Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4

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Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4

active May 5, 1860 to July 1, 1919
Country Prussia Kingdom of Prussia
Armed forces Prussian Army
Branch of service infantry
Insinuation Guard Corps
Former locations Koblenz , Düsseldorf , Spandau , most recently Berlin
Nickname "Augustans", "Rhenish Guard"
Site plan of the barracks of the Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4 in Berlin between Jüterboger Strasse and Prinz-August-von-Würtemberg- Strasse (today: Columbiadamm), approx. 1895–1897
Front view of the team buildings I - III on Jüterboger Straße, approx. 1895–1897
Front view of the team buildings I - III on today's Columbiadamm, approx. 1895–1897

The Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4 was an association of the Prussian Army .


The association was set up on May 5, 1860 as the 4th Guards Grenadier Regiment. The predecessor association was the Guard Fusilier Regiment, which had existed since 1826 as the Guard Reserve (Landwehr) Regiment. Until it was converted into an active regiment in 1860, it had the Landwehr cross on its headgear. The staff, 1st and 2nd battalions were stationed in Koblenz , the fusilier battalion in Düsseldorf . With the appointment of Queen Augusta as head of the regiment , the association was given a new name on October 18, 1861 and was called the 4th Guard Grenadier Regiment "Queen". After the queen's death in 1890, the regiment was moved from her last residence in Koblenz to Spandau in 1893 . It was renamed Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4. On September 1, 1895, Grand Duchess Luise von Baden was appointed as the new head of the regiment. In 1897 Berlin became the last place of peace for the "Augustaner" (barracks on Columbiadamm ).

For the 25th anniversary of the chief of the Prussian Queen (AKO of October 14, 1886), the active officers of the regiment received new side arms as a gift: "Augustan sword" for the 1st and 2nd battalions and "Augustan saber" for the III. ( Fusilier ) Battalion. These were infantry officer's swords and fusilier officer's sabers in a separate form and only used in this regiment. The Portepee NCOs continued to carry the regular Prussian officers' side guns.

First World War

With the outbreak of the First World War , the regiment mobilized on August 2, 1914 and moved into neutral Belgium in association with the 2nd Guard Division . Here it initially took u. a. participated in the battles of the Sambre and St. Quentin until the unit went into trench warfare in Flanders and Artois in mid-October 1914 . In January 1915 briefly subordinated to the Guard Corps, the regiment was from January 21 to February 20, 1915 with the 1st Guard Division and then returned to the 2nd Guard Division. With this division, the association moved to the Eastern Front at the end of April 1915 and fought a.o. a. in the battle of Gorlice-Tarnów and near Lemberg . In September 1915 the regiment returned to the Western Front , took part in the autumn battle of La Bassée and Arras in autumn 1915 and in the Battle of the Somme in 1916 . This combat activity was interrupted by ongoing trench warfare. In October 1916, the regiment received a 2nd and 3rd MG company. After the battle of the Aisne and the following trench warfare in the Argonne , the unit came to the east again. Here it was in position battles and took part in the breakthrough battle in eastern Galicia and the battle for Riga . The regiment moved back to the west, where it was initially used in the trench warfare on the Chemin des Dames . Here it suffered heavy losses, so that the remnants of the regiment formed two combat battalions with three machine-gun companies on October 23, 1917. In mid-November 1917, after additions, it again consisted of three battalions. On September 8, 1918, the regiment received another MW company.


After the end of the war , the regiment in Rosenberg was initially demobilized and finally disbanded on July 1, 1919. A border guard battalion was formed from the remains at the beginning of December 1918, which then existed until April / May 1919. Furthermore, in January 1919 the establishment of the Voluntary Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4 began, which was also used in the border guard and later as III. Battalion in the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 51.

The tradition in the Reichswehr was taken over by the 9th Company of the 8th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment in Lübben by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .


Rank Surname date
Lieutenant Colonel /
Guido of Oppell 0July 1, 1860 to May 16, 1864
Colonel Rudolph von Pawel May 17-19, 1864
Colonel Rudolph Otto von Budritzki May 21, 1864 to April 17, 1865
Lieutenant Colonel /
Otto von Strubberg April 18, 1865 to March 21, 1868
Colonel Gustav von Stiehle March 22, 1868 to November 30, 1869
Lieutenant colonel Georg von Waldersee January 13 to October 30, 1870
Colonel Armand of Lucadou June 20, 1871 to February 10, 1875
Lieutenant colonel Rudolf von Minckwitz February 11, 1875 to February 11, 1876
Lieutenant Colonel /
Rudolf von Minckwitz February 12, 1876 to December 26, 1881
Lieutenant Colonel /
Oskar von Schaurath December 27, 1881 to November 1, 1882
Colonel Oskar von Schaurath 0November 2, 1882 to August 31, 1887
Lieutenant colonel Ludwig von Hammerstein-Loxten 0September 1, 1887 to February 13, 1888 (in charge of the tour)
Colonel Ludwig von Hammerstein-Loxten February 14, 1888 to June 10, 1890
Colonel Ludwig von Falkenhausen June 11, 1890 to June 17, 1892
Lieutenant colonel George of Braunschweig September 24, 1892 to January 26, 1893 (in charge of the tour)
Colonel George of Braunschweig January 27, 1893 to May 29, 1896
Colonel Gustav von Seckendorff May 30, 1896 to January 26, 1898
Colonel Wilhelm von Kanitz January 27, 1898 to May 27, 1901
Colonel Thilo von Westernhagen May 28, 1901 to April 21, 1905
Colonel Hans von Guretzky-Cornitz April 22, 1905 to April 30, 1908
Colonel Horst von Oetinger 0May 1, 1908 to March 21, 1912
Colonel Hans von Below March 22, 1912 to July 31, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Georg von Walther 0August 2, 1914 to May 19, 1915
Colonel Rudolf of the East 0June 9, 1915 to June 3, 1916
Lieutenant colonel Gustav von Struensee 0June 4, 1916 to November 3, 1917
Lieutenant colonel Hans Tieschowitz from Tieschowa 0November 4, 1917 to January 21, 1918
Colonel Karl Grote January 22 to July 25, 1918
major Walter von Schleinitz July 26, 1918 to March 1919


War memorial in Berlin ( Columbiadamm cemetery )

The war memorial for the fallen of the First World War was made by the sculptor Franz Dorrenbach , was ceremoniously unveiled on October 11, 1925 in the presence of the Reich President von Hindenburg and is located in the municipal cemetery on Columbiadamm in Berlin ( Neuer Garnisonfriedhof Berlin ).


  • Johann Lill: The Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4: Contributions to the history of the regiment from its establishment to the present. Frankfurt 1894 ( digitized version )
  • Maximilian von Braumüller : History of the Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4. Berlin 1901 ( digitized version )
  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , pp. 31–32.
  • Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German armies 1815-1939. Volume 1, Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1993.
  • Christine Monika Richter: The memorial for the fallen of Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4 on the garrison cemetery in Berlin-Neukölln. In: Yearbook of the Association for the History of Berlin. 2004.
  • Erich Engelke: Order and cleanliness. Soldier life in Fort Konstantin. In: Fort Konstantin. Historic place with a future. For the 20th anniversary of the PRO KONSTANTIN association (1993–2013), publisher: PRO KONSTANTIN e. V. Overall editing : Sebastian Gleixner, Garwain Verlag, Koblenz 2013, ISBN 978-3-936436-24-2 , pp. 57-66.

Web links

Commons : Queen Augusta Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 4  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jürgen Kraus: Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . Pp. 31-32.
  2. ^ Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , p. 23f.