2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88
2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88
|active||August 13, 1808 to April 30, 1919|
Duchy of Nassau /
Kingdom of Prussia
|Armed forces||Nassau Army , from 1866: Prussian Army|
|Branch of service||infantry|
|Insinuation||XVIII. Army Corps|
|Former locations||Mainz , Hanau|
Nassau Army (until 1866)
Until 1866 the regiment was an association of the Nassau Army and was called the 2nd Infantry Regiment . Napoleon's desire for more soldiers led on August 13, 1808 to the formation of the regiment from the 2nd Nassau battalion ( hunter battalion ) and the 3rd Nassau battalion (light hunter battalion). Each battalion consisted of one grenadier, four fusilier and one voltigeur company. The Austrian regulations were the basis for the rank badges and training. From 1809 French regulations and badges were introduced.
- 1808/13: Listed by August von Kruse , Napoleonic Wars on the Iberian Peninsula . The storming of the plateau at Mesas de Ibor on August 13, 1808, participation in the Battle of Medellín on March 28, 1809, and participation in the Battle of Talavera on July 27 and 28, 1809, should be emphasized. After Nassau's exit on December 10, 1813, the regiment passed from the Rhine Confederation to the British. When the regiment was subsequently transported to Holland, two of the ships sank on the Haaksbank off the island of Texel .
- 1815: June 18th Wars of Liberation : In Dutch service - Defense of Hougoumont Castle near Belle Alliance
- 1848/49: Involved in the suppression of the Baden revolution in Oberbaden .
- 1849: Used against the Danes in the Schleswig-Holstein War (1848–1851) .
- 1866: In the German War , the regiment fought in the Main Campaign on the side of the southern German armies and Austria against Prussia.
Prussian Army (from 1866)
- 1866 Luxembourg
- 1867 Fulda, Hersfeld
- 1871 Mainz fortress
- 1894–97 Diez
- 1914 Mainz in the Elisabethen barracks at the gold mine, Hanau (2nd battalion) in the infantry barracks on Paradeplatz
- 112th Infantry Brigade
In the Franco-Prussian War 1870/71 the regiment took part in the fighting near Weißenburg (August 4th), Wörth - conquest of the first mitrailleuse (August 6th), Sedan (September 1st), Mont Valerien (January 19th, 1871), and in the siege of Paris (September 22, 1870 to January 28, 1871).
First World War
During the First World War , the regiment was used in the Battle of the Marne in 1914 . In 1915 it relocated the Galician Eastern Front , returned to the Western Front in 1916 and stayed here until the end of the war. a. participated in the battles for Verdun and the Somme .
The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 15th Company of the 15th Infantry Regiment in Kassel by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Oskar Beyer from Karger||October 30, 1866 to March 9, 1870|
|Colonel||Richard Köhn from Jaski||March 10 to August 6, 1870|
|Lieutenant colonel||Leopold Preuss||August 10, 1870 to July 11, 1873|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Hugo von Below||July 12, 1873 to February 13, 1874 (in charge of the tour)|
|Colonel||Hugo von Below||February 14, 1874 to September 30, 1876|
|Colonel||Karl von Bötticher||October 1, 1876 to November 1, 1882|
|Colonel||Alexander von Hornhardt||November 2, 1882 to February 3, 1888|
|Colonel||Albert von Zingler||February 4, 1887 to November 12, 1888|
|Lieutenant colonel||Georg von Bosse||November 13 to December 12, 1888 (entrusted with the tour)|
|Colonel||Georg von Bosse||December 13, 1888 to March 23, 1890|
|Colonel||Jacob Meckel||March 24, 1890 to May 16, 1892|
|Colonel||Anton Volk||May 17, 1892 to June 17, 1895|
|Colonel||Hans von Bonin||June 18, 1895 to January 26, 1899|
|Colonel||Alfred by François||January 27, 1899 to April 21, 1902|
|Colonel||August Mathy||April 22, 1902 to April 9, 1906|
|Colonel||Roderich von Dewitz||April 10, 1906 to March 21, 1910|
|Colonel||Karl Brosius||March 22, 1910 to March 4, 1913|
|Colonel||Hermann von Bassewitz||March 5, 1913 to August 1, 1914|
|Lieutenant colonel||Harry powder||August 2 to October 19, 1914|
|Lieutenant colonel||Karl Brentano||October 20, 1914 to February 17, 1915|
|Colonel||Walter Rogge||February 18, 1915 to October 7, 1918|
|Lieutenant colonel||Guischard||October 8, 1918 to 1919|
33 new infantry regiments were set up by the law on increasing army numbers of January 28, 1896. These should be formed from the 4th battalions of the old regiments. The new regiments were initially set up in two battalions. A battalion of Infantry Regiment No. 166 was put together from IV. Battalion of 1st Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88.
To list other associations, the following had to be submitted:
- on April 1, 1881 - the 3rd company to Infantry Regiment No. 97
- on October 1, 1887 - the 10th Company to Infantry Regiment No. 145
- on October 1, 1912 - the 9th Company to Infantry Regiment No. 172
In the Mainz monument zone "Grüngürtel-Promenade Römerwall / Drususwall" a monument was erected for the " 88ers" in the form of a simple block of red sandstone opposite the Vinzenz Hospital (Kleine Windmühlenstraße). Above the inscription, a "K" with a crown between the years 1808 and 1919 refers to the history of the regiment and the regiment chief King Constantine I of Greece.
- Otto von Pivka : armies and weapons. Volume 2: Napoleon's allies in Germany. Bonn 1979, ISBN 3-8033-0285-4 .
- Guntram Müller-Schellenberg: The Nassau military in Napoleonic times. Schellenberg'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, ISBN 978-3-922027-79-9 .
- Peter Wacker: The ducal-Nassau military 1813–1866. Schellenberg'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, ISBN 3-922027-85-7 .
- Walter Rosenwald : The Herzoglich-Nassauische Brigade in the campaign 1866. Taking into account field troops from Kurhessen, Hessen-Darmstadt, Baden, Württemberg and Austria (= Guntram Müller-Schellenberg, Peter Wacker (Ed.): Das Herzoglich-Nassauische Militär 1806–1866 . Volume 3). Schellenberg, Taunusstein 1983, ISBN 978-3-922027-98-0 .
- Walter Rogge: The Royal. Prussia. 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. German deed in World War I, Volume 7, Bernard & Graefe publishing house, Berlin 1936.
- Schmidt: 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. Memoirs of German Regiments, Volume 10, Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg iO / Berlin 1922.
- Wilhelm von Isenbart: History of the Duke Nassau 2nd regiment. Tribe of the Royal Prussian 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88 (1808–1866). ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1891.
- 2. Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. 33 photos based on original photos on the occasion of the centenary 1808–1908. Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg 1908.
- 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. 33 photos based on original photos on the occasion of the centenary 1808–1908. Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg 1908, p. 1.
- Peter Wacker: The ducal-Nassau military 1813-1866. Schellenberg'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, p. 32ff.
- Alfred Börckel : Mainz as a fortress and garrison from Roman times to the present . Verlag von J. Diemer, Mainz 1913, p. 302 .
- Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the units and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 158.
- Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 225–226 .
- G. Voigt: Deutschlands Heere bis 1918. Volume 3, Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1982, p. 347.
- Ordinance (PDF; 711 kB) on the protection of the monument zone “Grüngürtel-Promenade Römerwall / Drususwall” in Mainz
- Wolfgang Balzer: Royal Prussian 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88 on: festung-mainz.de.