new owner of the regiment. For this reason, the name changed to the 4th Infantry Regiment "Prinz Wilhelm" .
In 1864 the regiment moved to Rastatt . On June 18, 1866, the Badische Felddivision mobilized on the occasion of the German War and the regiment belonged to the garrison of Rastatt fortress until the demobilization on August 28, 1866 . It therefore did not take part in combat missions.
As a result of the military convention with Prussia of March 15, 1867, the Baden Army was reorganized according to the Prussian model. Therefore, on October 26, 1867, the regiment was expanded to three battalions with the formation of a fusilier battalion. After the military convention of November 25, 1870, the Grand Duchy surrendered its military sovereignty to Prussia and was incorporated into the Prussian Army. On July 1, 1871, the association was named the 4th Baden Infantry Regiment "Prince Wilhelm" No. 112 and, together with the 4th Westphalian Infantry Regiment No. 17, formed the 58th Infantry Brigade . In the middle of the month the regiment moved to Upper Alsace . The regimental staff and the 1st battalion moved into Colmar as a garrison, the 2nd battalion was in Neubreisach (from September 12th in Hüningen ), the fusilier battalion in Gebweiler and Sulz . In October 1877 the regiment was brought together in the new Mulhouse garrison . In April 1887 further changes occurred. The regiment was expanded by setting up a fourth battalion in Rastatt and the fusilier battalion was named III. Battalion. In addition, the regimental staff moves with the 1st and 2nd battalion to Colmar, the III. Battalion to Schlettstadt . The regiment came under the command of the 57th Infantry Brigade at this point . On April 1, 1890, the IV. Battalion was transferred to the newly established 7th Baden Infantry Regiment No. 142 and the regiment was moved to Mulhouse. There it moved into the Kaiser Wilhelm barracks. Together with the 7th Baden Infantry Regiment No. 142, it now formed the 58th Infantry Brigade.
For a short time from October 1893 until the delivery on April 1, 1897 to the newly established 9th Baden Infantry Regiment No. 170, there was an IV half battalion. On October 1, 1913, the regiment received a machine gun company.
On the occasion of the war against France , the regiment mobilized on July 16, 1870. From August 15 to September 28, 1870, during the siege of Strasbourg, it took part in the outpost battles at Schiltigheim , Königshofen, Zaberner Tor, Kronenburger Vorstadt and Mutzig . After the city surrendered , the regiment went over to the newly formed XIV Army Corps under General von Werder . It crossed the Vosges and advanced towards Troyes and Châtillon-sur-Seine . At Épinal there was a battle with troops of the corps under General Cambriels on October 6, but that withdrew in a southerly direction. Thereupon the association continued its advance on Vesoul and the reconnaissance against the fortress Besançon . After fighting at Auxonne, advance against Dole and Dijon and on November 13th destruction of the railway line at Saint-Vit . From November 14th to December 27th, 1870, the regiment was then in and near Dijon. From here it carried out forays against Franc-tireurs and against troops under Garibaldi and Crémer . On December 18, 1870, the regiment took part in the battle at Nuits . Eight dead as well as seven officers and 68 men injured were to complain about. The regiment owner, Prince Wilhelm von Baden, was seriously wounded as leader of the grenadier brigade.
At the end of December 1870, the regiment marched back on Vesoul because of threatened attempts to relieve the fortress Belfort by the army of General Bourbaki . January 1871 involved in the fighting at Villersexel and Vallerois-le-Bois before it occupied a section on the Lisaine . In the following battle , the regiment managed to storm the village of Chenebier on January 17th, taking seven French officers and 400 men prisoner. In addition, a lot of equipment and wagons could be captured. Another advance on Châlonvillars failed because of the defending French and their own losses. Four officers and 37 men were dead, another 7 officers and 163 men were wounded. The Chenebier regiment then evacuated and was able to fend off counterattacks by the French.
In the Southern Army under General von Manteuffel , the regiment began the renewed advance on Dijon on January 27, 1871. After Garibaldi's troops had withdrawn and a short period of occupation, the regiment, which had 19 officers and 404 men dead during the war, returned home.
In recognition of this, the Grand Duke awarded the three flags of the regiment the Silver Karl Friedrich Military Merit Medal on April 1, 1871 . Kaiser Wilhelm I paid tribute to the regiment's service on August 22, 1872 by being awarded the Iron Cross for the three flag tips.
First World War
With the outbreak of the First World War the regiment at a strength of 66 officers, 3,159 men and 183 horses in the composite made 29th Infantry Division mobile . Initially entrusted with reconnaissance and security tasks, the regiment took part in the Battle of Mulhouse on August 9, 1914 and on August 20/22. August took part in the battle of Lorraine . After fighting in front of Toul , the regiment moved to northern France and was used in the battles near Arras and Lille in October 1914 . At Violaines on October 22, 1914, after an attack without artillery support, around 200 prisoners were taken by three different enemy formations and a machine gun was captured. At the end of the month the regiment went into trench warfare. After fighting on the Loretto Heights and a period of rest, the regiment moved to Champagne in mid-June 1915 , where it participated in the autumn battle and subsequently in the trench warfare in Eastern Champagne. In July 1916, the regiment left the 29th Infantry Division for a short time and was subordinated to the Fortmüller division and the 28th Reserve Division . In mid-August 1916 the 29th Infantry Division came back and in September the existing MG company was formed into an MG company for each battalion, each with six machine guns. According to the instructions of the War Ministry , a fourth battalion with an MG company was set up in the same month, but this only existed until the end of January 1917. In March 1917 the regiment occupied a section of the Siegfriedstellung between Riqueval-Ferme and Bellenglise . At the end of March / beginning of April the regiment returned to Champagne and was deployed in the Battle of the Aisne . Around 41 men were killed on April 17th alone. Withdrawn from the front on May 1st, the regiment came to rest in the quieter section at Butte de Tahure. On July 8, 1917, it was ordered to march behind the right wing of the 5th Army in front of Verdun and to be available as a reserve. In the coming months it was in trench warfare in front of the French fortress. At the beginning of April 1918, rest and training followed in the area of Arlon . At the end of the month the regiment came to the area of Ypres , had to endure heavy fighting for the strategically important Kemmelberg and lost around 19 officers and 939 NCOs and men by mid-May. From May 19 to June 14, 1918, the association was at rest at Oostrozebeke , then from Langemark and took part in the defensive battle on the Vesle . This was followed by fighting at Pinon in September and the defensive battle between Cambrai and Saint-Quentin in October . After further fighting before and in the Hermann position and the retreat fighting in front of the Antwerp-Maas position, the regiment received the message of the armistice on November 11, 1918 .
In total, the regiment had 92 officers, 281 NCOs and 2,663 men to mourn deaths.
After the end of the war, the regiment cleared the occupied area in accordance with the terms of the armistice and marched back home with its remains. On November 22, 1918, the Belgian-German border was crossed. During the stopover in Ober- or Nieder-Waroldern from December 13, 1918 to January 3, 1919, some of the regimental members were released. The regiment was then loaded into Warburg and arrived in Donaueschingen on January 7, 1919 after a long train journey . There it was welcomed by the mayor after a solemn entry into the city. After the demobilization , the regiment was finally disbanded on March 31, 1919.
The tradition of Infantry Regiment No. 112 in the Reichswehr was taken over by the 6th Company of the 14th (Baden) Infantry Regiment stationed in Tübingen by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 . In the Wehrmacht , the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 75th Infantry Regiment in Villingen continued the tradition.
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Philipp Joseph Louis||October 22, 1852 to January 10, 1859|
|Colonel||Ludwig Waag||January 15 to May 16, 1859|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Heinrich Ludwig Delorme||May 17, 1859 to|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Stefan Bayer||June 20, 1866 to|
|Lieutenant colonel||Eduard von Nitsche||July 15 to October 18, 1871 (commanded to guide)|
|Lieutenant colonel||Eduard von Nitsche||October 19 to November 3, 1871 (in charge of the tour)|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Eduard von Nitsche||November 4, 1871 to March 21, 1877|
|Colonel||Franz Kruger||March 22, 1877 to August 2, 1883|
|Colonel||Waldemar von Münenberg||August 11, 1883 to August 2, 1888|
|Lieutenant colonel||Ludwig Bene||August 3, 1888 (in charge of the tour)|
|Colonel||Ludwig Bene||August 4, 1888 to May 15, 1891|
|Colonel||Adalbert Buchfinck||May 16, 1891 to January 26, 1895|
|Colonel||Karl Koeppel||January 27, 1895 to October 17, 1897|
|Colonel||Max Crotogino||October 18, 1897 to May 21, 1900|
|Colonel||Kurt von Uechtritz and Steinkirch||May 22, 1900 to July 17, 1903|
|Colonel||Berthold Deimling||July 18, 1903 to May 20, 1904|
|Colonel||Louis Goetz||May 21, 1904 to September 12, 1906|
|Colonel||Max Hofmann||September 13, 1906 to September 9, 1910|
|Colonel||August Caesar||September 10, 1910 to August 17, 1911|
|Lieutenant colonel||Kurt von Olszewski||August 18 to September 12, 1911 (in charge of the tour)|
|Colonel||Kurt von Olszewski||September 13, 1911 to August 2, 1914|
|Lieutenant colonel||Konrad Neubauer||August 3 to December 21, 1914|
|major||Ernst von Forstner||December 22, 1914 to January 24, 1915|
|Colonel||Konrad Neubauer||January 25 to May 23, 1915|
|Colonel||August Jonas||May 24, 1915 to January 9, 1917|
|major||Ernst Lauteschläger||January 10, 1917 to November 1918|
|Lieutenant colonel||Rudolf Seiler||November 1918 to March 31, 1919|
To commemorate the 3,036 who died during the First World War, a memorial was erected in Donaueschingen, which is located opposite the castle .
- Pralle, Geßner: History of the 4th Baden Infantry Regiment Prince Wilhelm No. 112. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin 1912.
- Otto Schiel: The 4th Baden Infantry Regiment Prince Wilhelm No. 112 in the World War. Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg 1927. Digital full text from the Württemberg State Library
- Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 189.
- Claus von Bredow : Historical ranking and master list of the German army. Verlag August Scherl, Berlin 1905, p. 644.
- Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commandos and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 287–288 .